Africa Policy Journal

Articles

Vol. 12, 2016

Construction of Multidimensional Poverty Index of Kenya Using the Alkire-Foster Method
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionBackgroundDefining poverty as a phenomenon of multiple dimensions goes back to the seminal work of Amartya Sen. In practice, however, the vast majority of empirical work on poverty uses a onedimension...
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Going beyond the Model: Reimagining Education Policy in Africa
Africa is not in the business of retrofitting. In his Chatham House address, economist Carlos Lopez discusses the opportunity for Africa to develop not just in spite of, but because of, its "latecomer" status. Lopez refers to the continent's economic...
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Historical Antecedents and Paradoxes That Shaped Kenya's Contemporary Information and Communication Technology Policies
IntroductionThe Global Entrepreneur Summit, which took place in Nairobi in July 2015, marked a global watershed recognition of Kenya's quantum leaps in the ICTs sector and its impact on rapid economic growth. The impressive facts and statistics reveal...
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Economic Integration in Africa: Past, Present, and Future
IntroductionRegional integration has been a long-standing objective of African political leaders. Policy experts have, for years, emphasized the need for regional economic integration. In this case, integration means the reduction of tariffs and other...
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The Anatomy of Government Neglect in Nigerian Maritime Industry
IntroductionThe 2015 Nigerian Maritime Expo (NIMAREX) left Nigerians with numerous reflections, including the unpleasant state of Nigerian seafarers, ineffective implementation of Coastal and Inland Shipping (Cabotage) Act 2003, and foreign dominance...
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Globalization and the Diffusion of Media Policy in Africa: The Case of Defamation of Public Officials
IntroductionGlobalization and the interconnection of nations, cultures, and peoples through information and communication technologies has resulted in a global society, which, despite political, economic, cultural, social, and religious differences,...
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The End of the Commodities Super-Cycle and Its Implications for the Democratic Republic of Congo in Crisis
IntroductionIn Central Africa, the DR Congo is a major rent-based economy, which is overwhelmed by crises. First, the country, a fragile state, has been embroiled in political and electoral crises since 2015. In addition, it faces a longstanding security...
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Vol. 11, 2015

Staff
ALICIA BELLO is a Co-Editor-in-ChiEf of the Africa Policy Journal (APJ) and a joint degree candidate at John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University and Harvard Law School. She is a member of the Law and International Development Society...
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Editor's Remarks
We are excited to present the 2015-2016 edition of the Africa Policy Journal (APJ). 2015 was an eventful year for the continent and we are happy to publish a breadth of articles on a range of topics, from elections in Nigeria to refugee rights in Kenya...
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Pathways to Inclusive Growth: Corner Store 2.0
Growing up in the 1980s in South Africa, it was common for low-income households to visit the city once a month to buy their supply of groceries. The corner stores catered for their grocery needs throughout the month. For the business owner, a typical...
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Boko Haram: Police Practices, Corruption, and Governance in Nigeria
We were off to dinner and drinks during my first visit to Lagos, Nigeria. I was in Lagos to speak at a conference about improving the relationship between police, prosecutors, and the community. The car ride was long-there was traffic, a lot of honking,...
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Law and Justice: Reviewing Positive Law in Post-Apartheid South Africa
Introduction: Defining Natural Law and Positive LawPositive law places an emphasis on the sources of the law, rather than its substance and "merits."1 Positive law reinforces a restricted legal culture and continuously endeavors to rid the law of ethical...
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Regulating the Inflationary Cost of Nigeria's Democracy
IntroductionOn 28 March 28 and 11 April 2015, general elections for political offices across the federal, state, and local government levels were held in Nigeria. The elections were generally considered a success and victory for democracy in a country...
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Unlocking Financing for Slum Redevelopment: The Case of Mukuru
IntroductionOver 60 percent of the 3.5 million people in Nairobi, Kenya, live in slums.1 These informal settlements are characterized by extensive economic poverty, substandard housing, and limited access to basic ser vices.The linkage between access...
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Redressing HIV/AIDS Discrimination in Nigeria: The Implications of the Anti-Discrimination Act of 2015
IntroductionSystemic discrimination continues to be the most pressing issue affecting people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) in Nigeria. In 2015, the Nigerian government decided to address this problem by enacting the HIV and AIDS (Anti-Discrimination)...
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Enhancing the Protective Space for Refugees in Kenya and Uganda
Refugee Protection in East AfricaThe number of refugees in the world has surged over the past decade. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimated around 14.4 million refugees worldwide in 2014.1 Figures in East Africa are continuously...
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Hakeem Belo-Osagie: Be Bold, Be Courageous
Hakeem Belo-Osagie spoke with the Africa Policy Journal (APJ) and shared advice for young Africans seeking to make a change across the continent. Below is an edited version of the conversation.APJ: What advice do you have for students contemplating a...
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View from Dangote Group: Strategy and Policy for Doing Business in Africa
The Africa Policy Journal ( APJ) sat down with key members of Dagote Group's team during their visit to Boston to talk about doing business in Africa and the policy changes necessary to spur growth. We spoke with Chief of Strategy Abdu Mukhtar, Group...
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Vol. 10, 2014

Meet the Staff
Ngozika (Zika) Amalu is the Editor-in-Chief of the Africa Policy Journal. She is a second-year Master in Public Policy student at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. Previously, Zika was the Machel-Mandela fellow at the Brenthurst...
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Editor's Remarks
The 2014/2015 year has seen the expansion of the Africa Policy Journal (APJ), particularly to include a young, politically active, and tech-savvy, online African community. I am proud of our accomplishments and grateful to those who have seen us through...
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The Business of Government: Why Governments Need to Work Together with Business in Sub-Saharan Africa
Taabul! Wahaka!. Troble! If you speak he lingo in various African capitals, this might be how you hear businesses, particularly multinational firms, describe governments.In return, many a government across the continent typically deign enterprise- related...
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Seeking the Political Kingdom: Changing the Way We Deliver Humanitarian Aid
The United Nations has recently launched the largest ever appeal for funds to deal with humanitarian emergencies in its history, asking the international community for $16.4 billion in donations.1 While a large portion of the funds are to address the...
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Private Sector: Protect Your Bottom Line and Invest in African Health Systems
for any resident of Malawi wanting to operate a vehicle legally, time at the road traffic department is a rite of passage. Perched at my favorite lunch spot across the street from the building, I pay particular attention to the tell-tale indicators of...
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The Bright Continent: Breaking Rules and Making Change in Modern Africa
The Bright Continent: Breaking Rules and Making Change in Modern Africa by dayo Olopade (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2014)rEViEWEd by ALiciA OLAyinKA bELLOdayo Olopade's first book is a buoyant foray into the ingenuities that make the African continent...
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The Cost of Devolution in Kenya: A Cost Analysis of the New Governance Framework Introduced by the 2010 Constitution of Kenya and Its Impact on the Country's Public Finance
BackgroundThe centralized system of government that Kenya had until 2010 is largely blamed for promoting and sustaining poor governance in Kenya. Yash Pal Ghai argues, "There was wide-scale perception, which statistics support, that the centralized state...
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Reductive Sampling: A Framework for Victim Participation and the Reparations Phase of the ICC Trial
The International Criminal Court (ICC), established by international treaty to prosecute serious crimes that are of concern to the international community, delivered its first verdict in March 2012 in the case of Lubanga.1 The court found Lubanga guilty...
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The Ebola Challenge: West and Central Africa's Containment Strategy
Ebola ChroniclesThe First Recorded Ebola OutbreakOn 27 June 1976 in a southern township in Nzara, Sudan, the Ebola disease takes its first Sudanese casualty, a factory storekeeper.1 This day marks the start of the world's first recorded epidemic of the...
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Interview with Dr. Donald Kaberuka, President of the African Development Bank
APJ Editor-in-Chief Ngozika Amalu and Senior Editor for Interviews Elizabeth Bennett had the opportunity to sit down with Dr. Donald Kaberuka, President of the African Development Bank (AfDB), on the occasion of his visit to the John F. Kennedy School...
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Vol. 9, 2013

Acknowledgements
We would like to recognize and thank various people who have been tremendously helpful in producing this years journal. First and foremost, we thank Martha Foley, Assistant Director of Student Services, who provided endless amounts of guidance and patience...
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A Quiet Success in Stemming a Global Epidemic
George W. Bush ended his presidency in 2009 as the most disliked chief executive of the United States in the history of popularity polls. With an approval rating of a paltry 22 percent, Bush registered a lower level of support among the American populace...
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Morocco: A New Financial Capital?
Although the official unemployment rate stands at a mere 9 percent, it is approximately 17 percent for university graduates and nearly 30 percent for those under the age of thirty-five.It would be sad if the Arab Spring cemented more turmoil than it...
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The Ibrahim Prize for Excellence among African Leaders
On 14 October 2013, the Mo Ibrahim Prize Committee announced, for the second year in a row, that it had not found anyone to whom to award its Prize for Achievement in African Leadership.The Prize is given to a recently retired Executive Head of State...
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Branding Tourism in Liberia
AbstractLiberia is still tainted by images of war and poverty, even though the country has been at peace for over a decade under the leadership of President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. The current brand image deters tourists, business executives, and potential...
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Tracking Vulnerability in Real Time: Mobile Text for Food Security Surveys in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
AbstractMobile telephony-a rapid and cost-effective means of collecting data-has yet to be tested for household food security surveys in humanitarian settings. This article captures insights from a field test carried out in July, August, and September...
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Business Models for Commercializing African Agriculture
AbstractThis article explores the strengths and weaknesses of various business models that can make agriculture behave more like industries-enjoying high levels of productivity irrespective of systemic challenges. The main idea is to supplement the uncoordinated...
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Experiment Gone Wrong?
Experiment Gone Wrong? A Review of The Idealist: Jeffrey Sachs and the Quest to End Poverty By Nina Munk (Signal, September 2013) REVIEWED BY MPUMELELO NXUMALOJeffrey Sachs had a goal: to end poverty in Africa by 2025, and according to journalist Nina...
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Poor Numbers: How We Are Misled by African Development Statistics and What to Do about It
Poor Numbers: How We Are Misled by African Development Statistics and What to Do About It By Morten Jerven (Cornell University Press, 2013)REVIEWED BY RODRIGO GARCIA-VERDÚ1Over the past decade, Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has attracted increasing attention...
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Interview with Dr. Ibrahim Assane Mayaki, CEO of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) Planning and Coordinating Agency
Mpumelelo Nxumalo and Elizabeth Bennett recently had a chance to sit down with Dr. Ibrahim Assane Mayaki, the chief executive officer of the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) Planning and Coordinating Agency. Their conversation covered...
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Interview with Lise Grande, United Nations Resident Coordinator and United Nations Development Programme Resident Representative in South Sudan
THEME OF INTERVIEWIn line with Lise Grande's presentation at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University on 18 February 2014 and the mission of the Harvard Africa Policy Journal (APJ) to encourage dialogue on African policy, APJ wanted...
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Note from Editor-in-Chief
2013 has been a successful year for the Africa Policy Journal (APJ), and I am grateful to those who helped make it a success.Bakary Seckan, the former Editor-in-Chief made the transition seamless. Timothy Cheston, Tomoo Okubu, and Sarah Glavey helped...
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Vol. 8, 2012

The Hierarchy of Poor: The Tension between Favoring Smallholder Farmers or Domestic Consumers in Ethiopian Agricultural Development
Overview: illustrating the challenge in supporting producers and consumers through agricultural policiesA pressing challenge facing Ethiopia today is one that has long been a dilemma facing many African governments. This paper discusses the challenge...
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Symptoms of an Enduring Crisis: Prospects for Addressing Mali's Conflict Catalysts
AbstractDespite the peace agreements and disarmament processes implemented since the 1990s, conflict in Mali has proven to be resilient. Conflict symptoms pertaining to deficient governance and sustained societal discontent have recurrently generated...
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Equity and Core Concepts of Human Rights in Namibian Health Policies
AbstractDelivering health services to vulnerable populations is a significant challenge in many countries. Groups vulnerable to social, economic, and environmental challenges may not be considered or may be impacted adversely by the health policies that...
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Editor's Remarks
Dear Readers,On behalf of our editorial team we would like to present to you the 8th Volume of the Harvard Africa Policy Journal. The APJ was started in 2006 by a group of students at Harvard Kennedy School who believed that there needed to be a publication...
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At What Cost? Aid-Security Relations in East and West Africa
Meet America's new ally in Africa. With 16 million people, a per capita income of $360 (PPP),52,875 refugees, and dysfunctional neighbors, Niger seems less than the ideal partner in the growing U.S. strategic footprint in Africa, but its geographic location...
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Supporting & Strengthening Maternal, Neonatal, and Child Health Services Using Mobile Phones in Sierra Leone: A Research Protocol
IntroductionSierra Leone is consistently ranked among the countries with the highest maternal mortality ratio (970 per 100,000) and women in Sierra Leone have a 1 in 21 lifetime risk of dying as a result of pregnancy Despite some progress, Sierra Leone...
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Vulnerability Analysis and Policy Development in Democratic African States
The development challenges for contemporary democratic states of Africa are enormous. This somewhat sweeping phrase takes for granted the question of whether those countries claiming to be democratic are so in organisation and practice. For instance,...
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Desertec: A Fata Morgana?
In 2009, a group of academics, policy makers, and industry professionals came together and created the Desertec Industrial Initiative (Dil) and the DESERTEC Foundation with the goal of meeting 15% of Europe's electricity needs and two thirds of the Middle...
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South Sudan's Entry into the East African Community: Prospects and Challenges
On July 09, 2012, the Republic of South Sudan celebrated its first year anniversary. The previous year, on November 11, 2011, it submitted an application to formally join the East African Community (EAC), a regional organization consisting of Burundi,...
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The Red Dust of Africa: A Personal Journey
In 1961,1 received an invitation from Sargent Shriver to join the newly created Peace Corps. I was a 1959 alumna of the Experiment in International Living that had been directed by Shriver. My husband and I applied and on May 22nd of that year received...
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