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Articles

Vol. 31, No. 4, 2016

The Consociational Addition to Indonesia's Centripetalism as a Tactic of the Central Authorities: The Case of Papua 1
IntroductionIn 1963 Indonesia incorporated the western portion of New Guinea (Papua).2 This territory had been colonized in the 19th century by the Dutch, who began in the 1950s to prepare it for independent statehood. The incorporation took place against...
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Hybrid Regime and Rentier State: Democracy or Authoritarianism in Iran?
IntroductionHossien Mahdavi (1970)1 considers rentier states as those states that receive, on a regular basis, substantial amounts of petro-dollars as an external rent. External rents are in turn defined as rentals paid by foreign individuals, concerns...
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The Suez Conflict of 1956 at the United Nations Organization: On the 60th Anniversary of the War
IntroductionTowards the end of World War II we observe political life in Egypt coalescing around two major objectives: namely, the end of the British occupation and the introduction of socio-political reforms. With the country's political forces divided...
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The Image of Saudi Arabia in the Discourse of Human Rights Defenders and Media Reports
IntroductionSaudi Arabia is often present in the international discourse of pro-democracy movements and human rights defenders.1 The activity of these institutions reflects a specific face of modern political discourse in the West. The emancipatory structure...
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What Can We Learn from Lampedusa? the Migration from Africa to Europe in the Context of Political Erosion and Collapse of the Sub-Saharan States
IntroductionSince the turn of the 21st century, Lampedusa - a small Italian island located between Libya, Tunisia, Malta, and Sicily - has become one of the key transit points on the migratory route from Africa, the Near East and the Middle East to Western...
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United States Policy in Libya: Intervention or Assistance?
IntroductionLibya's political transition has been disrupted by armed non-state groups and threatened by the indecision and infighting of interim leaders. The main problem facing Libyans since the end of the 1940s up to and after the end of the rule of...
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Vol. 31, No. 3, 2016

A Bourdieusian Analysis of the Status of Indigenous Languages in the South African Translation Space
IntroductionThe place of African indigenous languages in translation is increasingly attracting the attention of research in translation studies on the continent. This interest has stemmed from the fact that despite the dense multilingual structure of...
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Muhammad Yusuf's Jihad in the Light of the Mahdist Tradition of Northern Nigeria
IntroductionMuhammad Yusuf (1970-2009) was the main ideologist of the Islamic northern Nigerian movement known as Boko Haram (Arabic: Jama'at Ahl al-Sunna li'l-Da'wa wa'l-Jihad, "Association of the People of the Sunna for Preaching and Jihad").1 His...
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The Afropolitanism and Portrayal of Nigerian Women in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's Short Story Collection the Thing around Your Neck
IntroductionThe general insights into a variety of female characters in all the works of the contemporary writer of Nigerian origin, Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie1, from her debut novel about a patriarchal Igbo family Purple Hibiscus (2003),2 For Love of...
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New Audiences, New Perspective: Audiences' Views on the Adaptation of Some Stories in Magana Jari Ce from Book to Films
IntroductionIt is an undisputable fact that modern urban life depends on the media for fast and efficient sharing of information to a large number of audiences within the shortest possible time. As a result, the relationship between the media of mass...
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North Korean Intellectuals and Artists: From Antagonism to Forced Cooperation with the Workers' Party of Korea
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)IntroductionLooking at the Chinese or Soviet flag, there is no pen or writing instrument on their symbols. Instead there is a hammer, which signifies priority for the working class. Thus the intellectual...
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Internal Determinants of Authoritarianism in the Arab Middle East. Egypt before the Arab Spring
IntroductionThe big question is why Arab political regimes are so resistant to democratization? There have been many efforts to explain the problem of authoritarianism in the Arab Middle East, as well as define the preconditions of democracy and authoritarianism...
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Who Is a Political Newcomer? the Taiwanese Voters' Perspective: 2016
IntroductionThe 2016 legislative elections in Taiwan saw a spectacular success for candidates who had neither been seasoned by experience in legislature itself nor in any other elected office of local government in Taiwan. One notable example was rock...
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The Post Arab Spring Jihadism. A Phenomenon of Transition or Durability?
IntroductionThe political and security developments in Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Syria and to a lesser degree Tunisia are with little doubt an illustration of the rise of jihadism in its different forms of violence, political alliances and agendas. Jihadism...
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Vol. 31, No. 2, 2016

From Mircea Eliade to Jeppe Sinding Jensen: A Few Remarks on Phenomenology of Religion
IntroductionPhenomenology of religion, strictly speaking its realistic current, originates from the history of religion, but it does not identify with it. It is not only about showing the transformation which different religions underwent, but the understanding...
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Has Tabari's Tafsir, Jami' Al-Bayan Ever Been Lost? Rethinking the Historiography of Tafsir in the Light of Ottoman Documents
IntroductionScholarly evaluation of academic studies on Ottoman Tafsir literature has generally been quite unfavourable. Historians in the field often imply that the Ottomans, despite their influence on Islamic civilisation, left no legacy in the study...
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Imam Nur Al-Din Al-Salimi (1286-1332/1869-1914) - an Umani Islamic Thinker and Reformer. A Preliminary Study
Uman and the Iba?i movementIn the middle of the 19th century several Islamic movements emerged as a response to the rapid social change provoked by the confrontation with Western civilization and the politics of colonialism. This first modern Muslim...
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Gawdat Sa'id's Thought within the Discourse of Muslim Revival
IntroductionOne of the main topics under discussion is the Muslim community and the spiritual and moral condition of the Arabs during the 20* and in the wake of the 21st century. These debates have resulted in an extensive oeuvre of religious and educational...
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Around the Sharq Taronalari International Music Festival - Cultural Aspects of Festival Tourism
IntroductionThe largest and the most important Central Asian festival is held in Samarkand, Uzbekistan: the Sharq Taronalari International Music Festival, established by a ministerial resolution in 1997. 1 The festival was established with two important...
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Vol. 31, No. 1, 2016

Towards a Shi'a Bloc? the New Gulf after 2003: Shi'a Empowerment and Sectarianism
IntroductionLong before the regional crisis caused by the rise of the Islamic State (ISIS), the Iraqis were already witnessing the atrocious crimes of a civil war 'so extreme that it far surpasses most civil wars since 1945': 1 a sectarian civil war...
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Salafism as a Tool of Post-Arab Spring Saudi Arabian Diplomacy
Being 'Haraki' or 'Taqlidi'? The intra-Salafist debate in EgyptThe post-Tahrir Square landscape has been reshaped again and again between the two parliamentary elections of 2011-2012 and 2015. As for the Salafists and their newly formed party Hizb al-Nour,...
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Weaving the Texture of Memories about the Egyptian Revolution of 2011: Autobiographical Fragments by Radwa Ashour
IntroductionIn Athqal min Radwa: maqat'i min sira dhatiyya (Heavier than Radwa: Fragments from an Autobiography, 2013), Egyptian writer Radwa Ashour (1946-2014) describes a scene in which she stands on the balcony of a seventh-floor apartment in a building...
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The Culture of Fear as a Strategy of Online Jihadism
IntroductionMany historical breaking points can be taken as a significant inception of modern jihadism. However the Afghan jihad movement became a funding priority for many groups who were against the military expansion of the Soviet Union.* 1 The Soviet...
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De-Territorialized Phenomenon: ISIS as a Hybrid Criminal Terrorist Organization
Deterritorialization conceptGilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari first coined the term and concept of deterritorialization. For them, ?the term is one of the relations between thought and territorial placing, between internal and external exile, and bears...
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Vol. 30, No. 4, 2015

Post-Colonial Feminine Emancipation in Bole Butake's Lake God (1986) and and Palm-Wine Will Flow (1990)
IntroductionMost women in strict patriarchal communities have in the past been the subject of varied forms of discrimination. Discrimination is employed here in the context of what some androcentric cultures have conceived of them. The word, "woman,"...
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Some Remarks on the Transport Services in Selected Cities in Nigeria and Benin
IntroductionIn terms of widely understood mobility concepts, which could be professional, class, communication and space; it is beyond doubt that mobility verifies social and economic development in contemporary Africa. New technologies in free markets2...
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Women's Rights in the Absence of New Middle Class Support in Iran
IntroductionThe new Iranian middle class turned towards leftist ideologies and became a facilitator for the Islamic revolution which became religious.1 Before the Islamic revolution, the majority of the new middle class were western educated with a secular...
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Human Trafficking and International Migration: Empirical Evidence from the Nigerian "Harlots' Society" in Colonial Ghana
IntroductionThe economic crises triggered by the Great Depression of the 1930s and 1940s were partly responsible for the mass emigration of Nigerians to the Gold Coast and other locations in Africa. The Gold Coast was important for its agricultural,...
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Pictures in Transition: Media and Popular Culture in Hausa Society
IntroductionIt is quite easy to define popular culture as the one that is widely accepted by the audience and is usually 'soft' and not complicated. Looking from a Hausa perspective, this simplified definition is becoming a little bit tricky. We thus...
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Vol. 30, No. 3, 2015

"Translation" as Validation of Culture: The Example of Chinua Achebe
IntroductionSince language constitutes a crucial component of culture, it is not surprising that the language question in modern African literature has been a source of intense, even perennial controversy. Two literary giants, Chinua Achebe of Nigeria...
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Justice, Fairness and the Quest for an Egalitarian Society in Africa: A Reading of Bukar Usman's Select Tales in Taskar Tatsuniyoyi: Littafi Na Daya Zuwa Na Goma Sha Hudu [A Compendium of Hausa Tales Book One to Fourteen] 1
IntroductionOne of the major preoccupations of folktales, for centuries, has been the construction of an ideal society, in which, as Plato would say, "Justice reigned supreme". Man's highest premium could be rightly said to be placed not on anything...
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Hausa Oral Songs as a Cultural Reflexive: A Study on Some Emotional Compositions
IntroductionA poem or song in Hausa is a piece of art work composed in a different writing format or style to prose or plays. There is a clear distinction between the oral poem and the literate poem. This paper refers to all orally composed materials...
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Language Use Construction in Discourse: Exploring Youth Identities in Hausa Rap Music
IntroductionThe present article identifies with discourse analysis (DA) as one of the key practical approaches to the study of popular music, particularly Hausa rap music. It explores the context of social construction of youth identities in Hausa rap....
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The Political Economy of Poster Production, Distribution and Consumption in Northern Nigeria
IntroductionThis paper looks at the political economy of posters in Northern Nigeria using Aeron's political economy approach of researching cultural products.* 1 The paper seeks to identify and investigate the process of production, distribution and...
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The Beginnings of the Boko Haram Rebellion from a Micro-Level Perspective
IntroductionThe insurgency in north-eastern parts of Nigeria has lasted for over six years, during which it has caused more than 11,000 deaths' and displaced more than a million Nigerians.2 The gravity of the unrest of the Boko Haram movement has grown...
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Student Unrest in a Nigerian Tertiary Institution: Exploring a Gender-Specific Action
IntroductionIn the last two decades, student protests in Nigerian Universities have been on a steady increase to the extent that it has almost become a permanent culture in the academic system.* 1 The prevalence of student protests accompanied by violence...
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Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles
Maciej J. Bartkowski (ed.) Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles, London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 436 pp.Ways of changing society vary from one society to another. A dominating paradigm has always been formulated as...
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Vol. 30, No. 2, 2015

The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan: A Careful Production
IntroductionThe Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has played an important role both in the Middle East and on the global stage. Jordan's significance results partly from its strategic location and partly from the kingdom being an American ally. Unlike its...
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Trapped in Neighbors' Conflicts: Democratization in the Middle East and North Africa, 1972-2013
IntroductionThe concept of the "bad neighborhood" (i.e. a region with high levels of violence and instability) is regarded as a major factor against domestic peace as highlighted by contemporary literature, since civil conflicts tend to spread amongst...
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Involvement of the State of Qatar in the Syrian Crisis
Introduction - Qatar's foreign policy before the "Arab Spring"Since the oil industry boom, Qatar has gradually paved its way towards regional and world geopolitics. During the Iran-Iraqi war (1980-1988), Qatar sided with Iraq. However, during the First...
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The Arab World between the Dilemma of Nationalism and Sectarian Conflicts
IntroductionIn this article, the focus will be on the Arab world, as an identified entity, rather than the "Middle East" which continues to be a source of disagreement among scholars on its exact definition, components, borders and geography.* 1 Conversely,...
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Turkey-Armenia Rapprochement and Its Impact on Iran-Armenia Relations
IntroductionRelations between Yerevan and Ankara have been tense since the birth of Armenian independence. While Turkey was one of the first countries to recognize the independence of Armenia in 1991, the two countries did not have formal diplomatic...
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Religious Conflicts after the 2003 Invasion of Iraq Reflected in Contemporary Iraqi Prose Works
IntroductionThe religious conflicts which have been raging in Iraq since 2003 in the aftermath of the US-led invasion are the next disaster in the country's modern history, following the Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988), the First Gulf War (1990-1991) and the...
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Confrontation and the Reconciliation Process among Islamists after the Arab Spring
IntroductionSocial demands, demonstrations and clashes during the Arab Spring in 2011 affected the collapse of authoritarian regimes in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen and stimulated liberal and democratic tendencies in the first steps of the revolution....
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The Political Economy of Iran under the Qajars: Society, Politics, Economics and Foreign Relations 1796-1926
Hooshang Amirahmadi, The Political Economy of Iran under the Qajars: Society, Politics, Economics and Foreign Relations 1796-1926, London and New York: I.B. Tauris, 2012, 319 pp.This is a comprehensive book that explains the roots of today's challenges...
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Vol. 30, No. 1, 2015

What Does the Middle Class Serve? the Middle-Class Discourse in Turkey
IntroductionAccording to a news article published in 2006 in a Turkish newspaper which can be viewed as "central" in the political sense, "the entrepreneurial spirit as a milestone on the path to wealth has to do with human genetics". The article reports...
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The Middle East in the Foreign Policy of Turkey's Ruling Justice and Development Party
IntroductionThe Middle East is the region traditionally incorporated into the scope of interest of the Republic of Turkey. It is largely the result of its political, cultural and economic presence in the region lasting several centuries. This presence...
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Religion Oriented Conservative Parties and Democracy: The Case of the Turkish Justice and Development Party and the Polish Law and Justice Party
1. IntroductionFrom the perspective of political science, the approach towards democracy from the political parties attaching great significance to religion belongs to the issues worth analyzing. It is not about religious parties "whose ideology is derived...
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The Portrayal of Turkey and Its Prospective EU Membership in the Polish Media
"Poland supports Turkey's efforts to become a member of the European Union. After fulfilling universal entry criteria all the barriers for Turkish accession into the EU should disappear"* 1 - said Polish Prime Minister, Donald Tusk during his visit to...
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Religious Parties and Democratization: The Case of the Welfare Party in Turkey
IntroductionReligious/ideological parties change their strategies in order to appeal to a broader electorate when they are faced with electoral failures or a possibility of gaining power.* 1 These parties de-emphasize their religious/ideological character...
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Who's Next? Replacement of Elites in Turkish Society
IntroductionThe study of elites since the late 19th century to the present day is one of the main issues of social sciences. Especially over the last decade the sociology of elites has experienced a renaissance. Therefore, the process of elites replacement...
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Vol. 29, No. 4, 2014

Iran-US Relations: Learning from Experience, Marching toward Reconciliation
IntroductionWith some success in the negotiations over Iran's nuclear program, hopes have been raised that the US and Iran may be able to conclude a final nuclear deal and then build upon it to ultimately mend relations. While such hopes are noble and...
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Principles and Debates in Iranian Foreign Policy
Assertions in the media or by politicians that Iran has or has had an expansionist, hegemonic or ideological foreign policy, aimed at destabilising or dominating the immediate region around her borders, are common. Such assertions are particularly common...
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Iran and Islamic Fundamentalism in Central Asia
IntroductionAfter the disintegration of the Soviet Union, Islamic fundamentalists have been considered as one of the main factors of instability in Central Asia. Some experts have claimed that Islamic radicals were among the factors involved in the collapse...
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US Policy towards Iran under President Barack Obama's Administration
IntroductionThe first aim of this article is to conduct analyses of the new approach to Iran by president Obama's administration from the beginning of 2009. The second but probably most crucially will consider US-Iran relations in the future, and the...
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The Implications of Economic Relations on Political Transitions during the Qajar Dynasty
Economy of the societyThe Qajars dynasty was established by a Turkish tribe in Iran (Persia) beginning with Agha Mohammad Khan Qajar in 1795 and ending with Ahmad Shah in 1925. In fact, for almost one hundred years, between the fall of the Safavid dynasty...
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Culture, the Core of Soft Power: An Overview of Iran's Cultural Component of Soft Power
IntroductionAccording to Nye who coined the term in the late 1980's, 'soft power' simply means the ability "to convince or persuade others to follow your example, to want what you want, rather than by coercing them, offering them rewards or deceiving...
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Iran and the Incomplete Legal Regime of the Caspian Sea: More Than Two Decades after Fall of Soviet Union
Historical backgroundThe Russia-Iran Treaty of Friendship was signed on February 26, 1921 between representatives of Iran and the Soviet Russia. Based on the terms of the treaty, all previous agreements made between the signatories including Article...
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The Impact of Domestic Factors on Iran's Oil Export Capabilities
IntroductionIran is the oldest and historically second biggest oil exporter in the Middle East. Recently, due to economic sanctions, its position as second OPEC exporter has been challenged by Iraq. According to OPEC data, Iranian oil reserves account...
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Vol. 29, No. 3, 2014

Against All Odds - New Tendencies in Egyptian Feminism (2011-2013)
Introduction - Marginalized but not silencedIt is widely acknowledged that women from different walks of life and age groups played a crucial role in the peaceful protests during the so-called 'Arab Spring'. Their commitment and courage during the 2011...
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Secularism as a National Stance Antisectarian Campaign and the Development of a Civil Society Movement in Lebanon
In 2011 Lebanon stood out as a seemingly calm island against the tumultuous protests that had shaken many Arab countries. However, echoes of the Arab revolution in Tunisia and Egypt resonated within Lebanese society quite deeply. The purpose of presenting...
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The Dynamics of Ideological Rivalry in the Middle East
IntroductionThe Arab Spring thrust the relationship of Islam, civic responsibility and social activism into the limelight. One after another, hitherto unassailable autocrats hastily conceded, forcefully relinquished or had power sequestered over their...
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The Future of the Nation State in the Arab World the Role of Historical and Social Factors
Concept and contextMustafa Kemal Ataturk's abolition of the Caliphate (1922-24) caused such a huge outcry that not a single Arab or Muslim in the public eye failed to voice an opinion. However, not even those who objected had a clear idea of what was...
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Religious Minorities in Turbulent Periods: The Recurring Dilemmas for Christians in Syria
Syrian Christians in historical perspectiveReligious minorities have been shaping society and politics in the Middle East for a long time, either as being part of the state structures or by becoming a target for regimes and political forces. The history...
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Higher Education and Society in Tunisia: Re-Thinking University and Students Social Responsibility
Universities social dimension: limitations and structural tensionsIn the history of humanity, social values such as justice, public good, social cohesion, freedom, piety and tolerance formed norms and rules shaping the development of society. A process...
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East Asian Authoritarian Regimes in the Context of the Arab Spring
ContextThe social protests which took place in North Africa and the Middle East at the turn of 2010 and 2011 led to political changes in most countries in the region, although it is still barely possible to call it a success in terms of establishing...
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Vol. 29, No. 2, 2014

Post Arab Spring Thoughts: The Middle East between External and Internal Mechanisms (Political Economic & Social Forces)
IntroductionArabs for years have been divided, dealing with a seemingly endless succession of blows. Arab Nationalism has remarkably transcended boundaries and borders have become a major source of conflicts. Suddenly, an atmosphere of revolution has...
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The Effect of the Arab Spring on the Transformation of Turkish Conservative Tradition and Policies
IntroductionWhen the history of the world is examined, we see that mankind has infrequently encountered social movements that affect large areas. One of the social movements that has been influential in recent years, and will continue to be influential...
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Between Expectations and Reality: The Arab Spring in Egypt
Hunger for Democracy?Three years have passed since that fatal day in December 2010, when an unknown Tunisian street vendor named Mohamed Bouzazi set himself on fire in a desperate act of self-immolation against the authoritarian and despotic power of...
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Mirror, Mirror on the Wall: Political Cartoons of the Arab Spring
The one thing a tyrant can t stand is to be laughed at.2The so-called 'Arab Spring', the series of uprisings that began in Tunisia in December 2010 and spread across the Arab world in 2011, witnessed a boom in cultural production relating to music (hip...
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Between Sufism and Salafism: The Rise of Salafi Tendencies after the Arab Spring and Its Implications
IntroductionThe Arab Spring changed an image of North Africa drawing new lines and forming new alliances. One of the most interesting examples of those changes was the renewed of clash of the two ideologies: Sufi and Salafi. The main reason for this...
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Reading Revolution on the Walls: Cairo Graffiti as an Emerging Public Sphere
IntroductionFor many in Egypt, the 18 days of the January 25 Revolution was something what Turner would call a liminal moment - when everything is possible, but nothing yet is replaced. Tahrir square became a symbol of hope, unity and power. And to a...
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Vol. 29, No. 1, 2014

A Woman's Touch in the Arab Spring the Struggle of Jordanian Mothers for Equality in Citizenship
Today s march is more than a call for the release of our sons; it is a call on the government and the King to listen to Jordanian women 's demands for reform.Um Ammar, organizer of the first all-women demonstration in Jordan21. BackgroundThe Arab Spring...
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When Geopolitics Meets the Game Industry A Study of Arabic Video Games and What They Teach Us
In the past decade, allusions to real events in video games have grown in parallel with their technical complexity. Since the American video game industry has become a bigger market than Hollywood, politics has become much more visible within it. Unexpected...
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Who Am I? Mizrahi Discourse on Identity in Contemporary Israel
Identity is not as transparent or unproblematic as we think. Perhaps instead of thinking of identity as an already accomplished fact, which the new cultural practices then represent, we should think instead of identity as a 'production ' which is never...
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The State and the Rise of the Middle Class in Iran
IntroductionThe Iranian middle class have failed to achieve political reform and democracy despite making several efforts. Thus, the question that will rise is: why was the middle class in Iran not successful? The present study is an attempt to analyze...
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The Arab Uprisings in Historical Perspective
Driving forcesThe literature points to several factors that triggered these acute social protests. The first was the new communication technologies - mobile phones, the Internet, social networking sites - which aroused public awareness, freed people...
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Epistemological Shifts in Sayyid Qutb's Discourse of the Early 1940s
The major objective of discourse analysis, with its anti-humanistic tendencies that kicked the authorial figure incarnating the ahistorical subject and monopolizing the truth off the stage, is to jellify the solid thought structures and blur the boundaries...
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A Contribution to the Study of the Persian Concept of Aberu
IntroductionThere is no doubt that understanding another culture requires familiarizing oneself with its fundamental concepts. While representatives of a particular culture often refer to such concepts and ideas in an attempt to facilitate intuition...
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No. 27, 2012

Religious Movements in Africa as Expression of the Sacral Trauma: The Explanatory Approach Reconsidered
AbstractReligious movements are the one type of social visible expressions in the process of the formation of modern societies in sub-Saharan Africa. This article is focussed exclusively on those religious movements of post-Christianity and Afro-Christianity...
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State, Space and Power in Postcolonial Africa: Capital Relocation as a State Building Project in Nigeria
AbstractThe article situates capital relocation in the broad context of state building processes in Nigeria. It examines how relocation provided the federal government with an opportunity to centralize power. Since independence from Britain in 1960,...
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Bollywood in the Arms of the West A Short Study of the Effects of Western Culture on Indian Commercial Cinema with a Particular Emphasis on Songs
AbstractThe process of westernization of Indian commercial cinema is connected mostly with Indian diasporas but also with a fast growing middle class living in Indian metropolises. It is not a matter of the last years. A century-long tradition of Indian...
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Transnational Media Flows and Contra-Flows: Shifting Paradigms in South-South Entertainment Flows
AbstractThe media cultural imperialism theory suggests a movement of media products (TV, music, films, magazines, newspapers, internet) from predominantly Anglo-Western North to non-Western South. Such movement, it is claimed, has the tendency of suppressing...
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Gender Discrimination in Household Budgets in South India: A Case Study
AbstractThe paper analyses the determinants of gender discrimination in the Puducherry regions of the UTP in India. The data being used was collected from a random sample of 300 married female respondents during June - August 2008 across these regions....
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Determinants of the Utilization of Vaccination Services in Gusau, Nigeria
AbstractDespite the efforts of health authorities, vaccination coverage of targeted child populations is still poor in northern Nigeria. This study investigated the socio-economic determinants of the utilization of vaccination services in Metropolis...
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Patronage of 'Sa Wando' Circumcision Practice in the Metropolis of Kano: Traditional or Modern?
AbstractThe paper seeks to examine the level and reasons of patronage to one of the three major types of circumcision amongst the Hausa people of Kano State, Nigeria. It is obvious that certain cultural practices are influenced or modified by socio-economic...
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Drivers' Compliance with the Use of Seat Belts in a Nigerian City
AbstractThis paper examines drivers' compliance with the use of seat belts and barriers that impede compliance with use of seat belts in a Nigerian city. 100 Commercial Drivers (CDs) and 100 Private Drivers (PDs) were randomly selected for the study....
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East and West in Al-Hakim's Collection Majlis Al-'Adl
AbstractInfluences on a modern Arab writer's personality are numerous. Beside factors such, as one's family tradition, esthetic experiences of one's youth and one's environment, a decisive role is played by the impact of literary trends and movements...
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Trends in Religious Reform on the Arabian Peninsula
AbstractThis article comparatively assesses the relationship of Arabian Peninsula governments to modern Islamic reform movements after the formation of nation-states by the British Government in post-Ottoman Arabia. Over the last half century the region...
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From Theory to Practice - the Concept of an Islamic State Ennahda in the Context of Political Transition in Tunisia
AbstractThe article aims to answer the question concerning the role Ennahda, Islamist organisation that was established in 1988, has played in the process of political transition in Tunisia so far and can play in the future. Despite unquestionable political...
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Football Spring in the Middle East and North Africa
AbstractFootball - beloved and admired as a game throughout the entire world - has its own fans and followers in the Middle East and North Africa. The game, that arouses extreme emotions, evokes tensions, but that can also unify people. The first chapter...
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Jak Przezyc W Afrykanskim Miescie? Czlowiek Wobec Pogranicznosci Oraz Procesow Urbanizacyjnych W Poludniowosudanskiej Dzubie (How to Survive in an African City? A Human in the Face of Borderlineness and Urbanisation in Juba, South Sudan)
Maciej Kurcz, Jakprzetyc w afrykanskim miescie? Czlomek wobec pogranicznosci oraz procesów urbanizacyjnych w poludniowosudanskiej Dzubie How to survive in an African city? A human in the face of borderlineness and urbanisation in Juba, South Sudan),...
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