Africa Security Briefs


No. 35, June

From Urban Fragility to Urban Stability
In November 2016, the Lagos State Government carried out a violent demolition of the Otodo Gbame urban slum in the heart of Lagos. Government forces showed up with sledgehammers and bulldozers. They lobbed teargas canisters and opened fire on protesters....
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No. 34, March

The Maghreb's Fragile Edges
HIGHLIGHTS* The social and economic marginalization of communities in the periphery of each country of the Maghreb is an ongoing source of instability in the region.* Security forces must distinguish between the threats posed by militants and ordinary...
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No. 33, June

Criminality in Africa’s Fishing Industry: A Threat to Human Security
HIGHLIGHTS* The illegal exploitation of African fisheries by foreign fishing companies deprives African governments of a highly valuable source of revenue and contributes to Africa being the only region in the world where rates of fish consumption are...
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No. 32, August

Islamist Extremism in East Africa
u While Islamist extremism in East Africa is often associated with al Shabaab and Somalia, it has been expanding to varying degrees throughout the region.u Militant Islamist ideology has emerged only relatively recently in East Africa-imported from the...
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No. 31, June

Governance, Accountability, and Security in Nigeria
HIGHLIGHTS* Low levels of trust in the Nigerian police limit public cooperation critical to combatting internal security threats from irregular forces such as insurgents, criminal gangs, and extremists.* Allegations of corruption, heavy-handedness, and...
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No. 30, February

Combating Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea
? An escalation in piracy and other transnational maritime threats in die Gulf of Guinea has exposed die limited levels of maritime domain awareness in the region.? The highly fungible nature of maritime security threats means that this challenge cannot...
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No. 29, November

Lessons from Burundi's Security Sector Reform Process
HIGHLIGHTS* Progress made by Burundi's Security Sector Development (SSD) program in advancing democratic security sector governance is noteworthy given that there have been relatively few successful security sector reform cases from which to draw.* Political...
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No. 28, May

Wildlife Poaching: Africa's Surging Trafficking Threat
HIIGHLIGHTS* Spikes in the prices of ivory and rhino horn have propelled an escalation in killings of African elephants and rhinoceroses. Without urgent corrective measures, extinction of these populations is likely.* This is not just a wildlife poaching...
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No. 27, April

Creating Sustainable Peacekeeping Capability in Africa
HIGHLIGHTS* Over 60,000 African troops from 39 different nations serve in peace operations worldwide.* Maintaining African peacekeeping capability requires an ongoing training process to sustain the skill proficiency of troop contingents for rapid deployment...
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No. 26, August

Mitigating Radicalism in Northern Nigeria
HIGHLIGHTS* Boko Haram and other violent Islamist groups have been able to tap grievances over widespread poverty, government corruption, ethno-religious divides, and abuses by security forces to fuel a rise in Islamic radicalizaron in northern Nigeria.*...
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No. 25, July

Peace Operations in Africa: Lessons Learned since 2000
HIGHLIGHTS* Over 50 peace operations have been deployed to 18 African countries since 2000.* "Partnership peacekeeping," which involves collaboration between various multilateral and bilateral actors and institutions, has become increasingly common.*...
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No. 24, January

The Lessons and Limits of DDR in Africa
* Notwithstanding laudable successes, incomplete or poorly conceived disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) initiatives have been key factors to high rates of conflict relapse in Africa.* Reintegration is the most complex and critical yet...
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No. 23, November

Islamic Militancy in Africa
HIGHLIGHTS* The rise of Islamic militancy in parts of the Sahel and Horn of Africa poses growing threats to regional stability. The appeal of these militants stems from their ability to tap into and persuade marginalized communities, particularly youth,...
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No. 22, August

Building Africa's Airlift Capacity: A Strategy for Enhancing Military Effectiveness
* African states' ability to respond to violent conflict, transnational threats, natural disasters, and other security challenges is severely constrained by limited airlift capacity.* Like multilateral institutions elsewhere, the African Union and Africa's...
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No. 21, July

Unfinished Business: A Framework for Peace in the Great Lakes
* Conflict in Africa's Great Lakes region persists because of a complex mixture of regional politics, financial incentives, ethnic polarization, and weak and illegitimate governance.* Previous peace agreements have made important contributions to stability...
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No. 20, April

Boko Haram's Evolving Threat
* The Nigerian militant Islamist group Boko Haram has grown increasingly virulent since late 2010, reflecting a major transformation in its capacity, tactics, and ideology.* There are indications of expanding links between Boko Haram and international...
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No. 19, 2012

Addressing Côte d'Ivoire's Deeper Crisis
* Côte d'Ivoire will need to overcome its deep social divisions to attain stability.* To reverse the politicization of the military, security sector reform must extend beyond conventional stan* dards and build a force based on the concept of the "Army-Nation"...
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No. 18, February

Regional Security Cooperation in the Maghreb and Sahel: Algeria's Pivotal Ambivalence
* Efforts to counter al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb's (AQIM) growing influence in both the Maghreb and the Sahel are fragmented because of the inability of neighbors to forge collaborative partnerships.* Algeria faces inverse incentives to combat AQIM...
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No. 17, January

Africa's Militaries: A Missing Link in Democratic Transitions
* Military acceptance of civilian authority remains a missing piece of Africa's democratic transition puzzle.* While often perceived as an unwanted restriction on the purview of the security sector, the doctrine of democratic civilian control of the...
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