Eastern Africa Social Science Research Review

Articles

Vol. 32, No. 2, June

Knowledge, Attitudes and Practice of Bahir Dar University Undergraduate Students towards Environmental Issues
1. INTRODUCTIONEthiopia aims to attain middle-income country status by 2025, by implementing green economy strategy. Towards that end, the country has sustained a record of strong economic growth during the last decade, which makes it one of the fastest...
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Quality of Interpretation Services and Its Implications in Creating Inclusive Classrooms for Deaf Preparatory School Students
1.INTRODUCTIONDeaf learners are those whose primary communication mode is in sign language and have limited access to the hearing world. Due to inclusive education policy, the provision of education for deaf learners is increasingly in the mainstream...
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Roles of the Economic Community of West African States in the Struggle against Insurgencies in Mali and Nigeria: A Critical Review
1. INTRODUCTIONThe Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) initially focused on economic cooperation and subsequently assumed broader political and security functions. These security functions run the gamut of the raison d'etre of the Community...
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Political Trajectories of Ethiopia's Post-1991 Agrarian Transformation Efforts
1. INTRODUCTIONThis article examines the major political and economic underpinnings associated with Ethiopia's agricultural transformation endeavours in general and the urge for enhancing the performance of smallholder farming communities in particular.1.1....
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Policy and Regulatory Challenges Militating against the Development of Youth-Owned Micro- and Small-Enterprises in Ethiopia
1.INTRODUCTIONThe role of Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) in providing employment opportunities and boosting entrepreneurship and innovation has attracted attention of policymakers and other stakeholders. MSEs serve as important sources for job opportunities...
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The Description of Colour Terms in Ethiopian Languages
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)1.INTRODUCTIONThe study of colour terms: their nomenclature, typology and categorisation, has attracted the attention of linguists, psychologists and anthropologists for over a century now. The early studies...
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Vol. 32, No. 1, January

Growing Up Too Fast: Rural Children Working in Addis Ababa
1. INTRODUCTIONRural poverty has been an issue of discussion and a topic of research in Ethiopia for quite some time now. The majority of the Ethiopian population (about 83.3%) lives in rural areas (Central Statistical Agency-_CSA 2008), depending on...
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Understanding the Sources of Exchange Rate Fluctuation in Sudan
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1. INTRODUCTIONManaging competitive and stable exchange rate has been an important goal of macroeconomic policy. Indeed, since the breakdown of Breton Woods' system of fixed exchange rate regime and the starting...
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Sustaining Smallholder Farmers' Livelihoods through Rainfall-Deficit-Index-Based Crop Insurance in Drought-Prone Areas: Lessons from Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTIONFarming is a financially risky business. On a daily basis, farmers in general and smallholder farmers in particular are confronted with an ever-changing landscape of possible price, yield, and other outcomes that affect their financial...
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(Re)building Livelihoods of Communities Confronting HIV and Aids in Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTIONIn Africa, HIV is primarily a sexually-transmitted disease; yet livelihood security and economic status are important determinants of its prevalence and spread. Beyond infection risks, these factors also shape AIDS' impact on and outcomes...
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Rural Livelihood Diversification and Its Effects on Household Food Security: A Case Study at Damota Gale Woreda, Wolayta, Southern Ethiopia
1. INTRODUCTIONIn Ethiopia, agriculture is the main source of overall economic growth; it is also the dominant economic activity of the rural people which is about 83 per cent of the total population (Population Census Commission 2008), and contributes...
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Land Use and Land Cover Changes in the Commercial Farming Region of Chiredzi District, Zimbabwe
1. INTRODUCTIONZimbabwe is one of the few sugar producers in the world operating well inland from the coast, and production relies on irrigation rather than annual rainfall. This has necessitated the monitoring of the land use and land cover dynamics...
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Vol. 31, No. 2, June

Trade Intensity Analysis of South Africa - Bric Economic Relations
1. INTRODUCTIONThe idea of the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) started in 2001; but it was 10 years later that South Africa became involved in the activities of the group, resulting in the new acronym BRICS. The highlight of the country's participation...
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From Migration Regime to Regional Citizenry: Migration and Identity Implications of the East African Common Market
INTRODUCTIONWhat are the likely implications, for intraregional migration, of the East African Community (EAC)1 Common Market (CM) when States implement the CM Protocol's provisions? I answer this question here. The CM is rooted in a long history of...
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"I Know How to Handle My Husband": Intra-Household Decision Making and Urban Food Production in Kenya
1. INTRODUCTIONIn their efforts to regenerate, sustain or improve household livelihoods in light of external shocks and stresses, people deploy and manage the assets they command in multiple and diverse ways and combinations, sometimes involving complex...
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Academic Stress and Coping Strategies among Students with Disabilities in Addis Ababa University
1. INTRODUCTIONA transition from least to most responsibility, dependence to independence, control to freedom, a new student life in a university places unprecedented demands on a youngster. The challenges awaiting students in universities are multiple...
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Vol. 31, No. 1, January

Development Aid, Agricultural Value Chains and Farmers' Benefits: The Case of Vanilla Growers in Kasese, Uganda
Abstract: This article assesses farmers' benefits from a donor-funded programme that promoted non-traditional agricultural export crops, specifically vanilla and hot pepper. Data was obtained from a survey of 125 famers from eight farmers' associations...
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Determinants of Household Participation in Land Rental Markets in Amigna District, Arsi Zone of Oromiya Region, Ethiopia
Abstract: This study examines factors affecting household participation and intensity of the participation in land rental markets using data collected from 118 households. Results revealed that landholding and age of the household heads are important...
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Gender Differences in the Migration of Zimbabwean Teachers to South Africa
Abstract: This paper explored the extent to which Zimbabwean professional women have joined the formal sector of South Africa and the determinants of their migration in large or small numbers. It is based on a questionnaire survey conducted in 2012 and...
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The Situation of Street Children in Selected Cities of South Sudan: Magnitude, Causes, and Effects
Abstract: Although international declarations upholding children's rights for survival and development were already enshrined in the domestic laws and policies of South Sudan, the reality on the ground appears to depict that scores of children in streets...
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Socio-Ecological Characterization of Forest Ecosystem Health in the South-Western Mau Forest Reserve, Kenya
Abstract: Assessment and documentation of the status of ecosystem health and analysis of the effects of human-induced changes on a Kenyan montane natural forest, characterized by a human-dominated landscape, were done. A socioeconomic assessment of the...
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Vol. 30, No. 2, June

The East African Community Integration Process and Economic Growth of Member Countries
Abstract:This study investigated the effects of East African Community integration process on economic growth of member countries. A panel data was used and generalized least square technique employed. The results show that trade within the East African...
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Knowledge Acquisition and Diffusion in Small-Firm Clusters in Zimbabwe: A Complexity Theory Approach
Abstract:The purpose of this study was to establish the reasons behind the apparent success of small firms located in geographical clusters. The study proposes that small firms located in geographical clusters are collectively more efficient than other...
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Child Work and Schooling in Butajira and Its Vicinity: Beliefs and Practices
Abstract:Although some studies show that work keeps young people away from school, others suggest that income from work covers school expenses and makes schooling possible. The major purpose of this study was to examine child work and schooling in the...
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The Cost-Benefit Analysis of Fisheries Management Systems in Kenya: The Case of Lake Victoria
Abstract:Fisheries management costs are widely becoming issues used to choose among policy objectives. We provide simple calculations by drawing on the experience from Lake Victoria fisheries. The study applied costbenefit analysis based on the transaction...
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Contraceptive Use among HIV-Infected Women Attending Treatment and Care at Yirgalem Hospital, Southern Ethiopia
Abstract:Despite political endorsement for integration of family planning and HIV-AIDS prevention and control services in Ethiopia, little is known about family planning use; patterns of methods used and associated factors among women with HIV infection....
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Traditional Medical Practices and the Underlying Beliefs Therein in Women's Reproductive Healthcare in Damot Woyde District of Wolaytta Zone in Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region, Ethiopia
Abstract:Indigenous medicine, its importance and expenditure are fast increasing in many parts of the world, predominantly in developing countries. Though traditional medicine encompasses a number of healthcare problems, this study was conducted with...
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Vol. 30, No. 1, January

The Effects of Oil Price Volatility on the Sudanese Economy
Abstract:After the oil exploitation in 1999, Sudan has relied primarily on oil revenues, which rendered its economy highly vulnerable to the international oil price shocks. This study examines the dynamic impact of crude oil price fluctuations on the...
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Effects of Socio-Economic Status and Food Consumption Pattern on Household Energy Uses: Implications for Forest Resource Degradation and Reforestation around Wondo Genet Catchments, South-Central Ethiopia
Abstract:Past studies on household energy use paid less attention to the effect of socio-economic status and food consumption pattern on household energy consumption. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of socio-economic status...
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Measuring the Statutory Independence of Sub-Saharan Africa Central Banks
Abstract:This study evaluated the degree of legal independence of 14 Sub-Saharan Africa central banks using the CWN (1992) approach. Central bank independence, i.e. freedom from political pressure in the conduct of monetary policy, is an attempt to overcome...
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South-South versus North-South Trade Linkages: A Case Study of Ethiopia and Implications for the Country's Industrial Development
Abstract:This article examines Ethiopia's trade with the North versus the South and uses the trade patterns that emerge to derive policy implications for the country's industrial development. Descriptive statistics in the form of tables and figures are...
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Regional Peace and Security Co-Operation under the Intergovernmental Authority on Development: Development and Challenges
Abstract:This article is an attempt to contribute to the debate related to the effectiveness of regional organizations as forums of security cooperation. Realists argue that there is no substantive role for regional organizations in conflict prevention...
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Democracy, Democratic Institutions and Good Governance in Nigeria
Abstract:Scholars such as Badru (2005), Im (2005), Babawale (2006), Mimiko (2007), and Oddih (2007) have argued that democracy is required in a society because it enhances good governance and development. With the analysis of secondary data, the paper...
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Vol. 29, No. 2, June

Fossil Fuel and Food Tax Incidence in Ethiopia
Abstract:Most studies suggest that environmental taxes are regressive, making them less attractive policy options. The general objective of this paper is to analyze and compare fossil fuel and food tax incidence in Ethiopia in different expenditure groups...
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Analysis of Vulnerability to Food Insecurity in Drought-Prone Areas of the Amhara Region of Ethiopia: Case Study in Lay Gaint Woreda
Abstract:Vulnerability to food insecurity is a major social and economic problem in drought-prone areas of Ethiopia. A range of factors from physical environmental circumstances to policy and institutions-related issues determine food security outcomes...
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Teachers' Expectations on Academic Achievement and Social Skills and Behaviour of Students with Emotional and Behavioural Disorders
Abstract:Teachers' expectations on academic achievement and social skills and behaviour of students with emotional and behavioural disorders were the core of inquiry of this study. A sample of 171 first cycle secondary school teachers drawn following...
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Partners for Progress and Modernization: Rise and Fall of United States of America's Soft-Power Relations with Ethiopia
Abstract:This is a brief historical analysis of U.S. -Ethiopian relations for progress and modernization that lasted for more than 70 years and produced many tangible and significant outcomes for the benefit of both countries. What began as people-to-people...
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Ethnic Conflict, Interaction and Cohabitation in Africa: The Case of Nuer and Anuak
Abstract:The historical root of the Anuak-Nuer conflict and interaction can be traced back to the eastward expansion of the eastern Jikany Nuer groups. The findings suggest that conflicts and interactions between two groups aggravated and shaped by the...
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Sub-Saharan Africa Electricity Supply Inadequacy: Implications
Abstract:Africa has many electricity supply problems with major causes being natural causes (drought), oil price shock, system disruption by conflict, and low investment in electricity generation. To solve the problem, many countries adopted several...
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Vol. 29, No. 1, January

"Nigiina "S as Coping Mechanisms of Peri-Urban Low-Income Mothers in Kampala, Uganda
Abstract:Low-income mothers face a number of challenges that evolve around poverty, isolation, powerlessness, and vulnerability. The main objective of this study was to examine the contributions of nigiina associations, which are informal gift giving...
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The Influence of Organisational Culture and Job Satisfaction on Intentions to Leave: The Case of Clay Brick Manufacturing Company in Lesotho
Abstract:Employee turnover or retention has dominated the research agenda and attracted practitioners' attention for decades. Previous research has, however, suffered from lack of macro perspective in understanding employee turnover in organizations....
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Feminisation of Gender Budgeting: An Uphill Task for Zimbabwe
Abstract:This paper analyses gender budgeting initiatives in Zimbabwe from 2008 when the Gender Budget Circular Call mandating all ministries to mainstream gender in their programmes and budgets came into effect. In order to analyse national budgets...
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The Panacea and Perfidy of Cultural Rites of Circumcision in African Countries: Examples from Kenya, Botswana and South Africa
Abstract:Cultural rites can be a panacea when the immense social capital embedded in them is taken stock of as well as they can be a perfidy when all the retrogressive aspects they constitute are taken into consideration. The aim and objective of this...
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Vol. 28, No. 2, June

Market Access and Livelihood Diversification in Rural Ethiopia: Evidence from Kewot Woreda of North Shewa
Abstract:The aim of this study was to examine the relation between market access and livelihood diversification in rural areas of Kewet woreda (district) in North Shewa. The data for the study were gathered through farm household survey. The Logit Regression...
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An Analysis of Organisational Commitment by Academic Professionals in Tertiary Institutions in Zimbabwe
Abstract:The aim of this study was to investigate organisational commitment in the era of the new psychological contract, or the psychological environment created by an economic down tum in Zimbabwe. The psychological contract that exists between employees...
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The Synergistic Effects of Socio-Economic Factors on the Risk of HIV Infection: A Comparative Study of Two Sub-Cities En Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Abstract:This paper attempts to explore the relationship between HIV/AIDS knowledge, risk factors perception and the risk of HIV infection in Ethiopia. The study used a comparative approach and both primary (quantitative and qualitative) and secondary...
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Vol. 28, No. 1, January

Hegemony from Domestic Dominance to Global Empire
Abstract:This paper provides an assessment of why hegemony is difficult to roll back, employing a Marxist approach built upon the work of Robert W. Cox on Gramscian hegemony. It traces the evolution of international hegemony and demonstrates how it sustains...
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Water Infrastructure and Food Security Linkages En Three Selected Regions of Ethiopia
Abstract:Access to water infrastructure reduces the exposure of people to a variety of diseases that obstruct the intake and utilization of food. In addition, it can reduce the time of hauling water by women, thereby increasing their productivity and...
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The Dynamics of Land Transaction Practices among the Karrayu Pastoralists in the Upper Awash Valley of Ethiopia: The Cases of Abadir and Merti Communities
Abstract:The pastoral mode of adaptation in the Awash Valley region of Ethiopia has long been under increasing pressure and stress as a result of manmade and ecological factors. The expansion of large-scale irrigation agriculture and conservation schemes...
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Toward Addressing Skills Development and Employment Crisis in Uganda: The Role of Public Private Partnerships
Abstract:The paper explores the relevance of education in the transformation of the country through skills development. Socio-economic transformation is not based on mere education but on human capital development. The latter comprises skill formation...
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