Analysis and Metaphysics

Articles

Vol. 16, 2017

Ontological Symmetry in Plato: Formless Things and Empty Forms
1.IntroductionThis paper explores the evidence for ontological symmetry in Plato's metaphysics.1 The symmetry in question is that between Forms and things:2 never one without the other. Is such symmetry necessary? Is it possible? Is it justified? Is...
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Metaphysical Despair and Tragic Humanism in Malraux
1.IntroductionMalraux's novels are his awareness of the relevance of a lifetime experience rendered as fiction. His style is frequently typified by musicalness, ellipsis, unfinished sentences, and a visionary tone. The ethical component of Malraux's...
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In Defense of Mathematical Inferentialism
1.IntroductionMathematical realism asserts that mathematical objects, such as numbers, triangles, and functions, exist in the abstract world, and that a mathematical sentence is true if and only if the abstract world is as it says it is. This view is...
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Do Incessant Comparisons on Social Media Generate Facebook Envy?
1.IntroductionSome body of research has produced mixed findings as regards the distinctive utilization of surveillance on Facebook that is supposed to cause feelings of envy. Surveillance use implies employing Facebook to keep informed or fully aware...
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Democratic Forms of Workplace Governance
1.IntroductionIn a democratic workplace, employees may certainly play a part in and shape the decisions which alter their lives at work (a democratic workplace offers suitable chances for employees to engage in decisions which impact their activity at...
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The Ethics of Envy on Facebook
1.IntroductionEnvy is essentially a social emotion driving individuals to react to status threat. As benign/malicious envy, it stimulates conduct in the quest of status (Magrini, 2016) contingent on reputation/ascendancy. Envy may stimulate individuals...
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Heidegger: Wahrnehmungsvergessenheit
It is odd, is it not, to charge a phenomenologist with having forgotten perception.1 But then, if the charge were to stick, this would support those who prefer to regard Heidegger as the philosopher of Being par excellence and avoid having to argue for...
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The Discovery That Phosphorus Is Hesperus: A Follow-Up to Kripke on the Necessity of Identity
IThe discovery case. Kripke has argued for these well-known ideas:(1) The direct reference theory for proper names. Proper names directly refer to their bearers; they do not stand for concepts; they do not have any sort of Fregean senses, nor abbreviate...
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Vol. 15, 2016

Biopolitical Economies of Debt
Introduction: Nietzsche on the Morality of DebtHave these genealogists of morality up to now allowed themselves to dream, even remotely, that, for instance, that major moral principle "guilt" [Schuld] derived its origin from the very materialistic idea...
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On the Error of Treating Functions as Objects
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)It is here that the tendency of language by its use of the definite article to stamp as an object what is a function and hence a nonobject, proves itself to be the source of inaccurate and misleading expressions...
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How to Make Sense of the Modal Logic of Analytic Truth from a Linguistic Naturalist Perspective
IntroductionThe core tenet of the Chomskyan philosophy of language and linguistics is that language is a part of the natural world. According to this perspective, human language is a result of a language faculty in the human mind, ultimately the human...
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Why Van Fraassen Should Amend His Position on Instrument-Mediated Detections
1.Introduction: The Relevance of an Adequate Characterization of Observability (for Constructive Empiricism)According to Bas van Fraassen's constructive empiricism, if one accepts science, then she is ready to believe what its theories say about the...
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Revisiting Truth in Philosophy 1
The question of the nature of truth is itself at the crux of most philosophical systems and methods. However, when a reader first encounters philosophy, usually many philosophical positions will be presented. This is unlike introductory courses in other...
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The Concept of Idealization in Ernst Cassirer's Theory of Knowledge
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionIn the field of science the issues concerning the scientific method and the formation of scientific concepts have played a crucial role and the debate about them is still alive; in fact antinomian...
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Vol. 14, 2015

Meditative Thought and Gelassenheit in Heidegger's Thought of the "Turn:" Releasing Ourselves to the Original Event of Learning
Preliminary Note on the EssayThe field of Heidegger scholarship related to education primarily focuses on Being and Time and works that sit roughly within a decade of that publication, e.g., in the latest surge of interest in Heidegger for education...
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The University in the Epoch of Digital Reason: Fast Knowledge in the Circuits of Cybernetic Capitalism
'Time is money '. . . 'speed is power We have moved from the stage of the acceleration of History to that of the acceleration of the Real. This is what 'the progress ' is: a consensual sacrifice.Paul Virilio (2008), "Paul Virilio on the Crisis," in Radical...
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Functionalism, the Computer Model of the Mind, and Causal Connections
1. Functionalism and the Computer Model of the MindThe basic idea of funct ionalism is that what makes a state menta l is its playing a causal-functional role of a certain pattern within a system, and, specifically, what makes a mental state the mental...
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A Representational Account of Fictional Characters
1. Artefactual Theories of Fictional CharactersOne comparative advantage of artefactual theories over their rivals is their confor mity with our pr e-theor etic intuit ion according to which fictiona l characters are created entities. Everyday consumers...
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Can Terrorism Ever Be Morally Justified?
1. IntroductionAs an organizing notion, the label terrorism transmits a moral assessment regarding the illegitimate undertaking of a group of individuals (Duong, 2015) and the act of categorizing a group "terrorist" conveys moral denunciation. Morally,...
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Are Organizational Citizenship Behaviors (Ocbs) Really Positively Associated with Measures of Organizational Effectiveness?
1. IntroductionOrganizational citizenship behavior (OCB) is intentional conduct that advantages both fellow workers and the entity. Followers' service to other individuals and situation of organizational resources can be interpreted as OCB. Servant leadership...
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Language, Subjectivity, and Psychoanalysis in Kristeva's Detective Novels
1. IntroductionKristeva contends that all signification is constituted of two components, the symbolic and the semiotic. The symbolic is the component of signification that organizes the structures by which symbols perform (Friedman et al., 2016), being...
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Te Reo Maori, Philosophy and Colonialism: A Conversation with Maori Philosopher Carl Mika
Kia ora CarlSome advice if you have the time... I have been asked to give a paper at Uppsa la on phil osophy of language and a utonomy. I wa nt t o focus on colonialism and use some examples from the colonial history concerning te reo Ma ori. I did a...
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Vagaries of Value: Basic Issues in Value Theory
Vagaries of Value: Basic Issues in Value Theory Nicholas Rescher (University of Pittsburgh) Piscataway, NJ: Transaction Books/Rutgers University, 2014, 162 pp. ISBN 978-1-4128-5460-3T his inter est ing b ook in the field of axiology pr esents a wel l...
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Gilles Deleuze: Cinema and Philosophy
Gilles Deleuze: Cinema and Philosophy Paola Marrati (Johns Hopkins University) Translated by Alisa Hartz Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008, 138 pp. ISBN 978-0-8018-8802-1Marrati says that, on Deleuze's reading, the regime of movement-ima...
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Opus Dei: An Archaeology of Duty
Opus Dei: An Archaeology of Duty Giorgio Agamben (IUAV University, Venice) Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2013, 140 pp. ISBN 978-0-8047-8404-7Agamben holds that the model that office or duty has furnished to human undertaking is diminishing...
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Politics of Deconstruction: A New Introduction to Jacques Derrida
Politics of Deconstruction: A New Introduction to Jacques Derrida Susanne Lüdemann (Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich) Translated by Erik Butler Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2014, 157 pp. ISBN 978-0-8047-8413-9As Lüdema nn put s it ,...
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Deleuze, the Dark Precursor: Dialectic, Structure, Being
Deleuze, The Dark Precursor: Dialectic, Structure, Being Eleanor Kaufman (University of California, Los Angeles) Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2012, 245 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0589-6Kaufman contends that a mode of nonunivocal disruptive...
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Vol. 13, 2014

Kripke on the Necessity of Identity
ABSTRACT. Saul A. Kripke, in his 1971 essay, "Identity and Necessity" (reprinted 2011, in Kripke, Philosophical Troubles, Collected Papers, Volume 1), argues on grounds of Leibnizian indiscemibility of identicals that identity relations are necessary....
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Ontologically Serious Genuinism
ABSTRACT. The most general criticism of negative causation - causation by or of absences - is that it requires negative properties or entities as an ontological addition. If that were the case, then negative causation would be a spurious phenomenon....
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Science and Philosophy in Karl Marx's Idealism: The Hegelian Legacy
ABSTRACT. A very widespread philosophical cliché is the one affirming that Karl Marx abandoned Hegelian philosophy in favor of his materialist conception of history, overturning, that way, Hegelian dialectics. Even though Marx himself stated that he...
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Constructive Communication in Effective Negotiation
ABSTRACT. Applying new conceptual and methodological approaches, this study advances to the next level research on the function of gender in negotiation conduct and results, communication as a relevant variable in predicting bargained outcomes, the role...
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The Political Ontology of Rawls's Work
ABSTRACT. The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of Rawls's view of political liberalism, his theory of the person, his account of citizenship, and his normative individualism. The results of the current study converge with prior...
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Vol. 12, 2013

Racial Epithets, Characterizations, and Slurs
ABSTRACT.Since at least 2008 linguists and philosophers of language have started paying more serious attention to issues concerning the meaning or use of racial epithets and slurs. In an influential article published in The Journal of Philosophy, for...
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When Praxis Breaks Down: What Heidegger's Phenomenology Contributes to Understanding Miscues and Learning in Reading
ABSTRACT.Heidegger provides us with a unique view of learning within the context of our meaningful dealings with the use and breakdown of "equipment" and the subsequent revelatory ontological disclosure of "world" and Dasein's Being-in-the-world. I attempt...
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A Translation Problem: The Thing-at-Itself in Light of Kant's Pragmatism
ABSTRACT.Taking its starting point from remarks by Peirce and Rescher on Kant's pragmatism, the paper attempts to answer two questions. (1) Whether the Ding an sich plays any role in Kant's pragmatics; and (2) whether the English rendering of the thing-in-itself...
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General Purpose Intelligence: Arguing the Orthogonality Thesis
ABSTRACT.In his paper "The Superintelligent Will," Nick Bostrom formalized the Orthogonality thesis: the idea that the final goals and intelligence levels of artificial agents are independent of each other. This paper presents arguments for a (narrower)...
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Saying and Showing: The Single Solution of All the "Problems of Philosophy" According to Wittgenstein's Tractatus
ABSTRACT.In a famous letter to Russell, Wittgenstein asserts that the 'main point' of his Logish-philosophische Abhandlung lies in the demarcation between 'what can be expressed [gesagt] by propositions' and 'what cannot be expressed by propositions,...
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Humble Primary Intensions: Fixing Two-Dimensional Semantics
ABSTRACT.Certain problems with standard two-dimensional semantics are addressed and cases in which these problems arise explored. In such cases the primary intension cannot be univocally mapped in one and only one indexical world, thus standard two-dimensional...
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Objectivity and Natural Laws
ABSTRACT.The principle of the "uniformity of nature" states that reality is subject to natural laws. In this paper I argue that a weak version of the principle of the uniformity of nature is a necessary truth. According to this weakened principle, every...
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Thinking through Nihilism: The Reclamation of Embodied Thought for Enhancing Cultural Practices
ABSTRACT.Drawing on Heidegger's philosophy of the technological "world picture," Dreyfus traces our contemporary nihilistic condition to what he terms "objectifying practices." The drive for objective knowledge threatens to erode our "cultural practices,"...
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The Role Language Plays in Social Behavior
ABSTRACT.The main objective of this paper is to explore and describe the development of social reasoning, the relation of language use and cognition, the role of language variations in attitude change, and language as a set of complex, organized systems...
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The Relationship between Faculty Practices and Student Engagement and Learning
ABSTRACT.The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of cognitive load in visual displays, the value of inquiry learning as an educational method, the various ways to conceptualize thinking about cognitive, affective, and behavioral...
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Gender Representation in Advertisements
ABSTRACT.The theory that I shall seek to elaborate here puts considerable emphasis on women's attitudes toward sex-themed advertising, the portrayal of women as sex objects in advertisements, advertising aimed at the midriffs, and the representation...
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Barnett on New Forms of the University
ABSTRACT.Barnett maintains that society needs both the most imaginative and the widest range of ideas of the university. The institution in society that should encourage imaginative thinking is tacitly working to diminish imaginative thinking, being...
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The Social Processes That Underlie Language Use
ABSTRACT.Over the past decade, there has been increasing evidence describing the brain basis underlying the capacity to exchange social signals, the biological foundations of linguistic capacities, and the development of communicative competence. Applying...
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The Educational Use of Computers in Schools
ABSTRACT.The aim of the present study is to examine and evaluate teaching and learning in virtual worlds, teachers' affective response to technology, the social context of collaborative problem solving, and significant factors for teachers' student-centered...
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Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism
Expressivism, Pragmatism and Representationalism Huw Price (University of Cambridge) New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 204 pp. ISBN 978-1-107-00984-4As Price puts it, subject naturalism directs our attention to the issue of the scientific "respectability"...
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Natural Categories and Human Kinds
Natural Categories and Human Kinds Muhammad Ali Khalidi (York University) New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 250 pp. ISBN 978-1-107-01274-5Khalidi holds that the central claims of philosophical essentialism have either not been adequately justified...
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Character as Moral Fiction
Character as Moral Fiction Mark Alfano (University of Oregon) New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013, 226 pp. ISBN 978-1-107-02672-8Alfano claims that we have reason to attribute robust character traits such as courage, honesty, and open-mindedness...
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Harlem
Harlem Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak (Columbia University) London-New York-Calcutta: Seagull Books, 2013, 74 pp. ISBN 978-0-8574-2084-8Spivak holds that US racism has suborned conservative Christian AfricanAmerica for a future subaltemization that will...
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Islam, Philosophy and Education: A Conversation with Khosrow Bagheri Noaparast
Professor Khosrow Bagheri Noaparast received his Ph.D. from the University of New South Wales (Australia) in 1995. He has been teaching in University of Tehran ever since and has taught in university of Shiraz, Ferdowsi in Mashhad, Chamran in Ahvaz and...
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Vol. 11, 2012

Doubting One's Mind
ABSTRACT. Generally doubting the efficacy of the human (including one's own) mind is self defeating; the doubt is itself doubtful.Keywords: skepticism, mind, truth, knowledge, self reference, inconsistencyA central topic of philosophy throughout the...
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On the Problem of the Intellective Soul in Aristotle
ABSTRACT.Aristotle held that the intellect (nous) has no organ, a view that appears to be in conflict with some of his other principles and, in particular, with his naturalism. It is argued in this paper that, in order to save the greatest number of...
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Western Models of Intercultural Philosophy
ABSTRACT.The paper begins by exploring the concept of intercultural philosophy in the Western tradition and the operating assumption of moral universalism of liberal cosmopolitanism. The second part of the paper investigates the "politics of difference"...
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Pragmatic Method and Realist Commitment
ABSTRACT.Herein I critically assess Rorty's contention that inquiry should be guided by purely pragmatic considerations rather than by demands imposed by an objective "nonhuman" realm. On Rorty's telling, to judge a belief or theory pragmatically successful...
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Russell and the Newman Problem Revisited
ABSTRACT.In his 1927 Analysis of Matter and elsewhere, Bertrand Russell argued that we can successfully infer the structure of the external world from the structure of our explanatory schemes. While nothing guarantees that the intrinsic qualities of...
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Modality, Theoretical Reductions, and the Lycan Objection: A Reply to Cameron
ABSTRACT.Lewis argues for modal realism on the basis of the many philosophical benefits he thinks the theory provides. Among these benefits, Lewis argues that modal realism need not take any modal concept as primitive. He promises a reductive analysis...
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Understanding and Explaining
ABSTRACT.The quest to provide a fundamental understanding and explanation of reality is an ambitious one. Perhaps it is too ambitious. The possible restrictions for such an enterprise to be successful must be inquired in order to determine the issue....
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De Se Puzzles, the Knowledge Argument, and the Formation of Internal Knowledge
ABSTRACT.Thought experiments about de se attitudes and Jackson's original Knowledge Argument are compared with each other and discussed from the perspective of a computational theory of mind. It is argued that internal knowledge, i.e. knowledge formed...
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The Wheel of Samsara as Descriptive Dysfunctional Organizational Typologies
ABSTRACT.Organization theory has been dominated by occidental paradigms with 'Asian ' philosophies making minimal contribution. This article descriptively explains the phases and realms within the Wheel of Samsara from Buddhist Dharma. These phases and...
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The Legal Construction of the Ethical Character of Society
ABSTRACT.Over the past decade, there has been increasing evidence describing the contemporary law of human rights, thinking and action on human rights, and actors' formal power to influence collective decision-making. In the present paper, I focus on...
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The Process and Content of Musical Identity Formation
ABSTRACT.The theory that I shall seek to elaborate here puts considerable emphasis on political and ethical issues affecting the music's reception and production, the nature of music and the ways in which we position ourselves in relation to others,...
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The Role Played by Objects in the Work of Robbe-Grillet
ABSTRACT.In the present paper, I focus on Robbe-Grillet's use of myth in Les Gommes, his contribution to French literature, and his account of narrative perspective in fiction. This study is grounded in the considerable body of scholarship examining...
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André Gide's Quest for Authenticity
ABSTRACT.The mainstay of the paper is formed by an analysis of Gide's emphasis on movement and constant change, his wartime experience, and his theory that a mentor's love can help cultivate his protégé's finest qualities. My paper contributes to the...
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Abstract Entities in Greek Philosophy
ABSTRACT.The aim of the present study is to examine and evaluate the ancient Greek conception of philosophy, Plato's strategic use of the language and structure of theoria, and Aristotle's theory of knowledge. The purpose of this paper is to gain a deeper...
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The Biological Roots of Music
ABSTRACT.Considerable research attention has focused on the role of music as an instrument of communication beyond words, the cognitive and aesthetic aspects of music, the emergence of skills in performing and listening to music, and the meaning and...
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Crime Prevention and Social Justice
ABSTRACT.The mainstay of the paper is formed, by an analysis of the management of e-commerce, the fragmentation of social thought into artificial specializations, and the collapsing of social relations into mental constructs. The paper generates insights...
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The Furniture of the World: Essays in Ontology and Metaphysics
The Furniture of the World: Essays in Ontology and Metaphysics Guillermo Hurtado and Oscar Nudler (eds.) Amsterdam-New York: Rodopi, 2012, 335 pp. ISBN 978-90-420-3503-4Aubenque maintains that Plato tries to resolve the paradox of the existence of a...
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