The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Provides articles that promote the international dissemination of relevant empirical research and theoretical and methodological proposals in the various areas of specialization within psychology.

Articles from Vol. 12, No. 1, 2009

Academic Goals and Learning Quality in Higher Education Students
In this paper, the relations between academic goals and various indicators that define the quality of the learning process are analyzed. The purpose was to determine to what extent high, moderate, or low levels of academic goals were positively or negatively...
Academic Procrastination: Associations with Personal, School, and Family Variables
Procrastination is a common behavior, mainly in school settings. Only a few studies have analyzed the associations of academic procrastination with students' personal and family variables. In the present work, we analyzed the impact of socio-personal...
A Longitudinal Research on the Development of Emotional Autonomy during Adolescence
The purpose of the present paper was to study the development of emotional autonomy through adolescence analysing its association with family relationships. The development of emotional autonomy involves an increase in adolescents' subjective sense of...
Anxiety and Coping Strategies in Sport Contexts: A Look at the Psychometric Properties of Portuguese Instruments for Their Assessment
The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Portuguese versions of the Sport Anxiety Scale and of the Brief COPE, as well as of the Cognitive Appraisal Scale in Sport Competition- Threat Perception, namely regarding their...
Anxiety and Depression in Mothers of Preterm Infants and Psychological Intervention during Hospitalization in Neonatal ICU
The objective of this study was to evaluate and compare symptoms of anxiety and depression before and after psychological intervention in mothers of babies born preterm with very low birth weight, hospitalized in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Fifty...
Are Women More Empathetic Than Men? A Longitudinal Study in Adolescence
Since the 1970s there has been a growing interest in analysing sex differences in psychological variables. Empirical studies and meta- analyses have contributed evidence on the differences between male and female individuals. More recently, the gender...
Assesment of Social Support Dimensions in Patients with Eating Disorders
The aim of this study is to assess social support dimensions (providers, satisfaction and different support actions) in patients with eating disorders (ED), looking at diagnosis, socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, and self-concept. Method:...
Attitude Similarity and Stereotypicality in Leader Evaluation
Stereotypicality and attitudinal similarity are variables broadly studied in the research about leader's acceptance and evaluation. However, the interaction between these variables has not been deeply studied. An experimental research in which we analyze...
Coach Autonomy Support and Quality of Sport Engagement in Young Soccer Players
Based on the self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2000), this study tested a model of the assumed sequential relationships between perceived autonomy support, psychological need satisfaction, self-determined motivation, and enjoyment/boredom....
Construction and Validation of the Brazilian Questionário De Respostas Socialmente Habilidosas Segundo Relato De Professores (QRSH-PR)
Behavioral problems in preschool children are one of the most frequent motives for seeking psychological care by parents and caregivers. Instruments are considered necessary, created from a Social Skills Training theoretical-practical perspective, which...
Daily Activity and Life Satisfaction in Older People Living in Rural Contexts
This study is aimed at exploring daily and desired activity patterns in a sample of older people living in a rural context, as well as at examining the effect of some influential factors and their relationships with life satisfaction. Our sample was...
Depression and Quality of Life for Women in Single-Parent and Nuclear Families
This is a cross-sectional study which objectives are 1) to determine the predictors for perceived quality of life and 2) to analyze the differences between women from singleparent families and bi-parent families, about their quality of life, depression...
Determinants of Leisure-Time Physical Activity and Future Intention to Practice in Spanish College Students
Few studies analyze determinants and patterns of physical activity among college students, so it has not been possible to carry out effective interventions to promote this practice. The aim of this study was to analyze the associations between some personal,...
Development of a Questionnaire to Evaluate Coping Strategies for Skin Problems
The aim of this work was to develop an instrument (Coping Strategies for Skin Problems Questionnaire) suitable for identifying the coping strategies people use for general skin problems. We analyzed its psychometric properties when applied to a sample...
Early Predictors of Reading in Three Groups of Native Spanish Speakers: Spaniards, Gypsies, and Latin Americans
The main purpose of the study reported here was to examine the early linguistic predictors of reading (e.g., Knowledge About Print, Listening Comprehension, Receptive Vocabulary, Rapid Naming of Objects and Letters, and Phonological Awareness), for a...
Efficacy of a Social Cognition Training Program for Schizophrenic Patients: A Pilot Study
Psychosocial functioning impairment is recognized as a core feature of schizophrenia. Numerous studies have assessed the process that may underlie this impairment. In the last years, one of these processes that has been studied more is social cognition,...
Electroencephalographic Evidence on the Strategies of Adaptation to the Factors of Monotony
In a series of studies, in which 19 apparently healthy male volunteers participated, on the basis of a comparative analysis of the bioelectric brain activity and work performance, it is shown that two strategies of adaptation to the factors of monotony...
Empirical Performance of Optimal Bayesian Adaptive Estimation
Simulation studies have shown how Bayesian adaptive estimation methods should be set up for optimal performance. We assessed the extent to which these results hold up for human observers, who are more subject to failure than simulation subjects. Discrimination...
Facial Affect Recognition Deficit as a Marker of Genetic Vulnerability to Schizophrenia
The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility that affect recognition impairments are associated with genetic liability to schizophrenia. In a group of 55 unaffected relatives of schizophrenia patients (parents and siblings) we examined the...
Group Psychotherapy of Psychosomatic Outpatients - Analysis of the Ten First Sessions
This work presents a description of a psychotherapeutic group of psychosomatic patients conducted in an out-patient setting. We show the gains of insight in the group's organization and inter-personal communication, as well as the relief of symptoms...
Hemispheric Differences for Global and Local Processing: Effect of Stimulus Size and Sparsity
The present experiment was designed to assess the hemispheric differences for global and local processing in healthy participants under different conditions of stimuli visibility, by means of varying the size and sparsity. Three different sizes and three...
Love and Emotional Well-Being in People with Intellectual Disabilities
Love has been a recurrent topic throughout history, and especially, literature. Moreover, there is generalized agreement about its relevance for health emotional well-being, and quality of life. This study was carried out with a sample of 376 persons...
Ombudsing in Higher Education: A Contingent Model for Mediation in University Dispute Resolution Processes
University and academia are, due to its nature, its structure and its inside relationships, a perfect breeding ground for the conflicts, disputes, problems, and grievances. In these settings, mediation is one of the dispute resolution mechanisms most...
On-Line Assessment of Comprehension Processes
In this paper we describe a new version of a former paper-and-pencil standardized comprehension test called Test of Comprehension Processes (Vidal-Abarca, Gilabert, Martínez, & Sellés, 2007). The new version has been adapted to a computer-based environment...
Organizational Leadership: Motives and Behaviors of Leaders in Current Organizations
Organizational leadership is fundamental for the working and development of current organizations. It helps members of an organization to face transcendental challenges. One of the fundamental aspects of leaders is their personal characteristics and...
Parental Influences on Students' Self-Concept, Task Value Beliefs, and Achievement in Science
The aim of this study was twofold: firstly, to investigate the grade level (elementary and middle school) and gender effect on students' motivation in science (perceived academic science self-concept and task value) and perceived family involvement,...
Practice of Biopsychosocial Medicine in Portugal: Perspectives of Professionals Involved
Although, recently, the biopsychosocial approach has been emphasized in the practice of family medicine, how psychologists and physicians interact in collaborative family health care practice is still emerging in Portugal. This article describes a qualitative...
Preliminary Validation in Spanish of a Scale Designed to Measure Motivation in Physical Education Classes: The Perceived Locus of Causality (PLOC) Scale
The purpose of this paper was to validate the Spanish version of the Perceived Locus of Causality Scale (PLOC; Goudas, Biddle, & Fox, 1994). To achieve this, two studies with samples of 1535 and 400 physical education students, of ages 12 to 17 years,...
Psychometric Properties of a Brief Version of the Escala De Satisfação Com O Suporte Social for Children and Adolescents
The main objective of this study was to develop a brief versión of the Escala de Satisfação com o Suporte Social for children and adolescents (Ribeiro, 1999). A representative sample of 3195 children and adolescents was obtained from 5th and 7th graders...
Self-Concept, Self-Esteem, Personality Traits and Psychopathological Symptoms in Adolescents with and without Visual Impairment
The purpose of this study was to analyze self-concept, self-esteem, and other personality traits and psychopathological symptoms in subjects with and without visual impairment. The sample was made up of 90 participants aged 12 to 17: 61 with no impairment...
The Aggression Questionnaire for Spanish Preadolescents and Adolescents: AQ-PA
We have already published the psychometric properties of our Spanish version of the Buss and Perry's Aggression Questionnaire adapted to young subjects (Personality and Individual Differences, 42, 1453-1465). The four-dimensional structure of the questionnaire...
The Effects of Agonists of Ionotropic GABA^sub A^ and Metabotropic GABA^sub B^ Receptors on Learning
The research described here investigates the role played by inhibitory processes in the discriminations made by the nervous system of humans and animals between familiar and unfamiliar and significant and nonsignificant events. This research compared...
The "Fashion-Form" of Modern Society and Its Relationship to Psychology
In this work, we present a new way of understanding psychology, which emerges as a result of relating it to the three principles of the theory of fashion of Gilles Lipovetsky: ?the principle of the ephemeral,? ?the principle of the marginal differentiation...
The Role of Connectives in the Comprehension of Spontaneous Spoken Discourse
The role of connectives in the comprehension of spontaneous spoken discourse has been investigated by testing the effect of the connective 'but' in the realization of causal inferences and the integration of adjacent statements. The role of this connective...
Young People's Heroes in France and Spain
Heroes play collectivist or individualist roles in imagination and self-development. Representations of heroic figures in questionnaires given to French (n = 241) and Spanish (n = 227) samples of 10 and 15-year-olds were examined to assess the extent...
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