Alcohol Research: Current Reviews

Alcohol Research: Current Reviews is NIAAA's peer-reviewed scientific journal, published three times a year (formerly Alcohol Research and Health).

Articles from Vol. 34, No. 4, Winter

Alcohol and Stress in the Military
Problematic alcohol use within the United States military has been linked to substantial financial and productivity losses. Data from 2006 revealed that excessive alcohol consumption cost the U.S. military $1.12 billion per year (Harwood et al. 2009)....
Anxiety and Alcohol Use Disorders: Comorbidity and Treatment Considerations
Co-occurring anxiety disorders and alcohol use disorders (AUDs) are of great interest to researchers and clinicians. Cumulative evidence from epidemiological and clinical studies over the past few decades has highlighted both the frequency and clinical...
Childhood Trauma, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, and Alcohol Dependence
Children exposed to severe adversity early in life are at increased risk of subsequently developing mental health problems, including alcohol dependence. In general, the onset of trauma precedes the onset of alcohol dependence. Although it is impossible...
Clinical Laboratory Stressors Used to Study Alcohol-Stress Relationships
A comprehensive understanding of the relationship between stress and alcohol use is important for understanding the risks of developing alcohol problems and subsequent relapse. Although the relationship is complex, substantial evidence supports that...
Effects of Alcohol Dependence and Withdrawal on Stress Responsiveness and Alcohol Consumption
Although stress is known to be an important contributing factor to alcohol abuse and alcoholism, the interaction between stress and alcohol drinking behavior, as well as the mechanisms underlying this interaction in the context of dependence are complex...
Effects of Stress on Alcohol Consumption
This issue of Alcohol Research: Current Reviews focuses on the impact of stress on alcohol consumption. The significance of stress on alcohol abuse recently has been reemphasized by the alcohol use problems following post-traumatic stress disorder,...
Genetic and Environmental Determinants of Stress Responding
The development of alcohol dependence is a complex process influenced by both genetic and environmental risk factors (Prescott and Kendler 1999). The relative contributions of genetic and environmental influences fluctuate across development. During...
How Does Stress Lead to Risk of Alcohol Relapse?
It has long been known that stress I increases the risk of alcohol relapse I (Sinha 2001). Clinical observations, surveys, and epidemiological studies document an association between self-reports of stressors and subsequent return to drinking. Studies...
Neural Pathways of Stress Integration: Relevance to Alcohol Abuse
Adaptation in the face of physical or psychological adversity is required for the survival, health, and well-being of all organisms. Adverse events, often denoted as "stressors," initiate a diverse physiological response from multiple sources, including...
Overview: Stress and Alcohol Use Disorders Revisited
In the 13 years since Alcohol Research & Health (now titled Alcohol Research: Current Reviews) first visited the topic of "Alcohol and Stress" (see Vol. 23, No. 4, 1999), there has been a sustained flow of new information in the field prompting...
Resilience to Meet the Challenge of Addiction: Psychobiology and Clinical Considerations
Evidence from different disciplines suggests that acute and chronic stress--related mechanisms play an important role in both the development and the chronic, relapsing nature of addiction (Baumeister 2003; Baumeister et al. 1994; Brady and Sinha 2005)....
Stress and Alcohol: Epidemiologic Evidence
Exposure to varying forms of stress is an integral life experience that can provoke a variety of reactions. In research on alcohol, drug, and psychiatric disorders, the term "stress" often is understood to indicate any experience denoting adversity...
Stress and the HPA Axis: Role of Glucocorticoids in Alcohol Dependence
Stress, generally defined as any stimulus that disrupts the body's internal balance (i.e., physiological homeostasis), has long been suggested to be an important correlate of uncontrolled alcohol consumption or relapse to drinking following a period...
Stress, Epigenetics, and Alcoholism
Alcoholism is a complex disorder characterized by compulsive alcohol seeking and consumption that also is impacted by related psychiatric states, such as anxiety (Koob 2003; Pandey 2003). Both environmental and genetic factors influence alcohol drinking...
Stress Glossary
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH): Also known as corticotropin, is a hormone produced and secreted by the anterior pituitary gland. It is an important component of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and often is produced in response to...
Treatment of Alcohol Dependence with Drug Antagonists of the Stress Response
Although alcohol dependence affects 4 percent of the adult population and is the third leading cause of preventable death in the United States (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration 2009), fewer than 15 percent of people with alcoholism...
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