Alexandria

Articles

Vol. 25, No. 1/2, 2014

Editorial
National libraries may differ greatly in size, set-up, scope and strategy but one purpose they all have in common is that of collecting, preserving and guaranteeing access to their nation's published cultural and intellectual outputs. All national libraries...
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Archiving and Analysing Techniques of the Ultra-Large-Scale Web-Based Corpus Project of NINJAL, Japan
ABSTRACTIn 2011, the National Institute for Japanese Language and Linguistics (NINJAL) launched a corpus compilation project to construct a web corpus for linguistic research comprising ten billion words by 2016. The project is divided into four categories:...
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Copyright Challenges of Legal Deposit and Web Archiving in the National Library of Singapore
ABSTRACTThis article discusses the development of web archiving in Singapore and its relationship to copyright law. The author describes legal deposit, its definition and historical development, the differences between voluntary and compulsory legal...
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US Government Websites during the 2013 Shutdown: Lessons from the Shutdown Library
ABSTRACTThis short communication describes the digital archive created of official dot.gov and official government social media websites during the shutdown of the United States federal government from 1 to 16 October 2013. It discusses the digital landscape...
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Collect, Preserve, Access: Applying the Governing Principles of the National Archives UK Government Web Archive to Social Media Content
ABSTRACTIt is The National Archives' responsibility to collect and secure the future of the public record in all its forms and to make it as accessible as possible. The UK Government Web Archive1 (UKGWA) effectively preserves the open digital record....
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Quality Assurance Paradigms in Web Archiving Pre and Post Legal Deposit
ABSTRACTThis article discusses quality assurance paradigms in the pre and post legal deposit environments, exploring how workflows and processes have adapted from a small-scale, selective model to domain-scale harvesting activity. It draws comparisons...
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Hard Content, Fab Front-End: Archiving Websites of Dutch Public Broadcasters
ABSTRACTAlthough there are a great variety of web archiving projects around the world, there are not many that focus explicitly on websites of broadcasters. The reason is that funds are often lacking to do this, and that broadcaster websites are difficult...
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Web Archive Search as Research: Methodological and Theoretical Implications
ABSTRACTThe field of web archiving is at a turning point. In the early years of web archiving, the single URL has been the dominant unit for preservation and access. Access tools such as the Internet Archive's Wayback Machine reflect this notion as they...
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Access and Scholarly Use of Web Archives
ABSTRACTThis article provides an overview of current access arrangements of web archives. Using data from a user survey of the UK Web Archive, it attempts to analyse the reasons for limited scholarly use of web archives. It also examines the key characteristics...
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Vol. 24, No. 3, 2013

Editorial
This issue contains the first of a short series of articles describing the development of three new or re-envisioned national libraries - the National Libraries of Israel, Greece and Qatar. What these national libraries have in common is that their respective...
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The National Library of Israel Renewal: Opening Access, Democratizing Knowledge, Fostering Culture
ABSTRACTThe National Library of Israel (NLI), marking its 120th year, has launched a comprehensive renewal programme entailing a new facility that enables broad access to all users and an open digital library. Led by a coalition of public and private...
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Training Requirements for Archivists, Librarians and Documentation Professionals in Spain and a Case Study at Complutense University
ABSTRACTLibraries and Archives have long played an important role in social development. This paper presents an historical review of academic requirements for Library and Information Studies in Spain, from the granting of university status to the development...
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National Libraries' Traditional Collection Policy Facing Web Archiving
ABSTRACTOne of the main missions of a national library is to preserve the national creative works in printed and non-printed formats. In the 1990s, national libraries began to harvest and archive the national body of creative work that was published...
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Social Media Use by the US Federal Government at the End of the 2012 Presidential Term
ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study is to describe in quantitative and qualitative terms the use of social media by the US government. During the autumn of 2012 the researchers collected and examined over 1,500 unique social media sites used by the executive,...
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News Round-Up
GeneralCopyright in the digital environmentDiscussions by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) Standing Committee on Copyright & Related Rights (SCCR ) broke down at a meeting in May 2014, after the European Union (EU) attempted to...
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Vol. 24, No. 2, 2013

Editorial
This special issue of Alexandria is the brainchild of Anne Welsh, the journal's Assistant Editor. During production, Anne became ill and was unable to continue work on it. Anne's condition has led her to resign from Alexandria. Despite her short period...
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The International Development of RDA: Resource Description and Access
ABSTRACTRDA was created in response to complaints about the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules, especially the call for a more international, principle-based content standard that takes the perspective of the conceptual models of FRBR (Functional Requirements...
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RDA at the Swiss National Library: Challenges and New Opportunities
ABSTRACTThe first national libraries implemented RDA: Resource Description and Access in Spring 2013 and others are planning to implement the new standard in the course of the year or in the years to come. The Swiss National Library (NL) has decided...
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RDA at the National Library of Scotland
ABSTRACTThis article provides an insight into how the National Library of Scotland has adopted RDA for authority control work, in particular looking at training and the review process. With an overview of cataloguing operations at NLS, as well as an...
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RDA Planning, Implementation and Use: A Comparison of Two Academic Libraries
ABSTRACTSince the Library of Congress announced it would move forward with full RDA implementation on 31 March 2013, libraries in the United States have been working hard on planning, training and implementing RDA in their own libraries' cataloguing...
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RDA in Copac: A Practical Assessment
ABSTRACTCopac is best known as the UK national, academic and specialist research library catalogue, but the Copac team also provide the RLUK shared cataloguing database; thus changes in cataloguing standards mean considering the impact and potential...
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RDA: Analysing the Impact of a New Cataloguing Standard on SUNCAT, the UK's Serials Union Catalogue
ABSTRACTSUNCAT is the union catalogue of serials in the UK, with just under 100 libraries contributing their serials data and associated holdings. These libraries use a variety of cataloguing standards already (e.g. AACR2, in-house), so the implementation...
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News Round-Up
GeneralThe IFLA Trend Report identifies five high level trends shaping the information society, spanning access to education, privacy, civic engagement and transformation. Its findings reflect a year's consultation with a range of experts and stakeholders...
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The Book of the British Library
Leapman, Michael. The Book of the British Library London: The British Library, 2012. 256 pp. ISBN 978 0 7123 5837 8. £25.00.Although the British Library was established as recently as 1972, and came into existence in 1973, its antecedents go back much...
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M-Libraries 4: From Margin to Mainstream - Mobile Technologies Transforming Lives and Libraries
Ally, Mohamed and Needham, Gill (eds). M-libraries 4: From Margin to Mainstream - Mobile Technologies Transforming Lives and Libraries London: Facet, 2013. 272 pp. ISBN: 978-1-85604-944-3. £59.95.M-libraries 4 presents a broad and enjoyable collection...
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Vol. 24, No. 1, 2013

Editorial
A number of countries have merged their National Library and National Archives. For instance, Library and Archives Canada was established in 2004 through the merger of the National Library and the National Archives. In 2011, the National Library of New...
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Coming Together of National Library and National Archives: The Singapore Experience
ABSTRACTThis paper shares the journey of the National Library Board (NLB) of Singapore in exploring the synergies between the National Archives of Singapore and the NLB. It also outlines the plans made so far in achieving synergy between the two institutions...
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Centre for Blind and Visually Impaired People at the National Library of Serbia
ABSTRACTThe paper considers library services for print disabled patrons at the National Library of Serbia (NLS) and in Serbian public libraries. It describes the establishment of the NLS Centre for Blind and Visually Impaired People and gives details...
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Library Development in Uzbekistan: Progress and Problems since the Dissolution of the USSR
ABSTRACTThe paper is a report on the development and current state of libraries and information services in Uzbekistan. It was initially prepared as background for a project supported by the European Commission's TEMPUS programme that provided technical...
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News Round-Up
GeneralWSIS prizeEIFL (Electronic Information for Libraries) has won a Project Prize for excellence in implementation of World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) outcomes to achieve an inclusive and development-oriented information society. The award...
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Introduction to Information Science
Bawden, D. and Robinson, L. Introduction to Information Science London: Facet, 2012. 351pp. ISBN 978-1-85604-810-1. £49.95David and Lyn's preface to this book identifies their aim as being 'to describe in outline, and to set into context, all of the...
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Information Resource Description: Creating and Managing Metadata
Hider, Philip. Information Resource Description: Creating and Managing Metadata London: Facet Publishing, 2012. 288 pp. ISBN 978-1-85604-667-1. £49.95Hider effectively integrates a consideration of the nature of metadata with a narrative about its management....
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Contemporary Library Architecture: A Planning and Design Guide
Worpole, Ken. Contemporary Library Architecture: A Planning and Design Guide London: Routledge, 2013. 216 pp. ISBN 978-0-415-59230-7 (paperback), 978-0-415-59229-1 (hardback). £39.99, £105.00'A city with a great library is a great city.' This inscription...
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Whose Etifeddiaeth? the National Library of Wales and Its New Policy on Copyright and Digitized Collections
ABSTRACTIn April 2012, the National Library of Wales decided that it would cease to claim ownership of copyright in its digitized collections. The decision was based on an appraisal of the legal argument and its position in relation to its public mission....
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Vol. 23, No. 3, 2012

Editors' Introduction
This special issue of Alexandria comprises a collection of essays dedicated to, and written in honour of, Dame Lynne Brindley, who stepped down as Chief Executive of the British Library in 2012 after twelve years in that role.Dame Lynne Brindley was...
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'Don't Give Me Passion, Give Me Cataloguers': Lynne Brindley and the Art of the Possible
ABSTRACTThis article provides a personal appreciation of Lynne Brindley's overarching professional contribution during her distinguished career written from a UK perspective. In particular the article focuses on her contribution to the Joint Funding...
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US West Coast Perspective on Lynne Brindley's Career
ABSTRACTThis article provides a personal appreciation of Lynne Brindley's over-arching professional contribution during her distinguished career written from a US West Coast perspective. The author tracks the major waypoints in the arc of Brindley's...
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Lynne, Leadership and Libraries
ABSTRACTAs Lynne Brindley leaves the profession for fresh challenges, the author argues it is timely to inspect critically the health of our leadership pipeline. Her legacy surely dictates that we should now seriously address the leadership vacuum in...
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Scholarly Communication, 1971 to 2013. A Brindley Snapshot
ABSTRACTThis chapter attempts a snapshot of the dramatic changes impacting on scholarly information access and delivery in the last forty years through the prism of Lynne Brindley's career. This was a period in which historical practices of information...
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'The Engagement Is Announced ...': Collaborative Ventures between the British Library and the Higher Education Sector
ABSTRACTFollowing the appointment of Lynne Brindley as Chief Executive of the British Library - the first professionally-qualified librarian to lead that institution - a new spirit of collaboration between the BL and UK Higher Education libraries was...
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Lynne Brindley and the Follett Committee and Its Inheritance
ABSTRACTLynne Brindley was a member of The Joint Funding Councils' Libraries Review Group, which was chaired by Professor Brian Follett and tasked in 1992 with undertaking a review of the UK's Higher Education library system, and she chaired the Follett...
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Note on Lynne Brindley
A Festschrift honours a person for their contributions to the academic world. It tends to be used at the end of an eminent career but in the case of this volume - devoted to Lynne Brindley - that would be premature since in March 2013 it was announced...
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The JISC
ABSTRACTJISC, the Joint Information Systems Committee, was started in 1993 to serve the needs of the newly expanded UK Higher Education (HE) sector. This article describes how JISC supported the universities' information needs by exploiting the potential...
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Lynne Brindley and the Digital Preservation Agenda
ABSTRACTLynne Brindley was one of the UK's leading players in the digital preservation arena. This article dedicated to Brindley argues that if selection models for collaborative digital preservation are to have any chance of being effective, then there...
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Defining a National Library in a Digital World: Dame Lynne Brindley at the British Library
ABSTRACTThe period of Dame Lynne Brindley's tenure as Chief Executive of the British Library was an era when national libraries had first seriously to address the question of how to define a national library in the digital world. The article describes...
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Vol. 23, No. 2, 2012

Editorial
As the technological landscape changes with ever-increasing rapidity, libraries are faced with growing challenges. While new developments offer exciting opportunities for enhanced services, libraries are having to cope with previously unknown problems.Europeana...
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Europeana: Digital Access to Europe's Cultural Heritage
ABSTRACTEuropeana is a web-based portal that enables people to explore the digital resources of Europe's museums, libraries, archives and audio-visual collections. It promotes discovery and networking opportunities in a multilingual space where users...
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National Implementations of Legal Deposit
ABSTRACTIn 201 1, the Conference of Directors of National Libraries commissioned the authors to undertake an international survey of its membership:* to establish the current state of legal deposit, or equivalent arrangements in all national libraries...
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Social Media in Libraries: It's like, Complicated
ABSTRACTThis article considers how some major libraries across the world are using social media platforms. Libraries have engaged with the 'household brands' familiar to us all regardless of geographic location or language although thenuse of the platforms...
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The 2012 Global RFID Survey
ABSTRACTIn the absence of any official audit, Library RFID Ltd has, at the invitation of the former Museums, Libraries and Archives Council (MLA), been running an annual survey to determine the extent and direction of Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)...
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Revolutionary Libraries: Building Collections and Promoting Research about the January 25th Uprising in Egypt
ABSTRACTThis paper describes the efforts made by the American University in Cairo's (AUC) Library to preserve the history and scholarship of the January 25th Revolution. In direct response to the uprising, AUC imagined University on the Square: Documenting...
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News Round-Up
GeneralA new report indicates that innovative approaches from mobile hardware and applications developers are helping connect people with disabilities to information and communication technology. Making Mobile Phones and Services Accessible for Persons...
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British Librarianship and Information Work 2006-2010
Bowman, J.H. (ed.). British librariansbip and information work 2006-2010 London: published by the Editor via www.lulu.com, 2012. 454 pp. ISBN 978-1-4716-8352-7. £32.00It is more than 80 years since the first volume of The Year's Work in Librariansbip...
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Library Codes of Ethics Worldwide: An Anthology
Gçbolys, Zdzislaw and Tomaszczyk, Jacek. Library Codes of Ethics Worldwide; An Anthology1 Berlin: Simon Verlag für Bibliothekswesen, 2012. 267 pp. ISBN 978-3-940862-24-2. euro26.00The history of codes of ethics for librarians goes back to the beginning...
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The No-Nonsense Guide to Legal Issues in Web 2.0 and Cloud Computing
Oppenheim, Charles. The No-Nonsense Guide to Legal Issues in Web 2.0 and Cloud Computing London: Facet, 2012. 134 pp. ISBN 978-1-85604-804-0. £49.95With no formal training in law or the legal implications of the digital information economy, I approached...
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Vol. 23, No. 1, 2012

A New Team for Alexandria
This is the first issue of Alexandria from a new editorial team. We would like to pay tribute to Ian McGowan and Adrienne Muir, who stepped down after volume 22, having edited the journal since 2003. We will continue Alexandria in the style and tone...
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300 Years of the BNE: It's Yours
BIBLIOTECA NACIONAL DE ESPAÑAABSTRACTThe National Library of Spain, Biblioteca Nacional de España (BNE), is celebrating its tercentenary from December 2011 until December 2012. This article outlines the history of the Library since its foundation by...
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The National Library of New Zealand: The New Generation National Library Strategy
ABSTRACTIn 2006 the National Library of New Zealand (NLNZ) began a major initiative to reposition itself as a modern, agile and relevant contributor to the cultural, social and economic life of New Zealand. Since 2010 our main Wellington building has...
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The National Library of Luxembourg
ABSTRACTThe origins of the National Library of Luxembourg (Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg, BnL) date back to 1798. This article provides an historical overview, outlines the core missions and describes the collections. Because several languages...
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IFLA Centre for Arabic Speaking Libraries: An Update
ABSTRACTThe IFLA Centre for Arabic Speaking Libraries (IFLA-CASL) was set up in 2007. This article provides an update to a paper published in Alexandria in 2009. Since that time, IFLA-CASL has continued its work translating documentation about the IFLA...
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The Library and Transparency
ABSTRACTIn an attempt to assess the role of libraries as contributors to the freedom of (official) information published in Alexandria in 2001, Sturges examined both the definition of freedom of information and the actual role of libraries in providing...
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Libraries as Publishers: Turning the Page?
ABSTRACTThis article seeks to provide a general review of the publishing activities of some major libraries across the world. At a time when the publishing industry is experiencing profound challenges to its established business models and traditional...
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Government Information Management in the 21st Century: International Perspectives
Garvin, Peggy (ed.). Government Information Management in the list Century: international perspectives Farnham: Ashgate, 2011. 244 pp. ISBN: 978-1-4094-0206-0. £55It matters greatly that information professionals be involved in the management of government...
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News Round-Up
GeneralPrinciples of EngagementThe IFLA Governing Board has endorsed Principles of Engagement in library-related activities in times of crisis, conflict or disaster. The Principles are part of IFLA's Key Initiatives 2011-2012 programme: Cultural Heritage...
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University Libraries and Digital Learning Environments
Dale, Penny, Beard, Jill and Holland, Matt (eds). University Libraries and Digital Learning Environments Farnham: Ashgate, 2011. 304 pp. ISBN: 978-0-7546-7957-8. £60Readers of University Libraries and Digital Learning Environments may assume, from its...
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Practical Cataloguing: AACR, RDA and MARC 21
Welsh, Anne and Batley, Sue. Practical cataloguing: AACR, RDA and MARC 21 London: Facet, 2012. 217 pp. ISBN 978-1-85604-695-4. £44.95'This book was written', the authors tell us in the acknowledgements section, 'at a time of flux in international cataloguing...
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Information Literacy beyond Library 2.0
Godwin, Peter and Parker, Jo (eds). Information literacy beyond Library 2.0 London: Facet , 2012. 268 pp. ISBN 978-1-85604-762-3. £49.95Those who have attended any of Peter Godwin's presentations will know him to be a witty and entertaining speaker with...
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