Journal of Comparative Politics

Articles

Vol. 11, No. 2, July

Decline of Democracy in the Ece and the Core-Periphery Divide: Rule of Law Conflicts of Poland and Hungary with the Eu
1INTRODUCTION: THE ECE REGION AS A "BLIND SPOT" FOR THE EU COREThe EU has regained its self-confidence after the global crisis, formulated manifestly by Angela Merkel (2017) that Europe "must take its fate into its own hands" and "we have to fight for...
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Europe: Hell or Paradise? an Overview of European Law and Case Law
1IntroductionIn the early 20th century, Dante Alighieri, in his "Divine Comedy" placed upon the gates of Hell, a sign. In that sign it could be read: "All hope abandon, ye who enter here". Over a century later, those might as well be the words the refugees...
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Coping with Demographic Challenges: Case of Slovenian Local Communities
1Origins of the studyIn past decade, the number of people who live in cities worldwide has exceeded the number of people who live in rural areas. By 2050, the urban share is predicted to rise (Hambleton 2015) up to 75% (Newton and Doherty 2014). Even...
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Environmental Cooperation as the Instrument of Conflict Transformation in East Asia 1
1INTRODUCTIONIn the 1980s East Asia3 went from being the world's bloodiest battleground to one of its most peaceful regions, and this era of relative peace has continued.While there was a precipitous decline in organized violence in East Asia in the...
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Direct Democracy in Poland. between Democratic Centralism and Civic Localism
1IntroductionOne of the inherent elements of democracy, being both its prerequisite and necessary condition, is citizens' participation in public life. If there is no universal political participation, the form of civil society is impaired, which eventually...
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Open Society and Its Enemies: East European Lessons for Hong Kong
1INTRODUCTION: DEMOCRACY'S DEAD ENDA spectre is haunting Hong Kong: the spectre of what people who have long struggled for democracy would call "learned helplessness." Hong Kong has been a dependent polity, first as a British colony and then as a Special...
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Vol. 11, No. 1, January

Democratic Experience in Central Europe: 25 Years Later 1
1 THE THIRD WAVE OF DEMOCRATIZATION: HOPES AND WORRIESIn late 1980s and early 1990s the collapse of Communist regimes in Europe attracted the attention of scholars who tried to predict the future and to identify the main challenges facing the countries...
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Formulas of Cohabitation in Rationalised Parliamentary Systems of Government. the Cases of France and Poland
1INTRODUCTORY REMARKSThe phenomenon of cohabitation (also known as constitutional coexistence - coexistence constitutionnelle) is most generally understood as a political configuration in which the dualistic executive branch of government is politically...
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Tenth Anniversary
Who would thought that in the beginning ... the JCP started ten seasons ago in dusty little office at Alexander Dubcek University in Trencin, Slovakia, when academics from Slovakia and Slovenia met and decided to start new journal. And now the same journal...
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Le Tea Party Français: Mirror Movements and Grassroots Protest
1INTRODUCTIONThe emergence of political movements, which integrate online activism, collective protest and social action has become a significant feature of contemporary political protest. The economic crisis of 2008 spurred an array of social action,...
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Why Was 'Communism Better'? Rethinking Inequality and the Communist Nostalgia in Central Europe
1INTRODUCTIONIn the early 1990s a wave of nostalgia swept across post-communist Europe. As economic hardship, cultural displacement and political turmoil overshadowed the excitement from newly re-acquired political freedoms, "communism was better" echoed...
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The Federal Council as Potential Veto Player and Cooperation Partner in the German Legislative Process
1RESEARCH CONTEXT AND RESEARCH QUESTIONApart from the Federal Government and its institutions, the states play a crucial role in the political structure. In terms of article 50 of the Federal Constitution (GG) the states participate in the legislative...
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External and Internal Europeanization in East-Central Europe: The New Populist Parties and Deconsolidation in the 2010s
1 INTRODUCTION: THE MEGATREND OF THE DOMINANT POPULIST PARTIES IN ECENowadays, the new wave of populism has been in the focus of the European Studies. However, there was a series of warnings about the "rise of populism" by the eminent analysts already...
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Vol. 10, No. 2, July

Economic Conditions and Tax Compliance: The Mediating Effect of Trust
1 IntroductionTax compliance - i.e. the extent to which taxpayers obey tax laws - is of obvious practical importance. Without sufficient tax revenues, no state can function effectively. The ability to extract tax revenue can also be interpreted as an...
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Slovenian E-Government: A Citizen-Centred Perspective
1IntroductionElectronic government (e-government) is no longer simply regarded as an added value but as a fundamental component of countries' aim to improve their governance. Although seen by different authorities as one of the key elements of successful...
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The Affirmative Action Policy: A Tale of Two Nations and the Implementation Conundrum
1IntroductionUsing race as a factor in admission into a university in the United States of America has been a conundrum that has seen several court decisions on affirmative action.2 While some of the court decisions might slightly contradict previous...
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Making the Nation Great Again: Trumpism, Euro-Scepticism and the Surge of Populist Nationalism
1 A SPECTRE IS HAUNTING THE WORLD - POPULISM2Described as a haunting presence in the late 1960s, the contemporary political scene is no less pervaded by the spectre of populist nationalism. On its own the issue of nationalism remains one of the most...
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Somalia: Turkey's Pivot to Africa in the Context of Growing Inter-Imperialist Rivalries
1 INTRODUCTIONWith the defeat of the Ottoman Empire in World War One and after the signing of the Sykes-Picot Agreement, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk became the founding father of the Turkish Republic. Atatürk magnified Turkey's turn to secularization and Westernization,...
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Vol. 10, No. 1, January

Electronic Voting in Comparative Perspective: Status Quo in Estonia and Trends in Central Europe
1RESEARCH CONTEXT OF „E-VOTING IN ESTONIA", COUNTRY SELECTION AND INTEREST OF RESULTSEstonians have been electing their public representatives online since 2005. In addition, voting by internet-connected mobile devices was made possible in 2011. The...
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Political Leadership in Times of Crises – Theories and Models Worthy for Our Changing World
1INTRODUCTIONThe main task of the current paper is to introduce and analyse a set of several newly created leadership concepts - the connected leadership, the super leadership, the visionary leadership and the political apostleship. These leadership...
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Communal Political Mobilization: The Need to Distinguish between Minority and Majority Parties
1INTRODUCTION AND THEORETICAL BACKGROUNDMost of the political science literature has not been supportive of communal mobilization of any type; such as religious, ethnic, racial, tribal, or regional mobilization. For a long time, it has not shown interest...
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Book Review: "Frozen Conflicts" in Europe
BOOK REVIEW: "FROZEN CONFLICTS" IN EUROPE "Frozen conflicts" in Europe. Anton Bebler (ed.). Opladen-Berlin-Toronto: Barbara Budrich Publishers, 2015. 215 pp.Conflicts between states and conflicts resulting from secessions not always end with either a...
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Parliamentary Leadership – Problems, Dilemmas and Opportunities of Legislative Leaders: The Case of Slovenia
1 INTRODUCTION: THE CONCEPT OF POLITICAL AND PARLIAMENTARY LEADERSHIPLeadership is not clearly defined and is at the same time a highly contested concept. It resembles other social science concepts related to power, influence, authority and control (Elgie...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, July

Leadership and Political Change: 25 Years of Transformation in Post-Communist Europe
1 INTRODUCTION"The scientific study of political leadership - wrote Glenn Page - presents a challenge to the entire discipline of political science...The challenge is to recognize the importance of political leadership, to focus scientific attention...
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Principled Success? Do Inclusive, Principle-Guided Choice Processes Improve the Performance of Mixed Electoral Systems?
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1 INTRODUCTIONThe initially great hopes associated with mixed-member electoral systems have been followed by successful as well as unfortunate experiments with these electoral institutions. Mixed-member systems...
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The Quality of Elections in African Small Island Developing States
1 INTRODUCTIONOf the 52 small island developing states (SIDS) and territories,2 six of those are African: the Union of the Comoros (hereafter the Comoros), the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (Guinea-Bissau),3 Republic of Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), Republic...
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Extending the Spatial Analogy: Hyperspatial Diagrams of Party Competition
1 INTRODUCTIONDonald Stokes (1963, 368) once remarked that "[t]he use of spatial ideas to interpret party competition is a universal phenomenon of modern politics." Half a century later, spatial concepts remain ubiquitous. Both academic and popular literature...
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Democracy for a Territoryless and Stateless Polity: The Elections of Tibetans-in-Exile
1 INTRODUCTIONEntities that have a defined territory and a permanent population, that under the control of their own government, and that engage in, or have the capacity to engage in, and form relations with such other entities (Crawford 1976). This...
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Identity Patterns in East-Central Europe in a Comparative Perspective 1
1 INTRODUCTIONTurning away from the project of the common Europe and finding new ways for collective identification is a Europe-wide trend today. An increasing majority of the EU citizens feel that the EU is mostly dealing with non-salient issues that...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, January

Role of Opposition in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies - the Case of Slovenia
1 INTRODUCTIONPolitical opposition is an essential feature of modern democracy and of contemporary parliamentary systems. According to Robert Dahl political opposition with legally existing political parties is not only modern, but also one of the greatest...
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The "Securitization" of the Eap Policy in the Eu: The External Europeanization in the Wider Europe
1 INTRODUCTION: EXTERNAL EUROPEANIZATION THROUGH THE EUROPEAN PARTNERSHIPEastern Europe (EE) has been a part of "Wider Europe" for the EU, although the institutionalization of the relationships with the EE has taken place relatively late through the...
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Towards an European Parliamentary Class? a Proposal for a Typology of the Meps
1 INTRODUCTIONIn all the political systems of western democracies there is a group of politicians that can be labelled as professional and, using Max Weber's famous statement, don't live only "for politics" but also "offpolitics" (Weber 1958). One of...
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Comparative Analysis of the Political Management Dimensions of Local Election Campaigns
1 INTRODUCTION: POLITICAL MANAGEMENT OF ELECTION CAMPAIGNSThe topic of the article represents one of the basic questions in democratic political systems, because the "elections are among the most interesting and importatant political events in the life...
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Size and Local Democracy
Size and local democracy. Bas Denters, Michael Goldsmith, Andreas Ladner, Poul Erik Mouritzen and Lawrence E. Rose. Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2014. 462 pp. £105.00 (hardback).How large should local governments be? This is the first...
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Governance Strategies to an Ageing Society - Local Role in Multi Level Processes
1 INTRODUCTIONSome authors consider ageing of the world population, a progressive and rapid phenomenon with unprecedented implications in societies of all countries (United Nations Population Fund and HelpAge International 2012). Harper (2010, 178) argues...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, July

De-Europeanization and De-Democratization Trends in Ece: From the Potemkin Democracy to the Elected Autocracy in Hungary
1 INTRODUCTION: THE AGE OF UNCERTAINTY IN THE ECE COUNTRIES "IN-BETWEEN"The decline of democracy has been a common tendency in the ECE polities in general and in the ECE party systems in particular. Nowadays the ECE countries are "in-between", i.e. somewhere...
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NEW FORMS OF PARTICIPATORY DEMOCRACY AT LOCAL LEVEL: eCITIZENS?
i IntroductionOur world has been in a process of structural transformation for over two decades. This process is multidimensional, but it is associated with the emergence of a new technological paradigm, based on information and communication technologies...
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Who Decides in Times of Crisis? a Comparative Examination of Bureaucratic Delegation in 4 Eu Countries (2008-2010)
"For since in some Governments the Law-making Power is not always in being, and is usually too numerous, and so too slow, for the dispatch requisite to Execution; and because also it is impossible to foresee, and so by laws to provide for all Accidents...
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Effects of Professionalization of the Macedonian Parliamentary Elite in Seven Mandates
1 IntroductionNational parliaments are the central public institutions of the modern democratic countries. In Political Theory, these institutions are also known as legislatures or assemblies (Heywood 2013, 309]. The term parliament is related to the...
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Pitfalls in Qca's Consistency Measure
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1 INTRODUCTIONIn the almost thirty years since the publication of Charles Ragin's "The Comparative Method", Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA) has developed into a widely-used analytical technique in political...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, January

Failure of Network Industry Liberalisation in Eastern Europe: The Case of Electricity Liberalisation in Ukraine
1 PROBLEM SETTINGThrough the mid-1980s, the monopoly was the dominant form of organisation for national electricity markets all over the world. Vertically integrated monopoly companies, usually owned by states, controlled all spheres of electricity production,...
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A Comparative Perspective on the Balkan Constitutions and the Space Provided for the Citizens
I IntroductionThe Balkan region is known for wars and nationalist extremist leaders but little is known about what is called "history from below", the human side of history and citizens' influence of governments' policy-making. As Krastev puts it, democracy...
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Falling between Two Stools - the Case of the Lithuanian Civil Servant Reform of 2013
I IntroductionCorruption still thrives at all levels and sectors of the Lithuanian society.2 This is not to argue that investments in anti-corruption legislation, committees, and campaigns (see, e.g., Johannsen and Pedersen 2011) have been fruitless,...
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The Backward East? Explaining Differences in Support for Radical Right Parties in Western and Eastern Europe
IntroductionIn the last three decades, Western Europe has undergone a "Right turn" in politics.2 The emergence of popularly supported radical right parties is evidence of a shift to the Right in political attitudes (Betz 2003; Hainsworth 2000, 2008;...
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Income Inequality and Government Redistribution: A Cross-National Study
Over the last half-centuiy, few issues have attracted as much attention in the scholarly and policy communities-to say nothing of the popular imagination- as global income inequality. Although much attention has been directed to inequality across countries,...
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Book Review: Democracy and Social Peace in Divided Societies: Exploring Consociational Parties
BOOK REVIEW: DEMOCRACY AND SOCIAL PEACE IN DIVIDED SOCIETIES: EXPLORING CONSOCIATIONAL PARTIES Democracy and social peace in divided societies: Exploring consociational parties. Matthijs Bogaards. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 256 pp. £58.00...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, July

Decline of Democracy in East-Central Europe: The Last Decade as the Lost Decade in Democratization
i Successes and failures of the ece countries in the eu1.1 The European landscape and the "forgotten crisis in the East"The EU in 2004, at the accession of the ECE countries, was rather different from the EU in 2014, when they commemorate their Ten Years'...
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Rethinking Utopianism, International Relations Theory, and Marginalisation of Africa in Global Politics
i IntroductionIn every discipline a wide range of theories are generated by scholars whose research interests focus in their particular areas of study. As a sub-discipline of political science, international relations (IR) have numerous theories in an...
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The Quality of South Africa S Electoral Accountability 1994-2014: Freedom, Flaws and Food Parcels
i IntroductionIn April 1994 South Africa's first non-racial multiparty election took place. It marked an official end to the country's segregationist and authoritarian past and ushered in a new democracy, delivering not only the universal franchise but...
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The Level of Political Knowledge in Slovenia: Who Is (Not) Politically Informed?
1 IntroductionDemocracy as a form of government is based upon the presumption that citizens are active in political participation, informed and engaged in political activity (Delli Carpini and Keeter 1996). Furthermore, a supposition of democracy is...
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Reconciling Physical Contact and Bodily Integrity within the Western Legal Paradigm
I INTRODUCTIONIssues related to bodily integrity, or the security of the concrete, physical person from harm by the state, are crucial components of constitutions (Vogler 2012). The security of the physical person is important for preserving democratic...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, January

Towards the Establishment of the Institutional Profiles of Ministries of Foreign Affairs: The Case of European Union Member States
1 INTRODUCTIONThe conditio sine qua non of the modern society is that things have to be done (and be changed) rapidly. The same goes for the theoretical concepts, which are in most cases a minute after their conceptualisation already outdated and have...
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Still "Euro-Party Systems"? - Representativeness of Political Parties on the Eu-Dimension in Denmark and Sweden
1 INTRODUCTION2Within comparative politics significant attention has been devoted to the "democratic chain of accountability and delegation".3 One of the central relationships within this chain is the electoral connection, whereby voters (as principals),...
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A Premier without Parliament: The Legislative Process in the Italian Second Republic
i IntroductionOn the 16th of November, the Italian Prime Minister walked up the stairs of the Quirinale to abruptly put an end to the cabinet he had been presiding over for the past three and a half years.2 Berlusconi's resignation came in the wake of...
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Bringing the 'Centre' Centre-Stage: Defining the Centre in Ideological, Organisational and Policy Terms
i IntroductionSuccess in politics, whether at the ballot box or in government, is generally associated with occupying the 'centre' and pursuing policies that are 'centrist'. The centre is portrayed as the mainstream, by occupying the 'middle ground'...
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The Processes of Economic Consolidation in Countries of Former Yugoslavia
Democratic consolidation in countries of former YUGOSLAVIABefore we can even discuss democratic consolidation, at least three minimal conditions must be fulfilled. The first is the existence of a state because otherwise there can be no free elections...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, July

Comparative Perspectives in International Relations and Politics of the 21st Century
Contrary to the bygone centuries, the twenty-first century tends to provide a unique pattern of development to the human polity. It not only offers the news about the frequent downfall of authoritarian regimes here and there, but most importantly, it...
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(Dis)trust in Political Institutions: Comparisons between New Democracies of Central and Eastern Europe
After the collapse of the non-democratic regimes in the late 1980s and early 1990s, new democratic states emerged in Central and Eastern Europe and began their state building on the wave of democratic enthusiasm by the general public. Majority of those...
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Constitutional'trinity' for an Eu Member State Stops at the Gates of National Sovereignty
This article will focus on the relationship on treaty interpretation between constitutional courts and the international courts established by the respective treaty. Acceptance of the European Court of Justice's and European Court of Human Rights' jurisprudence...
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Rushing into Gender Quotas? Education and Political Participation of Women in USA and Slovenia
Women as "political minors" are subjected to numerous equal opportunity policies. The so called gender equality in modern societies was established not long ago and consolidation of equal rights is a work in progress. Legal barriers to the ballot are...
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International Liberalization Policy. Political-Scientific Factors Impacting the Process of Denationalization
Since the 1980s almost all OECD and EU states have implemented policies of liberalization and denationalization. This study offers a model for explaining this phenomenon by regarding it as a process of policy convergence. The determinants and causal...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, January

Re-Evaluating Gender Roles and Revolutions: Cases of Unexpected Utilities
Women have been a contributing factor of modern revolutions since at least the American Revolution against Great Britain. Yet too often most descriptions and analyses of revolution relegate women to a supporting role, or make no mention of women's involvement...
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"Better" Rather Than "More" Democracy? Citizens' Perceptions of Direct vs. Representative Democracy in a Comparative Perspective
In the light of increasing claims for a more accountable political representation on the background of what is perceived a crisis of representative democracy, this discussion paper examines citizens' perceptions of direct vs. representative democracy....
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Improvements in the Development of a Common European Energy Policy in the Years 2007-2011
Energy is a fundamental good for all countries. How is it possible to secure energy supply? What are the energy sources to choose from? How is it possible to optimize resources' use? How is it possible to reduce the environmental impact of energy exploitation?...
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What Do Crisis and the Military System Have in Common?
The cyclical crises in the 2th century, stemming primarily from the economic and financial sector and subsequently spreading into all of the social systems, have also influenced the military subsystem. In such circumstances the military subsystem as...
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Comparison of Electoral Manifestos' Issue Structures in Contemporary Democracies - the Methodological Perspective
From methodological perspective we address a substantive question of political science research. What are similarities and differences in issue structures in contemporary democracies? Issue structures are recognized on the basis of the content of national...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, July

Cabinets and Decision-Making Processes: Re-Assessing the Literature1
One very promising way when it comes to illustrate how cabinets work and to classify them is to look at their internal decision-making processes. In this paper, I give a new and comprehensive picture of cabinets in parliamentary and semipresidential...
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The Macedonian Equitable Representation vs. Public Administration Reform: The Lack of Interaction between Eu Accession Requirements
The paper discusses the problem of lack of interaction between different EU accession requirements as an intrinsic feature of the EU external governance that impacts the quality of the Europeanisation outcomes in the candidate countries. It takes the...
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Building Cross-Border Communities through Cooperation: Eu Regional Policy and Cross-Border Regions as Spaces of Government
The European Union's cross-border cooperation initiatives are perceived as an important tool for harnessing the process of European integration, which includes the ideas of fostering economic competitiveness and reducing regional discrepancies. The paper...
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The Eu and China Bilateral Relationship: Looking for a Fresh Restart
The article looks at the EU and China three decade relationship and the challenges and opportunities encouraged by a common view for redesign of the international order according to a multilateral approach and some basic differences. The author analyzed...
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Metaphor Change and Persistence: Comparative Analysis of Political Metaphors in Slovenia and Yugoslavia
The aim of the paper is to compare construction metaphors and political discourses, and their trajectories of change in the cases of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Slovenia. The paper examines how the political appeared...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, January

Assessing the European Criteria in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Litmus Test for the European Union
So far many scholarly analyses were released and fierce academic debates pursued in which the European Union member states are criticized for not speaking "with a single voice" with regards to its common and harmonized policies in international politics....
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Party Coalitions in Local Legislatures in Slovenia and South Dakota: A Research Note
While our understanding of party politics in national legislatures is quite sophisticated, the phenomenon of local inter-party cooperation has gone largely unexamined. This article investigates party coalitions in local legislatures in South Dakota and...
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European E-Readiness? Cyber Dimension of National Security Policies1
The majority of social processes have become very dependent on information and communication technologies (ICT) according to their quick development and increasing use. With the emergence of new technologies and growing dependence of society on ICT,...
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The Social Policy Challenges of Europe 2020 in the Eu Candidate Countries: The Case of Croatia and Macedonia
This paper examines the social dimension of the EU's Europe 2020 Strategy in two EU candidate countries (Croatia and Macedonia). The text outlines both the positive attributes of the new Strategy and addresses criticisms it has received. The two countries...
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Political Economy and Public Policy of Marginalization: Alternative Development, Multilevel Planning and Disadvantaged Communities in Slovenia and Canada
Are alternative development models relevant in the context of revitalization of disadvantaged communities without the visible role of the state in building development strategies? In some reasonable conditions, the state has to carry out specific tasks...
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