IRPP Study


No. 65, September

Does Canadian Federalism Amplify Policy Disagreements?: Values, Regions and Policy Preferences
Disagreement over preferred policy options is a normal feature of any functioning democracy (Montpetit 2016). There is, however, a threshold beyond which disagreement becomes harmful, stifling policy development or making it difficult for important segments...
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No. 64, June

Unfinished Business: Pension Reform in Canada
The plan to enhance CPP benefits announced in June 2016 will provide little benefit to low-income earners, and it fails to take into account the impact of demographic and labour market changes on the retirement income system.Le programme d'amélioration...
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No. 63, 2017

Parental Benefits in Canada: Which Way Forward?
Canada's employment insurance (EI) system provides special benefits to parents who take temporary leave from paid work to care for a newborn or newly adopted child. The system in place today was first launched 46 years ago, grafted onto an existing national...
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No. 60, August

Inclusive Employment for Canadians with Disabilities: Toward a New Policy Framework and Agenda
The federal government should foster real employment opportunities for persons with disabilities by connecting employers and people with disabilities and support employers in the provision of work accommodations and job-related supports.Le gouvernement...
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No. 59, February

Integrating Long-Term Care into a Community-Based Continuum: Shifting from "Beds" to "Places"
To address the growing long-term needs of Canada's aging population, governments should expand community-based care instead of simply increasing the number of residential care beds.Pour répondre aux besoins grandissants de sa population vieillissante...
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No. 58, December

Caregiving for Older Adults with Disabilities: Present Costs, Future Challenges
Canada needs a comprehensive strategy to support family caregivers, who bear a disproportionate share of the cost of assisting those with long-term disabilities.Le Canada doit se doter d'une stratégie globale de soutien aux proches aidants, qui assument...
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No. 57, December

Does Canada Need Trade Adjustment Assistance?
As Canada seeks to implement major trade deals, including CETA (with the European Union) and the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the issue of whether and how to design compensation and adjustment packages has moved front and centre.Alors que le Canada s'emploie...
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No. 56, November

Seeing the Same Canada?: Visible Minorities' Views of the Federation
In Canada's four largest provinces, visible minority immigrants embrace a national vision of the federation more strongly than the majority population.Les immigrés appartenant à une minorité visible dans les quatre plus grandes provinces du Canada adhèrent...
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No. 55, October

Temporary or Transitional?: Migrant Workers' Experiences with Permanent Residence in Canada
Policy changes are needed to facilitate the transition to permanent residence for the growing numbers of temporary foreign workers who seek to remain in Canada.Nos politiques d'immigration doivent être modifiées pour simplifier le parcours vers la résidence...
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No. 54, September

If at First You Don't Succeed: Toward an Adult Education and Training Strategy for Canada
While Canada has a culture of lifelong learning, our adult education and training system faces many problems of access, equity and effectiveness that need to be addressed if we are to enjoy a more prosperous future.Si le principe d'éducation permanente...
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No. 52, August

Ethnocultural Minority Enclaves in Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver
The number of ethnocultural minority enclaves in Canada's largest cities is growing rapidly, and these residential settings are highly complex social spaces.Le nombre d'enclaves ethnoculturelles dans les grandes régions métropolitaines du Canada ne cesse...
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No. 53, August

The Potential to Grow Canada-India Economic Linkages: Overlooked or Oversold?
SummaryFor decades, Canada has sought stronger trade and investment links with countries beyond traditional markets in the United States and Europe. Where does India fit into this desire for trade diversification? In this study, Someshwar Rao and Stephen...
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No. 51, February

No Seniors' Specials: Financing Municipal Services in Aging Communities
In determining how municipal services should be funded, the same public finance principles apply to all: services for seniors are no exception.Le financement des services municipaux aux aînés ne doit faire exception : les principes sont les mêmes, pour...
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No. 50, December

Are Income-Based Public Drug Benefit Programs Fit for an Aging Population?
SummaryMedications prescribed outside a hospital setting are not covered by Canada's medicare system. They are financed through a patchwork of private and public drug insurance plans that only provide coverage for select populations, leaving many Canadians...
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No. 47, June

Ethnocultural Community Organizations and Immigrant Integration in Canada
SummaryIn Canada, as elsewhere, many immigrants rely on ethnospecific organizations - those that represent and provide services to a single ethnocultural group - to further their economic and social interests. This can have varying consequences for group...
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No. 46, April

Economic and Social Integration of Immigrant Live-In Caregivers in Canada
SummaryUnlike most other temporary foreign workers in Canada, participants in the Live-In Caregiver Program (LCP) are eligible to apply for permanent residence after completing 24 months of paid employment within a period of four years. The LCP was introduced...
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No. 45, February

Understanding Intergenerational Social Mobility: Filipino Youth in Canada
SummaryCanadian research on intergenerational social mobility has shown that there is considerable upward mobility among the children of immigrants. However, there are some groups that are exceptions to the overall pattern. This study examines the situation...
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No. 44, January

Becoming Canadian: Making Sense of Recent Changes to Citizenship Rules
SummaryAs two-thirds of Canada's population growth comes through immigration, the law and processes governing naturalization are extremely important. Indeed, Canada is a world leader with respect to naturalization. In 2005-06, 75 percent of foreign-born...
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No. 43, December

Canada's Provincial Nominee Immigration Programs: Securing Greater Policy Alignment
SummaryOver the past two decades, as a result of a series of agreements with the federal government, Canada's subnational governments have acquired a major role in the selection of immigrants. The first of these agreements was with Quebec government,...
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No. 42, November

No Shortage of Opportunity: Policy Ideas to Strengthen Canada's Labour Market in the Coming Decade
SummaryCanada is in the midst of two important transitions, which could affect the functioning of the labour market for years to come. The first is the slow but steady return to full employment after the recession of 2008 and 2009, and the second is...
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No. 41, July

Not-So-Modest Options for Expanding the CPP/QPP
SummaryApproximately half of middle-income earners over 40 today are expected to see a significant decline in their standard of living upon retirement. While finance ministers have spent the past few years considering the future of the retirement income...
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No. 40, April

Foreign Direct Investment and the National Interest: A Way Forward
The Investment Canada Act has worked well for Canada, but if we are to remain competitive in global capital markets, we need to more proactively and clearly communicate to foreign investors what we expect of them.La Loi sur Investissement Canada a bien...
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No. 38, January

"I Am Canadian": Challenging Stereotypes about Young Somali Canadians
SummaryThis study challenges the perceptions that the Somali Canadian community has failed to an unusual degree to integrate into the wider society; that this is the fault of the community itself; and, moreover, that this supposed failure represents...
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No. 37, December

The Federal Public Service Superannuation Plan: A Reform Agenda
There is a need for comprehensive reform of the federal public service pension plan that takes into account the long-term fiscal, demographic and human resource management context facing the government.Le régime de pension de retraite de la fonction...
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No. 36, November

Where Will You Retire? Seniors' Migration within Canada and Implications for Policy
The migration of seniors within Canada is primarily a local, not a national phenomenon - in general, all communities need to be proactive in considering the implications of an aging population.Bien que la migration des aînés au Canada soit un phénomène...
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No. 35, October

The Impact of Precarious Legal Status on Immigrants' Economic Outcomes
Immigrants' precarious legal status and exposure to questionable employment practices can negatively affect the economic outcomes of even those immigrants who become permanent residents.Le statut juridique précaire et le fait d'être exposé à des pratiques...
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No. 34, July

A Technology-Led Climate Change Policy for Canada
SummaryAs Canada has formally withdrawn from the Kyoto Accord, what can we do to contribute meaningfully to reducing global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions? Climate policy activists and experts have long argued that adopting emissions-reduction targets...
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No. 33, June

Financing Long-Term Care in Canada
SummaryAs Canada's population ages, a growing number of frail seniors will require long-term care services to help them perform daily activities such as eating, dressing or bathing. Ensuring that adequate care is accessible to every Canadian who needs...
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No. 32, June

Global Value Chains and Canada's Trade Policy: Business as Usual or Paradigm Shift?
Global value chains are changing the face of international trade, and in order to reap their full economic benefits, Canada needs to broaden the scope of its trade policy to include factors such as human capital development and innovation.Les chaînes...
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No. 30, May

Dutch Disease or Failure to Compete? A Diagnosis of Canada's Manufacturing Woes
SummaryThe continuing global energy boom that began in the early 2000s has brought significant economic benefits to Canada in the form of strong growth in national income, relatively low unemployment and (until the recession) healthy public finances....
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No. 31, May

Language Skills and the Social Integration of Canada's Adult Immigrants
SummarySkills in an official language (English or French) significantly affect the economic integration of Canada's immigrants, including their employment levels and incomes. Official-language skills also have an impact on how well immigrants integrate...
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No. 29, April

Making It in Canada: Immigration Outcomes and Policies
SummaryOver the past three decades the labour market outcomes of immigrants to Canada have declined. Many recent arrivals have had difficulty finding employment, and earnings have gone down, particularly among men. Research has shown that there is no...
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No. 27, March

Pooled Target-Benefit Pension Plans: Building on PRPPs
SummaryMore than 60 percent of working Canadians currently don't have a workplace pension. For those who do have one, it does not guarantee them retirement security. With employers increasingly opting for defined-contribution (DC) rather than defined-benefit...
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No. 28, March

Bailouts and Subsidies: The Economics of Assisting the Automotive Sector in Canada
While the 2009 bailout of GM Canada and Chrysler Canada was successful, in the future, requiring wage concessions as a condition for receiving industry subsidies would be a more equitable and cost-effective way to strengthen the auto sector, a conclusion...
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No. 26, February

Permanently Temporary? Agricultural Migrant Workers and Their Integration in Canada
SummaryEvery year, 30,000 agricultural migrant workers arrive in Canada as part of the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), the Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program and the Low Skill Pilot Project. Although the TFWP is intended to address short-term...
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