Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Criminology

Articles

Vol. 9, No. 2, August

Forget 'Moral Panics'
IntroductionStudents are often led to believe that Stanley Cohen and Jock Young created the concept of a 'moral panic' during the heady days of 1960s intellectual radicalism, a time when criminology fundamentally redefined itself as new ideas challenged...
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Epistrophe: Desideratum for a Loving Justice
Let us begin with a question with roots in Aristotle and leafy branches in every single justice institution: What is it that we owe each other? Much of the writing on justice from Aristotle's time to ours is as an elaboration and parsing of the the simple...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, 2017

What Are the Barriers to Recovery Perceived by People Discharged from a Medium-Secure Forensic Mental Health Unit? an Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis
1. Introduction1.1 The recovery approach, mental health and valuesSince it was proposed at the beginning of the 1990s, the recovery approach to severe and enduring mental illness has become an increasing focus for anglophone health services (Leamy, Bird,...
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Dialogical Nature of Transferential Processes: Tacit Moral Frameworks
Dialogical Nature of Transferential Processes: Tacit Moral FrameworksVignetteJohn, a 16-year-old member of a local Crip gang, sat face-to-face with his therapist with whom he had worked for 4 months since he was admitted to a residential treatment center...
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Criminology and Violence: Reflections on Elliott Currie's the Roots of Danger
The Criminology of ViolenceImagine if you will, we wish to write a book about violence. We know do we not what violence is. So, what we wish to examine in this book is the question 'Why do people commit violent acts?' Or, perhaps, if we are North American,...
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The Roots of Danger
In this short, pithy and reader-friendly book Elliott Currie explores the vast and complex subject of global violence. Currie's perspective on violence is genuinely global, although he does focus disproportionately on violence in the USA, because, with...
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Response to Crewe and Hall
I appreciate the comments offered by Don Crewe and Steve Hall, and I'm grateful to the Journal for the opportunity to respond to them.If I'm reading Don Crewe's remarks correctly, the gist of them is that he takes me to task for constructing a category...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, 2016

Policing and Its Spatial Imaginaries
IntroductionAs an assemblage of heterogeneous security practices, policing1 is often mapped across a number of spatial imaginaries. In common parlance, when we talk of the 'thin blue line', 'crime scenes', 'bobbies on the beat', 'accident hot-spots',...
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The Descent of Nature: Constructing the "Other" in Historical Newspapers
IntroductionI contend also that they are acting contrary to nature, and that they have violated her laws. If you were to wake up some morning and find the trees standing upon their tops instead of their roots, and the whole order of nature reversed,...
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The Noble Cause Corruption of Frank Castle
IntroductionOur goal in this study is to better understand popular notions of noble cause corruption through a specific medium, namely: comics and graphic novels. Noble cause corruption is achieving licit goals via illicit behavior. The term itself was...
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Civilian United States Support for Military and Imperial State Crime
IntroductionMilitarism, war, and imperialism have changed in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, but are still serious social problems. Despite this, two disciplines that can help us better understand such problems-criminology and sociology, have...
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Inmates' Narratives and Discursive Discipline in Prison: Rewriting Personal Histories through Cognitive Behavioral Programs
Commentary:Narrative Identities is a powerful, scholarly, and insightful book that documents the dangers of applying rudimentary cognitive behavioral programs in prison in a mechanical manner. Drawing from a variety of sources, Schlosser beautifully...
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Prison-Based Cognitive Behavioral Treatment Programs - A Mechanism of Panoptic Control Commentary on Jennifer A. Schlosser's (2015) Narratives and Discursive Discipline in Prison: Rewriting Personal Histories through Cognitive-Behavioral Programs
IntroductionIn Inmate's Narratives and Discursive Discipline in Prison: Rewriting Personal Histories through Cognitive-Behavioral Programs Schlosser (2015) deconstructs the cognitive behavioral program "Pathway to Change" through analysis of narratives...
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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and the Cost of Collective Humanity: Commentary on Discursive Discipline in Prisons - Schlosser/Author's Response
Schlosser's (2015) book Inmates' narratives and discursive discipline in prisons: Rewriting personal histories through cogitative-behavioral programs, offers a much needed challenge to, and critique of, the current status quo in correctional discourse....
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Vol. 8, No. 1, January/February

Synthesizing Structure and Agency: A Developmental Framework of Bourdieu's Constructivist Structuralism Theory
IntroductionTo better understand crime commission and its policy implications, many researchers have turned their attention to the process of offender decision making. Offender decision making studies are predominantly conducted with active property...
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Other Theories of Justice
John Rawls has been enormously influential in political theory and his ideas will forever be associated with the social policy reforms that followed the Kennedy and Johnson administrations. However, he also made a contribution to punishment theory which...
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Medieval Violence and Criminology: Using the Middle Ages to Understand Contemporary 'Motiveless' Crime
In medieval Europe, torture was not just a form of punishment or a deterrent for serious crimes like treason, sexual violence, homicide and arson, but also a sanguinary, collective experience: ordinary people would gather together in order to witness...
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Economic Nomads: A Theoretical Deconstruction of the Immigration Debacle
Economic nomads: A theoretical deconstruction of the immigration debacleCurrently, the United States of America is host to an estimated 10-12 million unauthorized immigrants (Tichenor, 2008). Nongovernmental sources suggest that this number is actually...
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Understanding Cyber-Vigilantism: A Conceptual Framework
IntroductionThe introduction and proliferation of the internet has created vast opportunities for advancement in areas such as entertainment, commerce, and communications. We are now more connected with each other and the world around us than ever before....
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Vol. 7, No. 2, 2015

Letter from the Editor
Dear readers & contributors of jtpcrim:I would like to welcome you all to the newest edition of our publication. I would like to begin by announcing that Roger Schaefer will now join Matthew Draper as an associate editor with our journal. Roger has...
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Compassion and the Death Penalty
Support for the death penalty often contains and interesting contradiction. Normally, political conservatives support the death penalty, yet conservative political ideology emphasises individual freedom from state oppression, limited government, and...
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Is It Pragmatism or an Injustice to Victims? the Use of Plea Bargaining in the International Criminal Court
I. INTRODUCTIONThe international criminal justice system assumes the classical school approach to crime. It assumes that every human being has free will and is by nature hedonistic. Thus, punishment in this classicist approach demands that the offender...
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The Meaning of Cultural Criminology: A Theoretical and Methodological Lineage
The Meaning of Cultural Criminology: A Theoretical and Methodological LineageThe field of cultural criminology has "borne many slings and arrows, more so than almost any other of the critical criminologies in the last few years" (Muzzatti, 2006, p. 74)....
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Rethinking Ontology in Criminology: Synopsis of Quantum Holographic Criminology: Paradigm Shift in Criminology, Law and Transformative Justice 1
Rethinking Ontology in Criminology: Synopsis of Quantum Holographic Criminology: Paradigm Shift in Criminology, Law and Transformative Justice 1IntroductionThis book evolved from my on-going research in postmodern criminology. During my academic career...
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Revisiting the "Physicality" of Crime: On Platonic Forms, Quantum Holographic Wave Patterns and the Relations of Humanness Thesis
INTRODUCTIONThe problem of physicality is traceable to Plato's (2008) Republic and his captivity metaphor as rehearsed in "The Allegory of the Cave." For Plato, the possible physicality of human existence (i.e., the reach of being more fully human and...
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Can Criminology Make Sense of the Quantum Revolution?
NOTE: This paper builds on and expands a previous book review that appeared in Criminal Justice Review available at: http://voices.norwich.edu/johanneswheeldon/files/2015/03/CJR-Wheeldon.pdfIt is hard to overstate the contributions of Dragan Milovanovic...
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Bonds and Quanta: Commentary on Quantum Holographic Criminology
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)Dedicated to the memory ofKarl H. Pribram, M.D.(1919-2015)Mentor, colleague, collaborator, and dear friend.Karl's pioneering research on perception and memory in the brain, showed us that the objects of our reality-both...
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The Divide: American Injustice in the Age of Wealth Gap
The Divide: American Injustice in the Age of Wealth GapMaking sense of the current socio-economic-political situation in America is a daunting and sometimes dangerous task. A complex but silent network of socially-constructed assumptions, givens, and...
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Invoking Cognitive Dissonance and the 'Abstract Machine': Toward a Process Informational Paradigm - Response to Three Commentators
IntroductionThis is a response to three highly engaged, critical comments on my recent book, Quantum Holographic Criminology: Paradigm Shift in Criminology, Law and Transformative Justice (2014). Whereas Bruce Arrigo and Johannes Wheeldon employ and...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, January

An Interpretivist Introduction to the Bio-Criminology and Critical Criminology Debate
Abstract: Do biological processes control human behavior, at least to some degree on the micro or macro scale? Or are these biological processes inextricably intertwined with socially-constructed dynamics that also inform behavior? Does science provide...
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Ptolemizing Lombroso the Pseudo-Revolution of Biosocial Criminology
ABSTRACT: Today, criminological concerns about the bios are presented as converging in a new 'biosocial criminology', an 'integrated' and 'modern' approach that attempts to synthesize the sciences of life, of the psyche, and of the social. In the eyes...
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Is Biosocial Criminology a Predisposition Not to Learn from the Social Sciences?
One common claim made in contemporary biosocial criminology is that the biosocial model promises a full scientific revolution (or paradigm shift) in criminology, but that criminology overall resists biosocial interventions because of ideological allegiances...
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For Sociological Reason: Crime, Criminalization, and the Poverty of Biosocial Criminology
The publication of our article 'Ptolemizing Lombroso: The Pseudo-Revolution of Biosocial Criminology' (Carrier and Walby, 2014) in the Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Criminology has prompted a response penned by Anthony Walsh and John Paul...
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Rage against Reason: Addressing Critical Critics of Biosocial Research
Abstract:Continuing their tradition of deconstructing science and the motives of scientists, critical criminologists have recently leveled a series of criticisms concerning biosocial criminology. We address these criticisms, including the alleged "Ptolemizing...
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Defending Biosocial Criminology: On the Discursive Style of Our Critics, the Separation of Ideology and Science, and a Biologically Informed Defense of Fundamental Values
Even though biosocial approaches are increasingly present in many of criminology's subdisciplines (e.g. psychology, behavioral economics, sociology), the acceptance thereof as a valid and useful framework for the explanation of a wide array of behaviors...
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Response to Dragan Milovanovic's and Simon Winlow's Comments on Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New Perspective
First of all I would like to thank Dragan Milovanovic and Simon Winlow for taking the time to read my book and write the two critical reviews that appeared in the previous issue of the JTPC. We all lead very busy lives in today's micro-managed academe...
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Virtual Criminology: Insights from Genetic-Social Science and Heidegger
ABSTRACTIt is the intention here to 'apply' certain meta-concepts from Owen's [2014] Genetic-Social framework together with some 'new' constructs , to the study of virtual and hybrid cybe r-criminologies associated with Sheila Brown [2006, 2013]. It...
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Rethinking Subculture and Subcultural Theory in the Study of Youth Crime - A Theoretical Discourse
AbstractSubcultural theory is an invention of the Anglo-American sociologists and criminologists of the 1960s and 1970s. They chiefly refer to male urban working class youths whose behaviours are contrary to the dominant society. These youths are usually...
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Vol. 6, No. 3, September

Reintegrative Shaming: Theory into Practice
AbstractTwenty states have adopted balanced and restorative language in definingthe duties of their juvenile courts which has led to the use of restorative justice practices across the country. In order to fully understand the practice of restorative...
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Restorative Student Judicial Circles: A Way to Strengthen Traditional Student Judicial Board Practices
AbstractThis article describes a way to strengthen traditional student judicial board processes. The proposed judicial option, Restorative Student Judicial Circles (RSJC), incorporates principles of restorative justice to address issues of higher education...
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Individual Operationalization of Peacemaking: Teaching Ethics outside the Classroom
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to demonstrate an applied method of teaching peacemaking criminology through individual implementation. Since its introduction, there has been vast support and criticism of peacemaking criminology. One of the predominant...
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Unlocking the Legal System from Vengeance, Harm, and Punitive Justice: Toward a Compassionate Revolution of Peace, Caring, and Unitive Justice
AbstractThis article explores Sylvia Clute's book: Beyond Vengeance, Beyond Duality: A Call for A Compassionate Revolution. Based upon her experiences as a former trial attorney who worked twenty-eight years in the American legal system, Ms. Clute identified...
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Restorative Justice and Peacemaking: Introduction
The theoretical and philosophical underpinnings of the restorative justice and peacemaking movement within criminology and criminal justice draws from many sources including Native American, Aboriginal, the wisdom traditions of major world religions,...
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Police Officers as Peace Officers: A Philosophical and Theoretical Examination of Policing from a Peacemaking Approach
AbstractPolicing has evolved considerably over time and there have been significant changes in the past 200 years. As such, the mission of police has evolved as well and has mirrored changes in society. Policing has been categorized into various phases,...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, July

The Trouble(s) with Unification: Debating Assumptions, Methods, and Expertise in Criminology
AbstractDescribing the 'crisis' in criminology is hardly new. In response to recent concerns, Robert Agnew (2011) has started an important conversation about the value of working toward unifying criminology. In this paper we explore in more depth the...
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Obscene Remainders: Neoliberalism and the Gang Crisis Narrative
Abstract: Social scientists increasingly recognize the importance of violent non-state actors. Few political theorists, however, have examined the American street gang. My paper addresses this deficit by describing gangs as the obscene remainders of...
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Synopsis of Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New Perspective Sage Publications 2012
Synopsis of Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New Perspective Sage Publications 2012Theorizing Crime and Deviance is, as the subtitle suggests, an attempt to outline a new perspective in criminological theory. This new perspective makes no claims to be...
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Revitalizing Criminology: Comments on Steve Hall (2012), Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New Perspective
Revitalizing Criminology: Comments on Steve Hall (2012), Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New PerspectiveIntroductionCriminology has for some time undergone an identity and an efficacy crisis. It has come up short in providing convincing answers to central...
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Some Thoughts on Steve Hall's Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New Perspective
Some thoughts on Steve Hall's Theorizing Crime and Deviance: A New PerspectiveContextIn order to assess the value of such an ambitious book as Theorizing Crime and Deviance, it seems necessary first of all to consider the context of its emergence. How...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, January

Shared Embodiment and Shared Conversation: Compassion in Clinical Forensics
ABSTRACTIn this paper we present a case of a therapist working with a challenging patient in an even more challenging context, that of a maximum-security prison. We use this case to explore philosophies of compassion and how we might apply them. Particularly,...
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Ptolemizing Lombroso the Pseudo-Revolution of Biosocial Criminology
ABSTRACT: Today, criminological concerns about the bios are presented as converging in a new 'biosocial criminology', an 'integrated' and 'modern' approach that attempts to synthesize the sciences of life, of the psyche, and of the social. In the eyes...
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Corrective Experiences in Corrections Counseling
AbstractApproaches to offender treatment are undergoing a shift during the early 21st century. Whereas corrective thinking was the primary model adopted by the American criminal justice system during the last three decades, recently human service professionals...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, July

Letter from the Editor
I would like to welcome everyone to Vol. 5(2) of jtpcrim. We will also be making a few minor stylistic changes to the journal starting with this edition. Readers will notice that the text is now typeset in single space format, which I feel gives a tighter...
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Quantum Holographic Critical Criminology
Abstract Much of criminology rests on the fundamental framework laid out by Isaac Newton. Traditionally, criminology has often been examined in terms of the classical, neo-classical, positive school, on the one hand, or, on the other, consensus, pluralist,...
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The Overlap between War and Crime: Unpacking Foucault and Agamben's Studies within the Context of the War on Terror
Abstract:This article will consider the current convergence between war and crime by unpacking Foucault's analysis of power and Agamben's elaboration on the conjunction between the banning of a life and the constitution of the polity. It will show that...
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Actors of Genocide and Processes of Deviantization: A Weberian Ideal Typical Formulation
AbstractMany authors have proposed different definitions of genocide. This article discusses the concept of the actor of genocide embedded in such definitions. Two groups of authors are distinguishable: 1) authors who have an explicit specification of...
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Social Capital and Collective Efficacy: Resource and Operating Tools of Community Social Control
ABSTRACTCurrent popularity of social capital and collective efficacy theories in community research has presented some challenges related to definition, measurement, and ontological issues that need to be addressed to facilitate future research. Although...
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Trayvon Martin: The Unsettling Symbol, the Irreplaceable Son
Trayvon Martin: The Unsettling Symbol, the Irreplaceable Son Joy Simmons Bradley Pursing Trayvon Martin: Historical Contexts and Contemporary Manifestations of Racial Dynamics. Edited by George Yancy and Janine Jones. Lexington Books, Lanham, MD. 2012....
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Vol. 5, No. 1, January

Editor's Statement
I would like to welcome everyone to the beginning of the fifth year of the Journal of Theoretical & Philosophical Criminology. I am pleased to announce that the jtpcrim is currently listed with EBSCO HOST and ProQuest. I intend to continue to expand...
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Conceptualization, Operationalization, Construct Validity, and Truth in Advertising in Criminological Research
As a species, humans paradoxically posses the strong drive to seek out the company and comfort of our own kind, while also showing some predilection for victimizing, exploiting, and harming each other. This predilection has been and remains an area of...
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Hospitality and the Homeless: Jacques Derrida in the Neoliberal City
Abstract:Homeless and property-owning persons increasingly encounter one another in city-space. How should we relate to the marginalized other? What spaces should be fashioned for the homeless other? Drawing on ethnographic interviews with social service...
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Can One Paint Criminology?
J HB: I would like to start by asking you about the title. Why did you decide to call your painting Peter and Paul?RL: I suppose it's about the origins of things, of the world actually. St Peter was, of course, the rock on which the Church was to be...
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Integrating Assumptions about Crime, People, and Society: Response to the Reviews of toward a Unified Criminology
This essay comments on the reviews of my book, Toward a Unified Criminology: Integrating Assumptions about Crime, People, and Society (2011, New York University Press). These reviews were published in the last issue of the Journal of Theoretical and...
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A Theory of African American Offending: Race, Racism, and Crime
A Theory of African American Offending: Race, Racism, and Crime James D. Unnever, University South Florida Shaun L. Gabbidon, Penn State Harrisburg Routledge ISBN: 978-0-415-88358-0Unnever and Gabbidon begin their important text by making the following...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, January

Social Control on Public Buses
AbstractThis ethnographic study examines whether or not social control exists within the seemingly innocuous environment of public buses. Observational data reveal two primary sets of findings that focus on issues of omnipresent social control and environmental...
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WikiLeaks and Realpolitik
AbstractWikiLeaks-an online whistle-blowing organization based in Sweden-released documents from U.S. foreign diplomats, termed "the diplomatic cables," on November 28, 2010. Upon their release, politicians from both sides of the U.S. political spectrum...
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