The Spanish Journal of Psychology

Provides articles that promote the international dissemination of relevant empirical research and theoretical and methodological proposals in the various areas of specialization within psychology.

Articles from Vol. 10, No. 2, 2007

Abstracts from CIP 2007: Segundo Congreso Ibérico De Percepción
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)KEY SESSION 1Human Visual Motion Perception, why do we Make so many Errors?A. M. Derrington (University of Kent, United Kingdom).It is by charting the limits of perceptual performance that we are able to characterise...
A Comparison of Implicit Memory Tests in Schizophrenic Patients and Normal Controls
The objective of the current study was to compare the performance of schizophrenic patients and normal controls on implicit memory tests. Two neuropsychological tasks were administered to 29 patients and normal participant samples. The implicit tests...
A Conceptual and Theoretical Analysis of Evaluative Conditioning
Evaluative conditioning is best defined as an effect, that is, as a change in the valence of a stimulus that results from pairing the stimulus with another stimulus. This definition has several advantages that are made explicit in this paper. One of...
Addictive Buying: Causes, Processes, and Symbolic Meanings. Thematic Analysis of a Buying Addict's Diary
The aims of this study were twofold. On the one hand, to reach an understanding of, and to illustrate the experience of addictive buying and, on the other, to throw some light on the controversial subject of addicts' personal responsibility for their...
A Psychophysiological Study of Auditory Illusions of Approach and Withdrawal in the Context of the Perceptual Environment
Auditory perception of the depth of space is based mainly on spectral and amplitude changes of sound waves originating from the sound source and reaching the listener. The perceptive illusion of movement of an auditory image caused by changes in amplitude...
Assessing Workplace Bullying: Spanish Validation of a Reduced Version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire
The aim of the present study was to validate a reduced Spanish version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ; Einarsen & Raknes, 1997). This instrument, which has been widely used in various studies, was developed to measure workplace bullying....
Beyond Egoism and Group Identity: Empathy toward the Other and Awareness of Others in a Social Dilemma
In three experiments, participants were faced with a social dilemma in which they could benefit themselves, the group, or other group members as individuals. The results showed that participants who felt high empathy toward a certain individual allocated...
Breaking Bad News: Doctors' Feelings and Behaviors
The announcement about the handicap of a child is communicated to parents by gynecologists or ultrasonographists, in the prenatal period. Often, these professionals are not prepared to communicate this news to the parents, and they have some limitations...
Cognitive Biases in Human Causal Learning
The main aim of this work was to look for cognitive biases in human inference of causal relationships in order to emphasize the psychological processes that modulate causal learning. From the effect of the judgment frequency, this work presents subsequent...
Effectiveness of an Improvement Writing Program According to Students' Reflexivity Levels
After designing a writing program to enhance students' reflexivity and thus improve their compositions (García & de Caso, 2002a, 2002b), the aim of the research project was to show how reflexivity levels could influence the effectiveness of this...
Effects of Prime Task on Affective Priming by Facial Expressions of Emotion
Priming of affective word evaluation by pictures of faces showing positive and negative emotional expressions was investigated in two experiments that used a double task procedure where participants were asked to respond to the prime or to the target...
Effects of Trophic Poisoning with Methylmercury on the Appetitive Elements of the Agonistic Sequence in Fighting-Fish (Betta Splendens)
The aggressive display in Betta splendens is particularly prominent, and vital to its adaptation to the environment. Methylmercury is an organic variation of Hg that presents particularly pronounced neuro-behavioral effects. The present experiments aim...
Illness Behavior: Prediction by Symptoms, the Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck Personality Types, Neuroticism, Life Events, Coping, Health Locus of Control, Social Support, and Attribution Style
A study was carried out with 501 persons to analyze the predictive capacity of various psychosocial variables-symptom perception, neuroticism, Personality Types 2 and 4 of Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck, beliefs about health, social support, or certain...
Impact of Parenting Styles on Adolescents' Self-Esteem and Internalization of Values in Spain
The relationship of parenting styles with adolescents' outcomes was analyzed within a sample of Spanish adolescents. A sample of 1456 teenagers from 13 to 16 years of age, of whom 54.3% were females, reported on their parents' child-rearing practices....
Influence of Impulsivity-Reflexivity When Testing Dynamic Spatial Ability: Sex and G Differences
This work analyzes the possibility that the differences in the performance of men and women in dynamic spatial tasks such as the Spatial Orientation Dynamic Test-Revised (SODT-R; Santacreu & Rubio, 1998), obtained in previous works, are due to cognitive...
Integrative Neuropsychological Characteristics of Subcortical-Frontal Brain Regions as a Schizophrenia Liability Factor
In order to study neuropsychological characteristics of subcortical-frontal brain regions function and assessment of their relation with vulnerability to schizophrenia 59 patients and 23 controls were investigated using Luria's neuropsychological methods....
Learned Changes in Stimulus Representations (A Personal History)
Almost 40 years ago I began what turned out to be a programme of research on the way in which experience can change the effectiveness of the events used as stimuli in standard associative learning procedures. In this personal history I will describe...
Presaccadic Brain Potentials in Conditions of Covert Attention Orienting
Twelve healthy subjects underwent investigation of averaged (electroencephalogram) EEG potentials during preparation for motor activity and in the latent period (LP) of visually evoked saccades by presentation of stimuli using Posner's (1980) design...
Relations and Effects of Transformational Leadership: A Comparative Analysis with Traditional Leadership Styles
This study has two main goals: (a) to compare the relationship between transformational leadership and other important leadership styles (i.e., democratic versus autocratic or relations- and taskoriented leadership) and (b) to compare the effects of...
Self-Starvation in the Rat: Running versus Eating
Rats given the combination of unrestricted access to an activity wheel and restricted access to food can lose weight to the extent that they will die unless removed from these conditions. Although this has been known for forty years, why this happens...
Social Risk Factors in Spanish Youth and Their Impact on Self-Concept Construction
This paper presents evidence from a psychosocial framework about the relationship among youth, work, and identity construction. The aims of this research were twofold. The first one was to analyze the working conditions of Spanish youth and their impact...
Temperamental Dimension and Anxiety Problems in a Clinical Sample of Three- to Six-Year Old Children: A Study of Variables
In the last few years, many researchers have studied the presence of common dimensions of temperament in subjects with symptoms of anxiety. The aim of this study is to examine the association between temperamental dimensions (high negative affect and...
The Degree of Abstraction in Solving Addition and Subtraction Problems
In this study, the incidence of the degree of abstraction in solving addition and subtraction problems with the unknown in the first term and in the result is analyzed. Ninety-six students from first grade to fourth grade in Primary Education (24 students...
The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale: Translation and Validation in University Students
The aim of this study was to translate into Spanish and to validate the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), completed by 420 university students. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the model that best fit the data, both in the total sample and...
The Time of Perception and the Other Way Around
The world we perceive is delayed in relation to its flowing content, as well as the outcome of our actions on the world in relation to the moment we decide to act. This mosaic of different latencies permeating both perception and action has to be taken...
Trait Emotional Intelligence and Leadership Self-Efficacy: Their Relationship with Collective Efficacy
In this article, a leadership model is presented, with which to investigate the relationship of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI), leadership self-efficacy and leader's task self-efficacy with collective task efficacy and group performance. The...
Triad Model of Education (II) and Instructional Engineering
Despite the money and sweat that go into new instructional technologies, they do not produce the overall high level of student performances that societies seek. More effective teaching calls for a profound solution. It requires a coordinate triad of...
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