Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Articles from Vol. 12, No. 4, December

Biomechanical Analysis of Skilled Female Gymnasts' Technique in «Round-Off, Flic-Flac» Type on the Vault Table
IntroductionFederation Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) replaced the traditional vaulting horse with an apparatus «vault table» in 2001. Significant changes in the vaulting apparatus influenced onto the biomechanical structure of gymnast's technique...
Comparative Biomechanical Analysis of Key Elements in Stretched Salto Backward Yurchenko Vault
IntroductionArtistic gymnastics develops in accordance with the trends of performance sport, but it has its specific features, such as: increase of sports mastership, increase and rivalry of competitive programs, processing of new complex routines, sports...
Comparative Study over Electromyography at Athletes
IntroductionElectromyography (EMG) represents a recording technique of the action potentials produced by the skeletal muscular fibers during repose state, voluntary muscular contraction and after muscle direct stimulation or nervous fibers that innervate...
Coping Strategies among Brazilian Professional and Amateur Football Players
IntroductionProfessional athletes must continually seek physical, technical, tactical and psychological excellence. They must also avoid or effectively manage problems that might delay or interrupt their professional lives. The stress associated with...
Evaluation of Physical Capacities of Strength and Speed of Different Competition Level Young Football Players
IntroductionHigh requirements of soccer game make soccer players adapt and compete at the highest standard. Physical capacity of soccer players may give an indication of the physiological demands of the game. The different form of strength, maximum and...
Expertise in Sport and Physical Education: Review through Essential Factors
Defining expertiseWe don't have a general consensus in the scientific community regarding the operational definition of expertise. The expertise definition is underlies at the expert definition, where it is assumed that expert is a person who is very...
Learning and Developing Motor Skills in the Case of Secondary School Pupils with Mild Mental Impairment
IntroductionThe motor skill represents the qualitative trait of learned motor acts and can be defined as "an automatized component of the voluntary motor act, a motor act or action which, through exercise, has reached a high degree of stability, precision,...
Maximal Oxygen Consumption in College Students Is Reliable Following Four Consecutive Trials
IntroductionGraded exercise tests are commonly used to determine maximal aerobic power (i.e., maximal oxygen consumption [VO2max]). The VO2max is used as a physiological index for general cardiovascular health and is also used for monitoring training...
Means of Assessing a Sport Tourism Destination's Competitive Advantage Sources
IntroductionTheoretical framework:The current trends in destination marketing aim, generally, at capitalizing to a greater extent nontraditional, isolated or unknown destinations, for which niche marketing is preferable, being thus able to create a unique...
Myoelectrical Properties of Lower Limbs, in Soccer Players Compared to Different Fall Height and Use of Additional Weight in a Sledge Machine
IntroductionThe stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) is an efficient muscular activation type characterized by stretching of the target muscle (eccentric phase) prior to a subsequent shortening in the concentric phase. When compared with concentric actions...
Physical Activity and Fibrinolytic Response
IntroductionBlood fibrinolysis is an important physiological mechanism, is clot searching system that eliminates intravascular clots ensuring the blood vessels passage (Chandler, Schwartz, Stratton, & Vitiello, 1996; Chatzikonstantinou, 1993; El-Sayed,...
Physical Demands of Soccer: Lessons from Team USA and Ghana Matches in the 2010 FIFA WORLD CUP
IntroductionIn modern sports, the emphasis on winning and the competitive spirit of the participants demands a high level of physical and psychological conditioning as well as refined technical-tactical preparation of the individual player (Hughes et...
Physical Education Teachers Teaching in a Multicultural Setting: A Case Study of Teacher Knowledge and Practice
IntroductionIncreasingly in the United States, there are drastic cultural differences between teachers and the students they teach. Trends in schools show predominantly white teachers to work with students from mostly underrepresented populations (African-Americans,...
Physical Fitness in Prepubescent Children: An Update
IntroductionPhysical fitness is a major marker of health status at any age (Ortega et al., 2007). The recognition that physical fitness is a key determinant in healthy lifestyles based increasingly on criteria referenced to general health and not merely...
Relationship between Involvement in School Sport Practice and the Perception of the Quality of School Sport
IntroductionIn a school context physical education and sports classes contains unique features (e.g. strenuous performance, competition, adherence to the rules of games, intensity of the game, cooperation, systematic training etc.) that are not inherent...
Secular Changes in Height, Weight, Body Mass Index and Daily Nutrition Preferences in Children during Soccer Recruitment Camps
IntroductionAssociation football (i.e., football or soccer) is the most popular sport in the world, and its governing body, the Federation International of Football Association (FIFA), gathers 208 countries and more than 250 million players (FIFA, 2012)....
Teaching Physical Education: The Usefulness of the Teaching Games for Understanding and the Constraints-Led Approach
1. IntroductionFor several years to this part, the perspective how teacher falls within the teaching-learning process, tends to adjust to the new research currents and social context. If we associate the one curriculum recommended in which the teacher...
The Detraining and Training Effects of Different Training Programs on Selected Bio-Motor Abilities of College Level Football Players
IntroductionFootball is the most popular game in the world. It is played all over the world round the year. Since the game has become more professional and more competitive, it requires a high degree of fitness combined with supreme skill level. Fitness...
The Effects of Contextual Interference on Learning Volleyball Motor Skills
IntroductionA general viewpoint on contextual interference shows that a blocked practice schedule facilitates the acquisition of a skill while a random practice is more useful in the retention and transfer of that skill (Brady, 1998). Although William...
The Effects of Moderate Aerobic Training on Cardiorespiratory Parameters in Healthy Elderly Subjects
IntroductionThe ageing process of the Romanian population started 4-5 decades later than in the other European countries. In the last six decades, Romania's population aging increased; the number of the elderly persons doubled (14.5% in 2004 compared...
The Effects of Practicing with a Size-2 Ball on the Technical Skills of Young Soccer Players of a Different Level
IntroductionTechnical ability constitutes one of the performance factors which lead to perfection. In ball sports, technical skills refer to ball handling and its effectiveness. According to Witt & Proffitt (2005), 'when playing well, baseball players...
The New Role of Sports: The Use of Sport in Place Branding Activity of the Local Government of Debrecen (Hungary)
IntroductionBeginning in the 1980s, in the United States and later on also in the Western part of Europe as well, there has been a gradual transformation in the attitude of the mainly municipal local authorities, which happened on two levels. On the...
The Practical Importance of Movements with High Precision, Easiness and Rapidity Indices in the Context of Automation Skills
Introduction:The idea of carrying out this work came from my husband's repeated reports on the inability of a large number of students in driving schools to follow the direction (leftor right) indicated by the automotive instructor during the practical...
Third Grade Students' Self-Assessment of Basketball Dribbling Tasks
IntroductionAccording to motor-learning research, feedback is a crucial variable in students' development of motor skills (Rink, 2003; Silverman, Woods & Subramaniam, 1998; Graham, Holt/Hale & Parker, 2013). Research has shown that relationships...
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