NAWA: Journal of Language and Communication

Nawa Journal of Language and Communication is a journal published bi-annually by the Department of Communication, Polytechnic of Namibia. It is a peer-reviewed journal whose goal is to advance knowledge in human language and communication.

Articles from Vol. 4, No. 2, December

Agency and Gender in Setswana Marriage Ceremonies: 'Patlo' and 'Go Laya' Rituals
"In Botswana a man marries a woman; the other way round is madness" (Report of the Law Reform Committee of the Botswana Parliament 1986). 'Patlo' (marriage negotiations/seeking a woman's hand in marriage) and 'Go laya' (pre-marital counselling)...
An Analysis of English Errors Made by Polytechnic of Namibia Students
1.1 Introduction/Background On the attainment of her independence, Namibia elected to make English the official language in preference to Afrikaans which was the lingua franca at that time. Ever since, English has been the medium of instruction...
An Analysis of the Influences of Discourse in the Anthology: Zimbabwean Poetry in English
Introduction Zimbabwean Poetry in English, compiled and introduced by Kizito Muchemwa (1978: xii) as poetry that '... shows no definite direction of growth in its early stages ... ,' is a multi-voice anthology of pioneering work reflecting various...
An Analysis of the Language Used in Communication on Climate Change
Background to climate change In 1827, Frenchman Jean Baptiste Fourier was the first to use the green house analogy to explain how the earth is kept warmer than otherwise. During the 1890s Swedish scientist, Svante Arrhenius together with Thomas...
Apemanship: A Critique of the Modernisation Theory in Ngugi Wa Thiong'o's Selected Works and Clement Chihota's "Shipwreck" in No More Plastic Balls
Introduction Broadly speaking, apemanship refers to the general tendency by Africans to uncritically and slavishly imitate the western philosophies and values. It has its foundations in the belief that because the whites conquered and colonized,...
A Socio-Pragmatic Study of the Use of Email by NUL Students
Introduction It is always an exciting experience when young people come to the university for the first time. Scholars have been interested in how young people manage this transition and become integrated into campus. Existing research has identified...
Emasculated by the Crisis: Representations of the Struggling Fathers in Selected Contemporary Zimbabwean Literature
Introduction The "Zimbabwean crisis" of the past decade in the new millennium (which bests manifests in the world inflation record for countries not at war) changed lives, social and cultural codes in the most remarkable of ways. For the ordinary...
Endo- and Exo-Bleaching: A Helicopter View of Selected African Literature
Introduction and Conceptual Framework Bleaching refers to whitening using chemicals or sunlight. When referring to people bleaching normally refers to use of chemicals to alter one's skin pigment from dark to white. In this sense it is the outside...
Erasure of Girlhoods, Inscriptions of Womanhood: A Study of Erased Girlhoods in Selected Zimbabwean Fiction
Introduction There has been, in recent times, a surge in girlhood studies within feminist scholarship and this has transformed feminist discourses in fundamental ways. The result has been the endowing of girls with distinct space within the feminist...
Language Use in Shona Naming of Pets: An Ethico-Epistemological Perspective
Introduction Naming of things pervades human history. It is a necessary practice not only for identifying one thing from another, but also to reflect social undercurrents operating at a certain epoch in people's lives. Thus, names are meant to convey...
Multilingualism and Self-Translation: Are We Different Because We Speak Different Languages?
Nowadays multilingualism is a fact, at least in most countries in the world, and many people speak more than two or three languages without difficulty. That was not always the case. The 19th century was the era of monolingual cultures, colonialism,...
Relating Oral Classroom Anxiety and Unwillingness to Communicate to Linguistic Proficiency
Introduction Speaking English is very important, but yet remains a challenge to English as a Second Language (ESL) learners. This has been confirmed by previous researchers (Horwitz and Cope, 1986, Phillips, 1992, Scott, 1986). As a result, educators,...
Sithole, Nkomo and Muzorewa and the Birth of Zimbabwe: A Reconsideration of Autobiography as a Literary Mode of National History
Introduction The making of Zimbabwe, which came into fruition in 1980, was as a result of an arduous process and has been evaluated differently by a number of contemporary historians, social scientists and even political theologians. Until a full...
Taboos and the Prenatal Period among the Ndebele: An Africana Womanist Approach
Introduction The use of an Africana womanist approach to analyse taboos and the African woman might sound a bit odd, but if we consider the historical background of Africana womanism as a theory and its major purpose one is then able to see the...
The Bane of Pan-Africanism: Xenophobic Chauvinism and the Politics of Exclusion in Selected Zimbabwean Short Stories
Introduction The Pan-African Dream Deferment Pan-Africanism is and has always been an ideal that Africans have hankered for, for a long time. During the fight for independence, African countries gave succour to each other and undertook to help...
The Language Dilemma of the Deaf Child: An Educator's Viewpoint
Introduction and background The development of language and communication is the area of main emphasis in the education of children with hearing impairments. It has been discovered that the child who is deaf in Zimbabwe faces a language dilemma...
The Language of Dress among the Sub-Cultural Group of the Dzimbabwe People in Masvingo, Zimbabwe
Introduction and Background of Study The silent language of dress has been acknowledged by different societies across the globe. People, whether knowingly or unknowingly, are using the language of dress to communicate different messages. Sign language...
The Language of Instruction across the Early Childhood Development Curriculum in Zimbabwe: Stakeholders' Perceptions
Introduction The New Approach to teaching and learning in English in early childhood development was initiated by Joana Moyo's new approach experiment of 1975 at Hope Fountain Mission in Matabeleland. In the experiment, children were taught in English...
The Marriage of Academic and Critical Literacy in Equipping the Namibian ESL Tertiary Student
Introduction A number of scholars have occupied themselves with attempts to capture the essence of the term literacy. Literacy used to be understood as the ability to read and write in a language--the opposite being illiteracy. Nowadays, however,...
The Significance of the Shona Proverb in Zimbabwe's Contemporary Political Dispensation
Introduction Today in some African countries civil wars, political gerrymandering, turmoil and general civil strife through undemocratic and bad governance have been witnessed. Oppression has also undermined the principle of democracy through institutions...
The Use of English Language as the Medium of Instruction in the Zimbabwean Junior Primary Schools
Introduction and background to the study Raising the quality of teaching and learning in Zimbabwe has emerged as one of the challenges and priority of the government and as a key factor in the improvement of education across the country. What has...
Using a Discussion Forum to Promote Communication on HIV/AIDS Issues among Young People
Introduction Discussion forums have a potential to play an important role in the fight against HIV/AIDS among young people, particularly in relating information and promoting communication on issues related to the disease. Lack of open communication...
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