The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Provides articles that promote the international dissemination of relevant empirical research and theoretical and methodological proposals in the various areas of specialization within psychology.

Articles from Vol. 11, No. 2, 2008

A Comparison of the Peers Method and Traditional Methodologies, and Risk Behaviors in Studies of the Prevalence of Drug Consumption in a Population of Female, Chilean Students
The present study investigates drug consumption and risk behaviors among female students between 8th and 12th grade in two communities in the city of Santiago, Chile. Based on studies of university populations, we hypothesize that the students' reports...
Adolescents without Adolescence: Reflections on Adolescents' Formation of Subjectivity and Their Families in a Neoliberal Context
This study seeks to determine how certain social situations cannot help but influence subjectivity and family ties. The Keynesian age encouraged and promoted a relatively stable socioeconomic matrix based on a probable future and achievable promise....
Anxiety, Depressed Mood, Self-Esteem, and Traumatic Stress Symptoms among Distant Witnesses of the 9/11 Terrorist Attacks: Transitory Responses and Psychological Resilience
Posttraumatic stress related to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and general psychological distress were examined in six cohorts of college students (N=5,412) enrolled at an American public university between Spring 2000 and Fall 2002 some 2,500...
Behavioral Problems in Adolescents Raised by Their Grandparents
This research analyzes, for the first time using a Spanish sample, the behavioral problems of adolescents in the custody of their grandparents. The sample consisted of 68 adolescents (31 boys and 37 girls, with a mean age of 13.7 years) in the custody...
Body-Image and Obesity in Adolescence: A Comparative Study of Social-Demographic, Psychological, and Behavioral Aspects
In current society, body and beauty's cult emerge as one of the main factors of adolescence. That leads adolescents to be dissatisfied with their own appearance, to psychological maladjustment, and nutritional disorders. This quantitative, exploratory,...
Brazilian Version of the Protocole Montréal D'évaluation De la Communication (Protocole MEC): Normative and Reliability Data
The lack of standardized instruments to evaluate communication disorders related to the right hemisphere was verified. A new evaluation tool was developed: Protocole Montréal d'Évaluation de la Communication - Protocole MEC, adapted to Brazilian Portuguese...
Coding of Luminance and Color Differences on Neurons in the Rabbit's Visual System
The neuronal activity in the rabbit's visual cortex, lateral geniculate nucleus and superior colliculus was investigated in responses to 8 color stimuli changes in pairs. This activity consisted of phasic responses (50-90 and 130-300 Ms after stimuli...
Comparative Analysis of the Perception of School Violence in Teachers, Pupils, and Families
The main aim of the present study is to analyze the opinion of pupils, families and teachers in four European countries (Spain, Hungary, Austria and the Czech Republic) on the prevalence of violent behavior and other problematic aspects related to coexistence...
Comparison of Single- and Double-Stage Designs in the Prevalence Estimation of Eating Disorders in Community Samples
The aim of this research was to compare two different case-identification designs: (a) a one-stage anonymous design using the Eating Disorders Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q; Fairburn & Beglin, 1994) as diagnostic instrument and (b) a two-stage-non-anonymous...
Editorial: A Tribute to Yevgeniy Nikolaievich Sokolov (1920-2008)
On May 14, 2008, Professor Yevgeniy Nikolaievich Sokolov, of the M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, passed away at the age of 87. Professor Sokolov was born on September 23, 1920, in a family of civil servants residing in the city of Nizhni Novgorod...
Evolution of Gender Stereotypes in Spain: Traits and Roles
The aim of this study is twofold: to determine whether (and how) gender stereotypes have changed over time through a comparison of two different sets of data collected in 1993 (N = 1255) and 2001 (N = 1255) from a representative sample of the Spanish...
Family Perceptions and Coping Strategies in Cases of Intersexuality: Understanding Their Significance
Considering that the intersexual condition has a negative impact on the individual, their family, and society, health professionals and researchers have dedicated themselves to studying and assisting families faced with such an experience. The purpose...
Life Stressors, Emotional Avoidance and Breast Cancer
Two groups of women were assessed in psychological aspects considered by some authors of interest for personal well-being. The sample consisted of 118 women, 58 diagnosed with breast cancer and 60 healthy women, of similar ages and personal circumstances....
Lipreading in the Prelingually Deaf: What Makes a Skilled Speechreader?
Lipreading proficiency was investigated in a group of hearing-impaired people, all of them knowing Spanish Sign Language (SSL). The aim of this study was to establish the relationships between lipreading and some other variables (gender, intelligence,...
Maternal Anxiety and Depression and Development of Prematurely Born Infants in the First Year of Life
The purpose of this study was: (a) to assess and to compare anxiety and depression symptoms in mothers of preterm neonates during hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, after discharge, and at the end of the infants' first year of life;...
Maternal Concepts and Expectations regarding a Preterm Infant
The objective of the present study was: (a) to identify the concerns, verbally expressed, of 50 mothers regarding their preterm infants (PT) and then compare their verbal expression with those of 25 mothers of full-term infants (FT); and (b) to correlate...
Maternity "Blues": Prevalence and Risk Factors
Objectives: estimate the prevalence and track the risk factors associated with, Maternity blues (MB).Methods: a transversal study was performed with 113 women, on the tenth day of puerperium. The following instruments were used: Pitt Scale (1968), Stein...
Mental Workload and Visual Impairment: Differences between Pupil, Blink, and Subjective Rating
This research has two aims: (a) To study the concurrent validity of three measures of mental workload, NASA TLX rating scale, pupil dilation and blink rate, testing the hypothesis that they will provide convergent results using a single-task, and dissociative...
Otherness in Interior Identity: A Reflection about the Freudian Concepts of Unconscious, Superego, and Id
Theoretical, psychoanalytical constructs referring to the unconscious, the superego, and id, enjoy an autonomy within the I. As such, this study contemplates the discussion of these foreign entities that inhabit the interior of the I, producing an effect...
Personality, Cognitive Appraisal and Adjustment in Chronic Pain Patients
This study investigated the relationship between clinical personality patterns and cognitive appraisal as well as their repercussions on adjustment to chronic pain in a sample of 91 patients. It was predicted that clinical personality patterns would...
Psychometric Properties of a Spanish Version of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) in General Population
This is the first study that provides normative, reliability, factor validity and discriminant validity data of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI; Beck, Epstein, Brown, & Steer, 1988) in the Spanish general population. Sanz and Navarro's (2003) Spanish...
Psychometric Properties of the Reynolds Child Depression Scale in Community and Clinical Samples
The factor structure of the Reynolds Child Depression Scale (RCDS; Reynolds, 1989), analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis and the scale's psychometric characteristics in a sample of 315 participants (140 boys and 175 girls) and a clinical sample of...
Psychometric Properties of the Spanish Version of the Flow State Scale
The purpose of this research was to examine the psychometric properties of a Spanish translation of the Flow State Scale (FSS; Jackson & Marsh, 1996). This instrument is used to assess the Flow State in participants of physical activity, although...
Reduced Electroencephalographic Coherence Asymmetry in the Chernobyl Accident Survivors
An electroencephalograph (EEG) study was carried out from 1990 to 2006, using power spectra, averaged coherence, and integral EEG coherence asymmetry coefficients to compare 189 clean-up workers of the Chernobyl accident with 63 age-matched healthy controls....
Rotating Item Banks versus Restriction of Maximum Exposure Rates in Computerized Adaptive Testing
If examinees were to know, beforehand, part of the content of a computerized adaptive test, their estimated trait levels would then have a marked positive bias. One of the strategies to avoid this consists of dividing a large item bank into several sub-banks...
Structural Validity and Reliability of the Spanish Version of the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI) in a Sample of the General Spanish Population
This paper introduces the validation of the Spanish adaptation of the White Bear Suppression Inventory (WBSI) by Wegner and Zanakos (1994). A sample of 833 people from the general population completed the WBSI along with other questionnaires. The exploratory...
Teacher Reports of Peer Aggression in Preschool: Its Relationship to DSM-IV Externalizing Symptoms
Objective: to establish the prevalence and associations of peer aggression as manifested in preschool children, in community-based populations and to study links with DSM-IV externalizing diagnoses. Method: Subjects were 1,104 children, 3-to-5-year-olds...
The Relationships between Functional and Dysfunctional Impulsivity and Aggression across Different Samples
E. S. Barratt proposed the term impulsive aggression to define a kind of aggression that is characterized by acting without thinking because of high levels of impulsivity. Previous research using psychometric measures has shown that impulsivity and aggression...
The Structure of Bryant's Empathy Index for Children: A Cross-Validation Study
The present study examined the structure of Bryant's Empathy Index (BEI) using different samples for conducting exploratory and confirmatory analyses. The BEI was administered to a sample of 2,714 children (mean age 11.12, SD = 1.59). Exploratory and...
Traumatic Events and Tonic Immobility
Tonic immobility is a basic defense strategy which has not been studied in depth in humans. Data suggest that it may be a relatively frequent phenomenon in victims of rape and sexual abuse, but its occurrence has not been systematically explored in other...
Unless Reasoning
We report the results of two experiments investigating conditional inferences from conditional unless assertions, such as Juan is not in León unless Nuria is in Madrid. Experiments 1 and 2 check Fillenbaum's hypothesis about the semantic similarity of...
Variables That Predict Academic Achievement in the Spanish Compulsory Secondary Educational System: A Longitudinal, Multi-Level Analysis
This article presents a study whose objective was to identify certain personal and institutional variables that are associated with academic achievement among Spanish, secondary school students, and to analyze their influence on the progress of those...
Writing Self-Efficacy Changes after Cognitive Strategy Intervention in Students with Learning Disabilities: The Mediational Role of Gender in Calibration
This study examines the mediational role of gender in the effects of two patterns of cognitive and self-regulatory strategy interventions in the writing self-efficacy calibration of students with learning disabilities (LD). 121 5th and 6th Primary grade...
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