Cityscape

Articles from Vol. 18, No. 3, 2016

2016 Innovation in Affordable Housing Student Design and Planning Competition: Monteria Village, Santa Barbara, California
IntroductionRegina GrayThe Innovation in Affordable Housing (IAH) Student Design and Planning Competition, now entering its fourth year of competition, invites teams of graduate students from multiple disciplines to submit plans in response to an affordable...
Advancing Our Understanding of Gentrification
The term gentrification inevitably generates controversy and disagreement. People disagree about its definition, its causes, and, above all, its consequences. All seem to agree, however, that whatever gentrification is, it is becoming more prevalent...
Affordable Rental Housing Development in the For-Profit Sector: A Review of the Literature
IntroductionThe question of how to build decent housing that is affordable to lower-income households has challenged policymakers for decades. Although it is widely acknowledged that federal housing policies have attempted to meet a number of objectives...
A Rocky Path to Homeownership: Why Germany Eliminated Large-Scale Subsidies for Homeowners
For most Germans, renting a home is nothing unusual. Germany has developed an affordable, well-functioning rental market and a longstanding reputation as a nation of renters. The rate of homeownership has remained correspondingly low (43 percent in 2013)...
Cautious Optimism about Driverless Cars and Land Use in American Metropolitan Areas
Driverless vehicles will enhance mobility in America's metropolitan areas, connecting people to a greater set of jobs and amenities. Fleetwide autonomy will mean lighter vehicles, many of which will be electric-reducing the environmental costs associated...
Chicago Multifamily Market Characterization: Developing a Comprehensive Picture of the Multifamily Housing Landscape
MotivationThe analysis described in this article is part of a series of multifamily research studies, which were created in partnership with the Energy Efficiency for All (EEFA)1 project, which has the goal of reducing energy consumption to support the...
Choice and Speculation
Speculation about how driverless vehicle technology will transform cities appears just about everywhere. As a transportation scholar, I often am asked to join in, but I have a problem with doing so. According to most speculation, driverless technologies...
Clean Heat: A Technical Response to a Policy Innovation
IntroductionSignificant changes to the U.S. housing stock are often stimulated by market demands or policy changes. Both conditions exist in New York City (NYC). Market forces have created an increased demand for new housing developments at all levels...
Commentary: 21st Century Gentrification
The papers presented at the Research Symposium on Gentrification and Neighborhood Change, sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia and held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on May 25, 2016, are indicative of a sea change in gentrification...
Commentary: A Federal Perspective on Gentrification
IntroductionDuring the past 4 months, as part of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD's) "Prosperity Playbook" initiative, Secretary Julián Castro has joined local leaders in a series of convenings around the country, in cities...
Commentary: Causes and Consequences of Gentrification and the Future of Equitable Development Policy
In American cities, gentrification-that is, an influx of upper-income people to low-income areas- became much more pervasive in the 2000s compared with the 1990s (Freeman and Cai, 2015; Maciag, 2015; Owens, 2012). This article critiques and adds to this...
Driverless Cars and the City: Sharing Cars, Not Rides
A world of driverless cars seems likely to provide massively improved highway safety, better mobility-especially for those with mobility disadvantages (such as the rising elderly population)- faster travel times, better use of existing roadway infrastructure,...
Forewarned: The Use of Neighborhood Early Warning Systems for Gentrification and Displacement
IntroductionNeighborhoods change continually because of the movement of people and capital, both private and public. Change is often visible, as newcomers walk the streets or buildings and infrastructure are built and demolished. At the same time, change...
Gentrification and Small Business: Threat or Opportunity?
IntroductionMuch of the literature on gentrification has focused on how it affects residents and housing. We know, however, that the nature and quality of neighborhoods, especially those in urban settings, are also determined by the commercial enterprises...
Housing Policies in the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and the United States: Lessons Learned
IntroductionIn this article, we provide an analysis of the housing market and current housing policies in three developed countries: the United Kingdom, Switzerland, and the United States. All three countries are founding members of the Organisation...
Linking Residents to Opportunity: Gentrification and Public Housing
IntroductionIn recent decades, partly in response to the perceived failures of the public housing program in many cities around the country, affordable housing programs in the United States increasingly have embraced the goal of deconcentrating poverty...
Preserving and Expanding Affordability in Neighborhoods Experiencing Rising Rents and Property Values
IntroductionMany urban neighborhoods are experiencing increases in rents and property values associated with an influx of higher-income households. This phenomenon (sometimes referred to as "gentrification") can be a double-edged sword. On the one hand,...
Sensitivity of Treatment on Treated Effects in the Housing Vouchers Welfare Experiment to Alternative Measures of Compliance
IntroductionControlled experiments to obtain unbiased estimates of the impacts of social interventions began in the 1960s in the United States and have since spread worldwide (Greenberg and Shroder, 2004). Because these are field (not laboratory) experiments,...
The Consequences of Gentrification: A Focus on Residents' Financial Health in Philadelphia
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionDebates surrounding the consequences of gentrification have focused largely on the displacement of incumbent residents, though recent studies generally have not found evidence that lessadvantaged residents...
Transitioning to Driverless Cars
I have little doubt that driverless cars will eventually become the dominant transportation technology in our cities. They will save us time-a lot of it. Residents of American cities spend, on average, nearly 90 minutes traveling daily. Most of that...
Vouchers and Neighborhood Distress: The Unrealized Potential for Families with Housing Choice Vouchers to Reside in Neighborhoods with Low Levels of Distress
IntroductionThe Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) program constitutes the single largest housing subsidy program for low-income households in the United States and is among very few housing programs to increase in size over the past quarter century. More...
What Have We Learned about the Causes of Recent Gentrification?
IntroductionThe gentrification of neighborhoods in U.S. central cities has attracted notice since at least the 1970s. Since 2000, however, greater changes in an expanding section of cities and neighborhoods have renewed interest from policymakers, researchers,...
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