International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs

Articles

Vol. 26, No. 1/2, 2017

Energy Innovation Needs a Public, Private and International Boost
IntroductionInvestment in energy RD&D has delivered crucial breakthroughs that have contributed to an increasingly sustainable, accessible and affordable global energy system. But despite this success - as well as repeated calls by governments and...
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Slovak Electric Car Pioneer: Subsidies Could Help Bring about Tipping Point
You started doing business in e-mobility in Slovakia at a time when few people were interested in it and the government was clueless. Where does your interest in e-mobility come from?I was active in the Slovak renewables sector and that took a different...
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Energy Poverty and Multi-Dimensional Perspectives of Social Inequalities and Policy Challenges
Thousands of people protested on the streets of Sofia in 2013. Their primary demand was to put an end to high utility bills. These were the biggest demonstrations since the fall of the centrally planned socialist regime and were triggered by popular...
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By More Than Providence: Grand Strategy and American Power in the Asia Pacific since 1783
By More Than Providence: Grand Strategy and American Power in the Asia Pacific Since 1783 By Michael Green. New York: Columbia University Press, 2017, 725 p., ISBN 9780231180429American interest in Asia has always concerned trade and security. One year...
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Decarbonizing the European Energy System: The SET-Plan Actions in the Industry and Transport Sectors
The ongoing transformation of the energy system and the role of the SET-PlanAll European citizens should have access to secure, sustainable and affordable energy. This is the primary objective of the Energy Union, one of the key priorities of the current...
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Now and Then: Why Hungarian Wholesale Electricity Is Still More Expensive Than the German
Hungarian wholesale electricity prices tend to surpass those of neighboring Slovakia and Czechia as well as Germany, which is the reference country. The reason for this is constantly debated among market players. Following the launch of the Hungarian...
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EU and Ukraine – State of Affairs in Energy Security
It is obvious that there is a consensus on the importance of energy in general - in its many different forms - among all the relevant actors, including practitioners and researchers. After the energy shocks of the 1970s, the term "energy" - or more precisely...
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The Energy Union – a Key Project for a Europe That Protects, Empowers and Defends and for a More United, Stronger and More Democratic Union
The world is changing faster than ever. Only a year ago, in this very journal, I referred to 2016 as the strongest path-defining year of the post war era along with 1968 and 1989. The decision of the British people to leave the EU and the election of...
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Vol. 25, No. 3/4, 2016

A New Paradigm for Sharing Transition Experience within the EU's Contested Democracy Support?
"Transition experience" used to be a buzz-word for Visegrad Four engagement in its neighborhood - mainly the Western Balkan and Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries - which was then adopted by the EU when trying to define its strengths in its democracy...
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Impacts of Czech Cancer - Fighting Projects in Georgia and Serbia: Lessons for the Visegrad Four *
The following article looks at the examples of two cancer-fighting projects funded as part of Czech development cooperation between the years 2010 and 2013. To find out about the long-term "real impacts" of these projects, I contacted the key stakeholders...
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Hungarian Transition Assistance: A Look Behind the Narrative
Following their ELI accession, the countries of the Visegrad Group (Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia] have frequently been portrayed as "democracy's new champions,"1 with both the legitimacy and credibility to share their knowledge about the challenges...
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Evaluation Program for Polish Development Aid: A Means of Deducing Tangible Results in Recipient Countries?
Poland adopted the Development Cooperation Act on September 16, 2011 and consequently became obliged to assess the effectiveness of its development cooperation. The outcomes of Polish foreign aid activity are supposed to correspond to the priorities...
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National Convention on the EU in Serbia - Tangible Result of Sharing Transition Experience
V4 countries bilateral cooperation and support was and still is aimed at Serbia's accession to the European Union, and since these four countries were among those that joined the EU in 2004, both sides have considered their particular experience and...
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Mission Failure: America and the World in the Post - Cold War Era
Mission failure: America and the world in the post-Cold War era By Michael Mandelbaum, Oxford University Press, 2016, 504 p., ISBN-13: 978-0190469474After the end of the Cold War, the United States tirelessly sought to maintain its steadfast footprint...
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Vol. 25, No. 1/2, 2016

Energy Union, a Flagship Project to Transform Europe's Energy System
Alongside 1968 and 1989, 2016 has been the strongest path-defining year of the post-World War 2 epoch. Today we are waking up to the abiding political reality of a departing EU member state, new uncertainties imposed by the US presidential election and...
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Integrated Research, Innovation and Competitiveness Strategy for the Energy Union
Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of the EC.The Energy Union Strategy, adopted in February 2015, aims at providing EU consumers - households and businesses - with a secure,...
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A Wide-Ranging Nuclear Energy Technology Roadmap: From Findings to Recommendations
Each country can decide what energy mix is optimal for its national circumstances. Nuclear energy has fundamental advantages in terms of reducing GHG emissions, competitiveness of electricity production and security of supply. The long term operation...
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European Research and Innovation for Smart Cities
The face of our planet has changed substantially within only one generation. While in 1950 around 30 per cent of the global population lived in cities, the evolution of cities and migration to urban regions took off in the second half of the twentieth...
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Promoting Renewables - Not Simply a Question of Money
Renewable energy can be produced from a wide variety of sources including wind, sun, water, tides, geothermal heat and biomass. By using more renewables to meet its energy needs, a country lowers its dependence on imported fossil fuels and makes its...
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Energy Union and the Visegrad Four Countries: Blurred Unity? *
The aim of this paper is to briefly consider the Energy Union project and the positions the Visegrad Four countries hold on it. Although the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia share several preferences when it comes to EU energy policy [especially...
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Energy Efficiency in Ukraine - the View from Slovakia
Slovakia fully supports the long-term economic and political stabilization of Ukraine and the democratic and reform processes that are bringing it closer to EU standards. Ukraine, a country with well-educated people, a strong industrial base and abundant...
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Energy Security and Cooperation in Eurasia: Power, Profits and Politics
Energy security and cooperation in Eurasia: power, profits and politics By Ekaterina Svyatets, New York: Routledge, 2016, 204 p., ISBN 9781138902619Energy relations between states have become an increasingly salient issue of global security given the...
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Vol. 24, No. 4, 2015

Evaluating the Czech Republic's Progress on Energy Efficiency: Major Achievements and Pitfalls
Energy efficiency has become a central topic in the energy policy debate in the last decade. It has generally been considered the most cost-effective instrument for reducing negative externalities associated with energy use. Today's sense of urgency...
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Hungary and Renewable Energy Sources: Moving Ahead Using Competitive Advantages
The European debate on renewablesThe EU, which regards itself as the pioneer of a low-carbon economy, is dynamically moving ahead towards its ambitious climate and energy aims to attain a more sustainable and secure energy sector. The 2020, 2030 and...
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Energy Efficiency in Ukraine-Instrument or Bluff?
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)Energy efficiency is reasonably considered to be the cheapest kind of energy because one does not have to pay for extraction, transportation and utilization since resources are saved. Given this, it has...
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Paris Climate Change Agreement: A Milestone or a Fake?
"I'm not a fan of hyperbole, but it would be churlish to say the adoption of the Paris Agreement was anything other than a globally, historic moment," wrote respected BBC environment correspondent Matt McGrath, on December 12, 2015.1 McGrath's statement...
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New Europe's New Development Aid
New Europe's new development aid By Balázs Szent-Iványi, Simon Lightfoot, New York and London: Routledge, 2015,221 p., ISBN 978-0-415-87034-4The transformation of Central European countries from Communist-era "old" donors to aid recipients and back to...
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In Search for Greater V4 Engagement in International Crisis Management
In search for greater V4 engagement in international crisis management By Samuel Goda, ed., Bratislava: Research Center of the Slovak Foreign Policy Association (Studies on international relations a10), 2015, 68 p., ISBN 978-80968155-8-6.This publication...
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Vol. 24, No. 3, 2015

The Belt and Road Initiative: Connecting China and Central Europe
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)At present, the world economy is under a "veil of uncertainty," the global economic landscape is adjusting substantially and international competition is more intensive. China and other major economies...
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China's Engagement in Central and Eastern Europe: Regional Diplomacy in Pursuit of China's Interests
The nature of China's foreign engagementA leading experts on China, David Shambaugh, discusses the nature of the global engagement of the People's Republic of China (PRC) in his most recent book. In his view, Chinese diplomacy takes a kind of lowest-common-denominator...
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Future of Trade Relations within the 16+1 Group: Risks and Opportunities
Long-term forecasting is often a hopeless activity. We cannot really predict what China will look like in twenty or thirty years; at the very least we must assume that such prognoses may prove just as faulty as decade-old forecasts for the eurozone,...
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Coming out of the Shadows: The Polish Perspective on China-Central and Eastern Europe Relations
Re-discoveryIn the last two decades, Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) have not played an important role in China's foreign policy and vice-versa. Neither side has been very interested in the other. During the post-1989 political and economic transformations,...
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Blowing from the East
In recent years, Chinese companies have increasingly been targeting Central and Eastern European [CEE] countries, with the Visegrad countries and Romania, Bulgaria and Serbia being among the most popular. Although when compared to China's economic presence...
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Migration from China to Slovakia
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)While numerous specialist studies about Chinese communities have been published in other countries in the region, like Hungary, the Czech Republic or Poland, this is not the case in Slovakia. To date there...
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Unmade in China: The Hidden Truth about China's Economic Miracle
Unmade in China: the hidden truth about China's economic miracle By Jeremy R. Haft. Cambridge: Polity Press, 2015, 208 p., ISBN: 9780745684017For the last three decades China has been implementing economic reforms so it can assume its rank among the...
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Small States Status Seeking: Norway's Quest for International Standing
Small states status seeking: Norway's quest for international standing By Benjamin de Carvalho, Iver B. Neumann, eds, London and New York: Routledge, 2015, 162 p., ISBN 978-0-415-75036-3Recognition, reputation, prestige and status apply to individuals...
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Vol. 22, No. 4, 2013

The Future of EU Enlargement
Abstract:The twenty-first century began with a vastly unprecedented approach which broke the pattern of EU group enlargements. Three candidates from three different geographical areas of Europe, and with rather divergent political and economic backgrounds,...
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The Dynamics and Context of Regional Cooperation in the Western Balkans
Abstract:Regional cooperation in the Western Balkans has demonstrated its viability in the last two decades. In the initial phase, international support was the key factor inducing the re-establishment of regional connections. Since the transfer of ownership...
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A Requiem for a Dream: The Name Issue and the Accession of Macedonia to the EU
Abstract:This paper examines the role of the name issue between the Republic of Macedonia and Greece, as a factor ultimately defining the dynamics of the process of accession of the Republic of Macedonia to the European Union. The impact of the name...
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Putting the Brakes on European Integration: Causes and Consequences
Abstract:For Ukraine, the European integration process means a priori the modernization of the country, the implementation of reforms, and the deepening of democratic transformation. The Ukrainian government, however, has made the decision not to sign...
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Moldova between West and East: Which Comes First, Euro-Integration or Conflict Settlement?
Abstract:Negotiations for European integration show an increasing trend, however, the reality concerning negotiations on the Transnistrian conflict settlement is quite different. Two years after their start, the situation has become tense in the Security...
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Der Mühsame Weg Nach Westen
Slowakei. Der mühsame Weg nach Westen By Hannes Hofbauen David X. Noack. Vienna: Brennpunkt Osteuropa PRO MEDIA, 2012. 248 p. ISBN 978-3-85371-349-5.In comparison with the Czech Republic, Slovakia has always been relatively neglected among German-speaking...
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Vol. 22, No. 3, 2013

International Energy Security Challenges for Europe in the Coming Years
Abstract:The European Union's approach to "energy security" has strongly focused on diversifying its gas import sources and routes, and mitigating the risks of supply disruptions from Russia at home. Yet gas markets have changed dramatically recently:...
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Reindustrialization versus Climate Change. an Evolving Energy Agenda?
Abstract:In the European Union the discussion of a post-2020 framework for climate and energy policies has already commenced. Yet the fight against climate change - considered to be a solid driver for a more ambitious EU policy - has been constrained...
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The European Methane Belt
Abstract:On the background of European counterpoints regarding unconventional gas, Poland and Ukraine currently stand out as the advance-guard of unconventional gas exploration in continental Europe. In this article an attempt is made to forecast the...
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Playing Down the Shale Gas Hype, Inventing a Sober Policy
Abstract:Europe will not repeat America's experience and will not witness a shale gas revolution in the short term. Extracting unconventional gas is economically less interesting, socially less acceptable - France being a typical case - and, in terms...
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Atomausstieg: The Withdrawal of Germany from Nuclear Energy and Its Impact on Energy Security and the Diversification of Energy Supply
Abstract:In immediate response to the disaster at Fukushima Daichii, Germany decided to cut off ail of its nuclear resources by 2020, and in that manner fully withdraw from using nuclear energy. This study analyzes this decision in the context of the...
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Contest for Corporate Survival. A New Era for CEE Oil Markets?
Abstract:Oil supply security is not the foremost challenge for V4 oil policies. These four countries belong to the biggest oil supply disruption response mechanism on the globe, have relatively high density networks, and enough mobility to manage potential...
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Energetická Politika Evropské Unie [Energy Policy of the European Union]
Energetická politika Evropské unie [Energy policy of the European Union] By Filip Cernoch, Veronika Zapletalová, Brno: Muni Press, 2012. 155 p. ISBN: 978-80-210-B073-9For several years now, energy policy has been one of the main topics for policymakers....
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The Future of Natural Gas Security in the V4 Countries. A Scenario Analysis and the EU Dimension
The future of natural gas security in the V4 countries. A scenario analysis and the EU dimension By Filip Cernoch, Bretislav Dancák, Jana Kovácovská, Petr Ocelik, Jan Osicka, Tomás Vlcek, Veronika Zapletalová. Brno: Muni Press, International Institute...
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Vol. 22, No. 1/2, 2013

Twenty Years of Slovakia
Abstract:The Czechoslovak "divorce" on January 1, 1993 brought high hopes and great expectations, as well as worries. Both the political elite and citizens were in search of answers to many questions concerning Slovakia's future and its role in the globalized...
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Slovakia as Seen from an Austrian Perspective: On the Way toward a Level Playing Field
Abstract:This article analyzes the establishment of Slovakia on the international stage from an Austrian perspective, as well as the current Austrian cooperation with Slovakia. Over the past 20 years a close and neighborly relationship has developed....
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Slovakia in the Western Balkans: Experiences and Challenges
Abstract:Slovakia's engagement in Western Balkans was initially motivated by its efforts to contribute to the solving of a crisis that had evolved into open war in its own neighborhood - the most devastating and bloody conflict on European soil since...
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Slovakia's Eastern Policy - from the Trojan Horse of Russia to "Eastern Multivectoralism"
Abstract:Slovakia's relations with the states of Eastern Europe not only have a bilateral impact, but contain geopolitical, security and economic dimensions as well. This article analyzes the domestic, bilateral and multilateral aspects of relations...
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European Policies of the Visegrad Countries
Abstract:The growing importance of the Visegrad Group within the EU arena gives Central European states a real opportunity to take part in shaping the future of the continent. So far, the V4 has been active mostly on issues concerning cohesion or EU...
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Which Kind of Federalism for the European Union in Times of Crisis?
Abstract:The question of the future of the eurozone has become more and more acute. The member states have opted for an intergovernmental decision making process which favors their national interests and weakens those institutions which represent the...
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Competing Europe: How Harmonization and Integration Can Harm Progress
Abstract:The process of competition constantly fuels progress through discoveries of better solutions to the changing and growing demands of mankind. While more often coupled with entrepreneurship, competition is important also in the field of public...
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Critical International Political Economy. Dialogue, Debate and Dissensus
Critical international political economy. Dialogue, debate and dissensus By Stuart Shields, Ian Bruff and Huw Macartney, eds., Houdmills and New York: Palgrave MacMillan, 2011. ISBN 978-0-230-28030-4At this time of global economic crisis, the demand...
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Russian Foreign Policy: The Return of Great Power Politics
Russian foreign policy: the return of great power politics By Jeffery Mankoff, Plymouth: Rowman & Littlefield, 2011. 352 p. ISBN 978-1-4422-0825-4The end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union ended the superpower struggle that shaped...
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Vol. 21, No. 3/4, 2012

Twenty Years of Slovak Foreign Policy
In January 2013 we are commemorating the twentieth anniversary of the Slovak Republic. This seems to be a good opportunity to look back, recall the road we have walked for the past two decades and assess our achievements so fan Where were we twenty years...
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The Beginnings of Slovak Foreign Policy
Today itseemsnaturaltoaskmany questions connected with the expression of Slovak foreign policy - mainly conceptual questions but also institutional ones. Surprisingly, the current status of Slovakia as a full-fledged member of the European community,...
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Twenty Years of Slovak Foreign Policy: Teething Problems, Successful Integration and Post-Accession Challenges
The aim of this article is to offer an overview analysis of the development of the foreign policy of the Slovak Republic, from the time it became an independent country in 1993 up to the present day.1 Both the evaluation of these 20 years of Slovak foreign...
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Power and Progress: International Politics in Transition
Power and progress: international politics in transition By Jack Snyder, Abington, UK: Routlegde, 2012, 316 p. ISBN: 978-0^15-57573-7When it comes to explaining how international politics works, the international relations scholarship has been, for a...
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BIBLIOGRAPHY: 20 Years of the International Issues & Slovak Foreign Policy Affairs
Medzinárodné otázky/lnternational Issues1992-20051/1992Slovensko-ceské vztiahy: m i nu lost, súcasnost, perspektívySlovak- Czech relations: past, presence, prospectsKrivy, V, "Cesko-Slovensko: na krizovatke ci na krízovej ceste?," Medzinárodné otázky/lnternational...
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Vol. 21, No. 1/2, 2012

Future of Nuclear Power Engineering after Fukushima Accident
Abstract:Less than one hour after the March 11, 2011 earthquake a massive tsunami inundated the nuclear site at Fukushima Daiichi with seawater. The damage caused by the flooding of the site resulted in loss of cooling to the three reactor units causing...
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Nuclear Energy after Fukushima? Strong and Independent National Regulators
Abstract:The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan has reopened discussions about the future of this industry in many countries. While those supporting nuclear energy point mainly to the enormous natural disaster that could not...
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The Czech Discourse on the Completion of the Temelín Nuclear Power Plant
Abstract:In early August 2009, the Czech company CEZ announced a public tender to enlarge its existing nuclear power plant Temelín with the addition of two reactors, with the option to build additional nuclear units in the Czech Republic and abroad....
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Poland's Energy Security: Between German Nuclear Phase-Out and Energy Dependency from Russia
Abstract:There is a strong belief among Polish people that Poland's energy security is determined to a large extend by foreign countries' activities, especially Russia, which is the biggest global energy exporter, and Germany, which remains one of the...
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Crisis as Remedy? the 2009 Gas Crisis and Its Influence on the Increase of Energy Security within Visegrad Group Countries
Abstract:This paper analyzes a change of attitude among the Visegrad Group towards energy security as a result of the 2009 gas crisis. On the one hand, the crisis fully unveiled the challenges these countries face in regard to energy security; on the...
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Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Continuation of War by Other Means
Abstract:This article addresses the state-buiiding process in post-war Bosnia and Herzegovina, and thus contributes to the literature on state-building processes in the post-war multinational countries. By analyzing the overall value of the General Framework...
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Pravda O Obchode. Skutocné Dôsledky Liberalizácie (Originally Published under the Title: The Truth about Trade: The Real Impact of Liberalization)
Pravda o obchode. Skutocné dôsledky liberalizácie (originally published under the title: The truth about trade: the real impact of liberalization) By Clive George. Bratislava: Nadácia Pontis, 2011. 162 p. ISBN 978-80-968229-4-2There are very fewtitles...
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Citoyennetés et Nationalités En Europe [Citizenships and Nationalities in Europe]
Citoyennetés et nationalités en Europe [Citizenships and nationalities in Europe] By Gilles Rouet, Paris: LHarmattan, 2011. 270 p. ISBN 978-2-296-55797-0Top French and Polish newspapers joined together to make a common supplement on European issues;...
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Living in Other Worlds. after Defeat: How the East Learned to Live with the West
Living in other worlds. After defeat: how the East learned to live with the West By Ayse Zarakol, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011. ISBN 978-0521145565After defeat: how the East learned to live with the West is an academic book written by...
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