Islamic Sciences

Articles

Vol. 15, No. 1, Summer

The Islamic Exceptionalism: How the Struggle over Islam Is Reshaping the World
The Islamic Exceptionalism: How the Struggle Over Islam is Reshaping the World * Shadi Hamid * New York: St. Martin's Press * 2010 * 306 pp. * ISBN 978-1250061010 (HB) * 978-1250135131 (PB) Islamic Exceptionalism has generated considerable discussion...
Read preview Overview
Religion, Historicism, and Agency: A Response to Gutas, Iqbal, and Reisman
1. Introduction In 2003, Dimitri Gutas contented that the expression "Islam and science" "is a false statement of the problem. (1) His principal argument was that in relation to science Islam has no "historical agency." He suggested that it is,...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 14, No. 2, Winter

The Cambridge Companion to Muhammad
The Cambridge Companion to Muhammad * Jonathan E. Brockopp (Ed.) New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010 * 326 pp. * ISBN 978-0-521-88607-9 (HB) * 978-0-521-71372-6 (PB) "Europeans and Western people are making research on every subject ... except...
Read preview Overview
Nadeem A. Memon and Mujadad Zaman (Eds.): Philosophies of Islamic Education: Historical Perspectives and Emerging Discourses
Nadeem A. Memon and Mujadad Zaman (Eds.) * Philosophies of Islamic Education: Historical Perspectives and Emerging Discourses * Routledge, 2016 * 257 pp. * ISBN 978-1-13878854-1 (HB) * eBook (VitalSource) ISBN 978-1-315-7655-0 Divided into four...
Read preview Overview
Freeing Maqasid and Maslaha from Surreptitious Utilitarianism
Lately there has been much abuse of the maqasid and maslaha discourse through its structural cooptation into the Western utilitarian framework, in which maslaha is conflated (2) with utility. The original epistemological and axiological constraints...
Read preview Overview
Muhammad Asad and Pola Hamida Asad: Twenty-Two Unpublished Letters
Letters 1-2 To Malik Muhammad Ashraf (Gujrat, Pakistan, 1946) Malik Muhammad Ashraf (1915-1981) was a devoted friend of Iqbal who met Asad during his visits to Iqbal. Two letters of Asad to Ashraf were published in the previous installment of...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 14, No. 1, Summer

Muhammad Asad: Twenty-Six Unpublished Letters
About these letters and their recipients No attempt has been made to alter the text of the letters. Asad sent both typed and handwritten letters. The language and phrases used by Asad over the extended period of fifty years (1935-1986) during which...
Read preview Overview
A Response to Andrew Rippin's Review of the Integrated Encyclopedia of Qur'an
A response to Andrew Rippin's review of The Integrated Encyclopedia of Qur'an, Volume I, published in Journal of the American Oriental Society 136.1 (2016), pp. 222-225. University of Victoria Professor Emeritus of Islamic History and Senior Research...
Read preview Overview
The Making of a Free Thinker of Islam (Part I) Muhammad Asad: The Pakistan Years
Many years later, writing the first chapter of Homecoming of the Heart--the sequel to his famous Road to Mecca--Muhammad Asad was to recall that distant day of 1932 when he arrived at the Karachi Harbor aboard a pilgrim ship after performing his sixth...
Read preview Overview
Zafar Ishaq Ansari (December 27, 1932-April 24, 2016) Glimpses in Memoriam
"Allah keeps as His friend one who has three characteristics: generosity like that of a river, from which whosoever desires can drink; warm affection like that of the sun, which illuminates every place; and humility like that of the earth, which permits...
Read preview Overview
Usama Al-Sayyid Mahmud Al-Azhari
Usama al-Sayyid Mahmud al-Azhari * Introduction to the Principles of Qu'anic Exegesis * Trans. with Introduction and Notes by Mostafa al-Badawi * Islamic Village, 2014 * ISBN 978-09520853-2-4 * PB * 100pp This brief but important work is the synopsis...
Read preview Overview
'Uthman Ibn Ibrahim Al-Nabulusi * Sword of Ambition: Bureaucratic Rivalry in Medieval Egypt
'Uthman ibn Ibrahim al-Nabulusi * Sword of Ambition: Bureaucratic Rivalry in Medieval Egypt * Edited and translated by Luke Yarbrough * New York: NYU Press, 2016 * ISBN: 9781479889457 * HB * pp. xliv + 266 This admirable translation of Tajrid sayf...
Read preview Overview
Farhad Daftary and Wilferd Madelung (Eds.) * Encyclopaedia Islamica
Farhad Daftary and Wilferd Madelung (eds.) * Encyclopaedia Islamica * Leiden: Brill, in association with The Institute of Ismaili Studies Volume 3 (Adab-al-Bab al-Hadi cashar) * HB * ISBN: 9789004191655 * 2011 Volume 4 (Baba Afdal-Birjandi) ...
Read preview Overview
The Meaning of 'Economy': Qasd, Iqtisad, Tadbir Al-Manzil
1. Preamble In the wake of the 2007-2009 financial and economic meltdown, a lot of intellectual and practical work is being done in the area of monetary and economic reform. In this regard, the work of the UK based New Economics Foundation, (1)...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 13, No. 1, Summer

Consuming Islam: Branding 'Wholesome' as Lifestyle Fetish
Allah has bought from the believers their persons and their wealth in exchange for the Paradise Garden they shall possess. (Q 9: 111) A stark contrast marks much of the Muslim world today: across North Africa and the greater Middle East authoritarian...
Read preview Overview
Modern Applications of Hibah in the Light of Shari'ah Objectives of Gift and Donation Contracts (Al-Tabarru'at)
TABARRU'AT (GIFTS AND CHARITABLE ACTS) The term tabarru' (pl. tabarru'at) is derived from the root b-r-', meaning "to excel". For instance, "He excelled in knowledge, courage, or other qualities; or he excelled his companions in knowledge; or he...
Read preview Overview
From Permissible to Wholesome: Situating Halal Organic Farms within the Sustainability Discourse
During the past two decades, in the wake of dire predictions by late twentieth century environmentalists of "futures not worth having" (1) caused by human-induced climate change, the discourse of sustainability has offered hope and energy for action....
Read preview Overview
Ibn Al-Jawzi, Virtues of the Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal
Ibn al-Jawzi, Virtues of the Imam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal * Edited and Translated by Michael Cooperson * Two Volumes * Library of Arabic Literature * New York University Press, 2013 * HB * Volume 1 ISBN 978-0-8147-7166-2 (cl: alk. paper) * 978-0-8147-7188-4...
Read preview Overview
Marwa Elshakry. Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950
Marwa Elshakry. Reading Darwin in Arabic, 1860-1950 * The University of Chicago Press, 2013. * HB * ISBN 978-0-22600130-2 (cloth) * 978-0-226-00144-9 (e-book) This ground-breaking work on the reception of Darwin in the Arab world opens several windows...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 13, No. 2, Winter

The Restoration of Wealth: Introducing Ibn Abi Al-Dunya's Islah Al-Mal
Muslims generally know (or should know) that the preservation of wealth (hifz al-mal) is among the injunctions of the religion of Islam, and one of the five maqasid or over-riding objectives of the Revealed Law (al-shari'ah). (1) But have they given...
Read preview Overview
The Islamic Gift Economy: A Brief Statement
What is the Islamic Gift Economy? The Islamic Gift Economy (IGE) is an integrative economic system that is autonomous and prosperous on its own ethical and structural principles while in constructive engagement with the currently dominant neoliberal...
Read preview Overview
'A'ishah Al-Ba'uniyyah: The Principles of Sufism
'A'ishah al-Bacuniyyah * The Principles of Sufism * Translated by Th. Emil Homerin * New York University Press * 2016 * ISBN: 978-08147-4528-1 (HB) * 978-0-8147-4516-8 (e-book) This bi-lingual edition of al-Muntakhab fi usul al-rutub fi 'ilm al-tasawwuf...
Read preview Overview
Yasminah Hashim and Muhammad A. J. Beg: A Journey through Islamic History: A Timeline of Key Events
Yasminah Hashim and Muhammad A. J. Beg * A Journey Through Islamic History: A Timeline of Key Events * Kube * 2015 (reprint)* HB * ISBN 978-1-84774-028-1 This colorful book chronicles fourteen hundred years of Muslim history and civilization in...
Read preview Overview
Seyyed Hossein Nasr (Editor-in-Chief), Caner K. Dagli, Maria Massi Dakake, Joseph E.B. Lumbard (General Editors), Mohammed Rustom (Assistant Editor), the Study Quran
Seyyed Hossein Nasr (Editor-in-Chief), Caner K. Dagli, Maria Massi Dakake, Joseph E.B. Lumbard (General Editors), Mohammed Rustom (Assistant Editor), The Study Quran * HarperCollins * 2015 * HB * ISBN 978-0-06-112586-7 * 978-0-06-112588-1 (Leather)...
Read preview Overview
The Origins of Sufism
In considering the origins of Sufism--and it is not the origin of the name but of the thing itself which is to be considered here, that is, mysticism in its Islamic form--it is necessary to distinguish its essential features from certain unessential...
Read preview Overview
On the Making of the Study Quran
JIS: How was the project for The Study Quran conceived? By whom? When? SHN: Bism'Llah al-Rahman al-Rahim. During the last two decades, Harper, which is also my publisher now, has brought out the Study Bible and the Study Torah. Both have become...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 12, No. 2, Winter

Trade, Commerce, Money and Market in the Islamic Experience: A Brief Overview
"O believers! Give provisions out of the good things you have earned." (al-Baqarah, 2: 267) "Wealth decreases not through charity, just as it increases not through perfidy."' al-Ghazali, Ihya': Adab al-Kasb) Preamble Perhaps we may begin...
Read preview Overview
Ibn Mujahid and Canonical Recitations
Introduction Recitation (qira'at) refers to authoritative recitation of the Qur'an. Ibn al-Jazari al-Dimashqi(751-833/1350-1429), the master reciter and celebrated authority on recitation, formally defines the science of recitation as: "[qira'at...
Read preview Overview
WAQF and the Civic Economy
The Importance of History The Qur'an commands us to take lesson or advice from the (hi)stories of people who have gone before us: "There is certainly advice ('ibrah) in their stories for people who have reason." (1) The great historian and socio-economist,...
Read preview Overview
Two Arabic Travel Books: Abu Zayd Al-Sirafi: Accounts of China and India
Two Arabic Travel Books: Abu Zayd al-Sirafi Accounts of China and India * Edited and translated by Tim Mackintosh-Smith and Ibn Fadlan, Mission to the Volga. Edited and translated by James E. Montgomerys London * New York: New York University Press,...
Read preview Overview
S. R. Burge, Angels in Islam: Jalal Al-Din Al-Suyuti's Al-Haba'ik Fi Akhbar Al-Mala'ik
S. R. Burge, Angels in Islam: Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti's al-Haba'ik fi akhbar al-mala'ik * Routledge * London and New York * 2012; pp. 338 * ISBN: 978-0-415-67292-4 (hbk) * 978-0-203-14497-8 (ebk) This monograph focuses on "angels in Hadith literature"...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 12, No. 1, Summer

Engaging Structural Greed Today: Christians and Muslims in Dialogue
"[Want] cannot be wholly dispelled, for it sits there with its mouth open, making incessant demands, and even if it is gorged with riches, it must still remain there, waiting to be satisfied...nature demands very little, whereas greed is never satisfied....
Read preview Overview
An Unfolding Dichotomy: Leading Iranian Policy Makers' Voice on Developments in Science and Technology
In the ninth Iranian Presidential pre-election TV debate, Mir Hossein Mousavi, Iranian presidential candidate, held up graphs of GDP, inflation and other economic indicators, and incessantly criticized the previous president Ahmadinejad's government...
Read preview Overview
The Influence of Modern Science on Bediuzzaman Said Nursi's Thinking
Today the Risale-i Nur collection is mistaken for a Qur'anic exegesis. (1) This is likely due to the fact that Nursi considered it as a kind of work which came to existence through the grace of the Qur'an. (2) However, the Risale-i Nur collection is...
Read preview Overview
Barbara Freyer Stowasser. the Day Begins at Sunset: Perception of Time in the Islamic World
Barbara Freyer Stowasser. The Day Begins at Sunset: Perception of Time in the Islamic World. London * New York: I. B. Taurus, 2014; ISBN: 978-1-78076-542-6; eISBN: 978-0-85773-554-6 This last work by the late professor Barbara Freyer Stowasser (d....
Read preview Overview

Vol. 11, No. 2, Winter

Examining the Meta-Principles of Modern Economics and Their Implications for Islamic Banking and Finance
There is no such thing as philosophy-free science; there is only science whose philosophical baggage is taken on board without examination. (Daniel Dennett) (1) Introduction The Islamic tradition, like the other major religious traditions, places...
Read preview Overview
Our Predicament
Writing around the middle of the third Islamic century, the Cordovan Hadith master Abu Abd Allah b. Waddah alQurtubl (199-286/815-899) recorded a statement of al-Hasan al-Basrl (21-110/642-728), who said: "If a man from amongst the Righteous Predecessors...
Read preview Overview
William C. Chittick. in Search of the Lost Heart: Explorations in Islamic Thought
William C. Chittick. In Search of the Lost Heart: Explorations in Islamic Thought. Edited by Mohammed Rustom, Atif Khalil, and Kazuyo Murata * Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2012 * 411 pp. * 978-1-4384-3935-8. In Search of the Lost...
Read preview Overview
Mohammed Rustom. the Triumph of Mercy: Philosophy and Scripture in Mulla Sadra
Mohammed Rustom. The Triumph of Mercy: Philosophy and Scripture in Mulla Sadra; Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 2012 * xii+210 pp. * 978-1438443416. The Triumph of Mercy: Philosophy and Scripture in Mulla Sadra is a critical study...
Read preview Overview
Being a Translation of the Introduction to Al-Ghazali's Masterwork, Reviving Religious Knowledge, Immediately Preceding His "Book of Knowledge"
Introduction In the Name of God, the Gracious, the Merciful First and foremost, I praise God with an abundant, continuous praise, even though the praise of [His] worshippers is insignificant before the reality of His grandeur. Secondly, I pray...
Read preview Overview
Being a Translation from the Introduction to Al-Nawawi's Al-Majmu
Ask the people of knowledge if you do not know. (Q al-Nahl 16:43) Introduction Imam Abu Zakariyya Muhyi al-Din Yihya ibn Sharaf al-Nawawi (631-676/1233-1277, born and died in Nawa, southern Syria, after spending most of his life in Damascus), is...
Read preview Overview

Vol. 11, No. 1, Summer

Al-Ghazali on the Proprieties of Earning and Living: Insights and Excerpts from His Kitab Adab Al-Kasb Wal-Ma'ash for Reviving Economies for Communities
Wealth increases not through perfidy, just as it decreases not through charity. --al-Ghazali Preamble Many Muslim business people take honesty in commercial transactions for granted. This is because they imagine 'honesty' to be a simple concept...
Read preview Overview
Luca Mavelli. Europe's Encounter with Islam: The Secular and the Postsecular
Luca Mavelli. Europe's Encounter with Islam: The Secular and the Postsecular. London: Routledge, 2012 * 172 pp. ISBN 978041569328 (cloth). The present volume, based on the author's dissertation at Aberystwyth University, provides an accomplished...
Read preview Overview
Fard Al-Kifaya, Mu'amala, and the Commonweal: Reconnecting Economics and the Economy to Communities
A Little Exchange in the Hamlet of Janda Baik Janda Baik is a lovely Malay-Muslim hamlet nestled amidst the rain-drenched hills and mountains of the Titiwangsa range in west-central peninsular Malaysia. The soothing gurgling sounds of the swift-running...
Read preview Overview
Abu Hamid Al-Ghazali: Iljam Al-'Awam 'An 'Ilm Al-Kalam: Chapter Two: Establishing the Evidence That the Method of the Salaf Is the Right Method [in Understanding the Divine Attributes]
The evidence is of two types: rational ('aqli) and revelation-based (sam'i). The rational proof itself is of two sorts: general (kulli) and particular (tafsili). The general proof that the method (madhhab) of the Salaf (early generations) is the right...
Read preview Overview
The Meaning, Scope, and Future of Islamic Sciences: Seyyed Hossein Nasr in Conversation with Muzaffar Iqbal
Iqbal: Aslamu 'alaykum. Nasr: Wa 'alaykum as-salam Dr. Iqbal, how are you? Iqbal: Al-hamdu Lillah. Finally, the spring is here, and birds are singing. Nasr: I always think of you sitting up there in the cold, surrounded by vast white land....
Read preview Overview
A Window onto Islamic Sciences
The ocean of knowledge that comprises Islamic sciences flows across eons back to the remote origin of all things--the mysterious kun ("Be"), which brought into existence a marvelous cosmos and its inhabitants--some of which the first human being would...
Read preview Overview
Search by... Author
Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

Oops!

An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.