Current Research in Psychology


Vol. 6, No. 2, 2015

The Role of Perspective-Taking on Ability to Recognize Fear
IntroductionFacial emotion recognition, the ability to accurately identify and interpret facial expressions emerges early in life and is crucial for effective social interaction. Impaired facial emotion recognition has been observed in neurological and...
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Can Health Status and Self-Esteem Predict Gratitude in Adult Females?
IntroductionThe field of psychology has primarily tended to focus on the disease model when treating impairment to human functioning (Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). This model emphasises human psychopathology and abnormalities, while failing to...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, 2015

Understanding Preferences for Nature Based and Sustainable Tourism: The Role of Personal Values and General and Specific Environmental Attitudes
IntroductionTourism is a resource-consuming activity which contributes around 5% to global (CO2) emissions (UNWTO, 2007). "The huge infrastructural and resource demands of tourism (e.g., water consumption, waste generation and energy use) can have severe...
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Mental Health Problems and Coping among Flood Victims in Ghana: A Comparative Study of Victims and Non-Victims
IntroductionIn Africa, flood has often been the challenge confronting most countries over years as a result of various natural and human activities. For example, in 2009, several West African countries such as Senegal, Burkina Faso, Benin and Ghana were...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, 2014

Treatment for Anorexia Nervosa: Are We Missing the Mark?
Eating Disorders (EDs) are serious psychological conditions where attitudes toward food, weight and body size or shape become distorted and severe disturbances in eating or exercise behaviours often occur (Fairburn and Harrison, 2003). In a categorical...
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Exposure to "Textisms" Does Not Lower Spelling Scores for Elementary School Aged Children
ABSTRACT"Textisms" are semi-standardized abbreviations and conventions uses in SMS text messaging. Students in the fourth and fifth grades (N = 136) were exposed to words on a spelling list as correctly-spelled words, incorrectly-spelled words, or "textisms"...
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Investigating the Role of Dispositional Mindfulness as a Protective Factor for Body Image Dissatisfaction among Women
ABSTRACTBody image dissatisfaction, which is increasing as an issue for women, can diminish quality of life with negative psychological consequences. The relationship between internalizing the thin body ideal and the development of body image dissatisfaction...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, 2014

A Feasibility Study: Emotional Freedom Techniques for Depression in Australian Adults
ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility of using Clinical Emotional Freedom Techniques (EFT) to treat Major Depressive Disorder in an adult population by way of a therapeutic group setting. Adults were assigned to EFT group...
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Psychological Intervention Including Emotional Freedom Techniques for an Adult with Motor Vehicle Accident Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Study
ABSTRACTPosttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a significant public health concern and can have long-term emotional, social and financial consequences for individuals and society. Lifetime prevalence in the general population is estimated at 8% and...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, 2013

Effects of Competing Lexical Distracters in a Visual Search Task
ABSTRACTStudies have shown that distracters that are relevant to a target can negatively affect visual search performance. Recent studies have looked at performance when targets are embedded within a distracter. Various factors have been explored such...
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The Relationship between Self Compassion and Emotional Intelligence for University Students
ABSTRACTThe purposes of the present study were: (1) To adapt an Arabic version of self-compassion scale and (2) to examine the relationship between self compassion and emotional intelligence for university students and (3) to explore the differences...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, 2013

Mood and Food Cravings in Overweight and Obese Australian Adults: Clues to Treatment in Food Diaries
ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to examine food diaries from 89 female overweight and obese adults participating in a treatment trial for food cravings. For two weeks prior to beginning treatment and for the duration of the four-week treatment,...
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ABSTRACTFreezing behavior is a fearful reaction to specific stimuli, most commonly observed by animals. One of the neurotransmission system most consistently linked with fear response is the GABAergic system, in which GABA through GABAa receptor can...
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Vol. 3, No. 2, 2012

The Explanatory Power of Adverse Relationship Experiences in Predicting Neuroticism
ABSTRACTPositive correlations have been detected consistently between adverse relationship experiences (i.e., traumatic interpersonal events such as intimate partner violence) and a broad range of mental health disorders (e.g., depression). However,...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, 2012

A Theory of the Mind as a Complex System
ABSTRACTFive principles of skill acquisition are presented based on a review of research on human learning and expertise. Essentially these principles state that practice leads to faster and more efficient uses of knowledge. This enables faster performance...
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Preventing Injuries Via Innovative Investigations: Reviewing Dangerous Driving Research Methods
ABSTRACTDangerous driving behavior is particularly difficult to study for many reasons. Researchers must be creative to capture meaningful data, but innovative techniques often meet with problems that might be solved through the broader use by others....
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Gender Differences in Cognitive Abilites
ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to examine whether gender differences in Visual Selective Attention, Working Memory, Anticipation Time, Auditory Reaction Time and Visual-Motor Coordination performance existed. Forty eight students at Assiut university...
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Effects of Stimulus Onset Asynchrony on Parafoveal Presentation of Homographs
ABSTRACTRecent research in word recognition has found a benefit for right parafoveal presentation. This asymmetrical finding has lead to a need to reexamine previous research in foveal-parafoveal word processing. This study reexamined previous research...
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