The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Provides articles that promote the international dissemination of relevant empirical research and theoretical and methodological proposals in the various areas of specialization within psychology.

Articles from Vol. 13, No. 2, 2010

A Comparative Study on Undergraduate Students' Academic Motivation and Academic Self-Concept
The purpose of this study was to investigate Turkish and American undergraduate students' academic motivation and academic self-concept scores regarding the years that they spent in university. The analysis was based on 566 (284 Turkish, 282 American)...
Age-Related Changes in Recognition and Response Criterion
Recognition performance does not usually change along the lifespan, but the response criterion usually does, and in general, it changes from being conservative during youth to being liberal, in old age. The focus of the present study is to analyze the...
Alcohol Use as a Strategy for Obtaining Nonconsensual Sexual Relations: Incidence in Spanish University Students and Relation to Rape Myths Acceptance
This study analyzed the strategy of college men who give alcohol to girls to facilitate their acceptance when pursuing sexual relationships. It also studied the role of attitudes towards sexual assaults (rape myths) in the social perception of this practice;...
Analysis of the Indicators of Pathological Internet Use in Spanish University Students
Addiction to and problematic use of the Internet are relatively recent phenomena whose scope, characteristics and correlates have begun to receive increasing attention by clinicians and researchers alike. The purpose of this study was to examine the...
An Exploratory Study of Phonological Awareness and Working Memory Differences and Literacy Performance of People That Use AAC
Twelve cerebral palsied adolescents and young adults with complex communicative needs who used augmentative and alternative communication were studied. They were classified according to their working memory capacity (high vs. low) into two groups of...
Application of Hellison's Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility Model in Physical Education to Improve Self-Efficacy for Adolescents at Risk of Dropping-Out of School
This study evaluated improvement in self-efficacy and personal and social responsibility among at-risk of dropping-out of school adolescents participating in a program in which Hellison's Teaching Personal and Social Responsibility Model was applied...
Appreciation of Historical Events and Characters: Their Relationship with National Identity and Collective Self-Esteem in a Sample of Public School Teachers from the City of Lima
This study analyzes the relation between national identity and the appreciation of the characters and events of Peruvian history in a sample of public school teachers from the city of Lima (N = 99). Adapted versions of the NATID Scale (Keillor et al.,...
Assessment of the Efficacy of a Peer Mentoring Program in a University Setting
In the present study, the efficacy of a formal mentoring program applied to fourth and fifth year students of the Psychology Faculty of the Complutense University is assessed. In this program, fifth-year students took on the role of mentors and fourth-year...
Assessment of the Efficacy of a Psychological Treatment for Women Victims of Violence by Their Intimate Male Partner
This study evaluates the long-term efficacy of a brief psychotherapeutic cognitive-behavioral program in group format for female victims of violence by their intimate partner. 53 battered women were randomized into one of two intervention programs: one...
Autonomy and Interdependence: Beliefs of Brazilian Mothers from State Capitals and Small Towns
This study aimed to investigate characteristics of Brazilian mothers' beliefs system, in the dimensions of autonomy and interdependence. A group of 600 women, half from state capitals and half from small towns, participated in the study. They were individually...
Barriers Perceived by Teachers at Work, Coping Strategies, Self-Efficacy and Burnout
This study examines the relationships among stressors, coping strategies, self-efficacy and burnout in a sample of 724 Spanish primary and secondary teachers. We understood stressors as barriers perceived by teachers that interfere with their work meeting...
Brief Version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale - Straightforward Items (BFNE-S): Psychometric Properties in a Spanish Population
The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Brief version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale - Straightforward Items (BFNE-S) in a non-clinical Spanish population. Rodebaugh et al. (2004) recommended the use of this...
Commitment, Enjoyment and Motivation in Young Soccer Competitive Players
Building upon Deci's and Ryan (1985) Self-determination theory as well as the sportive behavioral correlates of the model of Commitment (Scanlan et al., 1976), this study tries to establish the relationship between motivation and commitment in youth...
Discrepancy between Radiographic Damage and Functional Disability in Elderly People with Osteoarthritis: The Role of Pain Coping Strategies
The aim of this study is twofold. First, to assess the level of agreement between radiographic damage and functional disability in older people with osteoarthritis. And second, to assess the role of coping skills and sensory pain parameters as sources...
Discriminant Analysis in Career Studying "Decision/Indecision": The Career Factors Inventory (CFI) as a Diagnostic Measure
Literature has shown that, nowadays, a multidimensional approach to decision-making has become prioritized. The Careers Factor Inventory (CFI) is, in fact, a multidimensional measurement instrument for evaluating career indecision, which may be useful...
Distinguishing Male Juvenile Offenders through Personality Traits, Coping Strategies, Feelings of Guilt and Level of Anger
On the basis of a comparative, descriptive, cross-sectional study, our aim was to determine differential traits of adolescent offenders with respect to personality traits, feelings of guilt, level of anger, and coping strategies. 128 adolescent residents...
Do the BSRI and PAQ Really Measure Masculinity and Femininity?
The two most used instruments to assess masculinity (M) and femininity (F) are the Bem Sex Role Inventory (BSRI) and the Personality Attributes Questionnaire (PAQ). Two hypotheses will be tested: a) multidimensionality versus bidimensionality, and b)...
Effects of Spatial Frequency Content on Classification of Face Gender and Expression
The role of different spatial frequency bands on face gender and expression categorization was studied in three experiments. Accuracy and reaction time were measured for unfiltered, low-pass (cut-off frequency of 1 cycle/deg) and high-pass (cutoff frequency...
Elaboration and Validation of the Athletes Idiocentric and Allocentric Profile Inventory (I-A Profile)
The athlete's psychological profile is one of the most studied areas in sport psychology, but there is no consensus in this area. The purpose of this study was to elaborate and validate a scale to measure and classify athletes into a Idiocentric-Alocentric...
Essentialism and the Expression of Social Stereotypes: A Comparative Study of Spain, Brasil and England
Over the past few years, one of the most productive directions in the study of the activation and application of stereotypes has been provided by the essentialist concept of categorization. The research presented here studied the impact of two dimensions...
Factor Structure and Measurement Invariance of the Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales across Gender and Age
The Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales are among the most widely used instruments for the assessment of psychosis proneness. The main goal of the present work was to study the dimensional structure underlying the Revised Physical Anhedonia Scale (RPhA), the...
Familiarity Changes as a Function of Perceptual Shifts
This experiment compares the yes-no and forced recognition tests as methods of measuring familiarity. Participants faced a phase of 3 study-test recognition trials in which they studied words using all the letters of the alphabet (overlapping condition,...
Garrison's Model of Self-Directed Learning: Preliminary Validation and Relationship to Academic Achievement
In this project, 119 undergraduates responded to a questionnaire tapping three psychological constructs implicated in Garrison's model of self-directed learning: self-management, self-monitoring, and motivation. Mediation analyses showed that these psychological...
Gender-Role's Attitude, Perceived Similarity, and Sexual Prejudice against Gay Men
Two hundred and twenty-six heterosexual participants (115 women and 111 men) were asked to indicate their attitude toward gender-roles, their perceived similarities with gay men, and their attitude toward gay men (i.e., sexual prejudice). As expected,...
Grandparent-Grandchild Relationships from the Children's Perspective: Shared Activities and Socialization Styles
The objective of this study is to describe the relationships between grandchildren and their favourite grandparents, by studying the socialization styles used by latter and the shared activities undertaken. The participants were 360 children between...
Graphical Representations of a Television Series: A Study with Deaf and Hearing Adolescents
The understanding of a television story can be very different depending on the age of the viewer, their background knowledge, the content of the programme and the way in which they combine the information gathered from linguistic, audio and visual elements....
Group and Individual Change in the Treatment of Drug Addictions: A Follow-Up Study in Therapeutic Communities
The pre-post treatment change of 112 patients in two therapeutics Spanish communities is described. The Addiction Severity Index (ASI) was used at intake and at the end of the treatment program. Results of the treatment program were evaluated by applying...
Job Satisfaction and Cortisol Awakening Response in Teachers Scoring High and Low on Burnout
The burnout syndrome is an important psychosocial risk in the job context, especially in professions with a strong social interaction, as in the case of teaching. High levels of burnout have been related to negative psychological indicators and hormonal...
Life Satisfaction and Perception of Happiness among University Students
The aim of this essay has been the evaluation of three orientations towards happiness: pleasure, meaning and engagement, as well as their relation to life satisfaction and the perception of happiness in a sample of 320 university students. The results...
Managing Environmental Knowledge through Learning Processes in Spanish Hospitality Companies
The major focus of this research is to investigate whether environmental knowledge has any impact on organizational outcomes through an empirical investigation of 127 Spanish hospitality companies, using structural equation models. Our results show that...
Perceptions of Motivational Climate and Teachers' Strategies to Sustain Discipline as Predictors of Intrinsic Motivation in Physical Education
This study examined the relationship among pupils' perceptions of the motivational climate, pupils' perceptions of teachers' strategies to maintain discipline and pupils' intrinsic motivation in physical education. A sample of 2189 Spanish adolescents,...
Preliminary Analysis of the Psychometric Properties of Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-Being in Portuguese Adolescents
This article presents a set of research studies that aim to adapt Carol Ryff's scales of psychological wellbeing (SPWB) and to analyze its psychometric properties in adolescents. The first two studies focused on the reliability and factorial validity...
Psychometric Properties of the Children's Depression Inventory in Community and Clinical Sample
The psychometric characteristics of the Children's Depression Inventory, CDI (Kovacs, 1992) in a sample of 1705 participants (792 boys and 913 girls) and a clinical sample of 102 participants (42 boys and 60 girls) between 10 and 18 years old are presented....
Psychometric Properties of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children in a Spanish Sample
The objectives of the present study were to adapt and analyze the factor structure, reliability, and validity of the Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children (SPAI-C; Beidel, Turner, & Morris, 1995) in a Spanish population. The SPAI-C was...
Reducing Teachers' Psychological Distress through a Mindfulness Training Program
Teachers constitute one of the professional collectives most affected by psychological problems. The purpose of this quasi-experimental study is to examine the efficacy of a mindfulness training programme to reduce psychological distress in a group of...
Self-Relation of Adolescents in a Family with a Step-Father
This article represents an empirical study of adolescent's self-relation in a family where the mother has re-married. In many studies self-awareness and its functional aspect - self-relation - are selected as new stages in adolescence. The family is...
Sociometric Types and Social Interaction Styles in a Sample of Spanish Adolescents
This study analyzed the relationship between social interaction styles and sociometric types in a sample of 1,349 (51.7% boys, and 48.3% girls) Spanish adolescents. The results revealed that the proportion of prosocial adolescents nominated as liked...
Spanish Adaptation of the NDSS (Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale) and Assessment of Nicotine-Dependent Individuals at Primary Care Health Centers in Spain
The availability of adequate instruments for the assessment of nicotine dependence is an important factor that is relevant in the area of tobacco addiction. In this study, we present a Spanish validation of the Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS)...
The Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26): Reliability and Validity in Spanish Female Samples
This paper focuses on the validation of the Spanish form of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26; Garner, Olmsted, Bohr & Garfinkel, 1982) across two studies. Participants in Study 1 were 778 females recruited from community settings (aged 12-21). Study...
The Effects of Counting Blessings on Subjective Well-Being: A Gratitude Intervention in a Spanish Sample
This study examined a gratitude intervention repeating Emmons and McCullough study (2003) in a Spanish sample. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three conditions (gratitude, hassles and any event) and kept daily records during 2 weeks of...
The Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Program (MBSR) Reduces Stress-Related Psychological Distress in Healthcare Professionals
This semi-experimental study examines how Mindfulness facilitates a distress reduction in a group of health professionals. The sample comprises 29 professionals seeking stress reduction who undertook an 8 weeks psico-educative intervention, involving...
The Psychological Characteristics and Health Related Behavior of Adolescents: The Possible Roles of Social Physique Anxiety and Gender
The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not the social physique anxiety level and gender have an influence on psychological characteristics and health related behavior of adolescents. Five hundred and ninety eight female (M^sub age^ = 14.95,...
Therapists' Verbal Behavior Analysis: A Descriptive Approach to the Psychotherapeutic Phenomenon
This paper presents some preliminary results from a different approach to research on psychotherapeutic processes. As activity in psychotherapy is predominantly verbal, we propose a scientific study of therapists' verbal behavior from a behaviorist perspective....
The Social Phobia Inventory: Screening and Cross-Cultural Validation in Spanish Adolescents
Availability of brief, self-report measures to be used as screening instruments is crucial to detect correctly youth with social anxiety disorder and therefore, reach those otherwise under-detected and under-treated. A previous study revealed that the...
Translation and Validation of the Spanish Version of the "ÉChelle De Satisfaction Des Besoins Psychologiques" in the Sports Context
The aim of the present research was to translate and to analyze the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the Satisfaction of Psychological Needs Scale, using a sample of 284 athletes (204 male and 78 female). Results of the confirmatory...
Using Self-Determination Theory to Explain Sport Persistence and Dropout in Adolescent Athletes
Motivational characteristics are influential in shaping adolescents' desire to persist in sport or to discontinue their sport participation. Self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000) was utilized as the theoretical framework for this study. This...
What Do People Mean When Speaking of Evilness?
The term evilness started to become popular in social psychology after the publication in 1999 of the special issue edited by Arthur G. Miller, "Perspectives on evil and violence". It is usually used to define behaviors that are extremely and strongly...
When Subordinates Think of Their Ideals: Power, Legitimacy and Regulatory Focus
Power influences the way people set and pursue their goals. Recent Studies have shown that powerful people, when compared with powerless individuals, have greater accessibility of their promotion goals (for instance, their ideals, their aspirations,...
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