International Journal of Turkish Studies

Articles from Vol. 21, No. 1/2, 2015

Abdullah Gül and the Making of the New Turkey
GERALD MACLEAN, Abdullah Gül and the Making of the New Turkey (London: Oneworld Publications, 2014). Pp. 400. £ 35.00 cloth.Despite a recent sharp increase in books in English about contemporary Turkish politics, there have been no biographies of its...
America's Black Sea Fleet: The US Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919-1923
ROBERT SHENK, America's Black Sea Fleet: The US Navy Amidst War and Revolution, 1919-1923 (Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2012). Pp. 366. $24.94 cloth.This is a very difficult book to review fairly, since it is such a striking mixture of the good...
And Then We Work for God: Rural Sunni Islam in Western Turkey
KIMBERLY HART, And Then We Work for God: Rural Sunni Islam in Western Turkey (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2013). Pp. 304. $ 24.95 paper.Based on years of fieldwork, this book explores varieties of Islamic practice in the Yuntdag region...
Arming the Sultan: German Arms Trade and Personal Diplomacy in the Ottoman Empire before World War I
NACÍ YORULMAZ, Arming the Sultan: German Arms Trade and Personal Diplomacy in the Ottoman Empire before World War I (London, New York: I. B. Tauris, 2014). Pp. 256. $ 110.00 cloth.The politics of armaments sales has recently become a major issue in the...
Atatürk in the Nazi Imagination
STEFAN IHRIG, Atatürk in the Nazi Imagination (Cambridge, Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2014). Pp. 320. $ 29.95 cloth.Critical engagement with the history of Turkey during the last decades has led many Turkish journalists...
Becoming Ottomans: Sephardi Jews and Imperial Citizenship in the Modern Era
JULIA PHILIPS COHEN, Becoming Ottomans: Sephardi Jews and Imperial Citizenship in the Modern Era (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014). Pp. 256. $ 35.00 cloth.On 31 March 1492, The Catholic monarchs Isabel of Castile and Fernando of Aragon signed the...
Capital Accumulation and Family Business Networks in Late Ottoman Izmir
IntroductionOne of the most understudied subjects in the economic history of the Middle East is the level, rate and degree of capital accumulation achieved in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. This is true for even the most complex regional...
Contemporary Kemalism: From Universal Secular-Humanism to Extreme Turkish Nationalism
TONI ALARANTA, Contemporary Kemalism: From Universal Secular-Humanism to Extreme Turkish Nationalism (New York, NY: Routledge, 2014). Pp. 150 $ 145.00 clothToni Alaranta's Contemporary Kemalism: From Universal Secular-Humanism to Extreme Turkish Nationalism...
Dervishes and Islam in Bosnia: Sufi Dimensions to the Formation of Bosnian Muslim Society
The Balkans INES ASCERIC-TODD, Dervishes and Islam in Bosnia: Sufi Dimensions to the Formation of Bosnian Muslim Society (Leiden: Brill, 2015). Pp.198. $142.00 cloth.The fact that book-length academic studies on Sufism in Bosnia are few and far between...
Freemasonry in the Ottoman Empire: A History of the Fraternity and Its Influence in Syria and the Levant
DOROTHE SOMMER, Freemasonry in the Ottoman Empire: A History of the Fraternity and Its Influence in Syria and the Levant (London: I.B. Tauris, 2014). Pp. 320. $ 95.00 cloth.Exclusive and secretive, possessed of its own secular and free-thinking doctrines,...
Frontiers of the Ottoman Imagination: Studies in Honour of Rhoads Murphey
MARIOS HADJIANASTASIS, ed., Frontiers of the Ottoman Imagination: Studies in Honour of Rhoads Murphey (Leiden: Brill, 2015). Pp. 324. $ 149.00 cloth.As the editor of this volume notes in his introduction (p. vi), devising a Festschrift dedicated to a...
Geographical Knowledge and Imperial Culture in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire (Transculturalisms, 1400-1700)
PINAR EMÍRALÍOGLU, Geographical Knowledge and Imperial Culture in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire (Transculturalisms, 1400-1700) (Burlington, VT.: Ashgate Publishing Co., 2014). Pp. 210. $ 199.95 cloth.Pinar Emiralioglu's book focuses on Ottoman geographical...
Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey
RYAN GINGERAS, Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014). Pp. 290. S $110.00 cloth.Heroin, Organized Crime, and the Making of Modern Turkey is an engaging book that should be of interest to scholars...
Islamic Schools in Modern Turkey: Faith, Politics and Education
IREN ÖZGÜR, Islamic Schools in Modern Turkey: Faith, Politics and Education (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012). Pp. 256. $ 104.99 cloth.In recent months and years, Turkey's religious vocational (Imam Hatip) schools have featured prominently...
Islamist Thinkers in the Late Ottoman Empire and Early Turkish Republic
Modern Turkey AHMET ÇEYHUN, Islamist Thinkers in the Late Ottoman Empire and Early Turkish Republic (Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2015). Pp. 184. $ 120.00 cloth.This is both a very useful book and a frustrating one. It is a welcome contribution to the literature...
Les Ottomans et le Temps
FRANÇOIS GEORGEON and FRÉDÉRIC HITZEL, eds. Les Ottomans et le temps (Leiden: Brill, 2012). Pp. 388. $ 196.00 cloth.Time studies has lately come into its own as a field of Ottoman history. Recent monographs by On Barak, Stephen Blake, Vanessa Ogle, and...
Levant: Splendour and Catastrophe on the Mediterranean
PHILIP MANSEL, Levant: Splendour and Catastrophe on the Mediterranean (New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 2011). Pp. 470. $ 71.54 cloth.Levant: Splendour and Catastrophe on the Mediterranean by Philip Mansel (Yale University Press) focuses...
Maritime Power in the Black Sea
DEBORAH SANDERS, Maritime Power in the Black Sea (Ashgate, 2014). Pp. 256. $ 199.95 cloth.The enclosed Black Sea constitutes a hugely important trade route (with some 300 ships moving in and out on a daily basis) for several nations-Turkey and Russia...
Memory and Strategies of Identity Formation in Hatay
One of the main tools for creating a national identity at the expense of any other identity is official historical narratives imbuing people with the idea of a common identity on which a nation can be built. Although this is why nation-states construct...
Military Intervention and a Crisis of Democracy in Turkey: The Menderes Era and Its Demise
MOGENS PELT, Military Intervention and a Crisis of Democracy in Turkey: The Menderes Era and its Demise (London: I. B. Tauris, 2014). Pp. 301. $ 96.00 cloth.The author points out that in his book he takes up the relationship and conflict among the political...
Mobilizing the Juderia in Service of the City: Shifting Perspectives on Poverty among the Jews of Late Ottoman Izmir
While the Jews of Izmir figure prominently in narratives chronicling the city's emergence as a major port in the seventeenth century, they are largely absent from the literature on the late Ottoman period. By the nineteenth century, their influential...
On the Jewish Community of Izmir in the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries
From an analysis of the social structure of the Jewish community of Izmir and its leadership as they responded to these challenges in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, we may gain a clearer understanding about the power relations among...
Ottoman Notables and Participatory Politics: Tanzimat Reform in Tokat, 1839-1876
JOHN K. BRAGG, Ottoman Notables and Participatory Politics: Tanzimat Reform in Tokat, 1839-1876 (New York: Routledge, 2014). Pp. 285. $ 155.00 cloth.John Bragg's analysis of nineteenth-century Tokat uses the shar'i court records (sijills) to shed light...
Ottoman Turkey, Atatürk, and Muslim South Asia: Perspectives, Perceptions and Responses
M. NAEEM QURESHI, Ottoman Turkey, Atatürk, and Muslim South Asia: Perspectives, Perceptions and Responses (Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2014). Pp. 416. £ 29.99 cloth.Naeem Qureshi's work is a meticulous effort to underline the historic relations...
Out of Nowhere: The Kurds of Syria in Peace and War
MICHAEL M. GUNTER, Out of Nowhere: The Kurds of Syria in Peace and War (London: Hurst & Company, 2014). Pp. 176. £ 30.00 cloth.The ongoing Syrian civil war that broke out in 2011 has cost the displacement of millions and death of more than 300.000...
Power Networks and Violent Conflict in Central Asia: A Comparison of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan/State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central Asia
ÍDÍL TUNÇER-KILAVUZ, Power Networks and Violent Conflict in Central Asia: A Comparison of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan (New York: Routledge, 2014). Pp. 150. $ 124.43 cloth.LAWRENCE P. MARKOWITZ, State Erosion: Unlootable Resources and Unruly Elites in Central...
Risale-I Mi'mariyye: An Early-Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Treatise on Architecture
Risâle-i Mi märiyye: An Early-Seventeenth-Century Ottoman Treatise on Architecture, facsimile with translation and notes by HOWARD CRANE (Studies in Islamic Art and Architecture, 1) (Leiden and Boston: Brill), 2nd edition, 2014 [1987], Pp. 126 with facsimile...
Sehrengiz: Urban Rituals and Deviant Sufi Mysticism in Ottoman Istanbul
B. DENIZ ÇALI§-KURAL, ÿehrengiz: Urban Rituals and Deviant Sufi Mysticism in Ottoman Istanbul (Surrey and Burlington: Ashgate, 2014). Pp. 276. $ 105.00 cloth.Using Ottoman poetry "to gain deeper understanding of Ottoman space culture, especially pertaining...
Shattered Dreams of Revolution: From Liberty to Violence in the Late Ottoman Empire
BEDROSS DER MATOSSIAN, Shattered Dreams of Revolution: From Liberty to Violence in the Late Ottoman Empire (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014). Pp. 264. $ 24.95 cloth.As there are no dates in the title the reader is not able to know when the...
Shatterzone of Empires: Coexistence and Violence in the German, Habsburg, Russian, and Ottoman Borderlands
OMER BARTOV and ERIC D. WEITZ, eds., Shatterzone of Empires: Coexistence and Violence in the German, Habsburg, Russian, and Ottoman Borderlands (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2013). Pp. 544. $ 37.00 paper.As numerous theorists...
Skyscrapers of the Past and Their Shadows: A Social History of Urbanity in Late Ottoman Istanbul
Today, approaching Istanbul by ferry from the Anatolian coast, one cannot help but notice how drastically the skyline has changed within the past several years. For the first time in the history of the city, wide areas in and around the central quarters...
Social Unrest and American Military Bases in Turkey and Germany
AMY AUSTIN HOLMES, Social Unrest and American Military Bases in Turkey and Germany (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014). Pp. 250. $ 90.00 cloth.In her book, Social Unrest and American Military Bases in Turkey and Germany, Amy Austin Holmes aims...
Societal Peace and Ideal Citizenship for Turkey
RASIM OZGUR DONMEZ and PINAR ENNELI, eds., Societal Peace and Ideal Citizenship for Turkey (Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2011). Pp. 312. $ 100.00 cloth.An increasing number of books and articles dealing with the citizenship problems in Turkey and elsewhere...
State, Faith, and Nation in Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Lands
FREDERICK F. ANSCOMBE, State, Faith, and Nation in Ottoman and Post-Ottoman Lands (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014). Pp. 323. $30.99 paper.This is an ambitious book that aims to connect the political history of different provinces of the Ottoman...
Strategic Relations between the US and Turkey, 1979-2000: Sleeping with a Tiger
EKAVI ATHANASSOPOULOU, Strategic Relations between the US and Turkey, 1979-2000: Sleeping with a Tiger (London: Routledge, 2014). Pp. 210. $ 145.00 cloth.Ekavi Athanassopoulou's apt subtitle derives from a warning by Turkey's one-time President, ismet...
The Bazaar in the Islamic City: Design, Culture and History
MOHAMMAD GHARIPOUR, ed.,The Bazaar in the Islamic City: Design, Culture and History (Cairo: American University of Cairo Press, 2012). Pp. 320. £ 28.00 cloth.This edited volume joins a host of similar books written and published during the last decade,...
The City in the Ottoman Empire: Migration and the Making of Urban Modernity
ULRIKE FREITAG, MALTE FUHRMANN, NORA LAFI and FLORIAN RIEDLER, eds., The City in the Ottoman Empire: Migration and the Making of Urban Modernity (London: Routledge, 2011). Pp. 288. $ 155.00 cloth. $ 48.95 paper.People are mobile. They move in pursuit...
The Crimean Khanate and Poland- Lithuania: International Diplomacy on the European Periphery (15Th- 18th Century). A Study of Peace Treaties Followed by Annotated Documents
Turkic World DARIUSZ KOLODZIEJCZYK, The Crimean Khanate and Poland-Lithuania: International Diplomacy on the European Periphery (15th-18th Century). A Study of Peace Treaties followed by Annotated Documents (Leiden: Brill, 2011). Pp. 1098. $ 345.00 cloth.This...
The European Competition to Electrify Istanbul in the Early Twentieth Century
Electric lighting became widespread in the cities of Europe and the United States in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, and electrical technology rapidly spread through other parts of the world, from Chile to Congo and from Spain to the Ottoman...
The Garden of the Mosques: Hafiz Hüseyin Al-Ayvansarayî's Guide to the Muslim Monuments of Ottoman Istanbul
The Garden of the Mosques: Hafiz Hüseyin al-Ayvansarayî's Guide to the Muslim Monuments of Ottoman Istanbul, Translated and annotated by HOWARD CRANE (Leiden: Brill, 2014). Pp. 626. $ 63.00 paper.While the writing of art and architectural history became...
The Ottoman Empire and Its Successors, 1801-1927 with an Appendix, 1927-1936
WILLIAM MILLER, The Ottoman Empire and Its Successors, 1801-1927 with an Appendix, 1927-1936 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013). [Being a Revised and Enlarged Edition of The Ottoman Empire, 1801-1913 (Cambridge: The University Press, 1936)]....
The Ottoman-Iranian Borderlands: Making a Boundary, 1843-1914
SABRÍ ATE§, The Ottoman-Iranian Borderlands: Making a Boundary, 1843-1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013). Pp. 374. $ 19.99 paper.The risk with an undertaking such as this book, depending as it does on a wide array of archival sources,...
The Ottomans and the Mamluks: Imperial Diplomacy and Warfare in the Islamic World
CIHAN YÜKSEL MUSLU, The Ottomans and the Mamluks: Imperial Diplomacy and Warfare in the Islamic World (London & New York: I. B. Tauris, 2014). Library of Ottoman Studies, vol. 36. Pp. 376. $ 95.00 cloth.Over the past few years, with ever-increasing...
The Oxford Handbook of European Islam
Europe/European Union JOCELYNE CESARI, ed., The Oxford Handbook of European Islam (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014). Pp. 896. $ 95.00 cloth.This is a most welcome work for students of Islam, migration, and cultural encounters as well as for understanding...
The Whispers of Cities: Information Flows in Istanbul, London, and Paris in the Age of William Trumbull
Pre-Ottoman and Ottoman JOHN-PAUL A. GHOBRIAL, The Whispers of Cities: Information Flows in Istanbul, London, and Paris in the Age of William Trumbull (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013). Pp. 270. $ 135.00 cloth.In this beautifully crafted book,...
Trading with the Ottomans: The Levant Company in the Middle East
DESPINA VLAMI, Trading with the Ottomans: The Levant Company in the Middle East (London: I.B. Tauris, 2015). Pp. 304. $ 99.00 cloth.For many decades, scholars of English trade in the Ottoman Empire have relied heavily on the staples of the history of...
Travel and Artisans in the Ottoman Empire: Employment and Mobility in the Early Modern Era
SURAIYA FAROQHI, Travel and Artisans in the Ottoman Empire: Employment and Mobility in the Early Modern Era (London: I. B. Tauris, 2014). Pp. 320. $ 99.00 cloth.This book is a collection of articles written by Suraiya Faroqhi that are loosely bound together...
Turkey and the Politics of National Identity: Social, Economic and Cultural Transformation
SHANE BRENNAN, MARC HERZOG, Turkey and the Politics of National Identity: Social, Economic and Cultural Transformation (London: I. B. Tauris, 2014). Pp. 320. $ 95.00 cloth.The departure point of this book is the remarkable transformations that Turkey...
Turkey's Democratization Process
CARMEN RODRIGUEZ, ANTONIO ÁVALOS, HAKAN YILMAZ and ANA I. PLANET, eds., Turkey's Democratization Process (Routledge, 2014). Pp. 444. $ 160.00 cloth.The seeds of this book were first planted in a research seminar "Democracy and Democratization in Turkey"...
Turkish Berlin: Integration Policy and Urban Space
ANNIKA MARLEN HINZE, Turkish Berlin: Integration Policy and Urban Space (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013). Pp. 240. $ 25.00 paper.Diasporas are a consequence of migration that has been a feature of the world for thousands of years. However,...
Twilight of the Saints: Everyday Religion in Ottoman Syria and Palestine
JAMES GREHAN, Twilight of the Saints: Everyday Religion in Ottoman Syria and Palestine (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014). Pp. 360. $74.00 cloth.According to a secular conceit, religion is a vestige of the past, timeless and immune to historical...
Violence in Ottoman Jewish Society: Izmir as a Case Study
This article focuses on a subject that has not been studied in the context of Ottoman Jewry: violence and acts of violence. It deals primarily with Izmir which since the early seventeenth century was not only "the microcosmos of Europe," to borrow the...
V. L. Ménage (1920-2015) Turcologist and Historian of the Early Ottoman State: A Personal Memoir
Almost a quarter of a century ago my colleague Colin Imber and I were gathering contributions for a Festschrift to honor the seventy-fifth birthday of V. L. Ménage, the second (after the late Professor Paul Wittek) and possibly the last holder of the...
Well-Connected Domains: Towards an Entangled Ottoman History
PASCAL W. FIRGES, TOBIAS P. GRAF, CHRISTIAN ROTH, and GÜLAY TULASOGLU, eds., Well-Connected Domains: Towards an Entangled Ottoman History (Leiden: Brill, 2014). Pp. 308. $149.00 cloth.Well-Connected Domains offers the Anglophone reader a glimpse into...
Writing History at the Ottoman Court: Editing the Past, Fashioning the Future
H. ERDEM ÇIPA and EMÍNE FETVACI, eds., Writing History at the Ottoman Court: Editing the Past, Fashioning the Future (Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 2013). Pp. 181. $ 25.00 paper.The cliché "a gem of a book" holds true for this...
Writing Religion: The Making of Turkish Alevi Islam
MARKUS DRESSLER, Writing Religion: The Making of Turkish Alevi Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 2013). Pp. 346. £ 41.99 cloth.Since the political demands of the Alevis have become one of the most delicate issues of Turkey's politics, the Justice...
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