Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research

Articles

Vol. 8, No. 2, Autumn

Which Frameworks Are Appropriate to Study and Describe Philanthropic Foundations in Canada?
INTRODUCTION1The world of philanthropic foundations is very heterogeneous. Some operating and grantmaking foundations have dozens of employees, yet most have few or none. Some are intrinsically linked to a family, while others are fully institutionalized....
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Room to Flourish: Lessons for Canadian Grantmaking Foundations from Sweden, Germany, and the Netherlands
INTRODUCTIONCanadian grantmaking foundations have played an important part in seeding and funding new ideas, programs, and policies that enhance the well-being of communities. These foundations are mainly, and for the purposes of this analysis,1 registered...
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Understanding Information Exchanges and Reporting by Grantmaking Foundations 1
INTRODUCTIONNonprofits, charities, and foundations play a pivotal role in society and are well-positioned to effect societal change and have a societal impact. Emerging trends and changes in the contextual environment of nonprofits (Johnston, 2012; Kaplan...
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Editorial / ÉDitorial
SPECIAL ISSUE ON CANADIAN FOUNDATIONSThis is the first time that ANSERJ has dedicated itself to a special issue. Complementing this publication and the edited book Les Fondation philanthropiques: de nouveaux acteurs politiques? is the research by PhiLab...
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Uncovering the Research Potential of Administrative Data on Charitable Foundations in Canada
INTRODUCTIONWhile Canada's foundation sector may be considerably smaller than its counterparts in the United States and the United Kingdom, it is far from insignificant (Pue & Breznitz, 2017). In the past twenty years, the Canadian foundation sector...
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Collaboration between Canadian Grantmaking Foundations: The Expression of an Increasingly Ambitious and Strategic Philanthropic Sector?
INTRODUCTION: FRAMING THE TOPICAcross many fields of activity, inter-organizational collaboration has come to be embraced as a primary strategy for cultivating social innovation and addressing complex problems (Marek, Brock, & Savla, 2014; Woodland...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring

Are Quebeckers Really Stingier Than Other Canadians? an Empirical Analysis of Philanthropy in Canada and How Québec Compares to Other Provinces
INTRODUCTIONResidents of Québec donate the least money to charity and volunteer the fewest hours when compared to residents of all other provinces and territories in Canada. This conclusion is reached when data from annual taxation returns are compiled...
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Système Scolaire et ÉConomie Solidaire Chez Les NASA De Colombie
INTRODUCTIONBien avant l'arrivée des Espagnols, les peuples autochtones de Colombie avaient construit leurs cultures, sociétés, économies et systemes politiques (ACIN, 2001). Ils ont été stigmatisés et marginalisés par la Conquete. L'expérience éducative...
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Editorial / ÉDitorial
Hello ANSERJ readers,Welcome to our 2017 spring edition! We have been working hard to solicit and review pieces for our Journal from new and established researchers and are happy to report that we now have a large number of submissions lined up for future...
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Fringe Banking in Canada: A Study of Rotating Savings and Credit Associations (ROSCAs) in Toronto’s Inner Suburbs
INTRODUCTIONIn December of 2014, Haitian-born Canadian Frantz St. Fleur was wrongfully arrested for allegedly depositing a fraudulent cheque of $9,000CND in his account at a Toronto Scotia Bank location where he had been a customer for ten years (Alamenciak,...
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Politicized Microfinance: Money, Power, and Violence in the Black Americas
Politicized Microfinance: Money, Power, and Violence in the Black Americas. By Caroline Shenaz Hossein. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016. 209pp. ISBN 9781442616240.The commentary on microfinance is polarized, with some viewing it as the solution...
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Think like a Commoner: A Short Introduction to the Life of the Commons
Think Like a Commoner: A Short Introduction to the Life of the Commons. By David Bollier. Gabriola Island: New Society Publishers, 2014. 192 pp. ISBN 9780865717688.What do agriculture in India and urban planning in Croatia have in common? In Think Like...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, 2016

Editorial / ÉDitorial
As the winter unfolds over the next few months, the editorial team of ANSER-J is pleased to present this 2nd issue of its 7th volume. The current issue offers analysis on various topics of potential interest to a wide range of researchers, students,...
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Questioning Neoendogeneity: Cases of Community Economic Development Practice from Atlantic Canada
Community economic development in Atlantic Canada is small 'c,' big 'E,' and small 'd.' -Personal interview, project officer, Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, Anonymous, 2012INTRODUCTIONOver the past two decades a new paradigm for rural development...
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Concilier Emploi et Soins À Un Proche Au Canada : Quel Soutien Des Acteurs Communautaires?
INTRODUCTIONAu Canada, le nombre de personnes âgées de 65 ans et plus a dépassé pour la première fois en 2015 le nombre d'enfants de 0 à 14 ans au sein de la population (Statistique Canada, 2015). L'allongement de l'espérance de vie allant de pair avec...
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Is There a Credit Union Difference? Comparing Canadian Credit Union and Bank Branch Locations
INTRODUCTIONAs member-based associations and a form of co-operative, credit unions in Canada fulfill a social mission alongside the financial services they provide. In a Canadian financial landscape dominated by chartered banks, credit unions are finding...
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System Change Agents: A Profile of Policy-Focused Grantmaking Foundation Engagement in Public Policy
INTRODUCTIONIf we are really interested in transformational change and systemic change then we can't bypass the public policy lever. Whether government or school boards-public policy broadly defined-we have to go to where policy is being made in order...
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Government-Nonprofit Relations in Times of Recession
Government-Nonprofit Relations in Times of Recession. Edited by Rachel LaForest. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 2013, 2016, pp. ISBN: 978553393276.Government-Nonprofit Relations in Times of Recession seeks to illustrate the relationship fostered...
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Sustainable [R]evolution: Permaculture in Ecovillages, Urban Farms, and Communities Worldwide
Sustainable [R]evolution: Permaculture in Ecovillages, Urban Farms, and Communities Worldwide. By Juliana Birnbaum and Louis Fox. Berkeley, CA: North Atlantic Books, 2014, 368 pp. ISBN: 9781583946480.In a world where there are growing food and water...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring

Are We Drawing the Correct Conclusions? Regression Analysis in the Nonprofit Literature
INTRODUCTIONResearch into the nonprofit sector seeks to explain and provide insight into the complex dynamics faced by nonprofit organizations. Given the wide range of research topics in the field, it is not surprising that researchers and academics...
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Allowing Charities to "Do More Good" through Carrying on Unrelated Businesses
INTRODUCTIONCanada's tax treatment of entities combining for-profit and nonprofit goals has been criticized as falling behind the social enterprise (SE) movement (Canada's National Advisory Board to the Social Impact Investment Taskforce [CNAB], 2014;...
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Co-Constructing Performance Indicators in Home and Community Care: Assessing the Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in Three Canadian Provinces
INTRODUCTIONCanada is not alone in its interests in performance measures. Many countries, including the UK, Australia, and the USA, and international organizations, such as the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation...
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Review Essay: Local Food, Local Economy
Review Essay: Local Food, Local EconomyThe Emergent Agriculture: Farming, Sustainability and the Return of the Local Economy. By G. Kleppel. Cabriola Island, British Columbia: New Society Publishers, 2014, 165 pp. ISBN 9780865717732Financing Our Foodshed:...
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New Philanthropy and Social Justice: Debating the Conceptual and Policy Discourse
New Philanthropy and Social Justice: Debating the Conceptual and Policy Discourse. Edited by Behrooz Morvaridi. Bristol, UK: Policy Press at the University of Bristol / Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2015, 176 pp. ISBN: 1447316983Behrooz Morvaridi's...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, Autumn

Editorial / ÉDitorial
It is a great pleasure for us to write this editorial, our first, for ANSERJ. We would like to begin by thanking our predecessors, François Brouard and Peter Elson, for all the hard work they have put into launching this journal and bringing it to the...
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Staying Afloat While Stirring the Pot: Briarpatch Magazine and the Challenge of Nonprofit Journalism
On September 7, 2013, readers of Briarpatch magazine gathered at the Artesian, a Regina concert hall, to celebrate 40 continuous years of publishing. Forty years is a major milestone, even for large-scale commercial magazines. The fact that a donor-supported,...
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Third Sector Organizations in Québec and the New Public Action in Community Development
INTRODUCTIONThe third sector has been invited over the past 30 years to enrol in a "partnership" with the state, characterized by the participation of third sector community organizations (TSCOs) in public policy development. This "Québec model" that...
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A Comparative Analysis of Nonprofit Policy Network Governance in Canada
INTRODUCTIONAcross Canada, provincial governments and nonprofit network leaders are engaged in a "third wave" of consultations, policy dialogues, and policy alignment strategies. The first wave took place in the early 1970s, the second during the mid-1990s...
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Cultivating Alliances: The Local Organic Food Co-Ops Network
CULTIVATING ALLIANCES: THE LOCAL ORGANIC FOOD CO-OPS NETWORKMany social movements have opposed the depredations of neoliberalism, but some of them could be considered ineffectual or even co-opted-caught in the narrowing of the "politics of the possible"...
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Globalization and Food Sovereignty: Global and Local Change in the New Politics of Food
Globalization and Food Sovereignty: Global and Local Change in the New Politics of Food. Edited by Peter Andrée, Jeffrey Ayres, Michael J. Bosia, & Marie-Josée Massicotte. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2014. 392 pp. ISBN 9781442612280.Globalization...
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Co-Operatives in a Post-Growth Era: Creating Co-Operative Economics
Co-operatives in a Post-Growth Era: Creating Co-operative Economics. Edited by Sonja Novkovic & Tom Webb. Zed Books/Fernwood Publishing: London, UK/Halifax, NS, 2014. 312 pp. ISBN 9781783600779.Co-operatives in a Post-Growth Era features a collection...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, Spring

Un Avenir prometteur/A Promising Future
Avec ce numéro, la revue ANSERJ tourne la page. En effet, il s'agit du dernier numéro rédigé sous la direction des rédacteurs en chef fondateurs. Au cours des dernières années, ANSERJ s'est démarqué dans la collectivité des chercheurs sur les organismes...
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Social Enterprises in Canada: An Introduction
INTRODUCTIONThis special edition of ANSERJ is the result of two years of labour by researchers across Canada as part of the "International Comparative Social Enterprise Models" (ICSEM) project. The objective of this special edition is twofold: First,...
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Social Enterprise in Atlantic Canada
ABSTRACTThis article explores the history and experience of social enterprise within Atlantic Canada. As part of the International Comparative Social Enterprise Models (ICSEM) research project, this article aims to describe the unique historical, contextual,...
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Social Enterprise in Québec: Understanding Their "Institutional Footprint"
ABSTRACTThis article explores how the social enterprise concept is used in Québec. Focusing on the historical, institutional, and current conceptual understanding of the social economy in Québec, it explores the related definitions, terminology, and...
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Social Enterprise Models in Canada-Ontario
ABSTRACTThe objective of this article is to examine social enterprises in Ontario, Canada, as part of the "Social Enterprises Models in Canada" research of the International Comparative Social Enterprise Models (ICSEM) Project. The report presents an...
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Social Enterprises in the Canadian West
ABSTRACTWestern Canada has been the source of significant developments in the social enterprise sector over the past fifteen years. Among these developments one must include the formation of Enterprising Non-Profits in British Columbia, the Social Enterprise...
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After Occupy: Economic Democracy for the 21st Century
After Occupy: Economic Democracy for the 21st Century. By Tom Malleson. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2014. 274 pp. ISBN 9780199330102.Through After Occupy: Economic Democracy for the 21st Century, Tom Malleson puts forward economic democracy...
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Indigenous Communities and Social Enterprise in Canada
ABSTRACTThis article seeks to understand Indigenous social enterprise in a "current state snapshot" and in a complex historical context. Specifically, the authors begin by placing into theoretical context social enterprises serving Indigenous communities....
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Vol. 5, No. 2, Autumn

Tales of Policy Estrangement: Non-Governmental Policy Work and Capacity in Three Canadian Provinces
ABSTRACTRecently, there have been a number of Canadian-based studies of federal and provincial government policy workers. One key theme across all of these studies is the importance of well-established networks outside of government. However, these studies...
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Third Sector and Social Media
ABSTRACTWhile social media has become a mainstay of communication in the twenty-first century, many organizations still struggle to include it in their operations. This is no less that case for organizations in the third sector. However, evidence-based...
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Analyzing Recent Citizen Participation Trends in Western New York: Comparing Citizen Engagement Promoted by Local Governments and Nonprofit Organizations
ABSTRACTEngaging citizens in the decision-making process is becoming an important priority for many local governments. This article evaluates three citizen engagement events in two jurisdictions in western New York: public forums held by the Buffalo...
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Individual and Organizational Factors in the Interchangeability of Paid Staff and Volunteers: Perspectives of Volunteers
ABSTRACTThis study builds upon earlier studies of the degree of interchangeability between volunteers and paid staff in nonprofit organizations. While these earlier studies were from an organization perspective, this study is from the perspective of...
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Inner City Renovation: How a Social Enterprise Changes Lives and Communities
Inner City Renovation: How a Social Enterprise Changes Lives and Communities. By Marty Don kervoort. Halifax, NS: Fernwood Publishing, 2013. 137 pp. ISBN 9781552665817.Inner City Renovation: How a Social Enterprise Changes Lives and Communities by Marty...
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Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transform Human Rights
Internal Affairs: How the Structure of NGOs Transform Human Rights. By Wendy Wong. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 2012. 272 pp. ISBN 9780801450792.Why are some human rights organizations more successful in their international campaigns than others?...
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Learning and Teaching Community-Based Research: Linking Pedagogy to Practice
Learning and Teaching Community-Based Research: Linking Pedagogy to Practice. Edited by C. Etmanski, B.L Hall, & T. Dawson. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2014. 416 pp. ISBN 9781442612570.Community-based research (CBR) has gained considerable...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, Spring

Locating a Window of Opportunity in the Social Economy: Canadians with Disabilities and Labour Market Challenges
ABSTRACTThis article examines the labour force participation of working-age adults with disabilities, and proposes nonprofits and community agencies as sites for employing disabled Canadians. It documents employment trends over the last 15 years and...
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On the Edge in Rural Canada: The Changing Capacity and Role of the Voluntary Sector
ABSTRACTSince the 1980s, neoliberal policies have downsized or closed rural and small-town services. In response, voluntary groups have played an increasing role to retain basic supports. How voluntary groups are impacted, and how they react, will affect...
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Nonprofits and the Promotion of Civic Engagement: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding the "Civic Footprint" of Nonprofits within Local Communities
ABSTRACTThe literature suggests that nonprofit organizations provide civic benefits by promoting engagement within local communities. However, there exists minimal empirical evidence describing the ways in which nonprofits actually undertake this role....
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Building a Co-Operative Community in Public Housing: The Case of the Atkinson Housing Co-Operative
Building a Co-operative Community in Public Housing: The Case of the Atkinson Housing Co-operative. By Jorge Sousa. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2013. 272 pp. ISBN 9780802038036.In 1973, amendments were made to the National Housing Act that...
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From Seva to Cyberspace: The Many Faces of Volunteering in India
From Seva to Cyberspace: The Many Faces of Volunteering in India. By Femida Handy, Meenaz Kassam, Sharjah Jillian Ingold, & Bhagyashree Ranade. New Delhi, India: SAGE Publications India, 2011. 251 pp. ISBN 9788132106982.From Seva to Cyberspace: The...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, Autumn

Neoliberalism and Homelessness in the Western Canadian Arctic
ABSTRACTHomelessness in the Beaufort-Delta represents a significant problem that is underserved by government, market, and nonprofit agencies. Based on research conducted during 2011-2012, this article outlines the breadth and scope of the housing problem...
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Program Evaluation and Impact Assessment in International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs): Exploring Roles, Benefits, and Challenges
ABSTRACTIn the twenty-first century, the call for International Non-governmental Organizations (INGOs) to demonstrate their effectiveness has become popularized. This has given rise to scholarly attention examining the roles of program evaluation and...
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Social Impact Bonds: The Next Phase of Third Sector Marketization?
ABSTRACTThe politics of austerity have pushed the third sector to the centre of attention as governments turn to non-governmental institutions to pick up the social deficits created by economic recession. Some governments have begun supporting alternative...
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Youth Community Gardening Programming as Community Development: The Youth for EcoAction Program in Winnipeg, Canada
ABSTRACTThe Youth for EcoAction (YEA) program is a project of the Boys and Girls Clubs of Winnipeg involving at-risk youth. This community development program focuses on urban agriculture and community gardening and was developed using the Circle of...
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Volunteer Work, Informal Learning and Social Action
Volunteer Work, Informal Learning and Social Action. Edited by F. Duguid, K. Mündel, and D. Schugurensky. Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2013. 258 pp. ISBN: 9789462092310.A great deal of scholarship exists on the connection between work and learning; however,...
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Canadian Public Policy and the Social Economy/Assembling Understandings: Findings from the Canadian Social Economy Research Partnerships, 2005-2011
Canadian Public Policy and the Social Economy. Edited by R. Downing. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria, 2012. 427 pp. ISBN 9781550584530.Assembling Understandings: Findings from the Canadian Social Economy Research Partnerships, 2005-2011. Edited...
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Accounting for Social Value
Accounting for Social Value. Edited by L Mook. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2013. 272 pp. ISBN: 9781442611467.Laurie Mook's recent edited collection of essays on social accounting practices, Accounting For Social Value (2013), presents social...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, Spring

Social Enterprise Gains Momentum/Les Entreprises Sociales Prennent Leur Envol
The 2013 Social Enterprise World Forum (SEWF 2013) in Calgary will from October 2-4, 2013 bring together 1,200 individuals from more than 30 countries and speakers from more than 20 countries. Attendees will come from diverse backgrounds - social enterprise...
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Indigenous Perspectives on Community Economic Development: A North-South Conversation
ABSTRACTThis article analyses an online forum on Indigenous Community-Based Economie Development (CED), in which twenty-two participants from Canada and Latin America shared and reflected on experiences ranging from cultural tourism in Bolivia to a food...
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Knowledge Mobilization, Collaboration, and Social Innovation: Leveraging Investments in Higher Education
ABSTRACTThis article is a qualitative literature synthesis in the areas of community-campus collaborations, knowledge mobilization and social innovation. The article aims to be useful to people who work in academic settings, community organizations,...
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Resource-Based View (RBV) of Unincorporated Social Economy Organizations
ABSTRACTThis article examines three related questions about unincorporated social economy organizations (USEOs): What are the characteristics of these social economy organizations? What is the unique bundle of resources that gives rise to and sustains...
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Flooding Hope and Livelihoods: Lake St. Martin First Nation
ABSTRACTLake St. Martin First Nation, a community situated in the Interlake Region of Manitoba, was permanently displaced in 2011. After they were flooded out of their ancestral lands and left homeless, the Province of Manitoba further disempowered the...
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Why Philanthropy Matters: How the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being
Why Philanthropy Matters: How the Wealthy Give, and What It Means for Our Economic Well-Being By Zoltán J. Acs. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2013. 272 pp. ISBN: 9780691148625Zoltán J. Acs, a professor at the School of Public Policy and...
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Management Des Entreprises De L'économie Sociale et Solidaire. Identités Plurielles et Spécificités
Management des entreprises de l'économie sociale et solidaire. Identités plurielles et spécificités. Sous la direction d'Emmanuel Bayle et Jean-Claude Dupuis. Bruxelles : De Boeck, 2012, 344 pp. ISBN : 9782804170912Cet ouvrage, publié suite au colloque...
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Community-University Research Partnerships: Reflections on the Canadian Social Economy Experience
Community-University Research Partnerships: Reflections on the Canadian Social Economy Experience. Edited by P.V. Hall & I. MacPherson. Victoria, BC: University of Victoria, 2011.259 pp. ISBN 9781550584493Community-University Research Partnerships:...
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Vol. 3, No. 2, Autumn

Volunteering with Newcomers: The Perspectives of Canadian- and Foreign-Born Volunteers
ABSTRACTCanadian- and foreign-born volunteers have contributed to the settlement of newcomers into Canadian society. Despite their important contribution, little has been reported about the experiences and perspectives of these volunteers. Using the...
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Community Development to Feed the Family in Northern Manitoba Communities: Evaluating Food Activities Based on Their Food Sovereignty, Food Security, and Sustainable Livelihood Outcomes
ABSTRACTThis article explores food-related activities and their impacts on sustainable livelihood assets, food sovereignty, and food security, and provides insight for future food-related community development. Analysis is based on community food assessments...
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Social Movement Structures in Relation to Goals and Forms of Action: An Exploratory Model
ABSTRACTThis article describes a theoretical taxonomy of the structural features of social movements. We begin by using two classification criteria to analyze the types of relations that characterize the structure of social movements. From there, we...
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Assessing the Ability of Disability Organizations: An Interprovincial Comparative Perspective
ABSTRACTDespite much effort put toward Canadian social policy renewal in the past decade, innovations in programming have been stifled due in large part to a lack of funding and accountability issues. This is clearly evident in the disability policy...
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Toward Contemporary Co-Operative Studies: Perspectives from Japan's Consumer Co-Ops
Toward Contemporary Co-operative Studies: Perspectives from Japan's Consumer Co-ops. Edited by The Consumer Co-operative Institute of Japan. Tokyo, Japan: Consumer Co-operative Institute of Japan (CCIJ), 2009. 247 pp. ISBN: 9784915307003The good news...
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Social Economy: Communities, Economies and Solidarity in Atlantic Canada
Social Economy: Communities, Economies and Solidarity in Atlantic Canada. Edited by Sonja Novkovic & Leslie Brown. Sydney, NS: Cape Breton University Press, 2012. 260 pp. ISBN 9781897009680The authors' goal in The Social Economy: Communities, Economies...
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Critical Perspectives in Food Studies
Critical Perspectives in Food Studies. Edited by M. Koç, J. Sumner, & A. Winson. Don Mills, ON: Oxford, 2012. 402 pp. ISBN 97801905446418For students of agro-food systems, Critical Perspectives in Food Studies is the kind of book that will spend...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, Spring

High Ideals and Noble Intentions: Voluntary Sector-Government Relations in Canada
High Ideals and Noble Intentions: Voluntary Sector-Government Relations in Canada. By Peter R. Elson. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2011. 224 pp. ISBN 9781442610989High Ideals and Noble Intentions is a unique phrase borrowed from a speech made...
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Philanthropy in America: A History
Philanthropy in America: A History. By Olivier Zunz. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 2012. 396 pp. ISBN: 9780691128368Philanthropy: Not made in America but remade decidedly American. The first question one might ask when confronting a book with...
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The Social Economy: Working Alternatives in a Globalizing Era
The Social Economy: Working Alternatives in a Globalizing Era. By Hasmet M. Uluorta. New York, NY: Routledge, 2009. 256 pp. ISBN 9780415775939Motivated by what he identifies as a "global crisis of reproduction," Hasmet M. Uluorta explores the emerging...
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The Impact of a Community-University Collaboration: Opening the "Black Box"
ABSTRACTWithin the Social Economy, universities are working with community representatives to undertake research projects, service learning opportunities, and increasingly, academic program development, all with the objective of addressing social challenges....
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Governance in Transformation: Alberta School Board Chairs' Perspectives
ABSTRACTSchool boards are typically removed from nonprofit sector analyses because they are part of the "MUSH" set of organizations (municipalities, universities, schools, and hospitals) that both stand outside of the more typical nonprofit sector and...
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Understanding the Rural Tilt among Financial Cooperatives in Canada
ABSTRACTThis mixed methods study examines whether the rural/urban distribution of credit union/caisse populaire branches differs significantly from the general urban/rural demographic pattern in Canada. It also explores whether their distribution is...
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Funding Charities through Tax Law: When Should a Donation Qualify for Donation Incentives?
ABSTRACTCanadian income tax law provides incentives for taxpayers to make charitable donations. Since only those donations to charities qualifying as charitable "gifts" are eligible for donation incentives, the definition of giftbodes significant revenue...
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Food Sovereignty in Canada: Creating Just and Sustainable Food Systems
Food Sovereignty in Canada: Creating Just and Sustainable Food Systems. Edited by Hanna Wittman, Annette Aurélie Desmarais, & Nettie Wiebe. Halifax, NS, and Winnipeg, MB: Fernwood, 2011. 219 pp. ISBN 9781552664438What kind of food system does Canada...
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