Journal of Comparative Politics

Articles

Vol. 10, No. 1, January

Electronic Voting in Comparative Perspective: Status Quo in Estonia and Trends in Central Europe
1RESEARCH CONTEXT OF „E-VOTING IN ESTONIA", COUNTRY SELECTION AND INTEREST OF RESULTSEstonians have been electing their public representatives online since 2005. In addition, voting by internet-connected mobile devices was made possible in 2011. The...
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Political Leadership in Times of Crises – Theories and Models Worthy for Our Changing World
1INTRODUCTIONThe main task of the current paper is to introduce and analyse a set of several newly created leadership concepts - the connected leadership, the super leadership, the visionary leadership and the political apostleship. These leadership...
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Communal Political Mobilization: The Need to Distinguish between Minority and Majority Parties
1INTRODUCTION AND THEORETICAL BACKGROUNDMost of the political science literature has not been supportive of communal mobilization of any type; such as religious, ethnic, racial, tribal, or regional mobilization. For a long time, it has not shown interest...
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Book Review: "Frozen Conflicts" in Europe
BOOK REVIEW: "FROZEN CONFLICTS" IN EUROPE "Frozen conflicts" in Europe. Anton Bebler (ed.). Opladen-Berlin-Toronto: Barbara Budrich Publishers, 2015. 215 pp.Conflicts between states and conflicts resulting from secessions not always end with either a...
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Parliamentary Leadership – Problems, Dilemmas and Opportunities of Legislative Leaders: The Case of Slovenia
1 INTRODUCTION: THE CONCEPT OF POLITICAL AND PARLIAMENTARY LEADERSHIPLeadership is not clearly defined and is at the same time a highly contested concept. It resembles other social science concepts related to power, influence, authority and control (Elgie...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, July

Leadership and Political Change: 25 Years of Transformation in Post-Communist Europe
1 INTRODUCTION"The scientific study of political leadership - wrote Glenn Page - presents a challenge to the entire discipline of political science...The challenge is to recognize the importance of political leadership, to focus scientific attention...
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Principled Success? Do Inclusive, Principle-Guided Choice Processes Improve the Performance of Mixed Electoral Systems?
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1 INTRODUCTIONThe initially great hopes associated with mixed-member electoral systems have been followed by successful as well as unfortunate experiments with these electoral institutions. Mixed-member systems...
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The Quality of Elections in African Small Island Developing States
1 INTRODUCTIONOf the 52 small island developing states (SIDS) and territories,2 six of those are African: the Union of the Comoros (hereafter the Comoros), the Republic of Guinea-Bissau (Guinea-Bissau),3 Republic of Cabo Verde (Cabo Verde), Republic...
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Extending the Spatial Analogy: Hyperspatial Diagrams of Party Competition
1 INTRODUCTIONDonald Stokes (1963, 368) once remarked that "[t]he use of spatial ideas to interpret party competition is a universal phenomenon of modern politics." Half a century later, spatial concepts remain ubiquitous. Both academic and popular literature...
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Democracy for a Territoryless and Stateless Polity: The Elections of Tibetans-in-Exile
1 INTRODUCTIONEntities that have a defined territory and a permanent population, that under the control of their own government, and that engage in, or have the capacity to engage in, and form relations with such other entities (Crawford 1976). This...
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Identity Patterns in East-Central Europe in a Comparative Perspective 1
1 INTRODUCTIONTurning away from the project of the common Europe and finding new ways for collective identification is a Europe-wide trend today. An increasing majority of the EU citizens feel that the EU is mostly dealing with non-salient issues that...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, January

Governance Strategies to an Ageing Society - Local Role in Multi Level Processes
1 INTRODUCTIONSome authors consider ageing of the world population, a progressive and rapid phenomenon with unprecedented implications in societies of all countries (United Nations Population Fund and HelpAge International 2012). Harper (2010, 178) argues...
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Role of Opposition in Contemporary Parliamentary Democracies - the Case of Slovenia
1 INTRODUCTIONPolitical opposition is an essential feature of modern democracy and of contemporary parliamentary systems. According to Robert Dahl political opposition with legally existing political parties is not only modern, but also one of the greatest...
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The "Securitization" of the Eap Policy in the Eu: The External Europeanization in the Wider Europe
1 INTRODUCTION: EXTERNAL EUROPEANIZATION THROUGH THE EUROPEAN PARTNERSHIPEastern Europe (EE) has been a part of "Wider Europe" for the EU, although the institutionalization of the relationships with the EE has taken place relatively late through the...
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Towards an European Parliamentary Class? a Proposal for a Typology of the Meps
1 INTRODUCTIONIn all the political systems of western democracies there is a group of politicians that can be labelled as professional and, using Max Weber's famous statement, don't live only "for politics" but also "offpolitics" (Weber 1958). One of...
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Comparative Analysis of the Political Management Dimensions of Local Election Campaigns
1 INTRODUCTION: POLITICAL MANAGEMENT OF ELECTION CAMPAIGNSThe topic of the article represents one of the basic questions in democratic political systems, because the "elections are among the most interesting and importatant political events in the life...
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Size and Local Democracy
Size and local democracy. Bas Denters, Michael Goldsmith, Andreas Ladner, Poul Erik Mouritzen and Lawrence E. Rose. Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA: Edward Elgar, 2014. 462 pp. £105.00 (hardback).How large should local governments be? This is the first...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, July

De-Europeanization and De-Democratization Trends in Ece: From the Potemkin Democracy to the Elected Autocracy in Hungary
The decline of the "deficit democracies" in East-Central Europe has accelerated during the global crisis. Nowadays it is rather difficult to find the proper term for these hybrid polities between democracy and non-democracy. The main tendency is the...
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NEW FORMS OF PARTICIPATORY DEMOCRACY AT LOCAL LEVEL: eCITIZENS?
The rapid development and diffusion of information and communication technologies [ICT] provides various political and administrative institutions with new opportunities for civil political action. There are new tools, channels and methods, which can...
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Who Decides in Times of Crisis? a Comparative Examination of Bureaucratic Delegation in 4 Eu Countries (2008-2010)
The paper presents the results of a study of policy instrument form choice in four Western European countries. Based on an analysis of major pieces of legislation during the period, it is argued that various forms of institutional change in the form...
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Effects of Professionalization of the Macedonian Parliamentary Elite in Seven Mandates
The Republic of Macedonia has twenty-four years' tradition of parliamentary democracy. The goal of this paper is to determine effects of professionalization of the Macedonian parliamentary elite in seven parliamentary terms from 1991 to 2011. The professionalization...
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Pitfalls in Qca's Consistency Measure
Over the years, Qualitative Comparative Analysis developed into a widely-used analytical technique in political science. This article, however, reveals that the consistency measure, QCA's single most important parameter of fit, is significantly flawed....
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Vol. 8, No. 1, January

Failure of Network Industry Liberalisation in Eastern Europe: The Case of Electricity Liberalisation in Ukraine
Deregulatory reform of electricity industries includes three main steps: a) the break-up of vertically integrated monopolies; b) the privatisation of generation (and sales) companies; and c) the introduction of competition rules in the electricity market....
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A Comparative Perspective on the Balkan Constitutions and the Space Provided for the Citizens
One of the major developments in the Balkan region after the '90s was the adoption of constitutions, which brought the expansion of the constitutionalization of rights having in this way a relevant impact on the citizens to exercise their rights. Even...
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Falling between Two Stools - the Case of the Lithuanian Civil Servant Reform of 2013
Corruption and political favouritism is a pervasive and persistent problem in the Lithuanian public administration. A possible solution to the problem is the Human Resource Reform of 2013, which creates a rooster of eligible civil service candidates...
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The Backward East? Explaining Differences in Support for Radical Right Parties in Western and Eastern Europe
Radical right political parties in Central Eastern Europe have been far less electorally successful than their counterparts in Western Europe. This outcome contradicts an underlying assumption in scholarly work and public opinion of "the East" at a hotbed...
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Income Inequality and Government Redistribution: A Cross-National Study
This paper focuses on income inequality and government redistribution in 120 countries between 1980 and 2010. It begins by describing variation in inequality across countries and over time, distinguishing between income before and after government redistribution...
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Book Review: Democracy and Social Peace in Divided Societies: Exploring Consociational Parties
BOOK REVIEW: DEMOCRACY AND SOCIAL PEACE IN DIVIDED SOCIETIES: EXPLORING CONSOCIATIONAL PARTIES Democracy and social peace in divided societies: Exploring consociational parties. Matthijs Bogaards. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. 256 pp. £58.00...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, July

Decline of Democracy in East-Central Europe: The Last Decade as the Lost Decade in Democratization
The last decade of the EU membership has been a lost decade in East-Central Europe in many ways, first of all for the young generation, which has become a lost generation to a great extent, but also for the new twin paradigm of EU as the performance...
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Rethinking Utopianism, International Relations Theory, and Marginalisation of Africa in Global Politics
Many studies on utopianism tend to critique known political models such as capitalism, democracy, socialism, and dictatorship. While none of these models provide a perfect political environment, utopianism seems to be the answer to prevent all political...
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The Quality of South Africa S Electoral Accountability 1994-2014: Freedom, Flaws and Food Parcels
South Africa has consolidated its democracy with five national and provincial elections, all of which have been labelled by international and domestic observers as 'free and fair'. However, this label does not reveal the quality of electoral accountability...
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The Level of Political Knowledge in Slovenia: Who Is (Not) Politically Informed?
Delli Carpini and Keeter showed that political knowledge is more or less general, meaning that informed citizens are usually informed in all aspects of political knowledge. Unfortunately, political knowledge is not evenly distributed. This is even more...
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Reconciling Physical Contact and Bodily Integrity within the Western Legal Paradigm
I conduct a textual analysis of U.S. Supreme Court opinions on searches of the physical person. Using specific case examples, I construct an argument that constitutional issues involving confrontations between citizens and agents of the state with respect...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, January

A Premier without Parliament: The Legislative Process in the Italian Second Republic
Italy is rightly considered as an ideal type case of the presidentialization process that is changing many parliamentary democracies, with the quasi-direct election of the Prime Minister and the strengthening of his hold on both the party and the government....
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Bringing the 'Centre' Centre-Stage: Defining the Centre in Ideological, Organisational and Policy Terms
What is the 'centre'? Drawing across different political science literature (including political theory, electoral and party-related and public administration), the article examines the different dimensions associated with it, including ideological (i.e....
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The Processes of Economic Consolidation in Countries of Former Yugoslavia
Before we can even discuss democratic consolidation, at least three minimal conditions must be fulfilled. Besides, those consolidated democracies should also fulfil several other conditions that have not attracted such attention of scientific analyses,...
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Towards the Establishment of the Institutional Profiles of Ministries of Foreign Affairs: The Case of European Union Member States
The characteristics of the institutional organisation of Ministries for foreign affairs (MFAs) enable to reflect on the general conditions influencing the operation of the foreign ministries and on the way the institutional profiles as such influence...
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Still "Euro-Party Systems"? - Representativeness of Political Parties on the Eu-Dimension in Denmark and Sweden
In a representative democracy it is indispensable that there is at least some degree of congruence between the opinions of voters and their parties on salient political issues. In most parliamentary democracies there is indeed a strong connection between...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, July

Comparative Perspectives in International Relations and Politics of the 21st Century
Contrary to the bygone centuries, the twenty-first century tends to provide a unique pattern of development to the human polity. It not only offers the news about the frequent downfall of authoritarian regimes here and there, but most importantly, it...
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(Dis)trust in Political Institutions: Comparisons between New Democracies of Central and Eastern Europe
After the collapse of the non-democratic regimes in the late 1980s and early 1990s, new democratic states emerged in Central and Eastern Europe and began their state building on the wave of democratic enthusiasm by the general public. Majority of those...
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Constitutional'trinity' for an Eu Member State Stops at the Gates of National Sovereignty
This article will focus on the relationship on treaty interpretation between constitutional courts and the international courts established by the respective treaty. Acceptance of the European Court of Justice's and European Court of Human Rights' jurisprudence...
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Rushing into Gender Quotas? Education and Political Participation of Women in USA and Slovenia
Women as "political minors" are subjected to numerous equal opportunity policies. The so called gender equality in modern societies was established not long ago and consolidation of equal rights is a work in progress. Legal barriers to the ballot are...
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International Liberalization Policy. Political-Scientific Factors Impacting the Process of Denationalization
Since the 1980s almost all OECD and EU states have implemented policies of liberalization and denationalization. This study offers a model for explaining this phenomenon by regarding it as a process of policy convergence. The determinants and causal...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, January

Re-Evaluating Gender Roles and Revolutions: Cases of Unexpected Utilities
Women have been a contributing factor of modern revolutions since at least the American Revolution against Great Britain. Yet too often most descriptions and analyses of revolution relegate women to a supporting role, or make no mention of women's involvement...
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"Better" Rather Than "More" Democracy? Citizens' Perceptions of Direct vs. Representative Democracy in a Comparative Perspective
In the light of increasing claims for a more accountable political representation on the background of what is perceived a crisis of representative democracy, this discussion paper examines citizens' perceptions of direct vs. representative democracy....
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Improvements in the Development of a Common European Energy Policy in the Years 2007-2011
Energy is a fundamental good for all countries. How is it possible to secure energy supply? What are the energy sources to choose from? How is it possible to optimize resources' use? How is it possible to reduce the environmental impact of energy exploitation?...
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What Do Crisis and the Military System Have in Common?
The cyclical crises in the 2th century, stemming primarily from the economic and financial sector and subsequently spreading into all of the social systems, have also influenced the military subsystem. In such circumstances the military subsystem as...
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Comparison of Electoral Manifestos' Issue Structures in Contemporary Democracies - the Methodological Perspective
From methodological perspective we address a substantive question of political science research. What are similarities and differences in issue structures in contemporary democracies? Issue structures are recognized on the basis of the content of national...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, July

Cabinets and Decision-Making Processes: Re-Assessing the Literature1
One very promising way when it comes to illustrate how cabinets work and to classify them is to look at their internal decision-making processes. In this paper, I give a new and comprehensive picture of cabinets in parliamentary and semipresidential...
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The Macedonian Equitable Representation vs. Public Administration Reform: The Lack of Interaction between Eu Accession Requirements
The paper discusses the problem of lack of interaction between different EU accession requirements as an intrinsic feature of the EU external governance that impacts the quality of the Europeanisation outcomes in the candidate countries. It takes the...
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Building Cross-Border Communities through Cooperation: Eu Regional Policy and Cross-Border Regions as Spaces of Government
The European Union's cross-border cooperation initiatives are perceived as an important tool for harnessing the process of European integration, which includes the ideas of fostering economic competitiveness and reducing regional discrepancies. The paper...
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The Eu and China Bilateral Relationship: Looking for a Fresh Restart
The article looks at the EU and China three decade relationship and the challenges and opportunities encouraged by a common view for redesign of the international order according to a multilateral approach and some basic differences. The author analyzed...
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Metaphor Change and Persistence: Comparative Analysis of Political Metaphors in Slovenia and Yugoslavia
The aim of the paper is to compare construction metaphors and political discourses, and their trajectories of change in the cases of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Slovenia. The paper examines how the political appeared...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, January

Assessing the European Criteria in Bosnia and Herzegovina: A Litmus Test for the European Union
So far many scholarly analyses were released and fierce academic debates pursued in which the European Union member states are criticized for not speaking "with a single voice" with regards to its common and harmonized policies in international politics....
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Party Coalitions in Local Legislatures in Slovenia and South Dakota: A Research Note
While our understanding of party politics in national legislatures is quite sophisticated, the phenomenon of local inter-party cooperation has gone largely unexamined. This article investigates party coalitions in local legislatures in South Dakota and...
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European E-Readiness? Cyber Dimension of National Security Policies1
The majority of social processes have become very dependent on information and communication technologies (ICT) according to their quick development and increasing use. With the emergence of new technologies and growing dependence of society on ICT,...
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The Social Policy Challenges of Europe 2020 in the Eu Candidate Countries: The Case of Croatia and Macedonia
This paper examines the social dimension of the EU's Europe 2020 Strategy in two EU candidate countries (Croatia and Macedonia). The text outlines both the positive attributes of the new Strategy and addresses criticisms it has received. The two countries...
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Political Economy and Public Policy of Marginalization: Alternative Development, Multilevel Planning and Disadvantaged Communities in Slovenia and Canada
Are alternative development models relevant in the context of revitalization of disadvantaged communities without the visible role of the state in building development strategies? In some reasonable conditions, the state has to carry out specific tasks...
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