The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Provides articles that promote the international dissemination of relevant empirical research and theoretical and methodological proposals in the various areas of specialization within psychology.

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 1, 2008

Assessment of Vocational Guidance: The Berufsbilder Test
The object of this study is to assess informative possibilities of some technical indicators of the Test of Photos of Professions (BBT - Berufsbilder test), a projective method to clarify professional inclination, proposed by Martin Achtnich. This psychological...
Both Freud and Hoffman Are Right: Anxious-Aggressive and Empathic Dimensions of Guilt
The purpose of the study was to confirm a model which proposed two basic dimensions in the subjective experience of guilt, one anxious-aggressive and the other empathic, as well as another dimension associated but not intrinsic to it, namely, the associated...
Categorizing Sources of Risk and the Estimated Magnitude of Risk
The social perception of risk is considered a multidimensional task, yet little attention has been paid to the cognitive components that organize sources of risk, despite their having been discovered in various research studies. This study attempts to...
Children like Dense Neighborhoods: Orthographic Neighborhood Density Effects in Novel Readers
Previous evidence with English beginning readers suggests that some orthographic effects, such as the orthographic neighborhood density effects, could be stronger for children than for adults. Particularly, children respond more accurately to words with...
Cognitive Performance and Morning Levels of Salivary Cortisol and [Alpha]-Amylase in Children Reporting High vs. Low Daily Stress Perception
The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of daily stress perception on cognitive performance and morning basal salivary cortisol and alpha-amylase levels in healthy children aged 9-12. Participants were classified by whether they had low...
Condom Use, Contraceptive Methods, and Religiosity among Youths of Low Socioeconomic Level
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the use of condoms and other contraceptive methods and religiosity/spirituality among youths of a low socioeconomic level in Porto Alegre. 1013 youths, between 12-24 years of age participated,...
Evaluation of Halpern's "Structural Component" for Improving Critical Thinking
Halpern (1998) proposed a four-component model for promoting the transfer of critical thinking. One of them, the "structural component," focuses on how to organize teaching so that critical thinking skills can be generalized. Here, we assess the efficiency...
Evidence for Linguistic Deficit in Nonlexical Processing in Reading. A Study of a Spanish-Speaking Patient
Previous studies have shown that in the so-called opaque languages (those in which spelling does not correspond to pronunciation), there are relatively independent routes for lexical and nonlexical processing, that is, for words and nonwords, both in...
Examining the Relationship between Binge Eating and Coping Strategies and the Definition of Binge Eating in a Sample of Spanish Adolescents
The present study had two major goals: to explore the relationship between binge eating and coping strategies in a sample of Spanish adolescents and to examine the adolescents' concept of binge eating. Two hundred and fifty-nine adolescents from a secondary...
Family Perception of the Process of Organ Donation. Qualitative Psychosocial Analysis of the Subjective Interpretation of Donor and Nondonor Families
Family perception of organ donation has been explored by numerous authors using statements by the people who decided whether or not to donate the organs of a relative in a situation of brain death. Within this tradition, in this work, we analyze the...
Initial Models in Conditionals: Evidence from Priming
We examined the comprehension of different types of conditionals. We measured the reading time of sentences primed by different types of conditionals (Experiments 1 and 2). We found that the participants read not-p and not-q faster when it was primed...
Morningness-Eveningness in Adolescents
Individual morningness-eveningness differences explain the rhythmic variations of behavioral and biological patterns. Several studies have corroborated that morningness preference increases over adulthood and aging. Adolescents shift their time of day...
Neighborhood and Community Factors: Effects on Deviant Behavior and Social Competence
Socialization in a neighborhood and community at risk, defined in terms of violence, social alienation, school failure, and disruptive behavior, is a risk factor for the acquisition of antisocial and delinquent behavior. In order to test this hypothesis...
Perceived Sexual Harassment at Work: Meta-Analysis and Structural Model of Antecedents and Consequences
Although sexual harassment has been extensively studied, empirical research has not led to firm conclusions about its antecedents and consequences, both at the personal and organizational level. An extensive literature search yielded 42 empirical studies...
Poverty, Stressful Life Events, and Coping Strategies
It was hypothesized that individuals of low socioeconomic status are exposed to a greater number of stressful events and therefore have a higher incidence of psychological disorders. However, the way they interpret, evaluate and cope with these stressful...
Prediction of University Students' Academic Achievement by Linear and Logistic Models
University students' academic achievement measured by means of academic progress is modeled through linear and logistic regression, employing prior achievement and demographic factors as predictors. The main aim of the present paper is to compare results...
Psychological Differences of Patients and Relatives According to Post-Transplantation Anxiety
The aim of this investigation is to analyze the psychological differences of patients and their relatives according to the formers' post-transplantation anxiety. We used two groups of participants: transplant patients (n = 166) and close relatives (n...
Psychology of Male and Female Communicative Activity
The article features a brief overview of theoretical and empirical studies in communication psychology and sociability of men and women, boys and girls. Russian and foreign studies are summarized to point out that girls and women place greater emphasis...
Psychophysiological, Behavioral, and Cognitive Indices of the Emotional Response: A Factor-Analytic Study
Previous research on the components of the emotional response employing factor analytic studies has yielded a two-factor structure (Lang, Greenwald, Bradley, & Hamm, 1993; Cuthbert, Schupp, Bradley, Birbaumer, & Lang, 2000). However, the startle...
Recurrent Criminal Behavior and Executive Dysfunction
Objective: To experimentally test the hypothesis that people who repeatedly participate in forms of non-violent crime exhibit an executive deficit detected in tests of high ecological validity, having changes in prefrontal functioning as neurophysiologic...
Relationships among Goal Orientations, Motivational Climate and Flow in Adolescent Athletes: Differences by Gender
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationships among perceived motivational climate, individuals' goal orientations, and dispositional flow, with attention to possible gender differences. A sample of 413 young athletes, ages 12 to...
Reliability and Validity of the Oxford Happiness Inventory among University Students in Iran
The aim of the present study was to examine the internal reliability, content validity, construct validity, and concurrent validity of the Persian translation/Farsi version of the Oxford Happiness Inventory. The Oxford Happiness Inventory and Fordyce...
Reputation, Loneliness, Satisfaction with Life and Aggressive Behavior in Adolescence
The present study analyses the relationship between adolescents' perception of reputation and aggressive behavior among peers. The sample is made up of 1319 adolescents aged 11 to 16 years old. Statistical analyses with structural equation modeling were...
Spanish Adaptation of the Stepparent Role Strain Index
Stepparent role strain refers to the fragile position of these family members in stepfamilies due to the lack of clear social expectations about their roles. This ambiguity facilitates family conflict and a lack of stepparents' integration into the family...
The Mapping of Spanish Social Psychology through Its Conferences: A Bibliometric Perspective
This study of papers gathered from the proceedings presented at Spanish social psychology conferences explores the use of bibliometrics for studying scientific disciplines. A reference database of all the papers included in the conference proceedings...
The Semantic Component of the Evoked Potential of Differentiation
This work analyzes data from recordings of (occipital and temporal) cortical evoked potentials (called evoked potentials of differentiation (EPD) occurring in humans in response to an abrupt substitution of stimuli. As stimuli we used three groups of...
The Sequential Analysis of Transgressors' Accounts of Breaking Environmental Laws
Three-hundred and twenty written accounts of environmental transgressors were assessed by sequential analysis to reveal their argument streams. The accounts were obtained from the written statements that transgressors are allowed to give during the Spanish...
Variations on an Old Theme: Maternity for Women with a Very Successful Professional Career
In this study, relationships of middle-class women from Rio de Janeiro with their family and work are presented. A series of events during the 20th century have changed woman's identity, previously centered on the roles of mother and wife, so that, there...
Vicarious Intergroup Contact and the Role of Authorities in Prejudice Reduction
The present study focuses on the effect of vicarious intergroup contact and the support of an authority figure on the improvement of outgroup and meta-stereotype evaluations. Meta-stereotype refers to the shared beliefs of ingroup members about how they...
Women's Access to Managerial Positions: An Experimental Study of Leadership Styles and Gender
This study attempts to test one of the explanations of the scarce representation of women in managerial positions, specifically the one advanced by "role congruity theory of prejudice toward female leaders" (Eagly & Karau, 2002), which appeals to...
Workplace Mobbing and Effects on Workers' Health
In this work, we analyze various consequences of the phenomenon of mobbing on the health of a work sector with special characteristics: the agro fruit sector. For this purpose, we collected data from a sample of 396 workers (61 men and 331 women) belonging...