Flinders Journal of History and Politics

Articles

Vol. 31, 2015

Editorial
This year, the Journal takes on a very Australian feel whilst maintaining its international focus. The submissions for this edition come from institutions across Australia and engage with a wide range of subjects. Our articles this year look at Australian...
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In Defence of Paul Ham: History as Its Own Worst Enemy
Journalist-cum-popular historian Paul Ham's bad-tempered 2014 attack on the historical discipline within the academy seems to be a very unusual place for a member of that academy to try and find some common ground. Ham was responding to a review by the...
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The Privatisation of Government-Owned Enterprises in Australia: The Case of New South Wales
This article has been peer reviewed.The sale of government-owned businesses, "privatisation", has occurred throughout many countries since the 1980s. In Australia during the years of the Bob Hawke and Paul Keating led Australian Labor Party governments...
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The 'Near North': Issues of Empire, Emerging Independence and Regionalism in Australian Foreign and Defence Policy, 1921-1937
This paper has been peer reviewed.The interwar period represents an era of emerging growth and maturity in Australian foreign and defence relations, with a distinct shift from Imperial to regional matters.1 This shift towards regionalism came largely...
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Her Exiled Children in America: Irish American Identity and the Civil War
This paper has been peer reviewed.Our purpose high,To win or die,For Éire of the Streams,Is still the hopeThat buoys us upAnd haunts the soldier's dreams.But though we may not live to seeThe shamrock hills, grá geal mo chroí,The great Republic rearsA...
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ASIO's Surveillance of Brian Medlin
This paper has been peer reviewed.Throughout the 1960s and 70s, thousands of South Australian protesters took to the streets, publicly demanding social justice and an end to what they regarded as the unwarranted and imperial ventures of the western world....
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The World of Mortimer Menpes: Painter, Etcher, Raconteur
Julie Robinson (ed), The World of Mortimer Menpes: Painter, Etcher, Raconteur, Art Gallery of South Australia, Adelaide, 2014, pp. 248, $49.95.Reviewed by Tets KimuraThe book was published by the Art Gallery of South Australia in line with the exhibition...
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Vol. 30, 2014

Editorial
This year the Journal returns to Australian based contributors, although it retains its international focus. The predominance of Australian contributions is not because of a positive policy on the part of the editors, but simply due to the fact that...
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The 'Intrusion' of Personal Feelings: Biographical Dilemmas*
The notion that history is a morality tale has long ceased to be fashionable. The idea was most uncompromisingly articulated in Lord Acton's famous dictum, 'Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad...
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ISIS, Al Qaeda and the Wretched of the Earth
The 1991 Australian coming-of-age film Flirting features a central character, Danny Embling (played admirably by Noah Taylor), who asks himself before being drawn into a boxing match, 'I wondered if my old friend Jean-Paul Sartre would have fought in...
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The United States, Iraq and the Islamic State: Challenges and Policy Options
Tensions in the Middle East have reached new heights in recent months as the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS, also known as IS or ISIL) seized further control over the Northern regions of these two countries. The Sunni extremist militant group...
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Should the US Alliance Remain a Cornerstone of Australia's Foreign Policy?1
The nineteenth century British Prime Minister, Lord Palmerston's dictum that his country had 'permanent interests, but not permanent allies,' is, perhaps, a succinct description of the purpose of all foreign policy making.2 Australia's formal alliance...
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Putin and Russia: Crazy, Fascist or Following the Blueprint
"I want to remind you that Russia is one of the most powerful nuclear nations. This is a reality, not just words." Vladimir Putin"We must always be ready to repel any aggression against Russia and (opponents) should be aware ... it is better not to come...
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Fault in the Mandate and Flaws in State-Building Logic: The Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands
AbstractThe mandate, or terms of reference, applicable to a state-building mission should clearly articulate the activities and actions of the intervention in order to maintain progress and to provide a clear outline for those undertaking the programmes....
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Cultural Studies, Economics, and Contemporary Australian History
Responding to the Gillard Government's draft history curriculum, former Prime Minister John Howard complained in September 2012 that, despite 'praiseworthy features', much of it was 'unbalanced and in some cases quite bizarre'. Howard's major accusation...
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'We Can't Have Reds in Portugal': The Portuguese Response to the Spanish Civil War
The Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) caused widespread concern across continental Europe in the 1930s. European powers, such as France and Britain, held fears of a pan-European war beginning in Spain and spreading across the continent. No country was in...
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NO PAIN, NO GAIN: Why the Civil Rights Movement Became Increasingly Violent
AbstractThe African-American Civil Rights Movement was a campaign against the racial segregation and black discrimination that gripped America and the world from the 1950s to the late 1960s. It was characterised by civil resistance, nonviolent protest...
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Dangerous Allies
Malcolm Fraser, with Cain Roberts, Dangerous Allies, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 2014, pp i-viii + 360, $49.99, ISBN 978 0 522 86265 2. Reviewed by Daniel FazioMalcolm Fraser's Dangerous Allies, is a thoroughly researched and thought provoking...
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Hitler's Last Witness: The Memoirs of Hitler's Bodyguard
Rochus Misch, Hitler's Last Witness: The Memoirs of Hitler's Bodyguard. Translated by Geoffrey Brooks with an introduction by Roger Moorhouse, Scribe, Melbourne, 2014, 243pp. + xxvii, $32.99.The fascination with Adolf Hitler will not go away. The publishers...
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Menzies at War
Anne Henderson, Menzies at War, Sydney, New South Publishing, 2014, 263 pp. $34.99. Reviewed by Andrew KellyAs its longest serving prime minister and founder of the current Australian Liberal Party, Robert Menzies has dominated Australia's modern political...
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'In Spain with Orwell': George Orwell and the Independent Labour Party Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War
Christopher Hall, 'In Spain with Orwell': George Orwell and the Independent Labour Party volunteers in the Spanish Civil War, Tippermuir Books, Perth, Scotland, 2013, pp. 265 + i-xii, £12.50. Reviewed by Darryl Anthony BurrowesChristopher Hall has given...
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Not the Same Sky
Evelyn Condon, Not the Same Sky, Kent Town, Wakefield Press, 2013. Reviewed by Stephanie James. $24.95Evelyn Condon brought the advantages of Irish birth and some years in Australia in the 1970s when she approached the challenge of exploring the lives...
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Don Dunstan, Intimacy & Liberty: A Political Biography
Dino Hodge, Don Dunstan, Intimacy & Liberty: a political biography, Wakefield Press, Adelaide, 2014, pp. xviii + 410, illus., $39.95. Reviewed by Malcolm SaundersApart from the Liberal Country League's (LCL) Sir Thomas Playford (1896-1981), no premier...
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Vol. 29, 2013

Stalin's Last Crime: The Plot against the Jewish Doctors, 1948-1953
Retrospective: Jonathan Brent and Vladimir P. Naumov's Stalin's Last Crime: The Plot against the Jewish Doctors, 1948-1953, Ten Years Later. 1THE FACT THAT Joseph Stalin should be considered one of the great, terrible criminals of the Twentieth Century...
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Limited Wars
Within the context of limited wars, the failure of the military leader to comprehend the political objective and the failure of the civilian leader to comprehend what actually can and cannot be achieved by force either has, or has the potential for catastrophic...
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Newspoll vs Facebook - the Effect of Social Media on Opinion Polling
I was recently leafing through the latest copy of Monthly Magazine and I came across an advert for the Adelaide Festival of Ideas, more specifically for a debate to be held at the Adelaide Town Hall with the question 'The Internet is Evil Discuss'. This...
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Applying Taurek's 'Should the Numbers Count?' to (Un)justify Hiroshima and Nagasaki: A Combination of Historiography and Applied Ethics
AbstractThere is a belief that the use of the atomic bombs caused the end of the Pacific War and thus saved many lives. However, historical accounts indicate that the war could have ended less destructively. A greater number of Japanese civilians died...
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Manifest Destiny and the Environmental Impacts of Westward Expansion
AbstractEven before the founding of the Republic, Americans desired to expand Westward taking with them their unique civilization across the continent. By the 1840s this idea of the United States extending its boundaries was encompassed by the phrase...
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Rethinking Australia's International Past: Identity, Foreign Policy and India in the Australian Colonial Imagination
AbstractThis article examines the ways in which Australia's global connections during the colonial period have shaped its contemporary international political identity and the implications of such an approach for the study of Australian foreign policy...
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The Political Compatibility of Aboriginal Self-Determination and Australian Sovereignty
AbstractIt seems inevitable that sovereignty and self-determination engulf any discourse on reconciliation between Australia's settled population and Aboriginal people. The pervasive myth in politics and public policy is that the concept of Australia's...
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A Fear and Loathing of Detente: Perspectives on Criticisms of Henry Kissinger in the National Review and the New Republic
AbstractAs National Security Advisor and (later) Secretary of State under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald R. Ford, Dr. Henry A. Kissinger was responsible for crafting policies aimed both at a diplomatic rapprochement with mainland China and seeking...
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Vol. 28, 2012

The Political Theory of Federalism
In our book, Federalism: Political Identity and Tragic Compromise, my colleague Edward Rubin and I (2008) reacted to the parochialism in most political science and legal scholarship on federalism. Almost all discussions of federalism are of the sort,...
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How R2P Failed Syria
Ban Ki-moon, Secretary-General of the United Nations, called for 2012 to be the 'year of prevention'. He went on to note: 'Prevention does not mean looking the other way in times of crisis, vainly hoping that things will get better...'1 These comments...
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Where Are You Alex? Lessons to Be Learnt by Australians
Alex! Alex! Where art thou? We need you. Australia needs you. As a tale of 'high drama' and alleged 'piracy' surrounds the Wallenius Wilhelmsen and its detour to unload 67 male asylum-seekers at Christmas Island1 hits the Australian headlines your experience...
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Jayden's Law and the History of Miscarriage
Earlier this year in South Australia, the bill referred to as Jayden's Law, proposing a change to the definition of a stillbirth in the Births, Deaths and Marriages Act was prepared by Robert Brokenshire, the Family First Member of the state Legislative...
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Police Persecution of Adelaide's Homosexual Culture: 1945-1972
AbstractThe flowering of Adelaide's homosexual culture in the years immediately following World War II and before the decriminalisation of homosexuality in the 1970s was accompanied by persecution at the hands of the South Australian police. This essay...
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Biography, History, Agency: Where Have All the 'Great Men' Gone?
AbstractFrom the 19th century, the biography has stood at the heart of the Western historical enterprise. The 'great men' of history have been valorised as the sources of change in the world. Yet, biography has equally been decried as ahistorical and...
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Australian Participation in the Spanish Civil War
AbstractA small number of Australians participated directly in the Spanish Civil War without the sanction of their Government. A few lost their lives. This article discusses some of the motivating factors that encouraged these people, both educated and...
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'Australia Speaks': Reactions to Political Opinion Polls in Australia 1941-1943
AbstractPolitical opinion polls came to Australia in the first years of World War Two. Their entry into the political arena caused much discussion about the role of the polls and about their creators. Despite the best efforts of the pollsters the early...
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Sea Change, A Pictorial History of the City of Holdfast Bay
Jim Blake and the Holdfast Bay History Centre, Sea Change, A pictorial history of the City of Holdfast Bay, Kent Town, Wakefield Press, 2012. Reviewed by Robert Martin and Patricia Sumerling.'Then and now' books are a reminder that one of the staple...
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Contesting Notions of an 'Education Industry': Media Commentary on the Transition to a Trade- Orientated International Student Program in Australia
AbstractIn 1985, the Australian government instituted major changes to its international student policy. These changes signalled a shiftin International Student Program intent from an emphasis on international enrolments as a form of humanitarianism...
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The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain
Paul Preston, The Spanish Holocaust: Inquisition and Extermination in Twentieth-Century Spain, W.W.Norton & Company, New York, 2012. Reviewed by Darryl Anthony BurrowesThe prolific Hispanist, Paul Preston, has deliberately chosen a provocative title...
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Out of the Silence: The History and Memory of South Australia's Frontier Wars
Robert Foster and Amanda Nettelbeck, Out of the Silence: The History and Memory of South Australia's Frontier Wars, Kent Town, Wakefield Press, 2012. Reviewed by Stephanie James.As a descendant of Irish immigrants reading Out of the Silence: The History...
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The Indian Bourgeoisie: A Political History of the Indian Capitalist Class in the Early Twentieth Century
David Lockwood, The Indian Bourgeoisie: a political history of the Indian capitalist class in the early Twentieth Century, London & New York, I.B Taurus, 2012, 315 pp. Reviewed by Lance BrennanFor an Indian historian the central event of the twentieth...
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