Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 2, June

Adaptation of the Cardioresphiratory System to Hypoxic Actions of the Rugby Players Depending on the Playing Position
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionOne of the most important problems in the training of athletes is the management of training and competitive activities. The level of sports training is formed due to the development of the functional...
Age-Specific Reasons for Dropping out of the Fitness-Sport
IntroductionIn the evaluations and statistical analyses presented here, it is examined to what extent the various reasons for quitting activity in a gym are age-dependent. In other words, are the motives for quitting this activity different in older...
Analysis Level of the Special Proficiency of Cadets and Officers of the Internal Affairs Authorities of the Russian Federation to the Physical Interdictory Effort by Criminals
IntroductionAccording to the experts opinion the effectiveness of the police and other specialized services is determined by the presence of law enforcement officers of efficient technologies and the ability to use them in modern conditions (Fatih, &...
Analyzing Physical Activities in the Natural Environment and Their Influence on the Motivational Climate of Classes
IntroductionSome experiences in educational and social contexts have brought to light the exponential decline over the past decade in the practice of physical activities in the natural environment among school children (Frerichs, 2016). Although some...
Assessment of Body Composition of Female Volleyball Players of Various Performance Levels
IntroductionSuccessful sports training requires knowledge of relevant factors that affect sports performance. Therefore, models of sports performance have been developed that attempt to capture these factors. These models include general models (Grosser...
Causal Relationships between the Parameters of Gas Discharge Visualization and Principal Neuroendocrine Factors of Adaptation
IntroductionBack in 1880 Nikola Tesla demonstrated that when placing the man in the high-frequency field around the body there is a bright glow. In 1892 YO Nardkevych-Yodko recorded glow human hands on photographic plate. However, a well-known method...
Comparative Characteristics of Psychophysiological Indicators in the Representatives of Cyclic and Game Sports
IntroductionSport activity makes the most diverse demands on the speed of human thought processes. This is true for working in conditions of time deficit against the background of constantly changing situations. Such work causes the highest neuropsychic...
Components of Positive Impact of Exposure on University Physical Culture and Sports on Students' Physical Activity
IntroductionThe review of scientific studies focused on the main issues of physical upbringing of today's generations shows that lack of physical activity in schoolchildren and students is a major challenge facing educators and health care specialitsts...
Correction of the Functional State of 5-9-Grade Students at Rural Schools Selected for Special Medical Groups Due to Articular Manifestations of Connective Tissue Dysplasia in Ukraine
IntroductionDuring a past decade a morbidity of pupils in Ukraine increased by 26.8% (Bodnar I., 2013) and almost 90% of graduates possesses different health issues (Ivanova L., 2013). In many cases reduced level of children health is associated with...
Correlation between Goal Orientation and Attitudes of Brazilian Elite Swimmers
IntroductionSwimming is an individual sport that arouses interest in studies due to its high profile and its development potential, however for the promotion of athletes possible factors related to motivation and attitudes must be taken into consideration...
Correlations between the Factors Characteristic of Competitive Sports and the Dark Triad
IntroductionIn recent years, athletes' problem behaviors-violence, delinquency, and drug dependence, among others-have been increasing (e.g., Anderson, Albrecht, McKeag, Hough, & McGrew, 1991; Pappas, McKenry, & Catlett, 2004). Such tendencies...
Development of the Physical Qualities of Future Specialists in Protective Activities Due to the Use of the Kettlebell Sport during Studies
IntroductionThe professional activity of specialists in protective activities consists in: providing of safety and inviolability of person which is guarded; using of measures of prevention to the criminal; applying of facilities of the physical and psychological...
Development of Tolerant Attitude in Managerial Activities of the PE Instructors and Sports Coaches
IntroductionIn the contemporary social and economic conditions, the main emphasis of the higher education system in the field of physical education is training competitive specialists with a focus on practical work requirements [4, 9, 15]. The physical...
Effectiveness of Different Options When Teaching Children Basic Movements Due to Certain Handedness
IntroductionTriathlon The child's brain during the preschool period is already marked by functional asymmetry. It is genetically conditioned (DeVries, Wimmers, Ververs, 2001; Crow, Close, Dagnall, & Priddle, 2009), and some expressions of functional...
Effect of Proprioceptive Training and Central Stabilization in Physical Fitness in Young Soccer Players
IntroductionSoccer is currently considered the most popular sport, and research show that, worldwide, there are about 200 thousand athletes playing it professionally and 240 million as non-professional players (33). Soccer is a team sport and its practice...
Effects of Long-Term Training Experience of Aerobic Exercises on Middle-Aged Women
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionAt the present time instead of the monotonous physical exercises new ways of physical activity which became a part of the man's image have come. Among many physical activities the expediency and efficiency...
Effects of Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF) on Swimmers Leg Mobility and Performance
IntroductionIn swimming there are different warm up combined protocols in and out of water. The most of these combinations includes stretching exercises and swimming in different volumes and intensities. About the volumes and intensities of a warm up...
Estimation of Anthropometric Parameters of Track and Field Athletes at Different Stages of Long-Term Preparation
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionAnthropology as a science has undergone rapid development for the late century. One of its branches is medical anthropology, which enables to characterize morphological-functional development of the...
Evaluation of the Total Quality Management Maturity of the Hellenic National Sport Federations Using the EQFM Model
IntroductionThe theoretical framework of management is constantly evolving and service quality has been recognized as one the most important concepts for the consumer making the term quality part of our everyday vocabulary (Gronroos, 1990). Despite the...
Exergame vs. Aerobic Exercise and Functional Fitness of Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial
IntroductionAging causes changes in the physiological systems that may impact on reducing the functional performance in older adults. This reduction often compromises the ability to perform daily tasks (Buchman, Wilson, Leurgans, Bennett, & Barnes,...
Exploring In-Class Physical Activity Levels during Physical Education Lessons in Finland
IntroductionThe evidence base for the beneficial effects of physical activity (PA) on the health of young people is relatively solid (Strong et al., 2005). Based on such evidence, policies around the world recommend that schoolaged youth participate...
Fitness Participants Perceived Quality by Age and Practiced Activity
IntroductionThe fitness sector is a growing industry in a global scale, which makes it an attractive and interesting market to study (García-Fernández, Gálvez-Ruiz, Velez-Colon, & Bernal-Garcia, 2016). The practice of physical activity in fitness...
Impact of Physical Activity of Correctional Orientation in the Form of Combined Fitness and Swimming on the Psychophysiological State of 40-45-Year-Old Women
IntroductionThe first fitness programs appeared in the first half of the 20th century and were associated with Dr. K Cooper who developed certain exercises tested on military personnel. Further, there were developed a whole variety of fitness programs...
Improvement of Adolescents Adaptation to the Adverse Meteorological Situation by Means of Physical Education
IntroductionHuman health is determined by the degree of adaptation to the impact of various factors that ensures support or restoration of stability of the internal environment/ milieu interieur (Gorshova, 2009). Specifically, the body's capability to...
Improvement of Tactical Action in the Attack of Handball Players at the Stage of Preparation for Higher Achievements
IntroductionStage of preparation for higher achievements (PHA) is the transfer stage from youth sport to participation in the competition in adults teams and has a number of distinctive features: participation in systematic competitions, adaptation to...
Improvement of the Physical Preparedness of Canoe Oarsmen by Applying Different Modes of Training Loads
IntroductionSports results of winners and prizewinners of Olympics Games, Winter Olympic Games, world championships and other competitions have been steadily increasing (Guo, 2007; Briskin., 2014, 2015, 2016; Imas, 2017). Analysis of competition protocols...
Integrative Approach to Reduction of Excess Weight
IntroductionMost health professionals are convinced that only "physical" non-infectious diseases practically do not exist - most known diseases always have two components: somatic and psychological. Consciousness and the physical body (psyche and somatics)...
Investigating the Role of Ipsilateral and Contralateral Eye-Hand Dominance in Tennis Serve Accuracy of Amateur Tennis Players
IntroductionTennis serve has been developed in recent times, thus serving speed has been significantly increased. In Rolland Garros for example, from 2002 to 2009 the mean difference in average serving speed has been reported to increase from 165,1 to...
Level and Dynamics of Functional Preparedness Indexes of Kettlebell Sportsmen
IntroductionThe aim of sport training is to achieve the maximally possible training level of preparedness of sportsman, conditioned by the specific of kind of sport and requirements to achieve the highest results in the competitive program [2, 4, 8]....
Longitudinal Study on the Effectiveness of Game Actions during the Olympic Games Men's Handball (2004-2016)
IntroductionMen's handball was present for the first time, as a demonstrative sport, in the Olympic program at the 1936 edition in Berlin, when six teams were participating. Next appearance is held at O.G. Munich 1972, time then remaining constant in...
Ludic and Nursery Rhymes in Children's Swimming Lessons: Intermediation in the Teachers Perspective
IntroductionSwimming become increasingly popular as an adhesion to physical activity practice, since it is a sport that brings many health benefits such as improvement in coordination, balance, agility, strength, develops psychomotor skills, spatial,...
Morphological Motor Status of Top Quality Sitting Volleyball Players in Bosnia and Herzegovina
IntroductionSitting volleyball is sports activity which gives evident positive effects during rehabilitation and general resocialization of persons with physical disabilities. Motorical abilities (handiness, agility, flexibility, endurance, strength,...
Motor and Mental Development of the 7 Year Old Students (State and Correlation Dependence)
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionMeaning of the main working terms:Physical Development (PD): natural-biological process of morpho-somatic changes in the ontogenetic development of man. Commonly the PD is expressed in the level of...
Objectively Measured Physical Activity of Different Lesson Contexts
IntroductionA recent publication by the Institute of Medicine (IOM, 2013), Educating the Student Body, has reinforced the recommendation that students in physical education class engaged in 50% moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). On face value,...
Peak Height Velocity in Soccer: Anthropometric, Functional, Motor and Cognitive Implications
IntroductionAdolescence is characterized as a period of intense corporal modifications due to hormonal and metabolic alterations broadly related to maturational status. During pre-pubertal and pubertal stages, biological maturation may differ considerably...
Pedagogical Conditions Required to Improve the Speed-Strength Training of Young Football Players
IntroductionIn modern football, achieving top results is impossible without quality training of young players. The success of any team, including youth teams, is defined by three major factors: player technique, tactics, and the overall condition of...
Performance Analysis of Freestyle Wrestling Competitions of the Last Olympic Cycle 2013–16
IntroductionSporting competitions in Olympic sport are the central element (Platonov V.N. 2015) which determines the whole system of organization, methodology and sportsmen preparation for effective training and competitive activity. Today the commercial...
Personal and Social Responsibility Development through Sport Participation in Youth Scholars
IntroductionPhysical activity and sport practice during leisure time have been offered as an efficient mechanism to reach a personal and social development, due to the positive conception society has about them and also due to its attractiveness and...
Physical Profile of Young Tennis Players in the Tennis Match-Play Using Global Positioning Systems
IntroductionThe recent development of Position System (GPS) devices has permitted the wider application of this technology in a variety of sports, providing an additional means of describing and understanding the physical demands on players (Baiget,...
Relationship between Intermittent Endurance Capacity and Match Performance According to the Playing Position in Sub-19 Professional Male Football Players: Preliminary Results
IntroductionAdult elite football players cover 8 to14 km during an official match, of which 1.5 to 3.3 km are performed by high-intensity (Mohr, Krustrup, & Bangsbo, 2003). However, the ability to perform intense exercise is declined towards the...
Relationships among Sports Helplessness, Depression, and Social Support in American College Student-Athletes
IntroductionIn the United States, college student-athletes tend to receive a considerable amount of public attention (Etzel, Watson, Visek, & Maniar, 2006) and are often some of the most idolized individuals on campus (Parham, 1996). Such adulation...
Relative Age Effect in Handball Players of Spain
IntroductionThe research related to a player's training process and talent spotting highlights that genetic predisposition for a particular sporting activity is not the only decisive factor and that players need to undergo a suitable long-term multidimensional...
Repeated Sprints and the Relationship with Anaerobic and Aerobic Fitness of Basketball Athletes
IntroductionBasketball is characterized as predominantly anaerobic, with elite athletes often subjected to more than 2,700 actions of intermittent characteristics, which involve walking, running, sprinting, and jumping (Scanlan, Dascombe, & Reaburn,...
Rest Intervals during Resistance Training Affect the Rating-Perceived Exertion and Muscle Performance in Untrained Subjects
IntroductionMultiple-set resistance training promotes higher improvements in strength and hypertrophy as compared with single set (Krieger, 2010; Rhea et al., 2002). Therefore, training volume is an important variable related to these neuromuscular adaptations...
Shot Effectiveness by Playing Position with Regard to Goalkeeper's Efficiency in Team Handball
IntroductionThe analysis of the game and player's actions is a research area which plays an important role in the notational analysis of a game. This kind of analysis enables players to get feedback in trainings and games (Taylor et al., 2004). In order...
Special Aspects of Female Volleyball Players' Coordination Training at the Stage of Specialized Preparation
IntroductionModern volleyball is connected with highly intensive loads; stability, distribution and re-switching of attention; maximal speed of players' reacting. Increased requirements are put forward to visual-motor coordination, precise differentiation...
Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off in 7-Meter Throw in Handball with Real Constraints: Goalkeeper and the Level of Expertise
IntroductionThe relationship between velocity and accuracy when throwing or hitting an object determines the performance of several technical actions in relation to the following sports: baseball, handball, cricket, soccer, tennis, and volleyball.. From...
Stabilometry Profile in Fixed Seat Rowers
IntroductionApplication of technology in sports sciences has increased their knowledge and performance: motion analysis (Filippeschi & Ruffaldi, 2013; Jimenez-Olmedo, Pueo, & Penichet-Tomás, 2016; Basilio Pueo, 2016), contact platforms (Landolsi,...
The Effect of Balance Therapy on Postural Stability in a Group of Seniors Using Active Video Games (Nintendo Wii)
IntroductionIn the US, two and a half million older people are treated in emergency departments for fall-related injuries, and over 700,000 seniors are hospitalized each year. Not only is quality of life lower after these incidents, but these falls can...
The 'Scientific' Approach for the Physical Activity Behavior Change
A 'theoretical' approach to behaviour changeUnderpinning behaviour change interventions with a theoretical base significantly improves the effectiveness of such interventions in comparison to those that do not utilise theory to inform intervention design...
Time-Motion Analysis in Professional Championships of Valencian Handball
IntroductionValencian ball (called Pilota Valenciana) is considered the traditional sport of the Region of Valencia, although authors such as Iñurria (1987) have located the origins of the game in the Greco-Roman classical period. Valencial ball is one...
Using High-Intensity Interval Training during Swimming Classes in Higher Educational Institutions
IntroductionEducating a healthy person is one of the principal tasks of any educational institutions specialised in physical culture with its traditional methods, which chiefly influence people's physical condition (Matveev 2004; Milner 1991; Platonov...
Utilizing Physically Interactive Videogames for the Balance Training of Adolescents with Deafness within a Physical Education Course
IntroductionTriathlon A person is considered as having deafness in case hearing loss exceeds 70 decibels and it is so severe that the individual is not in position to process linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification and use...
Validation of Four Indirect VO2max Laboratory Prediction Tests in the Case of Soccer Players
IntroductionCardiopulmonary exercise testing with direct measurement of VO2 (CPET) is widely considered as a golden standard for maximum oxygen uptake (VO2max) and fitness level assessment. However, this method is expensive, requires specialized staff...
Vegetative Status of Sportsmen Depending on the Level of Their Sensorimotor Reaction
IntroductionPerception and processing of visual information is one of the principal capacities of human nervous system. It is a generally known fact that effectiveness of people's professional activity under the influence of nervous processes speed characteristics...
What Are the Implications of Controlling Anthropometric Variables When Comparing Technical Skills and Physical Fitness in Young Soccer Regional Players?
IntroductionTo reach success in soccer, a series of competences must be developed by players. Physical fitness, technical-tactical indicators, and psychological domains have been reported in the literature as central components to achieve excellence...
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