Journal of Physical Education and Sport

Articles from Vol. 17, No. 3, September

Analysis of Biochemical Indicators of Disabled Athletes in Dynamics of Physical Therapy Programs
Introduction.Physical education is the major stimulus for physical culture development and implementation, thus becoming an integral part of general all-round education, which has to ensure the development of physical, moral, volitional, intellectual...
Assessment of Gross Motor Developmental Level in Italian Primary School Children
IntroductionFundamental movement skills (FMSs) are considered the basic elements of movement capability and represent the prerequisites for practicing advanced physical activities and sport. Indeed, an adequate development of FMSs is essential for performing...
Assessment of Human Psychophysiological Responses to Intense Exercise: A Survey of Greco-Roman Wrestlers and Unqualified Competitors
IntroductionThe concepts of stimulus-response specificity and individual response stereotypy confirm the importance of viewing psychophysiological arousal as a reflection of numerous interacting organ systems (e.g., motor, cardiovascular and skeletal-muscular...
Autonomic Cardiac Activity and Psychometric Data Analysis during Different Training Preparation Periods before the World Championship in an Elite Finswimmer: A Case Study
IntroductionTo date, there are only few articles (Gautier, 2004; Oshita et al., 2009; Oshita et al, 2013) on the issue of fin-swimming. The current problems of sports training include optimization of training load and searching for solutions for making...
Can Regional Culture Values Affect the Entrepreneurial Intentions of Sport Science Students? an Analysis of Two Spanish Regions
IntroductionThe 2020 Enterprise Action Plan (European Commission, 2013) shows that Europe has suffered since 2008 the consequences of one of the worst economic crisis of the last 50 years (more than 25,000,000 unemployed), proposing as a solution to...
Changes in Selected Morphological Characteristics in Elite Ice Hockey Players during an Eight-Week Conditioning Program
IntroductionSuccess in high performance sport requires the optimal development of characteristics such as motor abilities, skills and physical fitness. High performance is also associated with specific ranges in somatic parameters depending on the sporting...
Changes in Technical Preparedness of 13-14-Year-Old Handball Players under the Influence of Coordination Orientation Exercises
IntroductionSports technique, according to J. Czerwinski and F. Taborsky (2000), - is the basis of any team game. The authors specify that techniques are formed on the basis of motive preparedness on condition of frequent use of methods in game conditions....
CLIL in Teaching Physical Education: Views of the Teachers in the Spanish Context
IntroductionThe term Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) was launched in Europe as a result of the growing interest in an active pursuit of improved foreign language teaching methods. This methodology is much welcomed at a time when the countries...
Comparative Analysis of a Functional State of Martial Arts Athletes
Introduction.The problem of success projection is one of the central issues in sports. The study of states that reflect the sportsmanship and the setting of linkages between them allow to optimize the selection of prospective athletes, and predict their...
Concentric Isokinetic Performance of External and Internal Rotators of the Shoulder in Adolescent Sprint Kayakers
IntroductionCanoing is a popular water sport (Michael et al., 2009) and according to the International Canoe Federation (International Canoe Confederation, 2017) there are nine canoe disciplines: sprint canoe, paracanoe, canoe marathon, canoe polo, and...
Continuous Professional Education of Teachers of Physical Education with the Additional Qualification in the Field of Foreign Languages on the Basis of Competencybased Approach
IntroductionOne of the urgent problems in the field of continuing training of future teachers of physical culture is the training of students on the basis of the provisions of the competence approach in the aspect of individualization of instruction....
Cooperative Games as a Pedagogical Strategy for Decreasing Bullying in Physical Education: Notable Changes in Behavior
IntroductionViolence can be characterized as a chronic and recurrent problem in the history of humanity and returns as a special conversational topic (BALLONE, 2007) representing a phenomenon that should be understood and treated with a multifactorial...
Correction of Functional Preparedness of Rowers at the Stage of Maximal Realization of Individual Capabilities
IntroductionThe management of training and competitive activities of the qualified athletes in conditions of the intense growth of results in modern sports is effective only if it is based on the results of research of the biological basis of adaptive...
Correlation Analysis of Readiness Indicators of Athletes and Their Competitive Results in Kettlebell Sport
IntroductionThe purpose of sports training is to achieve the level of physical, tactical, technical, psychological readiness that is most possible for a particular athlete determined by the specifics of the sport and the requirements of achieving the...
Curriculum and Legislation from the New Curriculum Guidelines for the Physical Education Teachers
IntroductionA recent history of Physical Education in Brazil and directed by landmarks and brands that, over time, influenced teacher training and a constitution of professionals in the area. More specifically, the 1980s were marked by substantial changes...
Determination of Technical Actions That Differentiate Winning from Losing Teams in Woman's Handball
IntroductionA game's analysis and also individual players' actions analyses, is a research field that plays a very significant role at the statistical analysis of a game. This kind of analyses, provide players, with the necessary feedback so for the...
Development of Motor Skills of Students with the Help of the Training Simulator "Belts with Rings"
IntroductionEducation is the leading area in the socio-economic, health, educational and cultural development of Ukraine, which at the present stage of development is undergoing significant changes under the influence of social processes: democratization,...
Differences between an Accelerometer and a Heart Rate Monitor in Monitoring Non-Training-Related Load in Adolescents: An Opportunity to Distinguish between the Physical and Mental Load
IntroductionSport training is a comprehensive, sophisticated, systematic, and controlled process of work with an individual or group of athletes (Issurin, 2010). The training effects are perceived as an outcome of the influence of a set of physical and...
Differences in Coaching Feedback between Coaches of Junior Elite Soccer Players and Junior Amateur Soccer Players
IntroductionYouth soccer players increase their training as their coaches require more of them and as the players require more of themselves (Helsen, Hodges, Van Winckel, & Strakes, 2000). Previous research has pointed to the development and maximisation...
Digger's Activity at Men's European Beach Volleyball University Championship
IntroductionDefensive actions performed by digger are carried out in a coordinated way with the actions of blockers in the net. The combination and coordination between both make up the defensive tactics (Jimenez-Olmedo & Penichet-Tomas, 2017). Specifically,...
Dynamics of Physical Activity Status in Patients with Grade ²-²²² Obesity in Response to a Physical Rehabilitation Program
IntroductionObesity is one of the most common global chronic non-infectious conditions. At the turn of the 21st century the mechanization and automation production and life resulted in hypodynamia in most human beings which was the reason of imbalance...
Effect of Recreational Taekwondo Training on Musculoskeletal System of Primary School Age Children
IntroductionToday, in reformation of the national school system it is necessary to pay attention to the issue of children's health, increasing their motor activity through physical education and recreational exercises in the day regimen and after school....
Effect of Recuperation with Static Stretching in Isokinetic Force of Young Football Players
IntroductionFootball is a sport that is characterized by numerous and varied complex dynamic kinesiology activities that are characterized by a large number of cyclic and acyclic movements (Bjelica et al. 2013; Gardasevic et al., 2016). The coniditonal...
Effect of the Off-Season Training on the Physical Profile in U18 Elite Male Ice Hockey Players
IntroductionThe off-season period in elite players is usually brief about 6 weeks and generally involves an individual or club-determined conditioning programs (Burke et al., 2006). Off-season training is an integral part of year-round preparation and...
Effects of Chronic Stretching Training on the Torque of Young Adults
IntroductionStretch training has been frequently performed aiming to increase joint range of motion (ROM) [Kallerud et al., 2013; Peck et al., 2014]. Recent studies have showed that acute effects of stretching exercise may negatively affect maximum force...
Efficiency of Kinesiotaping Application in the Complex Rehabilitation of Children with Idiopathic Scoliosis
IntroductionDistribution violations of posture and scoliosis in children, according to various authors, up to 46.9%, while it is idiopathic scoliosis (IS) is about 80.0 - 85.0% of all diagnosed cases of scoliosis [1 - 3].At present, non-surgical treatment...
Employment Situation of Graduates with a Major in Human Movement Sciences
IntroductionThe United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) consider Physical Education (PE) as a basic human right (United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, 1978). That statement was ratified by the...
Environment and Accommodation Conditions as Correlation of Functional Fitness of Older People
IntroductionThe quality of life of senior citizens is an important indicator of both nation-wide and individual aspects of social life. The identification, analysis and evaluation of possible correlations among the factors determining the quality of...
Estimation Degree of Changes Influence in Competition Rules on the Contests Ratios of Judo Wrestlers of Lightweight Categories in Russia and Kyrgyzstan
IntroductionRapid development of combat and combat sports requires specialists and trainers to use modern and effective approaches to training high-level athletes capable of successfully competing with and defeating their rivals. Nevertheless, this requirement...
Formation of Resilience in Japanese Athletes: Relevance to Personality Traits and Day-to-Day Resilience
IntroductionResilience has been defined as "the mental ability to recover from negative psychological states caused by stressful incidents" (Ishige & Muto, 2005). Hirano (2010) argues that resilience is affected by individual temperament and character,...
Heart Rate Variability during Controlled Respiration after Endurance Training
IntroductionPhysical activity has great influence on autonomic regulation of the heart [1]. To determine the vegetative effects on the body heart rate variability (HRV) is investigated, the use of indices of which during stepping, current and operational...
Hypoxic Training as the Basis for the Special Performance of Karate Sportsmen
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionThe problem of training karate sportsmen of 16-17 years old is characterized by the fact that in the process of physical training it is necessary to solve specific sports problem [12, 19].The motor...
Improvement of 5-9th Grades Schoolchildren Physical Education in Ukraine by Using Variable Modules Curriculum
IntroductionThe problem of improving physical education in Ukraine has become especially topical in the recent decade. The state of health among schoolchildren, their level of motor activity, normative and programme, personnel as well as material and...
Improvement of Technical and Tactical Training of Qualified Women Epee Fencers
IntroductionWomen epee fencing was first included in the Games of XXV Olympics (Atlanta, USA, 1996) and some of Ukrainian sportsman show outstanding results (Yana Shemyakina - 1st place at Games of XXX Olympiad, London, 2012; Natalia Conrad - 1st place...
Influence of Different Background Music Volumes and Mobile Phone Communication on the Reaction Time of Sports Active Students
IntroductionTo optimally prepare athletes, trainers and sport researchers are attempting to find ways to influence individual factors that create an overall sports performance. The performance level is (in some sport areas) fixed on the predispositions...
Influence of Leisure-Time Physical Activity on Quality of Life of Ukrainian Students
Introduction.Life quality is a complex concept that has been developing in various scientific fields. Some of the definitions suggested in a scientific literature are particularly general (Cook & Harman, 2008; Felce & Perry, 1995; Ferrans &...
Informatization on the Physical Culture of Students Using the «Physical Education» Computer Program
(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)IntroductionThe problem of using information technology in physical education is the need to monitor the level of students health, their physical development and physical preparedness. Famous specialists believe...
Modelling the Kinematic Structure of Movements of Qualified Canoeists
IntroductionThe modern preparation of rowers-canoeists is a complicated process composed of the technical, tactical, physical and psychological components. The technical preparation of sportsmen is one of the priority directions of sportive training...
Modern Methods of Increasing Working Capacity and Recovery Processes of Sportsmen in the System of Organization of Sports Training
IntroductionRelevance of the research. The main reason for the reversible decrease in efficiency of professional or sports activity is the exhaustion which develops as a result of transferable loads. The most various means, accelerating this process,...
Monitoring of Health Culture Formation in Schoolchildren
IntroductionIn the period of intensive development of information technologies, integration of social and educational systems, the emergence of global problems, among which the most important are the decline of culture, deterioration of health and the...
Multilateral Methods in Physical Education Improve Physical Capacity and Motor Skills Performance of the Youth
IntroductionPhysical education is considered important for many reasons; it may help young people make informed lifestyle choices, develop proficiency in movement skills, and encourage lifelong participation in physical activity (Bailey, 2006; Kirk,...
Observation Method and Its Weaknesses in Selecting Algerian Goalkeepers
IntroductionThe process of player selection and team formation in multi-player sports is a complicated multi-criteria problem. Approved by our scientists in the case of national football never reached, its cruising speed, as much as the traditional method...
Peculiarities of the Success Achievement Motivation Display of Elite Athletes with Cerebral Palsy When Preparing for Basic Competitions
IntroductionAthlete training takes place after different directions (Dick, 2007). Psychological training is the content of the one of them (Silva, Weinberg, 1984; Wilmore, Costill, Kenney, 2012). Fully this applies to athletes with general functional...
Pedagogical Conditions of Introduction of Innovative Educational Technologies into the Professional Training of Future Specialists in the Field of Physical Education and Sport
IntroductionModern education creating and providing favorable conditions for individual human development is designed to prepare a competitive specialist for the labor market, who is focused on lifelong professional development, self-improvement, and...
Personality Peculiarities That Differentiate Elite and Sub-Elite Athletes
IntroductionSport is a social phenomenon, a powerful integrating factor and an educational means contributing for healthy way of life, tolerance and acceptance of differences between people since early childhood. Sports activity is performed in multicultural...
Physical Exercises' Mastering Level in Classification of Motor Preparedness of 11- 13 Years Old Boys
IntroductionIntroduction of children and teenagers' physical training optimization is relevant for the last decades. It is developed the methodological approaches to the planning of educational process in consideration of pupils' adaptation opportunities...
Relationship between Exclusions and Final Results in European Championships, World Championships and Olympic Games in Men's Handball 1982-2014
IntroductionHandball is a sport determined by various aspects that involve both the player and his surroundings, either inside or outside the competition. Among them, three stand out: the individual performance of each player, the elements related to...
Relationships between the Quantitative Ultrasound Measurement of the of Lower Limb Bones, Muscular Performance and Anaerobic Capacities in Malay University Students
IntroductionBone health is influenced by age, gender, race, nutrition, life style, exercise, and hormonal factors as well as muscle strength (Hochberg, 2007; Blain et al., 2001; Taaffe et al., 2001; Burr, 1997). Regarding association between muscular...
Results of a Five-Year Test Program to Develop the Swimming Skills and Physical Abilities of Freshman Pedagogy Students in Nitra
IntroductionAlthough swimming is one of the most important sports in Slovakia, not enough attention is paid to further develop a student's skills following certain levels of education. Our present research was motivated by the intention to improve our...
Social Networks in Fitness Centres: The Impact of Fan Engagement on Annual Turnover
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionThe use of social networks by companies in the services sector has grown exponentially in recent years (Park & Dittmore, 2014). In sports organisations, for example, in an environment in which...
Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off in a 7-Meter Throw in Handball with Real Constraints: Goalkeeper and the Level of Expertise
IntroductionThe relationship between velocity and accuracy when throwing or hitting an object determines the performance of several technical actions in relation to the following sports: baseball, handball, cricket, soccer, tennis, and volleyball. From...
Structure of the Parameters That Define the Preparedness of Archers for Competitive Struggle
IntroductionCurrently, archery is an Olympic sport. A high level of archery skill is achieved through a high morale, excellent technical skills, and readiness for competitive activity [2, 3].Modern conditions have raised the demands for the level of...
Survey of Judo Injuries in Physical Education Classes: A Retrospective Analysis
IntroductionA century and a half after its origination, judo is widely practiced even outside its birthplace in Japan. Almost all member nations of the International Olympic Committee are also members of the International Judo Federation (Maciejewski...
Technique of Indoors Vertical Rails "Climbing" in Sports Tourism at Individual Distance
IntroductionPhysical training is the process of developing the optimal ratio of an athlete's physical qualities in the chosen sport. But there is some uncertainty in each physical quality. Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor R.Kh....
Testing of Control Systems of Highly Qualified Handball Teams during the Annual Training Macrocycle
IntroductionAt the present time, the well-developed theory and methods of pedagogical control and the system of integrated control in different sports [Asadi et al, 2015]. Increased demands on the organization of measures to ensure the control and management...
Testing of Control Systems of High Qualified Handball Teams in the Annual Training Macrocycle
IntroductionAt the present time, the well-developed theory and methods of pedagogical control and the system of integrated control in different sports [Asadi et al, 2015]. Increased demands on the organization of measures to ensure the control and management...
The Influence of Motor Activity on the Swimming Ability of Preschool Aged Children
IntroductionSwimming, and general movement in an aquatic environment, is one of the most popular and effective positive movement activities available at all ages, and is suitable for nearly everyone. The aquatic environment induces strong emotional energy...
The Physical Effort Required from Professional Football Players in Different Playing Positions
IntroductionThe rhythm play has become more speedy in modern football in the last recent years and players can run faster, perform technical skills with higher speed and better make tactical decision (Alizadeh et al, 2010). Soccer is an high-situational...
The Use of Functional Training – Crossfit Methods to Improve the Level of Special Training of Athletes Who Specialize in Combat Sambo
IntroductionDifferent types of martial arts are very popular among the population of different countries primarily youth (children, adolescents and boys). Today, many young people choose the lessons of mixed martial arts, the synthesis of shock and throw...
The Use of Modern Means of Health Improving Fitness during the Process of Physical Education of Student Youth
IntroductionThe process of physical education of student youth is one of the priority directions of the formation and the health promotion of the nation. Physical education is an integral part of the system of humanitarian education of the students,...
The Use of Technology Associated to the Control of Strength Training in Elite Clubs of Roller Hockey
IntroductionTime-motion analysis show that the activity patterns of team sports are intermittent in nature, fluctuating randomly from brief periods of maximal or near maximal work to longer periods of moderate- and low-intensity activity (Glaister, 2005)....
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