Humanity

Articles from Vol. 6, No. 1, Spring

African Socialism and the Limits of Global Familyhood: Tanzania and the New International Economic Order in Sub-Saharan Africa
In November 1963, Julius Nyerere, president of the newly independent East African country of Tanganyika, delivered a stirring speech to open a conference of the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) in Rome. He began by commending the...
Between North and South: The World Bank and the New International Economic Order
The New International Economic Order (NIEO) was among the more notable aspects of the 1970s, a decade that scholars have begun to view as a critical period in contemporary history.1 Although anticolonial leaders, dependency theorists, and others had...
Bookend to Bandung: The New International Economic Order and the Antinomies of the Bandung Era
The opportunity to rethink the historical record of the 1970s from the perspective of the developmentalist aspirations of the global south is welcome. A decade often cast as a historical exception and interruption-wedged between the development orthodoxy...
Competing for the Last Utopia? the NIEO, Human Rights, and the World Conference for the International Women's Year, Mexico City, June 1975
In the mid-1970s, the United Nations hosted a dramatic attempt to totally transform the world economy, which appeared to be on the cusp of victory at the Sixth Special Session of the General Assembly in April and May 1974. In a moment that represented...
Corporations at the United Nations: Echoes of the New International Economic Order?
During the 1970s, a coalition of developing countries known as the G-77 launched a far-reaching effort at the United Nations to realize a New International Economic Order (NIEO). At its core, the NIEO was a plan to transform what was, from the perspective...
From Boumedienomics to Reaganomics: Algeria, OPEC, and the International Struggle for Economic Equality
In the first satellite pictures taken from the Apollo 17 in 1972, Earth was shown as a weightless sphere covered in clouds and unified by the blue oceans. The picture came with an important message, appearing as it did in the same year as the Club of...
"In the Interests of Mankind as a Whole": Mohammed Bedjaoui's New International Economic Order
International lawyers, it is often said, are exceptionally, even ridiculously, fond of "universality." And this fondness, bordering at times on the obsessive, manifests itself in a variety of forms, the most nebulous and notorious being the idea of "jus...
Legal Aspects of the New International Economic Order
The complaint of the poor nations against the present state is not only that we are poor both in absolute and relative terms and in comparison with the rich nations. It is also that within the existing structures of economic interaction we must remain...
Mossadegh Madness: Oil and Sovereignty in the Anticolonial Community
The emerging literature on the New International Economic Order (NIEO) has the spare conventions of a new topic in contemporary history. The narrative typically begins by identifying its origins as a historical intermingling of national and international,...
North/South: The United States Responds to the New International Economic Order
Endings, not beginnings, preoccupied the makers of American policy in the era of the New International Economic Order (NIEO). The collapse of the international monetary system; the expiration of cheap oil, which had fueled the postwar resurgence of industrialized...
Socialist Globalization against Capitalist Neocolonialism: The Economic Ideas Behind the New International Economic Order
This conference must also establish in plain terms the right of all peoples to unrestricted freedom of trade, and the obligation of all states signatories of the agreement emanating from the conference to refrain from restraining trade in any manner,...
The New International Economic Order: A Reintroduction
Bliss was it in that dawn to be alive,But to be young was very heaven!-William Wordsworth, 1805I hear a noise at the door, as of some immense slippery body lumbering against it.-H.P. Lovecraft, 1917What, exactly, was the New International Economic Order...
The New International Economic Order, Interdependence, and Globalization
The New International Economic Order (NIEO) was a failure as a political program. Its proposals called for a sweeping transformation of the global economy, but most of them never came close to being implemented. In fact, during the following decades,...
The Search for Justice: NGOs in Britain and Ireland and the New International Economic Order, 1968-82
On May 10, 1974, representatives from six leading British NGOs sat down to a meeting with Prime Minister Harold Wilson and three of his cabinet colleagues at 10 Downing Street. Their aim was simple: to persuade Wilson's Labour Party government of the...
"Under the Aegis of Man": The Right to Development and the Origins of the New International Economic Order
On September 23, 1966, the Senegalese foreign minister Doudou Thiam gave an impassioned speech to fellow delegates assembled in New York for the opening of the 21st Session of the United Nations General Assembly.1 It began as a reflection on the preceding...
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