Contemporary Readings in Law and Social Justice

Articles from Vol. 6, No. 1, 2014

Acquiring Citizenship of the Republic of Moldova
ABSTRACT.The paper reviews the types of acquiring citizenship under the laws of the Republic of Moldova. The issue of determining citizens' membership to the new state occurred after the collapse of the Soviet Union and the proclamation of independence...
A Critical Essay on Islamic Freedom in Asean
ABSTRACT.This is a critical essay looking at Islamic freedom within the ASEAN region. Almost 50% of ASEAN's population are Muslims, but this essay postulates Islamic freedom is repressed within much of this grouping. Repressed Islamic freedom if one...
Advertising Psychology versus Lifelong Learning
ABSTRACT.The main characteristic of the 21st century is communication. We live in a society of multiple choices, deriving from advanced, not so long ago inconceivable, and technology. We are witnessing a fast spreading of globalization in many areas...
Affective and Cognitive Dimensions of Media Communication
ABSTRACT.This article presents the most significant scientific contributions in this field, and it also advances a new research area, and a method based on some measurable psychological limitations.Keywords: media communication; mediology; psychological...
Aggressive Behavior of Elite Athletes
ABSTRACT.The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of athletes' antisocial and prosocial behavior, aggressive acts performed by athletes during sporting events, interpersonal aggression in sports, and the pathway from athletic participation...
A Point of View regarding the Role of Interception in the Penal Process
ABSTRACT.Shortly before February 1, 2014, and after that date, too, there were a number of discussions both of lawyers, especially magistrates, and of other people with important positions in the state; in this respect we can mention the head of state's...
Aspects of Legal Liability in Organ, Tissues and Cells of Human Origin Sampling and Transplant
ABSTRACT.The modern law has established the legal responsibility of the physician, based on the idea of professional mistake, the guilt, the violation of humanitarian mission of the medical profession. The medical profession is mainly aimed at providing...
Aspects regarding Children and Family Juridical Protection after the Entry into Force of the New Criminal Code
ABSTRACT.The paper approaches the topic of child protection by means of criminal law. The study analyzes legal norms of the previous Criminal Code, of the New Criminal Code and rules from special laws with penal provisions. Recent legislative changes...
Bitcoin - between Legal and Financial Performance
ABSTRACT.Since its inception in 2008, electronic currency Bitcoin has raised many questions, becoming increasingly serious, as the growth of its importance. One of the main questions still remains whether Bitcoin is a currency, a financial instrument...
Civic Engagement in the Age of Online Social Networks
ABSTRACT.This paper focuses on how digital communication technologies extend the context of civic life and change the motivations for civil commitment, while also trying to explain how participation in civic life looks like in a digital era. We have...
Communication and Culture: Cultural Paradigms and Referentials
ABSTRACT.The issue of communication between individuals and between groups becomes a problem of effective communication and mutual understanding between cultures. The searches towards overcoming barriers in intercultural communication focus not only...
Communication, Representation, and Social Change
ABSTRACT.A first step in the psychosocial construction of the role is the psychosocial self-perception, i.e. the development of self-image, self-representation. The self-perception, even if it is real or imaginary, it is decontextualized, isolated, but...
Comparative View regarding Regulations on Motivation of Draft Regulatory Acts
ABSTRACT.The public authorities' activity is mainly focused on regulatory acts producing legal effects, whose initiation, drafting and enforcement is conducted according to several techniques and procedures established by the law. Given that every country...
Considerations on "The Principle of Waiving the Criminal Investigation," One of the Changes Brought to the Criminal Procedure Provisions through the New Criminal Procedure Code
ABSTRACT.The purpose of this study is one of the changes brought to the criminal procedures provisions through the New Criminal Procedure Code which came into force on February 1, 2014, respectively the express introduction among the basic principles...
Consumer Rights Protection in the Context of Online Marketing Research
ABSTRACT.The consumer rights as participants to the marketing research process represent a sensible field of study that is evolving all the time. Marketing research have enriched already for a considerable time period with new modalities of gathering,...
Criminological Characteristics of the Woman Offender's Personality
ABSTRACT.In this article the author refers to the sources, the ways, the forms and the mechanisms of the formation of the antisocial characteristics that, in the interaction with the environment or the criminological situation, generates the criminal...
Critical Reflections on the Donation Revocation for Ingratitude Regulated by the New Civil Code
ABSTRACT.The current study analyzes the regulations in the field of donation revocation for ingratitude, regulations in force with the Law no. 287/2009 regarding the new Civil Code. The starting point is the axiomatic truth, according to which, the donations,...
Deontology in Public Administration
ABSTRACT.Amongst the obligations that a person that holds a public office has, a series of duties, both moral and legal, are circumscribed in the professional ethics. All the moral obligations that an official has, during the exercise of his profession...
Distance Learning Management Based on Information Technology
ABSTRACT.Distance learning reshaped itself in the recent years as a consequence of the general informatization of the modern society that affected all the domains of human life, from students studying alone using printed materials provided by teaching...
Drafting the Contract for the Carriage of Goods
ABSTRACT.The valid conclusion of contracts should be assessed in relation to the applicable legal requirements, which, in some cases, may require certain formalities. In the transport of goods, the validity of the contract is assessed through the general...
Dynamics of Workforce Development with a Focus on the R&d - the Romanian Case Study
ABSTRACT.The occupations involve a higher complexity then two decades ago. The fact that the occupations in the present needs more qualifications, abilities, skill, ingenuity, etc., emphasizes the importance of education and training to help workers...
Education and Unemployment in the Knowledge-Based Society
ABSTRACT.In the knowledge-based society when changes are fast, social and economic development depend on the quality of human resources development (HRD). Educated persons are more productive and have more opportunities to play an active role in the...
Education Legislation in Accordance with Constitutional Rules, Market Economy and Accounting Law
ABSTRACT.The paper includes the author's personal view on the correlation between the education legislation and the basic rules of the European-style rule of law and the accounting law. A problem that occurs in the education legislation in Romania and...
Fiducia in the New Romanian Civil Code
ABSTRACT.Fiducia is a new institution that originates from the institution of trust, specific to equity law, introduced in the Romanian law system, by the New Civil Code in 2011. The New Romanian Civil Code defines fiducia as a legal operation, by which...
Financial Solidarity - a Structured Approach to the Complex Issue of the Migration Phenomenon
ABSTRACT.It appears that more and more people seeking international protection do not want only to escape from the situations of generalized violence and armed conflict, but in addition, they are interested increasingly in more and more in the environmental...
Forecasting the Number of People at Risk of Poverty in Europe Using Single Exponential Smoothing Method
ABSTRACT.The aim of this article is to forecast the number of people at risk of poverty in Europe for the year 2014, by taking into consideration historical data regarding the evolution of this indicator in the period 2010-2013. The paper explores the...
Francesco Casetti's Deictic Conception on Cinematographic Enunciation
ABSTRACT.This paper proposes a description and an analysis of Francesco Casetti's conception on cinematographic enunciation highlighting its forms and configurations. The importance of the Italian semiotician's view comes from the answers to the question...
Governance and Government in the Arab Spring Hybridity: Reflections from Lebanon
ABSTRACT.Unrepresentative and ineffective governance has been a key instigator of the 'Arab Spring.' However, analyses of the Arab Spring tend to limit 'governance' to 'government.' The Spring is exclusively framed as the bankruptcy of authoritarian...
House Arrest as a Preventive Measure
ABSTRACT.In terms of preventive measures, the current Code of Criminal (Penal) Procedure presents a series of changes concerning the form and substance. While within the former legislation there were four preventive measures: detention, obligation not...
Human Capital in the New Economy. a Post-Revolutionary Romanian Radiography
ABSTRACT.This paper attempts to present a picture of the influence of human capital on labor resources in post-revolutionary Romania. The main objective of this paper is to analyze the formal education system and its effects on employment and labor productivity....
Information and Communication Technologies (Ict) Used for Education and Training
ABSTRACT.Every year advances in the field of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) make possible the appearance of new applications and devices, new opportunities emerging with regularity, affecting almost all the areas where these technologies...
Interview: Essence, Appearance and the Reporter's Task Code
ABSTRACT.This article attempts to emphasize that the interview is one of the most successful genres, both in journalism and literature. The approach is mostly technical. There are pursued the internal elements of realizing and editing an interview, fact...
Legal Approaches towards the Appeal for Annulment Both in Former and New Procedure Regulation
ABSTRACT.The central theme of the study represents the civil procedural law withdrawal remedies. They occupy an important place within the system of extraordinary means of appeal, both due to the diversity of reasons that may lead to their exercise and...
Legal Aspects and Developments for Financial Consumer Protection: Evidence from the Romanian Banking System
ABSTRACT.Increasing number of consumers of financial products and services, rapid technological developments and financial innovations are among the factors that impose strengthening financial consumer protection. The global economic and financial crisis,...
Legal Challenges of the Human Rights Framework in the European Union
ABSTRACT.It becomes increasingly difficult to ignore the challenge of security in an enlarged Europe. One of the most significant current discussions on legal and security studies is the importance of a secure climate for the common European space. In...
Legal Language. a Terminology Analysis of the Romanian Criminal Code
ABSTRACT.The field of law plays a major role within the contemporary globalized world, influencing important aspects of any society. Specialists within the field, such as Geyer and Bright (1996), argue that translators must find solutions to these problems...
Linguistic and Anthropological-Cultural Perspectives on Eponimy: Ferdinand De Saussure and the Theory of Hypograms
ABSTRACT.Eponymy (from epi = "on, above" and onoma = "name") was extensively studied by F. de Saussure, his records being edited together with J. Starobinski's adequate commentary, in the book Les mots sur les mots, 1956, from which many linguistics...
Management and Change in Romanian Education
ABSTRACT.In a world of change, opportunity school to become a successful the institution is greater if it is seen as a living, dynamic, open to change and able to manage challenges. Change can not be regarded as an end in itself, it being nothing but...
Media Ethics in the Ideological Context of the Twentieth Century
ABSTRACT.There have been questioned the values that have always constituted the binder of human social-historical life: mutual respect for life by all people organized as groups, communities, states and nations; the rule of law and legality; the need...
MEDICAL SERVICES CONSUMER PROTECTION IN THE CONTEXT OF eHEALTH DEVELOPMENT
ABSTRACT.eHealth represents one of the most important trends regarding medical services nowadays. It encompasses a wide range of solutions regarding health promotion, prevention, diagnostic, treatment and therapy, long term healthcare and even the lifestyle...
Mergers - How Do They Legally and Psychologically Impact the Employees?
ABSTRACT.The merger has effects not only on the merging companies, shareholders, creditors, third parties but also on their employees. We took into consideration two types of effects in case of employees transfer: the legal and the psychological effect....
Models and Theories of Mass Communication. Landmarks in Time
ABSTRACT."The information period" with mass diffusion by printed media, appearing in Europe, during the late sixteenth century, and, especially, the emergence and development of audio-visual communications, ending with the Internet, led to a plurality,...
Models of Marketing Simulations for Smes in Romania: Strategic Game for Marketing Mix Simulation
ABSTRACT.SMEs in Romania are facing a lack of funds for financing, poor information, inadequate legislative restrictions for developing the economic environment, low level of accessing European funds etc. Funding problem could be partially solved if...
Neural Mechanisms Underlying School-Based Learning
ABSTRACT.The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of the neurobiological underpinnings of learning difficulties, the possible prevention of neuromyths in education, brain-based education, and the role of genetics in learning potentials....
New Challenges for the Weee Management System in Romania as a Result of the Recast of the Weee Directive
ABSTRACT.Waste electric and electronic equipment (WEEE) is one of the fastest growing waste streams on the globe. Worldwide, WEEE raises a dual problem for the environment: on one hand, the composition of WEEE is highly toxic and represents a serious...
Novelties in Engagement and Marriage Matters in the Light of the New Civil Code
ABSTRACT. In the application context of the principle of laws unification that governs relations of private law, regulations on family law which traditionally are part of civil law and not a distinct branch of law are also reintroduced in the new Civil...
Population as Environmental Law Subject
ABSTRACT.In doctrine the notion of legal person as a subject of environmental legal relations is widely used, including when referring to the public administration authorities. The present paper is referring only to private legal persons, still using...
Principles of Doctor Legal Liability in Romanian Civil Law
ABSTRACT.For an overview of the physician liability principles, one must understand the legal nature of the physician civil liability. The legal grounds of the civil liability of physicians have given rise to controversy, as it is considered either tort...
Problematizing Liberal Cosmopolitanisms: Foucault and Neoliberal Cosmopolitan Governmentality
ABSTRACT.This paper begins by problematizing liberal cosmopolitanisms by reference to Foucault's work and according to his notion of govemmentality and his approach of "problematization". The paper investigates the philosophical source of liberal cosmopolitanism...
Recognition of Prior Learning by Competences' Validation in Selected European Countries
ABSTRACT.In the constantly changing world, there is a requirement of a common framework for recognition and certification of the competences acquired at work place through formal or informal learning. In this paper we deal with presenting the national...
Refined Impact Factor Manipulation Procedures
ABSTRACT.The main objective of this paper is to explore and describe the dissemination of scientific information, manipulation of bibliometrical parameters, journal citations as a valid measure of scientific research output, and the journal impact factor...
Respecting Consumer Rights and Professional Ethics: Particular Aspects of the Romanian Healthcare Services
ABSTRACT.In this paper we aim to present the importance of the social responsibility marketing view in the activity of healthcare services providers from Romania. The method of obtaining information has been the investigation of secondary sources. We...
Several Aspects regarding the Organization and Functioning of the National Integrity Agency
ABSTRACT.According to the Law No. 144/2007, republished in 2009, Romania becomes the first European country that has created an institution specialized in controlling the wealth, the conflicts of interest and the way in which incompatibility regime is...
Societal Consequences of Para-Networking Influences under Crisis
ABSTRACT.There is no development without ups and downs. Over time, people and countries have faced crises, at all levels. Under the new economic circumstances, they are more evident and their analysis attracts more and more all scientists as lot of facts...
Some Aspects regarding Juridical Documents That Can Be Contracted by Different Classes of Natural Persons Distinguished in Relation to Their Legal Competence
ABSTRACT.Depending on the stage of the discernment development, the Civil Code classifies natural persons in four classes, namely: persons missing the legal competence, persons having a restrained legal competence, persons having an anticipated legal...
State's Liability for Judicial Errors in the Criminal Domain
ABSTRACT.Both at international and national level, it is acknowledged to all and each of us, as individuals, the right to be able to address to the competent authorities to solve the conflict occurred and to bring us to the previous existing situation,...
Struggles in the Representations of Roma Immigrants in the North of France: From Migration Management to Public Discourse
ABSTRACT.In this article we seek to unveil the intricacies of Roma migration in the north of France and the shift in the public discourse calling for the protection of human rights. In the first part of the article, we will establish the general framework...
Temporal Limits of the Notions of "Reasonable Time," "Promptly" and "Speedily" of the European Convention on Human Rights
ABSTRACT.The notions "reasonable time," "promptly" and "speedily" refer to totally different periods, aspect confirmed by the accepted legal principle and relevant jurisprudence of the European Court on Human Rights. This way, "promptly," characterised...
The Aleatory Contracts under New Civil Code Provisions
ABSTRACT.The aleatory contracts are those contracts upon onerous title in which, in contrast to the commutative contracts, the existence and limits of an obligation for one party or for both is not known at the moment of the contract conclusion, whose...
The Child's Education - Object of Parental Authority regarding the Child's Personality
ABSTRACT.The parental rights and duties regarding the child's person are not left suspended: they do not only bear a general purpose (the best interests of the child) that set forth common features; they always have their own object. In this study, we...
The European and National Dimension of the Actual Migration. Legislative and Security Aspects
ABSTRACT.Migration is a phenomenon which has been lasting since ancient times, acquiring, especially after the ending of The Cold War, significant influences on human development and on the development of some regions. At the same time, migration is...
The European Union Operations in Ethnopolitical Conflicts
ABSTRACT.The peace operations undertaken by the European Union have most often referred to assistance in strengthening the state police sector affected by ethno-political conflict and to support the conservation of peace and security in the area. Peacekeeping...
The Financial Evolution of the Romanian Countries
ABSTRACT.Public finances were used in ancient times to fund specific activities of the state. The money was used to cover government spending. Finance term originated in Latin language. During the Roman domination following terms were used to designate...
The Game and Bet under New Civil Code Provisions
ABSTRACT.Game and bet are contracts falling within the species of aleatory contracts, being characterized by traits that individualize them in a very pronounced mode within this category. They are firmly outlined and original institutions, both in purely...
The Hypotheses of Francesco Casetti's View on Cinematographic Enunciation
ABSTRACT.This paper frames an analysis of the premises from which Italian semiotician Francesco Casetti started in building his conception on cinematographic enunciation. These premises are borrowed by Casetti from three interrelated domains: linguistics,...
The Importance Attached to Citations for Judging the Quality of Research
ABSTRACT.In this paper I am particularly interested in exploring the potentialities and limitations of the impact factor, the massive use of journal self-citation, citation analysis as a measurement of scientific quality, and the detrimental effect of...
The Importance of Communication in the Production of Social Representations
ABSTRACT.The social representations are a commonplace in the literature in review but the concept in itself is not easy to be decoded. A borderline between psychology and sociology, the social representations are a psychological organization and a form...
The Importance of Perspective in Conceptual Thinking and Visual Communication
ABSTRACT.With this paper we want to illustrate the importance of perspective in visual communication not only in art history, finding some models which may be founded in the Renaissance, inspired by the rigor, the illusion of the space suggested by the...
The Influence of Marketing Environment on Institutions of Higher Education in Romania
ABSTRACT.Changes taking place in society in general and in the economy in particular, are intense and involve the whole system by changing not only the form but also the content. In such a context, in which the knowledge is the most valuable resource,...
The Integration of Cognitive Neuroscience in Educational Practice
ABSTRACT.Over the past decade, there has been increasing evidence describing the scope of educational neuroscience, improvements in cognitive function and educational practices, the educational relevance of neuroscientific investigations, and educators'...
The Interview. Ethics, Art and Technique of the Legal Plagiarist
ABSTRACT.This research attempts to show, in terms of principle, why the interview is, by its specific implementation, one of the most successful genres, both in journalism and literature, regardless of epoch and its media vehicle. Fundamental elements...
The Japanese Prime Minister's Visits to the Yasukuni Shrine Analyzed under Articles 20 and 89 of the Japanese Constitution
ABSTRACT.This essay focuses on the constitutionality of visits by the Prime Minister of Japan to the Yasukuni Shrine to pay homage to the Kami (spirits) enshrined there, but the analysis may be applicable to visits by other government officials. The...
The Literary Character between Philosophy and Life: Archive of Characters, Themes, Places
ABSTRACT.The signification of Romanian literary onomastics was analyzed in different contexts, being created the conditions for a systematic approach of the field in the present theoretical context. Thus, in the field of folkloric literature the name...
The Movement of Excise Goods under Excise Duty Suspension within the European Community
ABSTRACT.The paper intends to analyze the movement of excise goods under excise duty suspension in different cases and situation within the European Community territory: when excisable goods are delivered between Romania and the other Member States via...
The Perception of Corruption in Public Administration
ABSTRACT.The social life has always created multiple problems for the members of the society, especially administrative ones. The needs they expressed led to the existence of the public function and the clerks that would participate, in an integrated...
The Performance Effects of Transformational Leadership in Public Administration
ABSTRACT.My analysis complements the growing literature on the employees' motivation to achieve organizational aims, the impact of transformational leadership in a public sector environment, the determinants of leaders' behavior change, and the norms...
The Phenomenon of Media Communication
ABSTRACT.The study tries to reach the area of processes and phenomena of what the researchers now call media communication, a concept which will hopefully become largely spread. Like many other issues dealt with in the studies about communication, this...
The Possibility of Unilaterally Modifying the Contract for the Carriage of Goods
ABSTRACT.The current civil law adapts the rule of contract incumbency to concrete realities by consecrating the new provisions which rebalance the reciprocal counter-compensation. The possibility of unilaterally modifying the contract for the carriage...
The Prerequisites of Parties for Bringing a Civil Action under the New Code of Civil Procedure
ABSTRACT.Bringing a civil action in court, at the first glance, can be a relatively formal activity because it may be exercised by any person who considers that he/she has suffered a damage because his/her rights or legitimate interest have not been...
The Principle of Transparency in Administrative Law
ABSTRACT.Following the spirit of the fundamental law, the proper functioning of the governing system, as a whole, can only be achieved with the participation of the civil society, union organizations, employer organizations, mass-media, foundations and...
The Sequence of Legal Regulations on Social Security in Romania until the Unification of Social Insurance Law, Ioanitescu 1933
ABSTRACT.The paper focuses on the evolution of the labor laws from early Acts regarding the guilds to the unification of regulation in labor field, following the territory unification of Romania and international developments and achievements in the...
The Social Construction of Participatory Media Technologies
ABSTRACT.The aim of the present study is to examine and evaluate the use of social media as a source of news, the collaborative co-creation of news, and the dynamics of professional news practices. The results of the current study converge with prior...
The Twilight Zone of Consumers' Brains. the Relevance of Expenditure on Advertising on Micro and Macro Levels
ABSTRACT.Continuously exposed, day in day out, to commercials of all kinds, we cannot understand why their authors expect us to remember anything! What are the factors that make some information come to our awareness directly, and some go unnoticed?...
The Typology of Crime and Punishment in Romania and China
ABSTRACT.The article is aimed at presenting an analysis of the punishment system of crimes in Romania and China. The authors have conducted a wide research based on the punishment and law systems in China with a comparison with the Romanian juridical...
Transformational Leadership Behavior in Public Sector Organizations
ABSTRACT.The material gathered in this study provides a rich and diverse context for understanding leadership involvement in socialization processes, leadership's impact on subordinates and organizations, effective leadership in collaborative settings,...
Unique Identification Project for 1.2 Billion People in India: Can It Fill Institutional Voids and Enable 'Inclusive' Innovation?
ABSTRACT.India has no equivalent of a social security number and more than 400 millions of poor suffer in the hands of the existing corrupt system because they are unable to participate in the formal economy. In a nation that is struggling to meet basic...
Women's Rights in Islam
ABSTRACT.Although Koran and the Islamic law (Sharia) refer specifically to the situation and statute of women, these issues have always been present and they are still debated and debatable from many points of view but particularly when reported to the...
World Population - Accelerator or Brake in Development?
ABSTRACT.The aim of this paper is to provide some answers to the question whether the world population can be regarded as an accelerator, or, on the contrary, a brake in development. Our analysis starts from the present reality, namely the fact that...
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