Journal for the Study of Peace and Conflict

Articles

January 2016

Saving Lives and Staying Alive: Humanitarian Security in the Age of Risk Management
Saving Lives and Staying Alive: Humanitarian Security in the Age of Risk Management, Neuman, Michael, and Fabrice Weissman, eds. London: C. Hurst & Co, 2016. Pp. 192. ?16.99, paper.This past May 2016, when Medecins Sans Frontiers (MSF) surprisingly...
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Courage, Resistance & Women in Ciudad Juarez: Challenges to Militarization
Courage, Resistance & Women in Ciudad Juarez: Challenges to Militarization, by Kathleen Staudt and Zulma Méndez. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2015. Pp. 216. $24.95, paper.The heavy militarization of the borderlands of Mexico is one of the more...
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Champions without Trophies: Motivational Factors Behind Women and Their Resilience in Peacebuilding in Post-Conflict Eldoret, Kenya
IntroductionDuring the first two multi-party elections in Kenya (years 1992 and 1997) more than 1,500 people were killed and about 500,000 internally displaced, mainly in the Rift Valley province. The majority of the victims were women and children.1...
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Turtle Island 2016 Civil Resistance Snapshot
The basic study of indigenous nonviolent struggle is unique in the northern Western hemisphere-now widely referred to as Turtle Island by indigenous peoples, from a Lenape origin story. Unlike other identity groups, indigenous groups retain their own...
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Young Generation Awakening: Economics, Society, and Policy on the Eve of the Arab Spring
Young Generation Awakening: Economics, Society, and Policy on the Eve of the Arab Spring, Sayre, Edward A., and Tarik M. Yousef (eds), New York: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. 264, $74.00, hardcover. Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August...
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Democracy, Peace and Conflict: Personal and Professional Reflections on 30 Years with the Wisconsin Institute
It is a genuine honor to have the opportunity to address this luncheon plenary of your important conference considering the possibilities for democracy in the 21st century. Given that this year marks the 30th anniversary of the founding of the Wisconsin...
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Civil Resistance Today
Civil Resistance Today, by Kurt Schock. Polity Press, 2015. Pp. 246, $24.95, paper.Dramatic events such as the Arab spring, the Color Revolutions and the Occupy Wall Street movement capture both academic and public interest and recent years have witnessed...
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Editor's Introduction
In this issue of the journal we begin in celebration of the longevity of the association which hosts this journal. Keynote speaker at the 2015 Wisconsin Institute conference, Farrell provides a brief but insightful history of the organization. He notes...
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Post Dominant Them: A Comparison of Post-Soviet Estonia and Post-Apartheid South Africa
At first glance the countries of Estonia and South Africa are not very similar. Upon further inspection, they still have very little in common. They are located on different continents with very different terrains. There is a considerable size difference...
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January 2015

Editor's Introduction
Welcome to our 2015 edition of the journal!We have several strong research articles in this issue that explore a wide range of peace and conflict concerns. The issue opens with two articles that present examples of how ritual and religion can be better...
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Interreligious Ritual as a Grassroots Peacebuilding Tool: A Mindanao Case Study
In the Southern region of the Philippines, on the conflict-affected island group of Mindanao, Muslims, Christians, and Lumads (indigenous people) have been working together for decades to heal the deep prejudice among each other created by the conflict...
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Wisdom Traditions, Peace and Ecology: Mapping Some Wellsprings of Integral Connectivity
Introduction: Ecological Crisis, Relationality and PeaceRenowned peace activist, sociologist and Quaker, Elise Boulding observes that "the human need for bonding can now be understood as including the need for bonding with nature itself, and the human...
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"Til All Need for Witness Cease," A Prose Poem Play in Three Parts to "Celebrate" the Hundredth Anniversary of World War I 1
Program NotesIn his definitive history of World War I, John Keegan writes, "The First World War was a tragic and unnecessary conflict."2 Nobody was expecting a major war In the summer of 1914. But a minor conflict In the Balkans, set off when a Serb...
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The Salient Need to Develop New Understanding: An Analysis of Approaches to Transnational Terrorism [TT], Armed Conflict, and Fragility in African States
IntroductionTransnational Terrorism (TT) is now a challenge posing serious threats to our collective peace and security in African region. But in armed conflict-affected and fragile states the threats of TT present particular and insidious challenges...
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Humanitarianism Goes to War: 9/11 and the Origins and Framing of the Millennium Challenge Corporation
IntroductionPresident George Bush signed into law the Millennium Challenge Act on January 23, 2004. It had been a long and difficult political road to such a high-minded conception. The MCA created the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) for the purpose...
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Drill and Grievance: Oil and Community Grievance Articulation in West Africa
Introduction: West Africa's 'oil complex'West Africa's offshore basins contain enormous oil reserves that could potentially revive the sputtering economies of the region. The 'oil zone,' which is concentrated in the Gulf of Guinea holds an estimated...
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Confronting Violence at the Little Bighorn
Peace TheoryPeace and violence are opposites. Simply put, peace work means trying, through peaceful means, to reduce current levels of violence and to make future violence less likely. Peace is the goal and also the process. As postulated by Johan Galtung,...
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War Crimes, Atrocity, and Justice
War Crimes, Atrocity, and Justice, by Michael Shapiro. Polity Press, 2015. Pp. ix + 219; $24.95, paper. ISBN 9-780745-671550.Michael J. Shapiro's new book, War Crimes, Atrocity, and Justice is an engaging text, but not for the faint of heart. The goal...
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Peace Ecology
Peace Ecology, by Randall J. Amster. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers. 2015. x + 227 pages, $24.95, paper. ISBN 978-1-61205-297-7.In the present volume, Randall Amster constructs a compound understanding of peace ecology. As part of this process, he...
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Jesus Christ: Peacemaker: A New Theology of Peace
Jesus Christ: Peacemaker: A New Theology of Peace, by Terrence J. Rynne. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Books. 2014. Paperback, 253 pages, notes, bibliography, index, $25, ISBN 13: 978-1-62698-6.Terrence J. Rynne, founder of Marquette University's Center for Peacemaking,...
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Sports, Peacebuilding and Ethics
Sports, Peacebuilding and Ethics, Linda M. Johnston, editor. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers, 2014. Paperback, 211 pages, notes, author biographies, $40.00. ISBN: 978-1-4128-5388-0.Sports, Peacebuilding and Ethics features a distinguished group...
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January 2014

Editor's Introduction
Welcome to the 2014 issue of the Journal. We are pleased to publish a rich and varied collection of research and pedagogical essays that contribute to our ongoing discussions of micro, meso, and macro peacebuilding efforts. This open submission issue...
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The Influence of Latin American Domestic Courts in the Development of the Right to Truth
"Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it"1George SantayanaIntroductionUsually when someone thinks about the development of human rights throughout history, countries like France, England and the United States come to mind. This...
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Peace, Health, and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals: The Experience of HIV-Positive Women in Malawi and Kenya
AbstractThis paper explores the relationship between health, peace, and development by examining research focused on HIV-positive women in Malawi and Kenya. Several themes were identified including women's resiliency, women's empowerment, child-headed...
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Femme Fatale: A Cross-Cultural Examination of the Societal Impacts of Gendering Language
IntroductionFrantz Fanon begins one of his most influential works, Black Skins, White Masks, in saying, "We attach a fundamental importance to the phenomenon of language and consequently consider the study of language essential for providing one element...
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Teaching War and Peace in Bosnia: The Liberal Arts and the Uses of Critical Empathy A Course Description
IntroductionThis paper is about our attempt as an historian and a political scientist to develop a study abroad program dealing with the theme of war and peace. As academics, we knew well the value of books and traditional, classroom-based intellectual...
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De- and Rehumanizing the Other: Philosophical Foundations for Military Ethics and Peace Building in the Armed Forces
Abstract & IntroductionThe article briefly surveys some rationales and forms of ethics training in the armed forces, emphasizes the need for philosophical foundations and thus also suggests alternative approaches, exploring links between military...
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Intercourse: Encouraging Inter-Professional Dialogue and Collaboration
AbstractModels of care for pregnant women have historically described themselves in polarizing terms. Historian Judith Leavitt writes of two camps: "the 'brought to bed' in her own home to birth" and another, "drugged and 'alone among strangers' in an...
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The Millennial Generation and National Defense: Attitudes of Future Military and Civilian Leaders
The Millennial Generation and National Defense: Attitudes of Future Military and Civilian Leaders by Morten G. Ender, David E. Rohall and Michael D. Matthews. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2014. Hardback, 101 pages, appendices, notes, bibliography, $67.50....
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Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles/Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict
Recovering Nonviolent History: Civil Resistance in Liberation Struggles, edited by Maciej J. Bartkowski, Lynne Rienner Publishers, Inc., 2013, paper, 436 pages, appendix, notes, bibliography, index, $26.50.Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic...
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Local Peacebuilding and National Peace: Interaction between Grassroots and Elite Processes
Local Peacebuilding and National Peace: Interaction Between Grassroots and Elite Processes, edited by Christopher R. Mitchell and Landon E. Hancock, New York: Continuum Books, 2012, 183 pp.; $29.95, paper, ISBN: 9781441160225.The relationship between...
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Prayer as Memory: Toward the Comparative Study of Prayer as Apocalyptic Language and Thought
Prayer as Memory: Toward the Comparative Study of Prayer as Apocalyptic Language and Thought by David L. Reinhart, Princeton Theological Monograph Series 186, Pickwick Publications, 2012, 210 pp., $18.00, paper, ISBN 13:978-1-61097-191-1.David L. Reinhart's...
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"'Peace, Peace,' They Say, When There Is No Peace" (Jer. 6:14) Revisiting Salem's Critique of a Western Ideology of Peace
In his seminal essay published in 1993, "A Critique of Western Conflict Resolution from a Non-Western Perspective,"1 Paul Salem provocatively argued that the West had imposed on the non-Western world an ideology of peace, rooted in Christian values,...
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Beyond Sex Strikes: Women's Movements, Peace Building, and Negotiation in Lysistrata and Pray the Devil Back to Hell
When I first saw Pray the Devil Back to Hell, in fall 2009,1 was struck by the many similarities between the women's movement for peace portrayed in the documentary film and that depicted in the ancient Greek play Lysistrata. I had heard that women in...
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Cultivating Imaginative Citizens: Memorials' Role in Peace Building
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund is currently collecting donations in order to add an Education Center adjacent to the 75-meter Memorial Wall. Included in the Education Center is the exhibit 'Making the Names Visible/ which displays photographs of...
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January 2012

Editor's Introduction
This edition of the journal includes a group of research papers, essays and book reviews which show the broad reach and interdisciplinary nature of peace and conflict studies. They also show the growth of the field in terms of global interests and in...
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Roles and Responsibilities of Nonprofit Boards: The Peace Case
AbstractThis exploratory study identifies the levels of importance and fulfillment of board roles and responsibilities by nonprofit peacemaking organization board members and executive directors. It suggests a three-component framework for understanding...
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Nation-Building Challenges of the Post-Independence State of Eritrea and Its Regional Domino Effect
1. Conceptual FrameworkThere are contending arguments on the challenges of the current Eritrean national selfdetermination and nation-building process. These debates look at the foundations of Eritrean nationalism and where it converges and diverges...
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Going Deep: Service-Learning and Human Rights Education
The concept of human rights for many North-American college students is associated with the "other." Those in need of human rights are perceived as nameless people living in the far corners of the globe. When I ask my students next semester who suffers...
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At Any Cost: Big Coal Crushes Fragile Communities in Colombia
AbstractIn this paper I describe the impact of mountaintop-removal coal mining by large international consortia on the local indigenous Afro-Colombian and campesino communities in the department of Guajira in northeastern Colombia. In June 2011, I travelled...
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Conflicted Are the Peacemakers: Israeli and Palestinian Moderates and the Death of Oslo
Conflicted Are the Peacemakers: Israeli and Palestinian Moderates and the Death of Oslo by Eric N. Budd. New York: Bloomsbury, 2012. Cloth, 176 pages, $120.00. ISBN:9781441159052Unique, informative, and concise, Eric N. Budd's, Conflicted Are the Peacemakers:...
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U.S. War-Culture, Sacrifice and Salvation
U.S. War-culture, Sacrifice and Salvation by Kelly Denton-Borhaug. Equinox Publishing, 2011. Paper, viii + 279 pages, $29.95. ISBN: 9781845537111Many peace educators have struggled with the pervasiveness of war and violence in this world. Too often it...
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A Whole Which Is Greater: Why the Wisconsin "Uprising" Failed
A Whole Which is Greater: Why the Wisconsin "Uprising" Failed, Paul Gilk and David Kast, editors. Wipf and Stock Publishers: Eugene, OR, 2012. Paper, 251 pages, $30.00. ISBN: 978-1620325605The Progressive Movement in Wisconsin really wants to know what...
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Civil Disobedience: Protest, Justification and the Law
Civil Disobedience: Protest, Justification and the Law by Tony Milligan. New York: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2013. Paper, 176 pages, $29.95. ISBN: 9781441132093Tony Milligan, Honorary Research Fellow in Philosophy at the University of Aberdeen, UK, and...
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The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future
The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future by Robert A. Pastor. Oxford University Press, 2011. Cloth, 202 pages, $24.95. ISBN: 978-0-19-978241-3In The North American Idea: A Vision of a Continental Future, Robert Pastor returns to an argument...
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Civilians in a World at War: 1914-1918
Civilians in a World at War: 1914-1918 by Tammy M. Proctor. New York University Press, 2010. Cloth, 363 pages, notes, bibliography, $35.00. ISBN: 978-0-8147-6715-3That World War I was a "total war" has become a truism that we too often state without...
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Peacebuilding: Catholic Theology, Ethics, and Praxis
Peacebuilding: Catholic Theology, Ethics, and Praxis, edited by Robert J. Schreiter, R. Scott Appleby, and Gerard F. Powers. Maryknoll, New York: Orbis Books, Paper, 400 pages, index, $30.00. ISBN: 978-1-57075-893-5As I read through the 400 pages of...
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Tourism in Northeastern Argentina: The Intersection of Human and Indigenous Rights with the Environment
Tourism in Northeastern Argentina: The Intersection of Human and Indigenous Rights with the Environment, edited by Penny Seymoure and Jeffrey L. Roberg. Lexington Books, Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group, 2012. Cloth, 230 pages, $68.50. ISBN...
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How We Fight: Crusades, Quagmires, and the American Way of War
How We Fight: Crusades, Quagmires, and the American Way of War by Dominic Tierney. University of Nebraska Press, 2010. Paper, 342 pages, $19.95. ISBN: 978-0-8032-4396-5Recently released in paperback edition (first Nebraska paperback printing, 2012),...
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