Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Articles from Vol. 16, No. 3, September

Assessment of Breakfast and Physical Activity Habits in College Students at a Rural Private Institution
IntroductionBreakfast is traditionally known as "the most important meal of the day," and skipping breakfast is commonly linked with overweight individuals and higher body mass index (BMI) in adolescents (Corder et al., 2011; Giovannini et al., 2008;...
Attitude, Sports Participation and Academic Performance of Undergraduate Student-Athletes in Saudi Arabia
IntroductionIn the literature, the effect of sports participation on academic performance is ambiguous. Many studies found a positive association between competitive sports participation and academic performance. For example, Lipscomb (2007) reported...
Body Composition, Physical Fitness and Exercise Activities of Elderly
IntroductionThe definition of "elderly" is not yet a global term. Clinical and medical context often uses elderly with people over 65 years (Teymoortash et al., 2014), but all reports, documents, books and international meetings of The World Health Organization...
Citizen Participation in the Development of Sports Programs: Case Study of the Strasbourg Area (France)
IntroductionAlmost everywhere in Europe, consequently to the aging of the population and due to the spreading of various pandemics (H1N1, Ebola, E. Coli, Zika virus ...) citizens are more alert. More concerned, they inform themselves more and more. They...
Comparison of Product and Process Oriented Model Accuracy for Assessing Countermovement Vertical Jump Motor Proficiency in Pre-Adolescents
IntroductionRecently, several researchers have discussed the criticisms related to the fundamental movement skills (FMS) topic and about their relation with the learning process (Barnett et al., 2016). The same authors defined these skills as essential...
Cooperative Coaching: Benefits to Students in Extracurricular School Sports
IntroductionThroughout the world, many young people participate in school-based extracurricular sports activities (SBECSA) mainly after school and on weekends (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2012; Edwards, Kanters, & Bocarro 2011; Sport Council...
Correction of 6 to 10-Year-Old Schoolchildren Postures Using Muscular-Tonic Imbalance Indicators
IntroductionPosture is one of primary school age children's health characteristics. That is why prophylaxis of posture disorders requires attention from parents, medical personnel and school teachers. Physical education classes can be considered to be...
Correlation between Physiological Parameters and Indicators of Special Physical Readiness of Trained Sprinters under the Influence of Recovery Means
IntroductionTo compensate progressive fatigue between workouts a sprinter possibly under conditions of use of timely recovery aimed at activation or relaxation functions of runners. For sprint it is characterized the high intensity of cycle work, the...
Defensive Systems during the Men's European University Beach Volleyball Championship
IntroductionBoth defensive and offensive systems are a fundamental part of the sporting success of a team since the tactical decisions determine the development of the game and lead a team to the victory or defeat.In recent years, researchers have focused...
Development of Sports Network Analysis: Methodological Considerations
IntroductionCollective behaviour in team sports and the possibilities of match analysisNetworks emerges from the interactions between teammates in the match (Peña & Touchette, 2012). By using some analysis techniques, it is possible to determine...
Development of Tablet Application Based Notational Analysis System and the Establishment of Its Reliability in Soccer
IntroductionNotational analysis in sports is a process of recording actions of athletes based on specific indicators in relation to performance (Hughes & Franks, 2008). The history of the notational system in sports can be traced back to dance notation...
Disability and Sport Management: A Systematic Review of the Literature
IntroductionDisability is so far one of the main global problems on different levels: social, health, economic. It has been estimated that over one billion people in the world live with some form of disability. At least one-fifth of these, approximately...
Effect of Combined versus Repeated Sprint Training on Physical Parameters in Sub-Elite Football Players in South Africa
IntroductionThe use of repeated sprint training (RST) in football is well documented (Iaia et al., 2009; Ferrari Bravo et al., 2008). It involves repeated intervals of high intensity sprinting with brief recovery periods. Benefits of RST in elite and...
Effect of Increased Daily Physical Activity on Lower-Extremity Physical Function during an Exercise Program for Older Adults
IntroductionCare needs due to lower levels of physical function in older adults are a global health issue. Maintaining lower-extremity physical function (LEPF) is a key factor in helping older adults to prevent care needs and to maintain the quality...
Effects of Brisk Walking and Resistance Training on Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Body Composition, and Lipid Profiles among Overweight and Obese Individuals
IntroductionObesity is a well-documented risk factor for cardiovascular disease in the general population (Rimm et al., 1995). Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in developed and developing countries including Malaysia...
Effects of School-Based Intervention Program on Motor Performance Skills
IntroductionIt is crucial for children to master motor performance skills, such as running, jumping, climbing and throwing. The skills do not, however, come naturally, but need to be learned, practiced and reinforced (Gallahue et al., 2012; Logan et...
Efficiency of Professionally Applied Physical Preparation Program and Its Influence on the Psychophysiological Function Level of Students Studying "Micro- and Nanoelectronics"
IntroductionEnsuring a high level of professional readiness is always the focus of many scientists defined industry sector [1-2]. However, today there is a critical situation in the students physical preparation, which is in the contradiction between...
En Bloc Analysis of Exhaustive Exercise and Recovery Phases during the Cycle Ergometer Test
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionThe heart rate (HR) recovery time profile during and after load (P) exercise training indicates cardiovascular fitness and the health of participants. The HR variability during the recovery phase is...
Evaluation of Coaches and Differences of Perspective Due to Demographic Characteristics
IntroductionThe Scale of Coaching Performance (SCP) (MacLean & Chelladurai, 1995) is an evaluation model of coaching performance, that was constructed in Canada for college basketball coaches and has been tested in several countries and populations...
Factors That Determine High Efficiency in Developing Speed and Strength Abilities of Female Hurdlers
IntroductionAchieving high results in sport today is impossible without special training. Application of moving abilities and muscle strength is typical for any sport specialization, including hurdling. Herein, speed and strength abilities play an important...
Factors That Drive Team Identification in Intercollegiate Athletics: A Perspective on Product Involvement
IntroductionSince intercollegiate athletics have become a powerful business that generates significant profits from fans of a variety of sports, many scholars have begun to pay attention to fans; relationships with sports entities. In particular, team...
Health Complaints and Well-Being Complaints among Secondary School Children
IntroductionYoung generation health status is the most expressive key indicator of the state and society prosperity, reflecting real state of affairs in the country and giving forecasts for the future. Manpower of the country, its security and political...
How Triathletes Mount Their Bikes after the First Transition. A Classification Proposal
IntroductionMillet and Vleck (2000) define triathlon as a complex sport, just as much as being made up of three different sports, as the particular change from one to another defined by the quickness and preciseness through the transitions. In a similar...
Image Evaluation of Karate Athletes
IntroductionPersonality traits appear to have consequences for individuals across a range of life domains because they provide information about how different persons and groups of individuals characteristically self-regulate or how people control their...
Influence of Working out at Home on the Expansion of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors
Introduction.The emergence and progress of cardiovascular disease are closely related to existence of risk factors. Nowadays, the concept of adjustment is a common strategy for the prevention of cardiac disease. Especially important is the correction...
Is There an Effect of the Order of Realization of Sprint and Endurance for Intermittent Test?
IntroductionThe fight against physical inactivity which is one of the main associated factor of cardiovascular diseases, the leading cause of death worldwide (Mathers et al., 2009) is done through a regular practice of physical exercises and prevention...
Methodology and Beliefs in Primary School Dance Education
IntroductionDance, in its artistic nature, possesses a great potential which enables the development of physical, cognitive, creative, expressive and emotive capacities. It also transmits a sense of values and attitudes which make it possible to share...
Motor Skills Formation Technique in 6 to 7-Year-Old Children Based on Their Psychological and Physical Features (Rock Climbing as an Example)
IntroductionPre-school and primary school age are considered most favorable for training difficult coordination motor actions [Pachomov et al., 2014; Kozina, 2015; Lahno, Hanjukova, & Cherniavska, 2015; Podrigalo, Iermakov, Galashko, Galashko, &...
Movement Demands of Elite Female and Male Athletes in Competitive Bouldering
IntroductionCompetitive bouldering (CB) has recently been added to the program of the Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 and is a discipline of sport climbing completed on low height artificial walls with landing mats to ensure safety (2,4,9). On the international...
National Teams in Women's Soccer World Cup from 1991 to 2015: Participation, Performance and Competitiveness
IntroductionThe first Women's Soccer World Cup was held in 1991 in China. Since then, the number of teams participating in the competition is increasing as well as the number of studies about the sport (Datson et al., 2014). Most of the studies about...
Orienteering to Optimize the Psychophysical Wellbeing of Young Teens (13 to 14-Year-Old)
IntroductionThe learning process in a state-of-art school is a multifaceted phenomenon, characterized by students'cognitive capacity to embrace and process a plethora of information within a short span of time; through technicalization and innovation...
Physical Activity with Regard to Socio-Demographic Variables and Decisional Balance Perceptions for Exercise among University Students
IntroductionIt has been emphasized in several studies that the benefits of regular PA on physical, mental and social health (Kirby, Levin, & Inchley, 2011) as well as on prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases such as obesity, diabetes...
Progress in Physical Fitness Standards of Students with Various Chest Girths
IntroductionAs a result of analysis of the foreign physical fitness definitions we found that not all countries take into account the total physical development indices (PD). Some countries (Russia, Germany, Britain, the Netherlands, the USA, China and...
Public Sports Policy: A Formative Experience for Sports Administrators Based on the Logical Framework Approach
IntroductionAccording to Amabile (2012, p. 390), public policies "are decisions that involve broad public issues and aim to satisfy the collective's interest." Public policies can thus be considered actions, goals, and plans that federal, state, and...
Reaction of Heart Rate Regulation to Extreme Sport Activity in Elite Athletes
IntroductionModern sports activity is characterised by influence of different factors, which relate to psychological and emotional stress of athletes (Hanton, Fletcher, & Coughlan, 2005; Korobeynikov, Korobeinikova, & Shatskih, 2013). Thus, the...
Self- Assessment of Tennis Coaches Relating to Athletes, Parents and Their Educational Level. the Case of Greece
IntroductionCoaching as a profession combines knowledge from several disciplines such as physiology, biomechanics, psychology, sociology and others and it has been characterized as ? evolutionary in status? (Abraham & Collins, 2011).The ITF began...
Specific Heart Rate Values of 10-12-Year-Old Physical Education Students during Physical Activity
IntroductionIn the last few decades there has been an observable decrease in physical activity and, with that, an increased level of sedentariness among children (Doak et al., 2006). Contributing to this fact is that only a small percentage of school-aged...
The Adolescent Age Transition and the Impact of Physical Activity on Perceptions of Success, Self-Esteem and Well-Being
IntroductionPhysical fitness has been defined as the result of body movement that is generated by muscle action that increases energy expenditure (McArdle, Katch & Katch, 2001). Physical activity is known to be an important factor in promoting health...
The Effect of IAAF Kids Athletics on the Physical Fitness and Motivation of Elementary School Students in Track and Field
IntroductionIn the domain of teaching in physical education, motivation has been found to be a key factor influencing students' interest, their learning behavior, and intention to exercise and practice sports in the future (Chen, 2001; Standage, Duda,...
Verifying N.E. Miller's Approach/avoidance Theory during a Kilimanjaro Expedition
IntroductionAccording to Miller's theory (1951), the approach/avoidance conflict arises when a person faces a goal both appealing and unappealing at the same time. This conflict of motivations is accompanied by emotional tension connected with having...
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