Jerusalem Quarterly

Articles

No. 72, Winter

Donald Trump's Generous Offer on Jerusalem
CALL FOR PAPERS - Jerusalem QuarterlyPolicing & ImprisonmnetCrime & Criminal Justice in PalestineIn recent decades, an increasing number of works have been dedicated to the British legal system in Palestine during the Mandate and its legacy upon...
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No. 66, Summer

We Are Watching You: Surveillance and Intelligence in Palestine
In his contribution to this issue of Jerusalem Quarterly, Elia Zureik notes the pervasiveness of surveillance in the Israeli matrix of control over the daily lives of Palestinians.Palestinians experience a generalized feeling of being watched and surveilled....
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No. 65, Spring

Urban Planning, Colonialism, and the Pro-Jerusalem Society
“Let old Jerusalem stand firm, and new Jerusalem grow in grace!”[1]Under the shadow of British withdrawal, the last British high commissioner of the Mandate authority in Palestine, General Alan Gordon Cunningham, described these final words as his “fervent...
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Mapping Divided Cities and Their Separation Walls: Berlin and Jerusalem
This project compares two separation barriers and their urban landscape in two very different socio-cultural and historical contexts: in the cities of Jerusalem and Berlin. The focus is on how different mapmakers from opposite side of the respective...
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Bedouin Communities in Greater Jerusalem: Planning or Forced Displacement?
In 2014, the Israeli Civil Administration announced a plan to relocate about 12,500 Bedouins residing in different communities in the governorates of Ramallah, Jerusalem, and Jericho to the lands of al-Nu‘ayma village, near the city of Jericho.[1] This...
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Critical Geographies of Jerusalem and Palestine
Unorthodox Geography: Critical Geographies of Jerusalem and PalestineFew matters engender more attention in Palestine than geography. As an intellectual pursuit, geography has been understood as the study of the features of the Earth’s surface. As a...
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Toward Decolonization in Tourism: Engaged Tourism and the Jerusalem Tourism Cluster
In the context of the ongoing Zionist settler colonial project in Palestine, tourism has proven to be an important instrument in shaping images and imaginative geographies related to both Palestine and Israel. Consequently, the Palestinian reality has...
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The Unmaking of Arab Jerusalem through Settlement Construction
The power of the state lies in, among other things, its control of the natural resources within a space. Spatial planning is the manifestation of power to control “geography’s resources.” Control of land, water, minerals, access points, and other such...
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Marriage, Split Residency, and the Separation Wall in Jerusalem
Israeli policies deny Palestinian Jerusalemites with blue identification cards, who live in either J1 (the part of East Jerusalem annexed and incorporated into the Israeli municipality of Jerusalem after the 1967 War) or J2 (populous Palestinian localities...
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Beyond the Physicality of Space: East Jerusalem, Kufr ‘Aqab, and the Politics of Everyday Suffering
This is a temporary solution to the issue of our residency . . . the area might become West Bank any moment, and we don’t know what do if that happens. The fact that it’s excluded from Jerusalem by the wall, and that Israel allows for such ‘ashwa’iyat[1]...
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Politics of Informal Urbanization and the Battle for Urban Rights in Jerusalem
The informal urbanization process in East Jerusalem has been politically charged and motivated since the Israeli occupation started in 1967. Israeli authorities’ de facto measures have unleashed uncontrolled and undirected spatial growth for Palestinian...
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Jerusalem Live: What Does Settler Colonialism Look Like?
Editor’s note: Jerusalem Quarterly thanks Nadera Shalhoub-Kervorkian for permission to publish excerpts from her presentation in a plenary session at the Critical Geography conference, entitled “Dreaming a Common Language: Making Race, Sexuality and...
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No. 63, 2015

The Status of the Status Quo at Jerusalem's Holy Esplanade*
This is an impressive report. The lucidity in the structure, the clarity in expression and the formidable expertise demonstrated makes it one of the best in a continuing line of excellent studies on the Arab-Israeli conflict by ICG. The research behind...
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The Jewish Agency's Case before the UNSCOP: Image and Discourse
"The problem with Israel," Tony Judt wrote in a 2003 article in The New York Review of Books, is that it "arrived too late." It has imported, he explains, "a characteristically late-nineteenth-century separatist project into a world that has moved on,...
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Greater Jerusalem Access, Movement, and Restrictions in OCHA Maps
Since the establishment of the United Nations Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affaire (UNOCHA) in 2002, the office took the responsibility of producing the Atlas for the occupied Palestinian territory. The fifth edition of the Humanitarian Atlas*...
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Palestine Sports and Scouts: Factional Politics and the Maccabiad in the 1930s
The period 1932-1936 witnessed remarkable cooperation between youth, scouting and sports movements in Mandate Palestine. The youth component was the common denominator among these three activities. Issa al-Sifri points out that a historian of the national...
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Dangerous Grounds at Al- Haram Al-Sharif: The Threats to the Status Quo
One of the most sacred sites on earth has become a place of episodic chaos and cacophony, a place where hatred and contempt are openly expressed, and where an unequal battle is being waged over incompatible claims.Spearheaded by "Temple Mount" groups,...
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Photographic Memories: The Field Hospital of Hafir-El-Auja and US- Ottoman Relations
At the outset of World War I, an American Red Cross mission set up a field hospital in Hafir-el-Auja, an oasis just on the Palestinian side of the border with Egypt. Its purpose was to care for casualties suffered by the Turkish military during their...
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The Haram Al-Sharif at the Eye of the Storm
Writing on "Five Decades of Subjection and Marginalization" of Palestinians in Jerusalem in the previous issue of Jerusalem Quarterly (62), historian and Jerusalemite Nazmi Jubeh warned of increasing Israeli control over access to the al-Aqsa/Dome of...
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Between Al-Khader and Nabi Rubeen: Religious Pilgrimage and Palestinian Shared Worlds of Meanings
Outside the West Bank town of Bethlehem lies the small village of al-Khader, home to the Monastery of Saint George, the patron saint of Palestine. Every year, in May, hundreds of Christian and Muslim Palestinians converge on the area to take part in...
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Khalil Al-Sakakini and Zionism before WWI
Khalil al-Sakakini (1878-1953), a Rum Orthodox Christian, was born in Old Jerusalem in 1878.2 His father served as the mukhtar of the local Rum Orthodox community. Khalil al-Sakakini was one of the most influential and prominent Palestinian intellectuals...
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Unlikely Identities: Abu Ibrahim and the Politics of Possibility in Late Ottoman Palestine
In May of 1911 an Ottoman deputy from Thessaloniki, Dimitar Vlahov, interjected himself in a parliamentary debate about Zionism in Palestine with a question: "Are Arab peasants opposed to the Jews?"2 Answering himself, he declared that there was no enmity...
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No. 62, Spring

The Oil Press Complex of Khirbat Al-Tira
Khirbat al-Tira lies nearly 1.5 kilometers west of the historic core of Ramallah and approximately 16 kilometers northwest of Jerusalem (Figure 1). It is situated just beside the Ramallah Women's Training Centre, a United Nations Relief and Works Agency...
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King Herod in Jerusalem: The Politics of Cultural Heritage
From his own time to the present day, King Herod the Great (74/73 BCE-4 BCE) has been celebrated as one of the greatest builders of the ancient world. Depictions of his character have been less favorable. Not so popular with his own subjects, and rather...
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An Archaeologist in Al-Tira
Walking through the hills around Ramallah, where I live, I have often come upon archeological ruins and remnants: Byzantine tombs, Ottoman olive presses, pottery shards. They lie there, scattered among stone walls and olive trees, unmarked and unstudied....
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Inter-Arab Rivalry and the All-Palestine Government of 1948
On 30 September 1948, an assembly of Palestinian political leaders met in Egypt- controlled Gaza to declare a Palestinian state. The assembly elected a president and voted on a number of resolutions naming Jerusalem as the capital, using the flag from...
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Five Decades of Marginalization of Arab Jerusalem
Only when you finish reading Nazmi Jubeh's "Five Decades of Subjection and Marginalization" does it dawn on you that nearly half a century has gone by in Jerusalem's tumultuous history since its annexation by Israel. The transformation has been incremental,...
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I Went to Defend Jerusalem in Cordoba, Memoirs of a Palestinian Communist in the Spanish International Brigades
Editors' Note: Najati Sidqi (1905-1979) was a leading figure in Arab and Palestinian communism. A leader of the trade union movement in Palestine during the 1920s and 1930s, he represented the Palestine Communist Party in the Comintern and was one of...
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Jerusalem: Five Decades of Subjection and Marginalization
Successive bloody incidents occurred in Jerusalem during the first half of 2014 that surprised and shocked observers on both sides of the "Green Line," especially since the general conviction prevailing amongst them was that "the issue of Jerusalem is...
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Musrara, the Center of the World
As essential as water or the air we breathe, streets are the corridors of the soul and the dark trajectories of memory.--Paul Virilio, Panic City1"The Cypresses are still there."Michel looks at them, high up behind the wall that surrounds a four-story...
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No. 61, 2015

Visual Culture and Remembering the Forgotten
Visual culture, inasmuch as it relates to both culture and the image, has a great potential to provide important insights into the history and society of the Palestinians. Images are cultural artifacts that form part of the material culture of any people....
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The Proverbial Shatha in Early Twentieth-Century Jerusalem
The invention of the daguerreotype in France in 1839 revolutionized the way in which people recorded their experiences.1 Not only could people write or paint to remember, but now they could also freeze an image on glass and record it. This discovery...
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This Wall Speaks: Graffiti and Transnational Networks in Palestine
Zionist colonization, even the most restricted, must either be terminated or carried out in defiance of the will of the native population. This colonization can, therefore, continue and develop only under the protection of a force independent of the...
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Portrait Paths: Studio Photography in Ottoman Palestine
A Locality:Wasif Jawhariyyeh's AlbumIn his personal chronicle, The Storyteller of Jerusalem, Wasif Jawhariyyeh (1897-1972) opens his account by calling attention to a cherished portrait that was presented as a gift to his father by his own namesake Wasif...
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Sophie Halaby, Palestinian Artist of the Twentieth Century
Although my first encounter with Sophie Halaby was memorable, I knew very little about her personal life when asked by the Jerusalem Quarterly to write this essay. But I do have knowledge of Palestinian art history and Sophie's position therein. Discovering...
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Photographic Conditions: Looting, Archives, and the Figure of the "Infiltrator"
A vast treasure of books, documents, and photographs looted from Palestinians in 1948 became part of the Israeli archives established or reorganized after the founding of the Israeli state. But this did not remain a single past event. The looting of...
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Waiting for the Second Coming: The New Photographic Collection of the American Colony Archives
American Colony Archive Collections in Jerusalem collection contain photographs, manuscripts, arts and crafts created by the community, rare books, and studies on archeology and botany. Hosted in the original site that was home to the founders of the...
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"Visit Palestine": A Brief Study of Palestine Posters
This article describes the Palestine posters in the Palestine Poster Project Archives, and then briefly discusses the history and genres of Palestine posters. It concludes by examining the trajectory of one particular poster - "Visit Palestine" from...
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No. 60, 2014

Editorial: New Approaches to Archives and Sources for Jerusalem's History
Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu has reacted to spiraling events in Jerusalem and elsewhere in October and November with a predictable, if dangerous, formula: force and more force. The slew of directives from his right-wing government includes...
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How Refuge Creates Informality: Shelter Politics in Refugee Camps in Beirut
This paper looks at how humanitarian policies of protection encourage the development of informality in refugee camps, particularly informal housing. I look at four urban camps in and around Beirut: Mar Elias, Burj al-Barajneh, Shatila, and Dbayeh. Through...
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Letter from Jerusalem: Yara and the Wanted Eighteen
Israeli prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu has reacted to spiraling events in Jerusalem and elsewhere in October and November with a predictable, if dangerous, formula: force and more force. The slew of directives from his right-wing government includes...
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Freunde Jerusalems: Germanophone Archival Sources on Palestine, 1841- 1945
On the following pages, I would like to offer a brief overview of germanophone sources on Palestine, or the coastal strip between Saida, the Sinai Peninsula, and the Jordan River, from the period 1841-1945. Aside of descriptions of the items, detailed...
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Letter from Jerusalem: How to Take Down Walls: Twenty-Five Years after the Fall of the Berlin Wall
On 9 November, a group of Palestinian non-violent resistance activists knocked a hole in the Israeli separation wall near Jerusalem. The activists, connected to local "popular struggle committees," issued a statement saying: "No matter how high walls...
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The Three Lives of Mehmet Lutfi Bey: Under Ottoman, Syrian, and Turkish States
Front cover of Hatiralarim, the memoirs of Mehmet Lütfi Rifai (Yücel). All images reproduced in this article come from these memoirs.The Ottoman Empire left an abandoned cultural heritage, one which was not adopted by its successor nation-states. The...
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Publishing Jerusalem's Ottoman Municipal Archives (1892-1917): A Turning Point for the City's Historiography
This article intends to provide a description of the archives of the Ottoman municipality of Jerusalem (1892-1917) and point to some of the main benefits that can be derived from this little known source for the historiography of Jerusalem. The archives...
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Souvenir from Gethsemane: Portrait of the Albina Brothers
When in 2004 my daughter, in search of family background, asked, "Which language did your dad speak best?" I swiftly responded, "Silence." The answer seemed flippant, and we both laughed. But in truth, in spite of the number of languages he could speak,...
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British Framing of the Frontier in Palestine, 1918- 1923: Revisiting Colonial Sources on Tribal Insurrection, Land Tenure, and the Arab Intelligentsia
On 22 April 1920, skirmishes took place between British gendarmes based in the frontier town of Baysan and hundreds of armed tribesmen of the Ghazawiyya - one of the biggest tribes in the region. Several men were killed on both sides. The next day, about...
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A Farcical Moment? Nabulsi Exceptionalism and the 1908 Ottoman Revolution
Throughout the twentieth century and most of the nineteenth, the city of Nablus ("Little Damascus," as coined by Maqdisi) evoked images of soap, knafeh, and tolerance of homosexuality. It was also a region of sporadic rebellions by its surrounding peasantry....
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No. 58, Spring

Words and Deeds in Jerusalem
But perhaps even more insidious was the more pleasant sight of a green area encircling East Jerusalem. While international attention, including from the United States, has put some pressure on the Israeli government to stop building in E1, the Israeli...
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No. 59, 2014

Editorial: Jerusalem in the Shadow of Gaza
This issue of Jerusalem Quarterly opens with two powerful and poignant letters from Jerusalem exploring the politics of fear and defiance that has invaded the city in the wake of the brutal murder of sixteenyear-old Mohammed Abu Khdeir from the Jerusalem...
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No. 52, Winter

In This Issue
on 29 November, 2012, the united Nations General assembly recognized Palestine as a non-member state. the recognition comes at a crucial time, following an israeli war on Gaza that ended with a truce just a few days earlier. No doubt there is a great...
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No. 51, Autumn

Seferberlik and Bare Feet: Rural Hardship, Citied Dreams, and Social Belonging in 1920s Syria
Introduction: Beyond a Honeymoon in the Countryside dr. razi Shakhashir's honeymoon did not go as planned. Bound for aleppo with his bride, Shakhashir opted instead for the dusty hamlet of nayrab, about ten miles outside of the Grey City. if the choice...
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The Exiling of Sheikh Jarrah
Sheikh Jarrah For more than twenty years i've lived on a small stretch of the nablus road in Sheikh Jarrah, making the neighborhood my most constant home. i moved in a penniless graduate student in the late 1980s and found an apartment in a nondescript...
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Ataturk and My Grandfather: The Battles for the Dardanelles and the Wadi Foukeen Fighters
Where the young Palestinian ismail hroub (after being conscripted by the ottomans in the first quarter of the twentieth century) was killed and buried remains unknown. his brother, Khalil hroub, my paternal grandfather, lived all his life saddened by...
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The Jerusalem Master Plan: Planning into the Conflict
this paper investigates the Jerusalem master Plan with reference to the israeli- Palestinian conflict over Jerusalem.the Jerusalem master Plan is the first comprehensive plan for the "whole" city (both the western and the eastern parts): for the first...
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Witnesses in Jerusalem: Re-Readings - A Kind of Double Agent
A Lifetime in Jerusalem: The Memoirs of the Second Viscount Samuel. Edwin Samuel. Jerusalem: israel Universities Press, 1970, pp 335.Edwin Samuel, son of Palestine's first high Commissioner under the British mandate, made it to Palestine before his father...
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Of Edwin Samuels, Seferberlik, and Tony Blair as a Ciarlatano
JQ 50, published this summer, was a landmark issue, attesting not only to the survival of a journal whose original scope and objectives - reading Jerusalem - were often questioned, but also to its ability to attract a wide spectrum of writers from academia...
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Journeys in Palestine during the British Colonial Period
al-Sham and the rest of the Arab world. When the editors of Jerusalem Quarterly visited Ziadeh at his home in Beirut in 2004 we were informed that he had just signed a contract for a book that he was planning to finish by his hundredth birthday. Unfortunately,...
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Gabi Baramki Visits the Museum of Coexistence
Gabi Baramki (1929-2012) professor of chemistry, astronomer, educator, and former president of Birzeit University passed away on August 30. The following tribute is excerpted from a forthcoming book by Suad Amiry, Golda Slept here, dedicated to his memory...
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No. 50, Summer

A New Art in an Ancient Land: Palestine through the Lens of Early European Photographers
Of all the lands there are for dismal scenery, I think Palestine must be the prince. The hills are barren, they are dull of color, they are unpicturesque in shape. The valleys are unsightly deserts fringed with a feeble vegetation that has an expression...
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Editorial
This issue of Jerusalem Quarterly is the fiftieth. It comes also at a time when the institute for Palestine Studies, our parent organization, celebrates its golden jubilee. The road that JQ has traveled since its first issue, then called Jerusalem Quarterly...
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Meeting at Middle Ground: American Quaker Women's Two Palestinian Encounters
Introduction In the late nineteenth century the Palestinian town of Ramallah began receiving American missionary women who embodied their middle-class ideology of womanhood and ventured to discourse on Arab women and culture. Their conviction of the...
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The "Center of Life" Policy: Institutionalizing Statelessness in East Jerusalem1
Since 1995, more than ten thousand Palestinian East Jerusalemites2 have vanished from Israel's population register. They have vanished not because of physical demise but as a result of disappearance by bureaucratic regulation - a legalized cleansing....
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Dying for a Birthright
Samira Hassassian made sure she died a Jerusalemite, even at the cost of cutting short her life. Given the choice between staying on a course of chemotherapy or travelling from london to Jerusalem to renew her residence rights, she gambled with her health...
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The Holy Sepulcher and the Garbage Dump: An Etymology
The most common name for the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in classical arabic sources is the Church of Refuse, or garbage (Kanisat al Qumamah). the geographer al- idrisi (493-559 aH, 1099-1165 or 1166 CE) gives us the following description for the Jerusalem...
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Jerusalem 1908: In the Household of the Ottoman Governor
Editor's Note: Selma Ekrem was the daughter of Ali Ekrem Bey, the Ottoman mutassarif (governor) of Jerusalem during the years 1906-1908, and the grand- daughter of Muhammet Namik Kemal, the illustrious poet, journalist and social reformer (1840-1888)....
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Jerusalem Calling: The Birth of the Palestine Broadcasting Service
On the last day of March 1936, as Jerusalem was moving from winter into spring, the Palestine Broadcasting Service (PBS) began radio broadcasts from the new transmitter in Ramallah, with broadcasting offices located near the center of Jerusalem. The...
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Polemikos 'Isa Al-'Isa and Printing Class: Too Much Borrowing?
The main objective of R. Michael Bracy's book is the analysis of the formation and development of Palestinian identity during the second and third decades of the twentieth century. the major sources on which his research is purportedly based are contemporary...
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Carnal Valleys, or Walking in Jerusalem in the 1990s
In the 1990s, i walked all around Jerusalem. tomes have been written about religious sentiments aroused by walking the streets of this Holy City. the very stones radiate sanctity, history, and faith. People spend vast resources to get here, to feel its...
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Before the Templers: The Millenarist Settlement in Artas Part II
This is the second part of Falestin Naili's study of the support networks for the millenarist settlement in Artas. The first part, dealing with support from Britain and North America, appeared in the Spring 2011 - Issue 45 of Jerusalem Quarterly. This...
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No. 49, Spring

Just an Ordinary Day in Gaza: Laila El-Haddad, Gaza Mom
"You know things ain't right," writes Gazan Laila El-Haddad in a 2005 blog, "when a child has become so accustomed to warplanes that he confuses them with birds." (p. 35) Her one-year-old son Yusuf has just identified an Israeli warplane flying overhead...
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Jerusalem: City of Dreams
Introduction Sliman Mansour is one of the most prominent Palestinian artists working today who has created many memorable works that are part of the Palestinian collective memory and identity. His practice spans several decades in which he has distilled...
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Barkat's Disengagement Plan
The mayor of Jerusalem gets up one fine morning and decides that 70,000 residents - native Jerusalemites - shall no longer be part of the city. Does the mayor have the authority to make such a decision? No. But Jerusalemis unlike any other city. And...
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The Violence of Exclusion
Jerusalem Quarterly's production manager, Tina Sherwell, travels almost daily from her home in Jerusalem's Shu'fat refugee camp to Ramallah where she is the co-director of Palestine's International Academy of Art. A constant, if malevolent, companion...
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Reflections on a Silenced History: The PCP and Internationalism
In the introduction to a new edition of his 1979 study, The Palestinian Communist Party 1919-1948: Arab and Jew in the Struggle for Internationalism (Haymarket Books 2010), Musa Budeiri reflects on the shortcomings and successes of the Palestine Communist...
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Trapped: The Violence of Exclusion in Jerusalem
It's like living in a trap. If I try to dream, they rebuke me: "Remember, remember, you are Palestinian and dreams are not allowed." If I try to object or complain the whole world tells me, "Your history is the suffering of your people, the history of...
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Touring Home, Returning Home: Mourid Barghouti, I Was Born There, I Was Born Here
I read this book on a Kindle. The copy we ordered from London never arrived: Israel had stopped international mail to the West Bank several months ago. Electronic book delivery becomes important when you live subject to the whims of Israeli officials....
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In the Seam Zone: Walaja's Fate between Jerusalem and Nowhere
Walaja is an attractive Palestinian village eight kilometers southwest of Jerusalem and five kilometers northwest of Bethlehem.Rich in traditional agricultural terraces and a fascinating natural landscape, it also boasts a singular natural legacy, the...
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Surviving Massacre: Hagop Arsenian's Armenian Journey to Jerusalem, 1915-1916
These pages are excerpted from Hagop Arsenian's diary of his deportation from his native village of Ovajik in Turkey and his harrowing journey to Jerusalem (1915-1916). After months of hardship in Meskene, "one of the most infamous stations of the Armenian...
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