Cityscape

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 1, 2014

Coercive Sexual Environments: What MTO Tells Us about Neighborhoods and Sexual Safety
IntroductionIf I went to a neighborhood where men didn't treat females disrespectful, I would be like, "Wow, are you serious?" Like, you know, I would think that that was foreign because I'm so used to, you know, something else. When something greater...
Comparing Subsidies, Loans, and Standards for Improving Home Energy Efficiency
IntroductionCommercial and residential buildings account for 42 percent of energy consumption in the United States, and residential buildings alone are responsible for one-half of this amount. Building codes, appliance standards, and general technological...
Congress Should Phase out the Mortgage Interest Deduction
The mortgage interest deduction is one of the most expensive federal tax preferences. The Joint Committee on Taxation (2013) estimated that the deduction will cost about $380 billion from fiscal years 2013 through 2017. Homeowners also benefit from the...
Eliminate the Mortgage Interest Deduction or Tax Imputed Rent? Leveling the Real-Estate Playing Field
Many commentators call for reducing or eliminating the mortgage interest deduction, arguing that the tax subsidy to owner-occupied housing distorts the economy by encouraging excessive housing investment and costing the government a substantial amount...
Getting to Better Performing Schools: The Role of Residential Mobility in School Attainment in Low-Income Neighborhoods
IntroductionPlace-based initiatives that work to improve school quality, community supports, and parental involvement are gaining increased attention as policy options for improving educational outcomes for children in low-income neighborhoods. High...
Healthy Start in Housing: A Case Study of a Public Health and Housing Partnership to Improve Birth Outcomes
IntroductionWhen public health officials measure the health status of a population, the two primary health indicators of interest are life expectancy and infant mortality. Infant mortality is considered a highly sensitive indicator of the health of a...
Home Energy Efficiency and Mortgage Risks
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionDuring the past few decades, even as houses were becoming more energy efficient, energy costs per household and the total energy used in the residential sector were continuing to rise. Today, many...
Housing, Contexts, and the Well-Being of Children and Youth: A European Perspective
I have spent many years analyzing issues concerning urban segregation dynamics and effects from a demographic, social class, and ethnic perspective. Although my work focuses mostly on Sweden, U.S. scholars have provided much inspiration for me and other...
Housing, Contexts, and the Well-Being of Children and Youth: Guest Editors' Introduction
From time to time, most families with children carefully consider the consequences of their housing and neighborhood choices for their children. Policymakers allocate many billions of dollars to a wide variety of housing and neighborhood-based activities...
Information Externalities and Residential Mortgage Lending in the Hardest Hit Housing Market: The Case of Detroit
IntroductionTo help explain the disparity observed in residential mortgage lending across neighborhoods, Lang and Nakamura (L-N) (1993) suggest that the level of housing market sales represents an "information externality" for future lending decisions...
Measuring Housing Affordability
IntroductionIn 1990, Congress passed the National Affordable Housing Act, which required that state and local governments participating in selected U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) grant programs prepare a Comprehensive Housing...
Measuring Spatial Mismatch between Homelessness and Homeless Resources with a Theil Index and Statistical Inference
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)The purpose of this article is to demonstrate a method for measuring the spatial mismatch between homelessness and resources for the homeless. Widely used to measure economic inequality (for example, see Conceiçào...
Misinformed and Misled about the Benefits of the Mortgage Interest Deduction
Tax experts have long indicted the mortgage interest deduction (MID) for distorting the housing and mortgage markets and for inequitably distributing its benefits (Brazer, 1959; Paul, 1956; Surrey, 1958; Trammell, 1959; Ture, 1956; Vickrey, 1947). It...
Moving beyond Neighborhood: Activity Spaces and Ecological Networks as Contexts for Youth Development
IntroductionThe image of urban children growing up in economically deprived neighborhoods has spurred more than two centuries of reform and intervention aimed at ameliorating conditions thought to be harmful to youth. Alongside these initiatives, social...
Profiles of Housing and Neighborhood Contexts among Low-Income Families: Links with Children's Well-Being
BackgroundThe recent housing crisis focused new attention on housing and neighborhoods as central contexts for children's healthy growth and development. Although various characteristics of housing (for example, quality and homeownership) have received...
Promoting Resilience for Children Who Experience Family Homelessness: Opportunities to Encourage Developmental Competence
IntroductionFamilies who use shelter services vary widely in their current and past experiences, including differences in the presence of risk factors that increase the likelihood of poor outcomes, of promotive factors that encourage positive outcomes...
Putting Children and Adolescents at the Center of Housing Policy: A Latin American Perspective
The articles in this symposium build an interesting bridge between housing policy and child and youth development by establishing the direct connections between different dimensions of housing (dwellings, neighborhoods, and communities) and human development....
Recovery Ratios in the Savings and Loan Crisis: Evidence from the Resolution Trust Corporation's Sale of Bank-Owned Real Estate
IntroductionA persistent question during the recent economic crisis has been the appropriate pace at which to liquidate bank-owned real estate. Risks exist on both sides: rapid liquidation can force down real estate prices, but an overhang of unresolved...
Residential Mobility among Children: A Framework for Child and Family Policy
IntroductionThe United States is a country with high rates of residential mobility (for example, Long, 1992). Children move more than adults, a trend pronounced among those children who were less than 10 years old and for whom mobility rates exceeded...
The Efficiency and Equity of the Home Mortgage Interest Deduction
Economists strongly favor an economically neutral tax system, and, when the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform (the Simpson-Bowles Commission) suggested terminating the mortgage interest deduction for homeowners, many economists...
The Outlines and Extents of Segregation
Maps of segregation often highlight concentration patterns of racial or ethnic groups. Patterns at the edges of the segregated areas are not typically shown or discussed in many of these maps. The lack of attention to the edges-transition areas-may be...
Using Location Quotients to Test for Negative Secondary Effects of Sexually Oriented Businesses
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionCommunity residents often complain that sexually oriented businesses (SOBs; that is, strip clubs, adult book stores, and XXX theaters) reduce neighborhood safety and quality of life. Local government...
Waste Management at the Residential Construction Site
Status QuoThe construction of a single-family home typically produces more than 2 tons of construction and demolition (C&D) debris material that is becoming increasingly difficult and expensive to discard. Some waste disposal facilities are refusing...
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