Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review

Articles

Vol. 34, No. 2, June

The Effect of Mass Media on Women's Reproductive Health Behaviour in Ethiopia
1.BACKGROUNDEthiopian women face multi-dimensional reproductive health problems. Maternal mortality is one of the daunting challenges of the country (Koblinsky et al. 2010). Despite reduction of maternal deaths from 871 per 100,000 live births in 2000...
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Political Economy of Urban Housing Poverty and Slum Development in Nigeria
1.INTRODUCTIONPolitical economy deals with the allocation of scarce resources not only among competing ends, but also among competing people (Boyce, 2002). The distribution of resources is treated as a peripheral issue in much of economics, but in political...
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Interface between Formal and Informal Systems of Horizontal Accountability in Kenya's State-Owned Enterprises 1
1.INTRODUCTIONAccountability is a core function of democratic government. When in place, it ensures that public officials account for their actions and decisions, so as to guarantee government initiatives meet their stated objectives and respond to the...
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Smallholder Maize Varietal Choice and Implications on Food Grain Supply and Incomes: Evidence from Semi-Arid Areas in Southern-Eastern Zimbabwe
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONEver since the first maize hybrid was developed and released onto the market in the 1960s, the maize seed sector has been an important contributor to seed sovereignty and security in Zimbabwe (Friis-Hansen...
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Information Communication Technology and Bank Profitability: Evidence from Ethiopia
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.INTRODUCTIONInformation communication technology (ICT) is used in many sectors. However, the financial sector is one of the economic sectors which use ICT intensively. Arnaboldi and Claeys (2008) explained that...
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The 2013 Constitutional Reform and the Protection of Women's Rights in Zimbabwe
1.INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUNDSince independence in 1980, Zimbabwe was governed by the Lancaster House Constitution, a document that was part of a negotiated settlement between the white Rhodesian government, the British government and a coalition of...
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Vol. 34, No. 1, January

Cultural Capital and Students' Academic Performance: The Case of Ethiopian Higher Educational Institutions
1.INTRODUCTIONInequality in educational opportunity features at all levels of the Ethiopian school system but sores to its peak at institutions of higher learning (Kehoe, 1962; Seyoum, 1986; Balsvick, 2007; Habtamu, 2004, 2009; Saint, 2004; UNESCO, 2011)....
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Teacher Gender Preferences of All-Boys, All-Girls, and Mixed-Sex School Students in Addis Ababa
1. BACKGROUND TO THE PROBLEMIf the society willingly paints a consequential image on boys and girls, how effective can an educational system be to erase the images of the society it is serving and how strong can a teacher be to challenge the institutional...
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Early Childhood Care and Education (Ecce) in Ethiopia: Developments, Research, and Implications
1.INTRODUCTION'Early Childhood Care and Education' (ECCE) is an umbrella term3 (UNESCO, 2002) used for all interventions, services, and support (Britto et al., 2012 in UNESCO, 2002) to children aged eight years and below (Committee on the Rights of the...
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Pathways of Livelihood Transformation among Borana of Southern Ethiopia
1.INTRODUCTIONPastoralism is the centuries old industry of the people in the Horn of Africa. However, pastoralism as a way of life has become the focus of social research agenda since the 1960s (Lewis, 1961; Mond, 1975; Baxter, 1975 and Helland, 1980)....
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Experiences of Gender Based Violence among Refugee Populations in Uganda: Evidence from Four Refugee Camps
1.INTRODUCTIONGender Based Violence (GBV) is part of the hard realities of being a refugee. This obtains from loss of power and a lack of control over assets, social networks and process [1-3] which increases vulnerability [4]. This is even worse when...
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Human Resource Development Climate in Higher Education Institutions in Ethiopia: Empirical Analysis on Selected Public Universities
1.INTRODUCTIONHuman resource development (HRD) is concerned with the provision of learning, development and training opportunities in order to improve individual, team and institutional performance. HRD is essentially a business-led approach to developing...
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The Role of Productive Safety Net Programme (Psnp) in Improving Female-Headed Households' Food Security: The Case of Enebsie Sar Midir District of the Amhara Region, Ethiopia
1.INTRODUCTIONPresently, more than one billion people worldwide are undernourished of which 98% are found in developing countries (Svedberg, 2013; Zerihun and Getachew, 2013). Seven countries (Bangladesh, China, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia,...
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The Impact of Irrigation on Poverty Reduction and Food Security at the Household Level in South Wollo, Ethiopia
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.INTRODUCTION1.1.Background of the StudyAgriculture is the mainstay of the Ethiopian economy. It provides more than 85% of the employment, 90% of total export, 42% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and it is...
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The Urban Informal Economy in Ethiopia: Theory and Empirical Evidence
1.INTRODUCTIONThe urban informal sector, currently known more popularly as the informal economy, has evolved different conceptualizations and hence has been known by various names. Despite its conceptual evolution, its existence has been prominent.During...
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Emerging Regions in Ethiopia: Are They Catching Up with the Rest of Ethiopia?
1.INTRODUCTIONRegional development covers a wide range of economic policy issues which include efficiency and equity objectives. The efficiency objective addresses the optimal utilization of scarce factor inputs while the equity objective deals with...
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Students' Experience and Attitude towards Corporal Punishment in the Elementary Schools of the Central Zone of Tigray Region in Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTIONThe history of corporal punishment (CP) of children as a disciplinary measure is presumed to be as old as human history. In most African countries, CP is uncritically accepted and viewed as a valuable tool to teach children such central...
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Vol. 33, No. 2, June

The Association between Brand Equity and Customer Store Selection in Zimbabwean Fast Foods Industry
1.INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND1.1. IntroductionThis paper examines the impact of brand equity on customer store selection in the fast foods industry of Zimbabwe. The increase in companies in the fast foods industry in Zimbabwe has intensified competition...
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Analysis of Media Role in Bridging the Information Gap for Environmentally Sustainable Development in Zimbabwe
1.INTRODUCTIONThere is an ongoing international debate about the importance of mass media in fostering peace and sustainable development in nations. What is fundamentally agreed on in various studies is that in whatever manner mass media conduct their...
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Dynamics of Fresh Produce Marketing in Small-Scale Irrigation Schemes: Challenges and Opportunities for Smallholder Farmers in South Africa
1.INTRODUCTIONSmallholder farmers in irrigation schemes are able to produce crops for their subsistence needs and for sale. The irrigation water provides a buffer against the risk of rain-fed agriculture that the majority of smallholder farmers depend....
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Commercial Uses of Sweet Potatoes, a Missing Link to Community Development: A Case Study of Rural Zimbabwe
1.INTRODUCTIONThe economic well-being of a country is, in most cases, reflected by the level of development found in its rural areas. Many countries are taking cognizance of this fact and prioritising rural areas in terms of availing financial and human...
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The Role of Prophecy in Zimbabwean Socio-Economic Transformation: The Case of Ezekiel Guti
1.INTRODUCTIONThe mushrooming of prophets amidst economic crisis in Zimbabwe over the decade has left many people baffled with most questioning the credibility of these prophetic figures. Prophetic movement in Zimbabwe has been subject to scholarly permutations....
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The Informal Apprenticeship Miracle: A Case for Mbare-Magaba Informal Industry, Zimbabwe
1.INTRODUCTIONThe socio-economic crises in Zimbabwe had serious consequences on the formal industry and education system. Such crises could have been caused by political as well as social reforms that saw the foreign-owned companies closing shops (Kanyenze...
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Vol. 33, No. 1, January

The Constitutional Court Ruling against Child Marriages in Zimbabwe: A Landmark Decision for Advancing the Rights of the Girl Child
1.INTRODUCTIONChild marriage or early child marriage refers to any marriage carried out with and by persons below 18 years of age. Anyone below 18 years is a child, and is physiologically and physically not ready for childbearing, and even to shoulder...
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The Accuracy of Demographic Data in the Ethiopian Censuses
1.INTRODUCTIONStudying the size, growth and characteristics of human populations has a long history. It was recorded that census-like operations had been conducted by the Babylonians as early as 3800 BC and by the Egyptians in 1400 B.C. Nevertheless,...
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Industrial Development Finance in Sudan: An Empirical Investigation, 1990 – 2013
1.INTRODUCTIONFinance is an instrument for stimulating the development and expansion of the home market, for shaping the pattern of production and distribution, and accelerating economic growth as a whole. There are various sources of financing for development,...
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Interrogating Religious Plurality and Separation of State and Religion in Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTION1.1.BackgroundChristianity was introduced to Ethiopia in the 4th century C.E. by Egyptian and Syrian missionaries, which led to the conversion of King Ezana (Doresse, 1959; Ullendorff 1960; Zewde 1991)/ Since then, the Ethiopian Orthodox...
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Decentralisation and Local Government Reforms in Africa: Challenges, Opportunities and the Way Forward
1.INTRODUCTIONCapable, responsive and inclusive government is a prerequisite for development (Mutume 2005). In this regard, significant changes are taking place in a number of countries in Africa to reposition existing governance structure for efficient...
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Vol. 32, No. 2, June

Political Trajectories of Ethiopia's Post-1991 Agrarian Transformation Efforts
1. INTRODUCTIONThis article examines the major political and economic underpinnings associated with Ethiopia's agricultural transformation endeavours in general and the urge for enhancing the performance of smallholder farming communities in particular.1.1....
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Policy and Regulatory Challenges Militating against the Development of Youth-Owned Micro- and Small-Enterprises in Ethiopia
1.INTRODUCTIONThe role of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) in providing employment opportunities and boosting entrepreneurship and innovation has attracted attention of policymakers and other stakeholders. MSEs serve as important sources for job opportunities...
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Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Bahir Dar University Undergraduate Students towards Environmental Issues
1. INTRODUCTIONEthiopia aims to attain middle-income country status by 2025, by implementing green economy strategy. Towards that end, the country has sustained a record of strong economic growth during the last decade, which makes it one of the fastest...
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Vol. 32, No. 1, January

Growing Up Too Fast: Rural Children Working in Addis Ababa
1. INTRODUCTIONRural poverty has been an issue of discussion and a topic of research in Ethiopia for quite some time now. The majority of the Ethiopian population (about 83.3%) lives in rural areas (Central Statistical Agency-_CSA 2008), depending on...
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Understanding the Sources of Exchange Rate Fluctuation in Sudan
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONManaging competitive and stable exchange rate has been an important goal of macroeconomic policy. Indeed, since the breakdown of Breton Woods' system of fixed exchange rate regime and the starting...
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Sustaining Smallholder Farmers' Livelihoods through Rainfall-Deficit-Index-Based Crop Insurance in Drought-Prone Areas: Lessons from Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTIONFarming is a financially risky business. On a daily basis, farmers in general and smallholder farmers in particular are confronted with an ever-changing landscape of possible price, yield, and other outcomes that affect their financial...
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(Re)building Livelihoods of Communities Confronting HIV and Aids in Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTIONIn Africa, HIV is primarily a sexually-transmitted disease; yet livelihood security and economic status are important determinants of its prevalence and spread. Beyond infection risks, these factors also shape AIDS' impact on and outcomes...
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Land Use and Land Cover Changes in the Commercial Farming Region of Chiredzi District, Zimbabwe
1. INTRODUCTIONZimbabwe is one of the few sugar producers in the world operating well inland from the coast, and production relies on irrigation rather than annual rainfall. This has necessitated the monitoring of the land use and land cover dynamics...
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Vol. 31, No. 2, June

Trade Intensity Analysis of South Africa - Bric Economic Relations
1. INTRODUCTIONThe idea of the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) started in 2001; but it was 10 years later that South Africa became involved in the activities of the group, resulting in the new acronym BRICS. The highlight of the country's participation...
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From Migration Regime to Regional Citizenry: Migration and Identity Implications of the East African Common Market
INTRODUCTIONWhat are the likely implications, for intraregional migration, of the East African Community (EAC)1 Common Market (CM) when States implement the CM Protocol's provisions? I answer this question here. The CM is rooted in a long history of...
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Academic Stress and Coping Strategies among Students with Disabilities in Addis Ababa University
1. INTRODUCTIONA transition from least to most responsibility, dependence to independence, control to freedom, a new student life in a university places unprecedented demands on a youngster. The challenges awaiting students in universities are multiple...
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Vol. 31, No. 1, January

Development Aid, Agricultural Value Chains and Farmers' Benefits: The Case of Vanilla Growers in Kasese, Uganda
1. INTRODUCTIONUganda receives an annual average of 1.65 trillion dollars in development aid from development partners (World Bank 2014). This translates into 17-25 per cent of the country's budget revenue (KPMG 2013). Most of this money, however, goes...
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Gender Differences in the Migration of Zimbabwean Teachers to South Africa
1. INTRODUCTIONA large number of African women now migrate in order to meet their economic needs rather than to join husbands and families (Diop and D'Aloisio [n.d.]). In the past, migration was considered as "an act by single, male labourers looking...
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The Situation of Street Children in Selected Cities of South Sudan: Magnitude, Causes, and Effects
1. INTRODUCTIONChildren are obviously the hope of a society and humanity. Through children, societies reproduce themselves, establish nexus with successive generations and thereby keep the wheel rolling. However, children are not people of tomorrow alone....
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Socio-Ecological Characterization of Forest Ecosystem Health in the South-Western Mau Forest Reserve, Kenya
1. INTRODUCTIONKenya is endowed with priceless natural areas including natural closed canopy forests, which serve as habitats for plant and animal species of global importance, including wildlife and birds of migratory importance within the region (Whitemore...
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Vol. 30, No. 2, June

The East African Community Integration Process and Economic Growth of Member Countries
1. INTRODUCTIONRegional trade arrangements are increasingly becoming an instrumental element in promoting global trade and foreign direct investment. It was estimated that between 50 and 60 per cent of global trade around the mid 2000s used to benefit...
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Knowledge Acquisition and Diffusion in Small-Firm Clusters in Zimbabwe: A Complexity Theory Approach
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND TO THE STUDYA survey of the six largest cities in Zimbabwe (see Table 1) shows that by May 2013 Zimbabwe had an extensive network of small furniture-making firms located in densely...
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Child Work and Schooling in Butajira and Its Vicinity: Beliefs and Practices
BACKGROUND TO THE PROBLEMThe idea of work as part of childhood training has a very long history. Since long ago, parents bring up their children, especially daughters, by assigning them tasks to perform in the house. Instruction in doing these things...
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The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Fisheries Management Systems in Kenya: The Case of Lake Victoria
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONThe need for fisheries management stems from the fact that fisheries resources are common property. It is known that such resources will be over-exploited and possibly irreversible unless subject...
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Contraceptive Use among HIV-Infected Women Attending Treatment and Care at Yirgalem Hospital, Southern Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTIONEthiopia has an established generalized human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic with infection occurring predominantly through sexual transmission. Data from the 2005 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) show the national...
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Traditional Medical Practices and the Underlying Beliefs Therein in Women's Reproductive Healthcare in Damot Woyde District of Wolaytta Zone in Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region, Ethiopia
Abstract:Indigenous medicine, its importance and expenditure are fast increasing in many parts of the world, predominantly in developing countries. Though traditional medicine encompasses a number of healthcare problems, this study was conducted with...
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Vol. 30, No. 1, January

The Effects of Oil Price Volatility on the Sudanese Economy
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONSince the first oil price shock of the 1970s, the impact of oil price volatility on economic performance has continued to be an important issue for researchers and policy makers. Despite extensive...
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Effects of Socio-Economic Status and Food Consumption Pattern on Household Energy Uses: Implications for Forest Resource Degradation and Reforestation around Wondo Genet Catchments, South-Central Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTIONA large number of people in developing countries depend on biomass fuel for cooking and space heating. Biomass fuel accounts for 10% of all human energy demand of which wood fuel contributes two-third of household energy uses (Cabraal,...
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South-South versus North-South Trade Linkages: A Case Study of Ethiopia and Implications for the Country's Industrial Development
Abstract:This article examines Ethiopia's trade with the North versus the South and uses the trade patterns that emerge to derive policy implications for the country's industrial development. Descriptive statistics in the form of tables and figures are...
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Regional Peace and Security Co-Operation under the Intergovernmental Authority on Development: Development and Challenges
1. INTRODUCTIONIt is now two decades since the regional organization, i.e. Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), came into reality. There are three distinguishable periods of IGAD's activity in peace and security. The first period was the...
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Democracy, Democratic Institutions and Good Governance in Nigeria
1. INTRODUCTIONIn 1960, when Nigeria attained political independence from Britain under a democratic parliamentary system, there was high hope as to the nation's ability to lead other African countries in the area of proper democratic governance, considering...
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Vol. 29, No. 2, June

Fossil Fuel and Food Tax Incidence in Ethiopia
Abstract:Most studies suggest that environmental taxes are regressive, making them less attractive policy options. The general objective of this paper is to analyze and compare fossil fuel and food tax incidence in Ethiopia in different expenditure groups...
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Teachers' Expectations on Academic Achievement and Social Skills and Behaviour of Students with Emotional and Behavioural Disorders
Abstract:Teachers' expectations on academic achievement and social skills and behaviour of students with emotional and behavioural disorders were the core of inquiry of this study. A sample of 171 first cycle secondary school teachers drawn following...
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Partners for Progress and Modernization: Rise and Fall of United States of America's Soft-Power Relations with Ethiopia
Abstract:This is a brief historical analysis of U.S. -Ethiopian relations for progress and modernization that lasted for more than 70 years and produced many tangible and significant outcomes for the benefit of both countries. What began as people-to-people...
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Ethnic Conflict, Interaction and Cohabitation in Africa: The Case of Nuer and Anuak
Abstract:The historical root of the Anuak-Nuer conflict and interaction can be traced back to the eastward expansion of the eastern Jikany Nuer groups. The findings suggest that conflicts and interactions between two groups aggravated and shaped by the...
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Sub-Saharan Africa Electricity Supply Inadequacy: Implications
Abstract:Africa has many electricity supply problems with major causes being natural causes (drought), oil price shock, system disruption by conflict, and low investment in electricity generation. To solve the problem, many countries adopted several...
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Vol. 29, No. 1, January

"Nigiina "S as Coping Mechanisms of Peri-Urban Low-Income Mothers in Kampala, Uganda
Abstract:Low-income mothers face a number of challenges that evolve around poverty, isolation, powerlessness, and vulnerability. The main objective of this study was to examine the contributions of nigiina associations, which are informal gift giving...
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The Influence of Organisational Culture and Job Satisfaction on Intentions to Leave: The Case of Clay Brick Manufacturing Company in Lesotho
Abstract:Employee turnover or retention has dominated the research agenda and attracted practitioners' attention for decades. Previous research has, however, suffered from lack of macro perspective in understanding employee turnover in organizations....
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Feminisation of Gender Budgeting: An Uphill Task for Zimbabwe
Abstract:This paper analyses gender budgeting initiatives in Zimbabwe from 2008 when the Gender Budget Circular Call mandating all ministries to mainstream gender in their programmes and budgets came into effect. In order to analyse national budgets...
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The Panacea and Perfidy of Cultural Rites of Circumcision in African Countries: Examples from Kenya, Botswana and South Africa
Abstract:Cultural rites can be a panacea when the immense social capital embedded in them is taken stock of as well as they can be a perfidy when all the retrogressive aspects they constitute are taken into consideration. The aim and objective of this...
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Vol. 28, No. 2, June

Market Access and Livelihood Diversification in Rural Ethiopia: Evidence from Kewot Woreda of North Shewa
Abstract:The aim of this study was to examine the relation between market access and livelihood diversification in rural areas of Kewet woreda (district) in North Shewa. The data for the study were gathered through farm household survey. The Logit Regression...
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An Analysis of Organisational Commitment by Academic Professionals in Tertiary Institutions in Zimbabwe
Abstract:The aim of this study was to investigate organisational commitment in the era of the new psychological contract, or the psychological environment created by an economic down tum in Zimbabwe. The psychological contract that exists between employees...
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The Synergistic Effects of Socio-Economic Factors on the Risk of HIV Infection: A Comparative Study of Two Sub-Cities En Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Abstract:This paper attempts to explore the relationship between HIV/AIDS knowledge, risk factors perception and the risk of HIV infection in Ethiopia. The study used a comparative approach and both primary (quantitative and qualitative) and secondary...
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Vol. 28, No. 1, January

Hegemony from Domestic Dominance to Global Empire
Abstract:This paper provides an assessment of why hegemony is difficult to roll back, employing a Marxist approach built upon the work of Robert W. Cox on Gramscian hegemony. It traces the evolution of international hegemony and demonstrates how it sustains...
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Water Infrastructure and Food Security Linkages En Three Selected Regions of Ethiopia
Abstract:Access to water infrastructure reduces the exposure of people to a variety of diseases that obstruct the intake and utilization of food. In addition, it can reduce the time of hauling water by women, thereby increasing their productivity and...
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The Dynamics of Land Transaction Practices among the Karrayu Pastoralists in the Upper Awash Valley of Ethiopia: The Cases of Abadir and Merti Communities
Abstract:The pastoral mode of adaptation in the Awash Valley region of Ethiopia has long been under increasing pressure and stress as a result of manmade and ecological factors. The expansion of large-scale irrigation agriculture and conservation schemes...
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