Hemispheres

Articles

Vol. 31, No. 4, 2016

The Consociational Addition to Indonesia's Centripetalism as a Tactic of the Central Authorities: The Case of Papua 1
IntroductionIn 1963 Indonesia incorporated the western portion of New Guinea (Papua).2 This territory had been colonized in the 19th century by the Dutch, who began in the 1950s to prepare it for independent statehood. The incorporation took place against...
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Hybrid Regime and Rentier State: Democracy or Authoritarianism in Iran?
IntroductionHossien Mahdavi (1970)1 considers rentier states as those states that receive, on a regular basis, substantial amounts of petro-dollars as an external rent. External rents are in turn defined as rentals paid by foreign individuals, concerns...
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The Suez Conflict of 1956 at the United Nations Organization: On the 60th Anniversary of the War
IntroductionTowards the end of World War II we observe political life in Egypt coalescing around two major objectives: namely, the end of the British occupation and the introduction of socio-political reforms. With the country's political forces divided...
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The Image of Saudi Arabia in the Discourse of Human Rights Defenders and Media Reports
IntroductionSaudi Arabia is often present in the international discourse of pro-democracy movements and human rights defenders.1 The activity of these institutions reflects a specific face of modern political discourse in the West. The emancipatory structure...
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What Can We Learn from Lampedusa? the Migration from Africa to Europe in the Context of Political Erosion and Collapse of the Sub-Saharan States
IntroductionSince the turn of the 21st century, Lampedusa - a small Italian island located between Libya, Tunisia, Malta, and Sicily - has become one of the key transit points on the migratory route from Africa, the Near East and the Middle East to Western...
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United States Policy in Libya: Intervention or Assistance?
IntroductionLibya's political transition has been disrupted by armed non-state groups and threatened by the indecision and infighting of interim leaders. The main problem facing Libyans since the end of the 1940s up to and after the end of the rule of...
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Vol. 31, No. 3, 2016

A Bourdieusian Analysis of the Status of Indigenous Languages in the South African Translation Space
IntroductionThe place of African indigenous languages in translation is increasingly attracting the attention of research in translation studies on the continent. This interest has stemmed from the fact that despite the dense multilingual structure of...
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Muhammad Yusuf's Jihad in the Light of the Mahdist Tradition of Northern Nigeria
IntroductionMuhammad Yusuf (1970-2009) was the main ideologist of the Islamic northern Nigerian movement known as Boko Haram (Arabic: Jama'at Ahl al-Sunna li'l-Da'wa wa'l-Jihad, "Association of the People of the Sunna for Preaching and Jihad").1 His...
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The Afropolitanism and Portrayal of Nigerian Women in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's Short Story Collection the Thing around Your Neck
IntroductionThe general insights into a variety of female characters in all the works of the contemporary writer of Nigerian origin, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie1, from her debut novel about a patriarchal Igbo family Purple Hibiscus (2003),2 For Love of...
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New Audiences, New Perspective: Audiences' Views on the Adaptation of Some Stories in Magana Jari Ce from Book to Films
IntroductionIt is an undisputable fact that modern urban life depends on the media for fast and efficient sharing of information to a large number of audiences within the shortest possible time. As a result, the relationship between the media of mass...
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North Korean Intellectuals and Artists: From Antagonism to Forced Cooperation with the Workers' Party of Korea
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)IntroductionLooking at the Chinese or Soviet flag, there is no pen or writing instrument on their symbols. Instead there is a hammer, which signifies priority for the working class. Thus the intellectual...
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Internal Determinants of Authoritarianism in the Arab Middle East. Egypt before the Arab Spring
IntroductionThe big question is why Arab political regimes are so resistant to democratization? There have been many efforts to explain the problem of authoritarianism in the Arab Middle East, as well as define the preconditions of democracy and authoritarianism...
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Who Is a Political Newcomer? the Taiwanese Voters' Perspective: 2016
IntroductionThe 2016 legislative elections in Taiwan saw a spectacular success for candidates who had neither been seasoned by experience in legislature itself nor in any other elected office of local government in Taiwan. One notable example was rock...
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The Post Arab Spring Jihadism. A Phenomenon of Transition or Durability?
IntroductionThe political and security developments in Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Syria and to a lesser degree Tunisia are with little doubt an illustration of the rise of jihadism in its different forms of violence, political alliances and agendas. Jihadism...
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Vol. 31, No. 2, 2016

From Mircea Eliade to Jeppe Sinding Jensen: A Few Remarks on Phenomenology of Religion
IntroductionPhenomenology of religion, strictly speaking its realistic current, originates from the history of religion, but it does not identify with it. It is not only about showing the transformation which different religions underwent, but the understanding...
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Has Tabari's Tafsir, Jami' Al-Bayan Ever Been Lost? Rethinking the Historiography of Tafsir in the Light of Ottoman Documents
IntroductionScholarly evaluation of academic studies on Ottoman Tafsir literature has generally been quite unfavourable. Historians in the field often imply that the Ottomans, despite their influence on Islamic civilisation, left no legacy in the study...
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Imam Nur Al-Din Al-Salimi (1286-1332/1869-1914) - an Umani Islamic Thinker and Reformer. A Preliminary Study
Uman and the Iba?i movementIn the middle of the 19th century several Islamic movements emerged as a response to the rapid social change provoked by the confrontation with Western civilization and the politics of colonialism. This first modern Muslim...
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Gawdat Sa'id's Thought within the Discourse of Muslim Revival
IntroductionOne of the main topics under discussion is the Muslim community and the spiritual and moral condition of the Arabs during the 20* and in the wake of the 21st century. These debates have resulted in an extensive oeuvre of religious and educational...
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Around the Sharq Taronalari International Music Festival - Cultural Aspects of Festival Tourism
IntroductionThe largest and the most important Central Asian festival is held in Samarkand, Uzbekistan: the Sharq Taronalari International Music Festival, established by a ministerial resolution in 1997. 1 The festival was established with two important...
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Vol. 31, No. 1, 2016

Towards a Shi'a Bloc? the New Gulf after 2003: Shi'a Empowerment and Sectarianism
IntroductionLong before the regional crisis caused by the rise of the Islamic State (ISIS), the Iraqis were already witnessing the atrocious crimes of a civil war 'so extreme that it far surpasses most civil wars since 1945': 1 a sectarian civil war...
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Salafism as a Tool of Post-Arab Spring Saudi Arabian Diplomacy
Being 'Haraki' or 'Taqlidi'? The intra-Salafist debate in EgyptThe post-Tahrir Square landscape has been reshaped again and again between the two parliamentary elections of 2011-2012 and 2015. As for the Salafists and their newly formed party Hizb al-Nour,...
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Weaving the Texture of Memories about the Egyptian Revolution of 2011: Autobiographical Fragments by Radwa Ashour
IntroductionIn Athqal min Radwa: maqat'i min sira dhatiyya (Heavier than Radwa: Fragments from an Autobiography, 2013), Egyptian writer Radwa Ashour (1946-2014) describes a scene in which she stands on the balcony of a seventh-floor apartment in a building...
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The Culture of Fear as a Strategy of Online Jihadism
IntroductionMany historical breaking points can be taken as a significant inception of modern jihadism. However the Afghan jihad movement became a funding priority for many groups who were against the military expansion of the Soviet Union.* 1 The Soviet...
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De-Territorialized Phenomenon: ISIS as a Hybrid Criminal Terrorist Organization
Deterritorialization conceptGilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari first coined the term and concept of deterritorialization. For them, ?the term is one of the relations between thought and territorial placing, between internal and external exile, and bears...
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Vol. 30, No. 4, 2015

Post-Colonial Feminine Emancipation in Bole Butake's Lake God (1986) and and Palm-Wine Will Flow (1990)
IntroductionMost women in strict patriarchal communities have in the past been the subject of varied forms of discrimination. Discrimination is employed here in the context of what some androcentric cultures have conceived of them. The word, "woman,"...
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Some Remarks on the Transport Services in Selected Cities in Nigeria and Benin
IntroductionIn terms of widely understood mobility concepts, which could be professional, class, communication and space; it is beyond doubt that mobility verifies social and economic development in contemporary Africa. New technologies in free markets2...
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Women's Rights in the Absence of New Middle Class Support in Iran
IntroductionThe new Iranian middle class turned towards leftist ideologies and became a facilitator for the Islamic revolution which became religious.1 Before the Islamic revolution, the majority of the new middle class were western educated with a secular...
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Human Trafficking and International Migration: Empirical Evidence from the Nigerian "Harlots' Society" in Colonial Ghana
IntroductionThe economic crises triggered by the Great Depression of the 1930s and 1940s were partly responsible for the mass emigration of Nigerians to the Gold Coast and other locations in Africa. The Gold Coast was important for its agricultural,...
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Pictures in Transition: Media and Popular Culture in Hausa Society
IntroductionIt is quite easy to define popular culture as the one that is widely accepted by the audience and is usually 'soft' and not complicated. Looking from a Hausa perspective, this simplified definition is becoming a little bit tricky. We thus...
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Vol. 30, No. 3, 2015

"Translation" as Validation of Culture: The Example of Chinua Achebe
AbstractAfrica's post-colonial literature has largely been in response to Western denigration of Africa. This article examines Chinua Achebe's approach to the challenge of reclaiming the African past. His chief tool for such reconstruction is here termed...
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Justice, Fairness and the Quest for an Egalitarian Society in Africa: A Reading of Bukar Usman's Select Tales in Taskar Tatsuniyoyi: Littafi Na Daya Zuwa Na Goma Sha Hudu [A Compendium of Hausa Tales Book One to Fourteen] 1
AbstractThe vehicle of folklores has been a tool for social justice. This paper explores the potency of folklore in mitigating societal inequality and other oppressive tendencies. It canvasses the need for the re-reading of Hausa folktales because that...
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Hausa Oral Songs as a Cultural Reflexive: A Study on Some Emotional Compositions
AbstractThis paper has brought to the fore an approach to the study of Hausa oral poetry normally referred to here as songs. The paper discusses two major spheres that interface within the Hausa emotional songs: literary and culturally. Some of the literary...
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Language Use Construction in Discourse: Exploring Youth Identities in Hausa Rap Music
AbstractThis article explores Hausa rap as a type of popular culture for the 21st century, which not only reflects the multilingual, multi-ethnic base of Hausa youth, but also constitutes an active and dynamic site for the youth to encourage the formation...
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The Political Economy of Poster Production, Distribution and Consumption in Northern Nigeria
AbstractThis paper investigates the process of production and consumption of visual media in Northern Nigeria. It looks at the political economy of posters, using the Aeron political economy approach of researching cultural products. This paper identified...
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The Beginnings of the Boko Haram Rebellion from a Micro-Level Perspective
AbstractThe article describes the beginnings of the Boko Haram rebellion from a micro-level perspective, including local conditions and personal interests. It analyses the context of the creation of the movement, the nature of its two main leaders -...
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Student Unrest in a Nigerian Tertiary Institution: Exploring a Gender-Specific Action
AbstractThis paper explored a gender-specific protest in which only female undergraduates protested. Applying the grievance-deprivation, efficacy, and identity protest models, the study explains why the female students mobilized through their hall of...
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Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles
Maciej J. Bartkowski (ed.) Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles, London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 436 pp.Ways of changing society vary from one society to another. A dominating paradigm has always been formulated as...
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Vol. 30, No. 2, 2015

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: A Careful Production
AbstractJordan's monarchy remains in power via several tactics including rent-seeking, omnibalancing, threat balancing, and creating and managing a certain image in the West via American television programs and the Internet. The regime additionally seeks...
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Trapped in Neighbors' Conflicts: Democratization in the Middle East and North Africa, 1972-2013
AbstractThe literature indicates that civil conflicts are contagious among bordering countries in "bad neighborhoods". However, a gap remains with regards to the effect of neighbors' impact on democratization. Employing a quantitative analysis of 18...
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Involvement of the State of Qatar in the Syrian Crisis
AbstractBy getting involved in the "Arab Spring", Qatar was determined to continue waging its foreign policy aimed at strengthening the positions of the country combined with the intention to create corresponding markets outside the country for Qatari...
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The Arab World between the Dilemma of Nationalism and Sectarian Conflicts
AbstractWith the advent of the Arab popular uprisings, many hidden ordeals have been uncovered in the region. Nationalism and sectarian (ethno-confessional) problems are among several issues, yet they constitute a source of ongoing turbulence. It is...
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Turkey-Armenia Rapprochement and Its Impact on Iran-Armenia Relations
AbstractThe Zurich agreement (2009) opened a new phase in regional relations in the Caucasus. Certain factors such as the issues of energy security, the continuation of unresolved disputes and Russia's saber-rattling in Georgia, have shaped Turkey's...
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Religious Conflicts after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq Reflected in Contemporary Iraqi Prose Works
AbstractContemporary Iraqi prose works are still underestimated in the discussion about the recent history of Iraq. However, they constitute an essential component of the collective memory of the Iraqi people. The aim of this article is to examine some...
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Confrontation and the Reconciliation Process among Islamists after the Arab Spring
AbstractThe paper reflects two important factors regarding the political activities of Islamist groups after the Arab Spring. The first factor reflects the reconciliation process declared by new secular forces and some Islamists. It concerns control...
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The Political Economy of Iran under the Qajars: Society, Politics, Economics and Foreign Relations 1796-1926
Hooshang Amirahmadi, The Political Economy of Iran under the Qajars: Society, Politics, Economics and Foreign Relations 1796-1926, London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2012, 319 pp.This is a comprehensive book that explains the roots of today's challenges...
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Vol. 30, No. 1, 2015

What Does the Middle Class Serve? the Middle-Class Discourse in Turkey
AbstractThe present study that asked the question what purpose the "middle class" discourse serves will focus on the content of the different "middle class" discourses that were dominant from the proclamation of the Turkish Republic up until the present...
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The Middle East in the Foreign Policy of Turkey's Ruling Justice and Development Party
AbstractThis paper seeks to explain the nature of Turkey's foreign policy towards the Middle East, before and after the Arab Spring. Since the first term in office the region of the Middle East was crucial for the Justice and Development Party (AKP)...
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Religion Oriented Conservative Parties and Democracy: The Case of the Turkish Justice and Development Party and the Polish Law and Justice Party
AbstractMany conservative parties which attach a great significance to religion claim that they support the democratic principles. However, their actions are against the liberal model of democracy. The main question posed in this article is if it is...
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The Portrayal of Turkey and Its Prospective EU Membership in the Polish Media
AbstractThis article analyses how Turkey is portrayed in the Polish media, arguing that opinions on Turkish issues in the country's key media outlets have a significant influence on its public perceptions. The article sheds light on the key ways of depicting...
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Religious Parties and Democratization: The Case of the Welfare Party in Turkey
AbstractReligious parties moderate their stands and change their strategies when they have to involve in electoral politics and when they face the prospects of coming to power. However, these parties' organizational structures limit the extent of change....
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Who's Next? Replacement of Elites in Turkish Society
AbstractThe study of Turkish elites' phenomena, embedded in the context of socio-political transformation, is a timely and important topic, because it allows a better understanding of the drivers of change and further developments in Turkish society...
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Vol. 29, No. 4, 2014

Iran-US Relations: Learning from Experience, Marching toward Reconciliation
AbstractWith some success in the negotiations over Iran's nuclear program, hopes have been raised that the US and Iran may be able to conclude a final nuclear deal and then build upon it to ultimately mend relations. Assuming that the US and Iran can...
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Principles and Debates in Iranian Foreign Policy
AbstractDespite the characterisation of Iran as an ideologically-driven state, that is expansionist and dominated by Islamic extremism, a conventional interests-based pragmatism has in fact been an important element in Iran's foreign policy, and has...
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Iran and Islamic Fundamentalism in Central Asia
AbstractFollowing the collapse of the Soviet Union and independence of the Central Asian Republics, the governments of this region faced many political-security challenges. One challenge was the expansion of Islamic fundamentalism. The Foreign policy...
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US Policy towards Iran under President Barack Obama's Administration
AbstractThis Article analyzes relations between the USA and Iran, after the beginning of the Barack Obama presidency. The new president started with the creation of a new doctrine, which changed his international policy to a large extent, after an ineffective,...
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The Implications of Economic Relations on Political Transitions during the Qajar Dynasty
AbstractThere were several attempts and protests against the state during the Qajar dynasty which finally ended with the Persian Constitutional Revolution (Mashrooteh). The role of nomadic tribes, traditional middle classes including merchants and Ulama...
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Culture, the Core of Soft Power: An Overview of Iran's Cultural Component of Soft Power
AbstractFocusing on the relatively successful soft power policy of Iran, the paper has examined 'culture' as the cornerstone of Iran's soft power. The paper argues that the success of Iran's soft power in the face of continuous international pressures,...
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Iran and the Incomplete Legal Regime of the Caspian Sea: More Than Two Decades after Fall of Soviet Union
AbstractThe Caspian Sea is the biggest lake or landlocked sea in the world. In terms of international law, the Caspian is sui generis and needs an exclusive legal regime. The Caspian Sea was a common Sea/Lake between Iran and The Union of Soviet Socialist...
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The Impact of Domestic Factors on Iran's Oil Export Capabilities
AbstractThe article deals with the problem of domestic oil consumption in Iran. It is argued that, due to resource mismanagement Iran may face a risk of declining oil export capabilities even without severe economic and technological sanctions. Oil sector...
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Vol. 29, No. 3, 2014

Against All Odds - New Tendencies in Egyptian Feminism (2011-2013)
AbstractWithout doubt women played a vital role during the 'Arab Spring'. Despite their subsequent marginalization, the experience of agency and empowerment that many of them had had for the first time in 2011 resulted in a new consciousness and an intent...
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Secularism as a National Stance Antisectarian Campaign and the Development of a Civil Society Movement in Lebanon
AbstractThis paper presents the events of the Overthrow the Sectarian System (OSS) campaign in Lebanon in 2011. These protests revealed new forces in Lebanese politics worth examining. To capture the phenomenon thoroughly, references to civil society...
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The Dynamics of Ideological Rivalry in the Middle East
AbstractThis article analyses political culture for understanding ideological rivalry in the Middle East. Therein, it locates constant references to the 'enduring cultural component' in society. Subsequently, that term explains the essence of political...
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The Future of the Nation State in the Arab World the Role of Historical and Social Factors
AbstractThis essay examines the function of the concept of the nation-state in the Arab world. The essay comparatively assesses the meaning of the nation-state and how it has been received in the Arab World, relying on the results of a study conducted...
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Religious Minorities in Turbulent Periods: The Recurring Dilemmas for Christians in Syria
AbstractStruggling to survive and experiencing a financial catastrophe, the Christian population in Syria has had to handle carefully its relations both with the regime and the rebel forces, as the longstanding ties of several churches and leaders with...
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Higher Education and Society in Tunisia: Re-Thinking University and Students Social Responsibility
AbstractThe paper addresses the implication of universities' social responsibility in the context of Tunisia. Universities, integrated in market and technology-led societies, are pressured by economic performativity, quality assurance and students' employability....
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East Asian Authoritarian Regimes in the Context of the Arab Spring
AbstractThe Arab Spring and the situation of the authoritarian states of East Asia are an interesting phenomenon for political analysis, while the majority of Asians are not governed freely. This study examines, in a descriptive way, the situation in...
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Vol. 29, No. 1, 2014

A Woman's Touch in the Arab Spring the Struggle of Jordanian Mothers for Equality in Citizenship
AbstractThe Arab Spring has opened new channels for expressing political demands. Under the liberal guise covered by the international media, a number of political struggles of different citizens' groups are hidden. Women's groups are often one set of...
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When Geopolitics Meets the Game Industry A Study of Arabic Video Games and What They Teach Us
AbstractConcomitant with its recent growth, politics have in several cases pervaded the video gaming industry (as in America's Army by the US Army in 2003 or Special Force by the Hezbollah). Other games deserve closer scrutiny. This article focuses on...
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Who Am I? Mizrahi Discourse on Identity in Contemporary Israel
AbstractIn the past decades, Israel has seen a growing number of attempts to reclaim its Middle Eastern heritage through different forms. Those attempts are quite often made by Mizrahim - Jews whose origins are in Muslim countries of the Middle East...
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The State and the Rise of the Middle Class in Iran
AbstractThere are different definitions and opinions about the rise of the middle class in different areas and countries. This is because historically the rise of the middle class has brought change in society, politically and economically. This claim...
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The Arab Uprisings in Historical Perspective
AbstractAt the turn of 2011, turbulent events occurred in the Middle East. Initially, these protests were a form of civil disobedience, but the situation later developed in several directions. In Tunisia and Egypt, the authorities finally gave in to...
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Epistemological Shifts in Sayyid Qutb's Discourse of the Early 1940s
AbstractThe early discourse of Sayyid Qutb in the 1940's has long been ignored, though it reveals signposts on the road of Qutb's intellectual trajectory. The articles published by Qutb in the Social Affairs magazine are pervaded by a will to identity...
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A Contribution to the Study of the Persian Concept of Aberu
AbstractThe concept of aberu is one of those key concepts in Iranian culture which are very hard to define. In this paper the author attempts to explain its philosophical meaning, both by philological analysis based on dictionary sources and by placing...
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Vol. 29, No. 2, 2014

Post Arab Spring Thoughts: The Middle East between External and Internal Mechanisms (Political Economic & Social Forces)
AbstractThis paper aims to keep readers informed by addressing common views which are widespread not only among academics and politicians, but also amongst the Arab masses which have started to question and lose confidence in the current climate of Arab...
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The Effect of the Arab Spring on the Transformation of Turkish Conservative Tradition and Policies
AbstractThe Arab Spring was carrying its satisfying wind of freedom while people in Turkey were observing the revolutions, praising events from a far-removed territory, and supporting their regional friends who were achieving liberation from outmoded...
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Between Expectations and Reality: The Arab Spring in Egypt
AbstractThis paper analyses the causes that have sparked the Arab Spring, stressing the impact of the common political, economic and social issues in spreading the uprisings throughout the entire region. It will then proceed to examine the case study...
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Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: Political Cartoons of the Arab Spring
AbstractThe purpose of this article is to understand Arab political humour by applying an image studies approach to examine political cartoons presenting the Arab Spring and its aftermath. An attempt is made to search for common themes undertaken by...
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Between Sufism and Salafism: The Rise of Salafi Tendencies after the Arab Spring and Its Implications
AbstractThe Arab Spring created a new image of North Africa. Old conflicts were replaced by new ones. The best example of these changes was the renewal of the Sufi - Salafi clash. It can be viewed not only as the result of the reinforcement of fundamentalist...
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Reading Revolution on the Walls: Cairo Graffiti as an Emerging Public Sphere
AbstractThe revolutionary and post-revolutionary period in Egypt created emerging and vivid public spheres that became communication milieus for various strata of society. Therein, new ideas and concepts were confronting old and established perceptions....
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No. 27, 2012

Religious Movements in Africa as Expression of the Sacral Trauma: The Explanatory Approach Reconsidered
AbstractReligious movements are the one type of social visible expressions in the process of the formation of modern societies in sub-Saharan Africa. This article is focussed exclusively on those religious movements of post-Christianity and Afro-Christianity...
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State, Space and Power in Postcolonial Africa: Capital Relocation as a State Building Project in Nigeria
AbstractThe article situates capital relocation in the broad context of state building processes in Nigeria. It examines how relocation provided the federal government with an opportunity to centralize power. Since independence from Britain in 1960,...
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Bollywood in the Arms of the West A Short Study of the Effects of Western Culture on Indian Commercial Cinema with a Particular Emphasis on Songs
AbstractThe process of westernization of Indian commercial cinema is connected mostly with Indian diasporas but also with a fast growing middle class living in Indian metropolises. It is not a matter of the last years. A century-long tradition of Indian...
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Transnational Media Flows and Contra-Flows: Shifting Paradigms in South-South Entertainment Flows
AbstractThe media cultural imperialism theory suggests a movement of media products (TV, music, films, magazines, newspapers, internet) from predominantly Anglo-Western North to non-Western South. Such movement, it is claimed, has the tendency of suppressing...
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Gender Discrimination in Household Budgets in South India: A Case Study
AbstractThe paper analyses the determinants of gender discrimination in the Puducherry regions of the UTP in India. The data being used was collected from a random sample of 300 married female respondents during June - August 2008 across these regions....
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Determinants of the Utilization of Vaccination Services in Gusau, Nigeria
AbstractDespite the efforts of health authorities, vaccination coverage of targeted child populations is still poor in northern Nigeria. This study investigated the socio-economic determinants of the utilization of vaccination services in Metropolis...
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Patronage of 'Sa Wando' Circumcision Practice in the Metropolis of Kano: Traditional or Modern?
AbstractThe paper seeks to examine the level and reasons of patronage to one of the three major types of circumcision amongst the Hausa people of Kano State, Nigeria. It is obvious that certain cultural practices are influenced or modified by socio-economic...
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Drivers' Compliance with the Use of Seat Belts in a Nigerian City
AbstractThis paper examines drivers' compliance with the use of seat belts and barriers that impede compliance with use of seat belts in a Nigerian city. 100 Commercial Drivers (CDs) and 100 Private Drivers (PDs) were randomly selected for the study....
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East and West in Al-Hakim's Collection Majlis Al-'Adl
AbstractInfluences on a modern Arab writer's personality are numerous. Beside factors such, as one's family tradition, esthetic experiences of one's youth and one's environment, a decisive role is played by the impact of literary trends and movements...
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Trends in Religious Reform on the Arabian Peninsula
AbstractThis article comparatively assesses the relationship of Arabian Peninsula governments to modern Islamic reform movements after the formation of nation-states by the British Government in post-Ottoman Arabia. Over the last half century the region...
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From Theory to Practice - the Concept of an Islamic State Ennahda in the Context of Political Transition in Tunisia
AbstractThe article aims to answer the question concerning the role Ennahda, Islamist organisation that was established in 1988, has played in the process of political transition in Tunisia so far and can play in the future. Despite unquestionable political...
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Football Spring in the Middle East and North Africa
AbstractFootball - beloved and admired as a game throughout the entire world - has its own fans and followers in the Middle East and North Africa. The game, that arouses extreme emotions, evokes tensions, but that can also unify people. The first chapter...
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Jak Przezyc W Afrykanskim Miescie? Czlowiek Wobec Pogranicznosci Oraz Procesow Urbanizacyjnych W Poludniowosudanskiej Dzubie (How to Survive in an African City? A Human in the Face of Borderlineness and Urbanisation in Juba, South Sudan)
Maciej Kurcz, Jakprzetyc w afrykanskim miescie? Czlomek wobec pogranicznosci oraz procesów urbanizacyjnych w poludniowosudanskiej Dzubie How to survive in an African city? A human in the face of borderlineness and urbanisation in Juba, South Sudan),...
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