Cityscape

Articles from Vol. 19, No. 3, 2017

2017 Innovation in Affordable Housing Student Design and Planning Competition: Woodhill Homes, Cleveland, Ohio
Winning Team: Rutgers UniversityJane Allen, Chelsea Moore-Ritchie, Sharone Small, Kim Tryba, Christine WinterRunner-Up Team: University of Michigan at Ann ArborBader Bajaber, Melissa Bloem, Emily Burrowes, Laura Devine, Prashanth Chamarti Rajendra RajuThe...
Civic Infrastructure and Sustainable Regional Planning: Insights from the Sustainable Communities Initiative Regional Planning Grantees
IntroductionAcross the United States, regional communities contend with a host of social and ecological challenges, resulting from a regional planning paradigm that privileged suburban, automobile-oriented development and established spatially segregated...
Epistemic Communities or Forced Marriages? Evaluating Collaboration among Sustainable Communities Initiative Regional Planning Grant Recipients
IntroductionCommunities in the United States face complex issues of growth, decline, and sustainability that are challenging to address at the local scale or within agency silos, such as transportation, housing, or economic development. However, in the...
Families' Experiences of Doubling Up after Homelessness
IntroductionA report prepared for the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) revealed that, between 2003 and 2009, the rate at which new households formed shrank, and the number of doubled-up households-containing an adult other than...
Family Options Study: Effects on Family Living Situation
IntroductionThe Family Options Study, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), is the largest rigorous study to investigate which interventions work best for families who experience homelessness. The study randomly assigned...
Family Options Study: How Homeless Families Use Housing Choice Vouchers
Housing Choice Vouchers in the Family Options StudyThe U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) launched the Family Options Study in 2008 to learn about which housing and services interventions work best for families with children experiencing...
HOPE and Choice for HUD-Assisted Households
IntroductionSince the establishment of HUD in 1965, the agency has struggled to address the deterioration of assisted housing, particularly public housing, and urban neighborhoods. Often, those two challenges have gone hand in hand. Public housing was...
HUD's Sustainable Communities Initiative: An Emerging Model of Place-Based Federal Policy and Collaborative Capacity Building
MethodologyThis article blends participatory reflection, program document review, and semistructured background interviews of key Sustainable Communities Initiative (SCI) leaders and staff with basic principles of policy and program analysis. The authors'...
Impacts of the Sustainable Communities Initiative on Regional Collaboration, Equity, and Planning: Results of a Survey of Grantee Regions
IntroductionThe livability of a metropolitan region does not fit neatly under one heading. Economic and environmental sustainability, inclusiveness, and affordability-these issues cut across policy silos and jurisdictional boundaries. Barriers to collaboration...
Instituting Smoke-Free Public Housing: An Economic Analysis
BackgroundThe U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) promulgated a smoke-free regulation to require public housing agencies (PHAs) to implement a policy that all PHA-owned indoor areas and all areas within 25 feet of public housing be...
International Commentary: Eliminating Family Homelessness and the Family Options Study
IntroductionFor this commentary, I reviewed the report on the 3-year outcomes of the Family Options Study (Gubits et al., 2016a, 2016b) and two articles (Shinn, Brown, and Gubits, 2016; Shinn et al., 2016) published on this study. In this commentary,...
International Commentary: Family Options Study Observations from the Periphery of Europe
IntroductionFrom a European perspective-and, more specifically, an Irish perspective-the Family Options Study offers crucial insights into how policy responses to family homelessness are theoretically framed and into the efficacy of the actual services...
International Commentary: The Implications of the Family Options Study for Family Homelessness in Australia
The Prevalence of Family Homelessness in AustraliaAustralians tend to view homelessness as an issue confined to single people living on the streets who have drug or alcohol problems, mental health issues, or a combination. Families, and the issues they...
Lessons for Conducting Experimental Evaluations in Complex Field Studies: Family Options Study
Introduction and Study ObjectivesThe U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) sponsored the Family Options Study to develop evidence to inform policy decisions about the best ways to resolve homelessness for families with children. The...
Mismatch between Homeless Families and the Homelessness Service System
IntroductionThe U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requires communities that seek federal funding for homeless services to organize a Continuum of Care-a "community-based homeless assistance program planning network ... intended to...
Next Steps for the Family Options Study
IntroductionThe U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) administers the largest federal program dedicated to addressing homelessness, the Continuum of Care (C°C) program. Through the C°C program, HUD awards approximately $2 billion annually...
Planning Livable Communities: Findings from HUD's Regional Planning and Community Challenge Grant Programs
High-quality places to work, play, and raise children are well defined. They provide access to affordable housing, good employment, education, recreation, shopping, and other basic needs and community amenities. They are safe from crime, floods, pollution,...
Planning without Agency: Vibrant NEO 2040
IntroductionLegacy cities are "older, industrial urban areas that have experienced significant population and job loss, resulting in high residential vacancy and diminished service capacity and resources" (Legacy Cities Partnership, n.d.). These cities...
Real Estate Analysis as a Tool for Program Evaluation
IntroductionThe Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD) enables public housing and Section 8 Moderate Rehabilitation, or Mod Rehab, properties to convert to project-based Section 8 Housing Assistance Payment contracts. The Section 8 subsidy that converted...
Residential Demographic Multipliers: Using Public Use Microdata Sample Records to Estimate Housing Development Impacts
IntroductionThis article discusses the methodology used to update and revise outmoded demographic multipliers. It first provides a background of traditional multipliers developed from the discontinued U.S. Census Bureau Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS)...
Risk Models for Returns to Housing Instability among Families Experiencing Homelessness
IntroductionFamily homelessness has been a persistent concern in the United States since the 1980s (Bassuk et al., 2014). Today, more than one-third of individuals experiencing homelessness live in families with children, and they face substantial challenges...
The HECM Program in a Snapshot
CorrectionThe volume 19, number 1 issue of Cityscape contained errors in exhibit 6 and on pages 123 through 125. The corrected discussion follows.FHA Administrative DataIn this section we use FHA administrative data to specifically examine HECM originations....
The Impact of the Sustainable Communities Initiative on Engagement and Collaboration in Planning: Experiences from Four U.S. Regions
IntroductionIn 2008, when the United States was faced with increasing economic distress, federal agencies sought better ways to leverage agency financial investments that could facilitate economic recovery initiatives. In response, the U.S. Department...
The Impacts of the Sustainable Communities Initiative Regional Planning Grants on Planning and Equity in Three Metropolitan Regions
IntroductionIn 2010, the U.S. Congress appropriated $250 million for the Sustainable Communities Initiative (SCI), an interagency collaboration among the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the U.S. Department of Transportation, and...
U.S. Commentary: Effects of Housing Subsidies on the Well-Being of Children and Their Families in the Family Options Study
IntroductionHomelessness and housing instability are bad for children and families-a fact that is obvious to any reasonable individual but is also well documented by social science research. Children who are homeless or who move often have poorer school...
U.S. Commentary: Implications from the Family Options Study for Homeless and Child Welfare Services
Homelessness and Child WelfareThe link between family homelessness and child separation represents an ongoing concern for practice and policy. Well-designed observational studies estimate that approximately one in five families entering homeless shelters...
U.S. Commentary: Insights from the Family Options Study regarding Housing and Intimate Partner Violence
IntroductionMany women and children who experience homelessness also report intimate partner violence (IPV; Baker, Cook, and Norris, 2003; Browne and Bassuk, 1997; Pavao et al., 2007; Zorza, 1991). In a nationwide survey of mayors, IPV was identified...
U.S. Commentary: The Family Options Study and Family Well-Being Outcomes
IntroductionThe Family Options Study, a U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development-sponsored longitudinal randomized study evaluating homeless service interventions for families with children, is the focus of this symposium. This study enrolled...
U.S. Commentary: The Family Options Study and Food Insecurity
IntroductionHousing and food insecurity often coexist in the same household and reflect tradeoffs between basic needs that families grapple with when facing limited and often unstable income (Cutts et al., 2011; Heflin, 2006; Joyce et al., 2012). Unfortunately,...
Visualizing Residential Vacancy by Length of Vacancy
DataThe United States Postal Service (USPS) collects counts of occupied and vacant residential and business addresses across the United States. The counts of vacant addresses are broken down by length of vacancy. This information is useful for researchers,...
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