Bunyan Studies

Articles

No. 19, 2015

England's Wars of Religion, Revisited
Charles W. A. Prior and Glenn Burgess (eds.), England's Wars of Religion, Revisited. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011. £95.00.It is a mark of John Morrill's enduring influence over historical interpretations of the civil wars of the mid seventeenth century that...
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Gender and the English Revolution
Ann Hughes, Gender and the English Revolution. London and New York: Routledge, 2012. £24.99.More than thirty years have passed since a facetious gentleman asked the historian Antonia Fraser, ? Were there any women in the seventeenth century?' Since then...
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The Literary Underground in the 1660s: Andrew Marvell, George Wither, Ralph Wallis, and the World of Restoration Satire and Pamphleteering
Stephen Bardie, The Literary Underground in the 1660s: Andrew Marvell, George Wither, Ralph Wallis, and the World of Restoration Satire and Pamphleteering. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. £60.00.In the preface to his 1990 study, Enemies under...
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Biographical Dictionary of Tutors at the Dissenters' Private Academies, 1660-1729
Mark Burden, Biographical Dictionary of Tutors at the Dissenters ' Private Academies, 1660-1729. London: Dr Williams's Centre for Dissenting Studies, 2013, online at http://www.english.qmul.ac.uk/drwilliams/pubs/dictionarv.htmlSince its establishment...
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Editorial
This special number of Bunyan Studies is devoted to the theme of ?Religion and Politics in Bunyan's Writings'. It has been edited by David Walker, who provides an Introduction. Included are four articles based on papers given at the Seventh Triennial...
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Introduction
Bunyan wrote extensively across many genres from 1656 until his death in 1688. Throughout that thirty-two year period, he engaged actively with the burning issues of the day as they affected his faith. After his release from prison in 1672, he took his...
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Bunyan's King
Bunyan was a man - and a writer - at odds with the world. His spiritual and imaginative life, no less than his ecclesiastical practice, was defined by the foundational text of the Independent Dissenting tradition, 2 Corinthians 6:17: 'Wherefore come...
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Millenarianism and the Restoration Politics of Active Waiting in Bunyan and Milton
Throughout recent decades, scholars have debated how to situate both John Bunyan and John Milton within a Restoration context of resistance. Both writers present challenges in understanding what seems to have been an evolving relationship between religious...
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Bunyan's Judges
About to depart after a long and unsuccessful expostulation with three judges over her imprisoned husband's case, Elizabeth, the young second wife of John Bunyan, could not, in her own words, 'but break forth into tears'.1 Such a response, as Bunyan...
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John Bunyan and Variegated Antinomianism
John Bunyan, the fifteen-year husband of Elizabeth Bunyan, was having an adulterous relationship with the twenty-two year old Agnes Beaumont - or at least that is what Anthony Lane, local Bedfordshire Anglican curate, told others on a Friday in February...
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The Name of the Prayer in the Holy War
In The Holy War, John Bunyan's epic sequel to the more popular Pilgrim 's Progress, Emanuel, or Jesus Christ, lays siege to the town of Mansoul, which is occupied by Diabolus, or Satan. After retaking the town, Emanuel fortifies it against future assaults....
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'Voicing Dissent in the Long Reformation': The Eighth Triennial Conference of the International John Bunyan Society, to Be Held at Aix-En-Provence, 6-9 July 2016
As President of the International John Bunyan Society, it gives me great pleasure to report that preparations for our eighth Triennial Conference are well under way. The conference is co-organised by a team of colleagues drawn from LERMA (Laboratoire...
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International John Bunyan Society Regional Day Conference
Over forty people attended a Regional Day Conference of the International John Bunyan Society held on 10 April 2015 at the Bedford Campus of the University of Bedfordshire on the subject of ?Representing Dissent in the Long Eighteenth Century'. The conference...
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The Friends of Dr Williams's Library Annual Lectures
Dr Williams's Library was established by the will of Dr Daniel Williams, a leading London Presbyterian minister in the early eighteenth century. First opened in 1729, it houses one of the most important research collections of English Protestant Nonconformity....
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Practical Predestinarians in England, C. 1590-1640
Leif Dixon, Practical Predestinarians in England, c. 1590-1640. Farnham: Ashgate, 2014. £95.00.This is a probing and perceptive book on the pastoral uses of predestination in early modern England. 'Practical predestinarians' is a phrase of Leif Dixon's...
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No. 18, 2014

Editorial
The articles published in this number cover an extraordinarily wide range of topics, and they also exemplify the rich variety of ways in which aspects of Bunyan's life, writings and cultural influence may be approached. Michael Davies pursues in intricate...
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When Was Bunyan Elected Pastor? Fixing a Date in the Bedford Church Book *
When was John Bunyan, Nonconformist preacher and author of The Pilgrim's Progress, elected as pastor to the Congregational (or Independent) church at Bedford? The answer to this question ought to be straightforward: 21 January 1672. This is the date...
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Identification and Difference in John Bunyan's Reading of Reformation History
In his book To Live Ancient Lives: the Primitivist Dimension in Puritanism, Theodore Dwight Bozeman explains that Puritans saw the period of the Old and New Testaments as the 'the normative time to which men and women of the present must, in imagination,...
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The Pilgrim's Art of Failure and Belonging - Dialogues between Bunyan and Queer Studies
This essay considers how feminist and queer studies might inform our reading of The Pilgrim's Progress, and, too, what Bunyan studies might have to teach feminist and queer studies.1 Like Bunyan's text, it consists of two parts. First I consider three...
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Playing Pilgrims: Adapting Bunyan for Children
The Pilgrim's Progress was the most important book in Bronson Alcott's life. Alcott is perhaps now most famous for being the father of Louisa May Alcott, but he was also a thinker and educator, friend of Ralph Waldo Emerson and the other American Transcendentalists,...
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The Manufactured Homespun Style of John Bunyan's Prose 1
Early commentators characterized Bunyan's language as homespun, natural, unpolluted, simple, plain and direct.2 Although modern critics have found Bunyan to be a sophisticated manipulator of rhetoric, metaphor and allegory,3 early appraisals of other...
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Advance Notice of 'Voicing Dissent in the Long Reformation', the Eighth Triennial Conference of the International John Bunyan Society
As President of the International John Bunyan Society, it gives me great pleasure to announce that the Eighth Triennial Conference of the Society will be held at Aix-en-Provence, from 6 to 9 July 2016. Since this is the first time the IJBS has held its...
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A New Musical Adaptation of the Pilgrim's Progress
The premiere performance of The Pilgrim's Progress by composer Harvey Brough took place on Sunday 23 March 2014, conducted by the composer. The work is a dramatic cantata for large forces and was performed in the magnificent Great Hall of Bedford School.Funded...
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Getting along? Religious Identities and Confessional Relations in Early Modern England - Essays in Honour of Professor W. J. Sheils
Nadine Lewycky and Adam Morton (eds), Getting Along? Religious Identities and Confessional Relations in Early Modern England - Essays in Honour of Professor W. J. Sheils. Farnham: Ashgate, 2012. £65.00.This festschrift honouring the work of Professor...
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Godly Reading: Print, Manuscript and Puritanism in England, 1580-1720
Andrew Cambers, Godly Reading: Print, Manuscript and Puritanism in England, 1580-1720. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. £20.99.Godly Reading is a fascinating, empirically rich and wide-ranging exploration of the place of reading in early...
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God's Instruments: Political Conduct in the England of Oliver Cromwell
Blair Worden, God's Instruments: Political Conduct in the England of Oliver Cromwell. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. £35.00.Blair Worden's collection God's Instruments: Political Conduct in the England of Oliver Cromwell reproduces, he says,...
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John Owen, Richard Baxter and the Formation of Nonconformity
Tim Cooper, John Owen, Richard Baxter and the Formation of Nonconformity. Farnham: Ashgate, 2011. £70.00.There are few more famous names in the annals of Nonconformity than those of John Owen and Richard Baxter. Born within a year of one another, both...
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The Holy War: Annotated Companion to 'The Pilgrim's Progress'
John Bunyan, The Holy War: Annotated Companion to 'The Pilgrim's Progress'. Edited by Daniel V. Runyon. Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications, 2012. $37.Nathaniel Hawthorne wittily calls The Pilgrim's Progress (1678) 'Mr. Bunyan's road-book' in 'The...
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No. 17, 2013

Editorial
This special number of Bunyan Studies marks the centenary in 2013 of the death of the novelist William Hale White, better known by his literary pseudonym 'Mark Rutherford'. In his editor's Introduction, Bob Owens explains why it is highly appropriate...
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Introduction: William Hale White, Nonconformist and Novelist
William Hale White was bom in Bedford on the twenty-second of December 1831, and died in Groombridge in Kent on the fourteenth of March 1913. This special number of Bunyan Studies marks the centenary of the death of a writer who deserves to be much better...
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Mark Rutherford and the Plight of the Dissenting Aesthete
The English Novel is a child of Protestantism, and, more specifically, of Protestant Dissent, of Nonconformity. Other strains than the Dissenting came in - from Catholic Europe, from the classical tradition - but the great and continuing effort of the...
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The Revolution in Tanner's Lane: The Honesty of Dissent in Politics, Religion and the Family
It is a melancholy sight, as I drive round my comer of North Staffordshire, to see the little Nonconformist chapels on the comers of lanes in various states of dereliction or conversion to houses. It is one of the virtues of Mark Rutherford that he can...
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A Mysterious Self-Portrait
What difference does it make to our sense of agnosticism in The Autobiography of Mark Rutherford if we attend to the form used to express it? To begin to explore this question, let us start from the perspective of another classic text of spiritual crisis...
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William Hale White and Literary Interpretation
In a letter of April 1908, William Hale White explained to Dorothy Horace-Smith, soon to become his second wife, that it was essentially a 'religious world' in which he had lived, not 'the world of clever critics, or of literature or art for its own...
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Centring Bunyan: Macaulay, Froude, Hale White
Publication of Robert Southey's edition of The Pilgrim's Progress in 1830 was quickly followed by reviews in two leading journals. Sir Walter Scott in The Quarterly Review offers solid fare.1 Thomas Babington Macaulay's subtler response in The Edinburgh...
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The Great Ejectment of 1662: Its Antecedents, Aftermath, and Ecumenical Significance
TAlan P.F. Sell (ed.), The Great Ejectment of1662: Its Antecedents, Aftermath, and Ecumenical Significance. Eugene, Oregon: Pickwick Publications, 2012. $34.There is little doubt that the anniversary of the Bartholomean ejections of 1662 requires a collection...
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Spirituality in Adversity: English Nonconformity in a Period of Repression, 1660-1689
Raymond Brown, Spirituality in Adversity: English Nonconformity in a Period of Repression, 1660-1689. Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2012. £34.99.It is not a matter of speculation that John Bunyan concluded that Edward Fowler's book, The Design of Christianity,...
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William Hale White as a Religious Agnostic
Contemporary studies of William Hale White have often tried to make a radical distinction between the man and his works. More recently, in their 'revisionist' dimension, they have also insisted on the misleading aspects of the notions of Victorian doubt...
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Notes on Two European Scholars of William Hale White: Hans Klinke and Ursula Buchmann
Hans Klinke, William Hale White (Mark Rutherford), Versuch einer Biographie (Frankfurt/Oder: Wilhelm Bohn, 1930)Hans Klinke, the son of a baker, was bom in 1907 and described himself as a Protestant citizen of Prussia. He studied English and theology...
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An Early Scholar of William Hale White: Henry Arthur Smith (1914-1969)
Henry Arthur Smith was the first British doctoral student to write on William Hale White, completing his University of Birmingham thesis 'The Life and Thought of William Hale White' in 1939. There had been workers in the field before him, notably from...
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A Moment More: Beside Mark Rutherford's Grave
Death, definition, 213; fear of it, 278; less injurious as knowledge is greater, 278, 279; not thought of by a man who is free, 235; not to be avoided by breach of faith, 239from the index to Hale White 's translation of Spinoza 's Ethic2Having death...
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News and Reports
'John Bunyan: Conscience, History, and Justice' - The Seventh Triennial Conference of the International John Bunyan Society, Princeton University, USA, 12-16 August 2013Organized by Nigel Smith, President of the Society these past three years, this conference...
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Bedford's Victorian Pilgrim: William Hale White in Context
Michael Brealey, Bedford's Victorian Pilgrim: William Hale White in Context. Milton Keynes: Paternoster, 2012. £24.99.William Hale White was the author of a number of minor but evocative late Victorian novels. He came from Bedford, where much of the...
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No. 16, 2012

Editorial
This is a particularly rich and wide-ranging number of Bunyan Studies. In addition to four essays on Bunyan - by Jeremy Tambling, Nathalie CoUé-Bak, Barry Hall, and Tuija Laine - we are pleased also to include essays on Milton, by David Walker, on Jeremy...
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Bunyan and Things: A Book for Boys and Girls
Bunyan's A Book for Boys and Girls; or, Country Rhimesfor Children (1686) was re-issued after his death several times: changing titles, from A Book for Boys and Girls, Or Temporal Things Spiritualised (1701), to Divine Emblems: Or Temporal Things Spiritualised,...
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Spiritual Transfers: William Blake's Iconographic Treatment of John Bunyan's the Pilgrim's Progress
In his Literary Life of William Blake, John Beer writes: 'Although he made his living through visual art and practised it all his life Blake is remembered today first and foremost for his poems'.1 Those who do recall Blake as an artist often remember...
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Mark Rutherford and John Bunyan: A Study in Relationship
Writing to his friend Philip Webb in 1905, the year after his study of John Bunyan was published, William Hale White observed, 'Elstow and the Ouse and in a measure the temper of the man are in my blood.'1 The connection between Hale White, the man who...
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'That Godly and Royall Childe': Milton and the Edwardian Reformation
The intention in this article is to focus upon Milton's reading of the Edwardian Reformation in his early poetry and prose, and to analyse the extent to which an affirmative rendering of monarchy, personified in Edward VI and his court, is a striking...
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Conflict, Closure, Dilemma: Bunyan's Grace Abounding
This study posits a 'what if. John Bunyan's Grace Abounding to the Chief of Sinners, his spiritual autobiography published in 1666, has been generally received as the classic model of that literary form. As recently as 2010, Michael Davies has written...
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'Differing Spirits': Jeremy Taylor on Prayer and Poetry
In Common Prayer: The Language of Public Devotion in Early Modern England, Ramie Targoff calls Sidney's Apology for Poetry a 'significant intervention in England's reception of the Psalms'. As Targoff argues, Sidney's Apology 'participated in, and probably...
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John Bunyan's Long Way to Sweden and Finland in the Eighteenth Century
As early as the first decades of the seventeenth century, English devotional literature, primarily written by Puritans, began to spread in the Kingdom of Sweden. This literature was mainly evangelical in nature, and this 'Puritan' quality facilitated...
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Histories That Mansoul and Her Wars Anatomize: The Drama of Redemption in John Bunyan's Holy War
Robert J. McKelvey, Histories that Mansoul and Her Wars Anatomize: The Drama of Redemption in John Bunyan 's Holy War. Reformed Historical Theology, Vol. 15. Göttingen and Oakville, CT: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 2011. euro99.99.Robert McKelvey's revision...
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Advance Notice of the Seventh Triennial Conference of the International John Bunyan Society, 'John Bunyan: Conscience, History and Justice', to Be Held at Princeton University, 12-16 August 2013
As President of the International John Bunyan Society, it gives me great pleasure to invite readers of Bunyan Studies to what will be our seventh triennial conference at Princeton University. The conference is taking distinct shape: a second notice has...
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The First John Bunyan International Summer School, to Be Held at the University of Bedfordshire, 20-27 July 2013
Planning is well under way to establish what will be the first 'John Bunyan International Summer School'. This week-long event will be held in July 2013 at the Bedford Campus of the University of Bedfordshire. Open to residential and non-residential...
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Protestant Autobiography in the Seventeenth-Century Anglophone World
Kathleen Lynch, Protestant Autobiography in the SeventeenthCentury Anglophone World. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. £60.00.The epigraph to Kathleen Lynch's first chapter explicates one of the key concerns of her rich and wide-ranging study of...
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English Nonconformist Poetry, 1660-1700
George Southcombe (ed.), English Nonconformist Poetry, 1660-1700. London: Pickering and Chatto, 2012. 3 Volumes. £275, $495.George Southcombe has performed a very valuable service for scholars, students and readers of seventeenth-century nonconformist...
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No. 15, 2011

Editorial
The subject of this number of Bunyan Studies has been chosen to mark the four-hundredth anniversary of the English translation of the Bible first published in 1611, formerly known as the Authorized Version, now more generally referred to as the King...
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Introduction
The four-hundredth anniversary of the publication of the King James Bible (KJB) has been celebrated during 2011 in a great variety of events, publications and broadcasts. There are two main reasons for this. The first is that the literary style and rhythms...
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The Geneva and the King James Bibles: Legacies of Reading Practices
The Geneva and the King James Bible hold highly significant and considerably intertwined places in the history of reading. The King James Bible (hereafter KJB) has been described as 'the most celebrated book in the English-speaking world', and 'the most...
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The Wilderness of the Word: John Bunyan and the Book in Christian's Hand
[. . .] and behold I saw a Man cloathedwith Raggs, standing in a certain place, with his face from his own House, a Book in his hand, and a great burden upon his back. I looked, and saw him open the Book, and Read therein; and as he Read, he wept and...
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Reading the Bible in Seventeenth-Century England: A Nonconformist Case-Study
(ProQuest: ... denotes "strike-through" in the original text omitted.)On Saturday 14 October 1665, the Suffolk Nonconformist minister Owen Stockton prepared to make the twelve-mile journey west of Chattisham, in Suffolk, to fulfil his promise to one...
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Sequential Bible Reading in Early Modern England
In an article entitled 'Books and Scrolls: Navigating the Bible', published in 2002, Peter Stallybrass argues diat what he calls 'discontinuous reading' has been central to Christianity ever since it adopted the codex in preference to the scroll. He...
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Proving Things from the Bible: The Case of the Anti- Atheists
This article is about when the Bible can be used as an authoritative and persuasive source, and where that authority comes from - but also when it can't be used. One of the consequences of the availability of the vernacular printed Bible in the early...
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Bunyan, Bible Commentaries and the Unpardonable Sin
John Bunyan resembles Hamlet to the extent that his state of mind, and especially whether or not he suffered from some kind of depressive mania, has been extensively picked over by scholars down the years. In his famous study, Varieties of Religious...
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Bunyan's Pilgrims on Canvas, on Stage, in the Cellar, and in the Art Gallery: The History, Loss and Renaissance of the Moving Panorama of Pilgrim's Progress
Bunyan scholars and admirers might consider planning a trip to Saco, in Maine, USA between 23 June and 10 November 2012. Originally a centre for the production of lumber used for shipbuilding, then a major manufacturing centre and a leader in the industrial...
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The King James Bible and Its Influence: Quatercentenary Studies
David Norton, The King James Bible: A Short History from Tyndale to Today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. £40.00 (£14.99 pbk).Gordon Campbell, Bible: The Story of the King James Version, 1611-2011. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010....
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The Endless Kingdom: Milton's Scriptural Society
David Gay, The Endless Kingdom: Milton 's Scriptural Society. Newark: University of Delaware Press; London: Associated University Presses, 2002. $47.50, £34.00.In The Endless Kingdom: Milton 's Scriptural Society, David Gay examines the importance of...
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James II and the Three Questions: Religious Toleration and the Landed Classes, 1687-1688
Peter Walker, James II and the Three Questions: Religious Toleration and the Landed Classes, 1687-1688. Studies in the History of Religious and Political Pluralism, Volume 5. Bern: Peter Lang, 2010. £45.00.This fluently written book examines the English...
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No. 14, 2010

The Unbearable Inner Light: John Bunyan's Controversy with the Quakers
John Bunyan's first published works, Some Gospel-Truths Opened (1656) and A Vindication of the Book Called, Some Gospel-Truths Opened (1 657) emerged from a controversy with Edward Burrough, the young Quaker whose evangelical efforts in Bedfordshire...
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Baxter, Bunyan, and a Puritan Refraining of Ageing
IntroductionAgeing is a topic that, if we are lucky, eventually affects us all. In the following two essays we have asked whether Puritan authors like Richard Baxter and John Bunyan worked out of what we can retrospectively describe as a distinctive...
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Luther's Influence on Bunyan's Use of Allegory
It is well established that Martin Luther had a powerful spiritual influence on Bunyan, and that no single literary work influenced Bunyan more than Luther's Commentary on Galathians, first translated into English in 1575, and reprinted many times thereafter.1...
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John Bunyan, Federalist: Of Parchment Rolls and Covenants
John Bunyan did not need to tell contemporary readers of The Pilgrim 's Progress why his Pilgrim carried first one and then another parchment roll or what he read in them. That would have been common knowledge. Only much later would such knowing slip...
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Bunyan in Russian Literature
John Bunyan's writings are not as popular as the works of Shakespeare, Milton or Byron in Russia, but Bunyan's influence is nevertheless reflected in poems and novels by many Russian authors. We can observe dialogue with Bunyan in the works of writers...
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Mary Rowlandson's Captivity Narrative: A Bunyanesque Journey towards Redemption
Two of the best-selling books of the seventeenth century were John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress (1678) and Mary Rowlandson's captivity narrative, published in 1682 in Cambridge, Massachusetts, under the title The Soveraignty and Goodness of God, Together...
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Grace Overwhelming: John Bunyan, the Pilgrim's Progress, and the Extremes of the Baptist Mind
Anne Dunan-Page, Grace Overwhelming: John Bunyan, The Pilgrim 's Progress, and the Extremes of the Baptist Mind. Bern: Peter Lang, 2006. £ 44.00.Anne Dunan-Page's study of Bunyan's rhetoric of spiritual extremes is another welcome addition to a growing...
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'Bunyan and the Dissenting Tradition' - the Sixth Triennial Conference of the International John Bunyan Society, University of Keele, UK, 26-28 July 2010
I always look forward to this conference; few academic societies are as welcoming and warm as the International Bunyan Symposium. Jim Forrest, who had for so many years imagined such a society, would have been very pleased to see such a congenial gathering...
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Editorial
The Sixth Triennial Conference of the International John Bunyan Society was held at the University of Keele in July 2010. It was a most enjoyable conference, and we are pleased to include here a report of its proceedings by Shannon Murray. No fewer than...
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Bunyan with Mandeville: Allegory, Originality and the Superseding of Collective Experience in the Pilgrim's Progress
How far does the action of The Pilgrim 's Progress advance into kinds of space which, by their nature, already imply the likelihood that its narrative agents will do certain kinds ofthing, or be caught up in certain kinds of occurrence?1 Or, conversely,...
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