Cityscape

Articles from Vol. 20, No. 2, 2018

A Pilot Community Health Worker Program in Subsidized Housing: The Health + Housing Project
IntroductionMore than 4 million people live in public housing or project-based Section 8 housing subsidized by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). Residents of these buildings are disproportionately racial or ethnic minorities,...
Connecting Fragmented Systems: Public Housing Authority Partnerships with the Health Sector
BackgroundStakeholders across sectors serving low-income Americans increasingly recognize that breaking down silos can produce more positive life outcomes and promote effective service delivery. Specifically, intersections between housing and health...
Continuous Repayment Structures in Japanese Housing Finance for Elderly People: Applications to Mitigate Counterparty Risk through U.S. Reverse Mortgage Design
IntroductionReverse mortgages can support the economic security of senior homeowners who lack adequate financial resources to maintain their livelihoods. The benefits of Home Equity Conversion Mortgage (HECM) products are evident, as they enable elderly...
Creating Permanent Housing Affordability: Lessons from German Cooperative Housing Models
IntroductionThe United States and Germany, as major economic and world powers and, respectively, the first and second largest destination for immigrants worldwide, are each faced with their own unique challenges in creating economic opportunity for their...
Embedding Health in Affordable Housing Development: Results of the Health Action Plan Pilot Project
BackgroundPlace matters. This simple statement reflects our growing understanding of how the social and physical environment in which people live can influence both individual and population health outcomes. Housing is one of the most important places...
Employment and Earnings Trajectories during Two Decades among Adults in New York City Homeless Shelters
IntroductionFew portrayals exist of homeless persons as wage earners. Instead, common images of this population manifest stereotypes of "drunk, stoned, crazy and sick" single adults (Snow, Anderson, and Koegel, 1994: 461; Wright, 1989) and of families...
Exploring Patterns of Tax Increment Financing Use and Structural Explanations in Missouri's Major Metropolitan Regions
IntroductionTax increment financing (TIF) can be defined as "a geographically targeted tax, expenditure, and regulatory inducement to a specific location" that works by using "taxes derived from the increases in assessed values (the tax increment) resulting...
Homelessness during Infancy: Associations with Infant and Maternal Health and Hardship Outcomes
IntroductionIn the United States, approximately 1.27 million children younger than 6 are homeless in a given year. (HHS Administration for Children and Families, 2016). In 2015, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development found nearly one-half...
Impact of Rental Assistance on Modifiable Health Risk Factors and Behaviors in Adults
IntroductionRental assistance has been recognized as a mechanism for improving the lives of individuals through the provision of better-quality and more-affordable housing (Shaw, 2004). However, few studies have examined the influence of rental assistance...
Innovative Approaches to Providing Rental Assistance: States and Localities Seek to Support Health and Human Services Goals
BackgroundState and local policymakers increasingly recognize that a lack of stable, affordable housing not only causes homelessness but can worsen people's health and raise state and local costs (Hostetter and Klein, 2014). High housing costs affect...
The Geography of Vacant Housing and Neighborhood Health Disparities after the U.S. Foreclosure Crisis
IntroductionThe Great Recession, the most severe housing market crisis in the United States since the Great Depression, saw mortgage foreclosure of more than 5.5 million homes by the end of 2014 (Carlyle, 2015). In areas with high foreclosure rates,...
The Health-Housing Nexus: New Answers to Key Questions
The link between housing and health is far reaching and complex. Historically, the housing-health nexus has been primarily associated with physical exposures and dilapidated housing; however, recent studies suggest that adverse health outcomes are also...
The Impact of the Vermont Support and Services at Home Program on Healthcare Expenditures
IntroductionOlder adults prefer to live independently in their own homes for as long as possible (Oswald et al., 2010). Advancing age, however, increases the likelihood of chronic illness, frailty, and disability and consequently places some older adults...
The Long-Term Dynamics of Affordable Rental Housing: Creating and Using a New Database
IntroductionHousing assistance for low-income households has been a public policy objective since the 1930s, and housing has long been recognized as part of the social safety net. Assistance is not, however, an entitlement, and a large share of the housing...
'Then I Found Housing and Everything Changed': Transitions to Rent-Assisted Housing and Diabetes Self-Management
IntroductionThe demand for rental assistance in the United States-in the form of rental vouchers, public housing units, and other project-based subsidies-continues to outpace supply (Fischer and Sard, 2017). The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development...
Understanding and Enhancing the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's ZIP Code Crosswalk Files
ZIP Codes Are Problem GeographiesOrganizations use ZIP Codes for many analytical tasks, such as to verify addresses, allocate resources, or create analytical products (for example, maps, tables, or conduct reports). Although ZIP Codes have legitimate-but...
Work Requirements and Well-Being in Public Housing
IntroductionPoverty and minority status can exacerbate individuals' risk for physical and mental disabilities (Adler and Rehkopf, 2008). Public housing residents, therefore, 64 percent of whom are classified as very low-income and 45 percent of whom...
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