Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations

Articles

Vol. 19, 2020

The Fake News Sociology of COVID-19 Pandemic Fear: Dangerously Inaccurate Beliefs, Emotional Contagion, and Conspiracy Ideation
1.IntroductionMainstream media entities are creating suspenseful headlines, generating panic-like anxiety amongst the viewership, by making suppositions about the imaginable health impact of COVID-19 and by emphasizing its terrible consequences. (Mian...
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Deep Learning Algorithms and Big Health Care Data in Clinical Natural Language Processing
1.IntroductionAdverse events in healthcare are routinely organized in incident reports which comprise unstructured free text, and acquiring knowledge from such issues may enhance patient safety. Natural language processing (NLP) harnesses computational...
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Repeated COVID-19 Pandemic-Related Media Consumption: Minimizing Sharing of Nonsensical Misinformation through Health Literacy and Critical Thinking
1.IntroductionThe COVID-19 pandemic has frightening repercussions for emotional and social functioning (Androniceanu and Tvaronaviciene, 2019; Eysenck et al., 2019; Hollowell et al., 2019; Lyakina et al., 2019; Petreanu et al., 2020; Zhuravleva et al.,...
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The Viral Power of Fake News: Subjective Social Insecurity, COVID-19 Damaging Misinformation, and Baseless Conspiracy Theories
1.IntroductionAn unexpected and incessant flood of falsehoods and alternative facts in news reports concerning the COVID-19 outbreak may bring about fear, anxiety, and stress. (Kumar and Nayar, 2020) Directing attention to trustworthy sources of information...
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Scaring Ourselves to Death in the Time of COVID-19: Pandemic Awareness, Virus Anxiety, and Contagious Fear
1.IntroductionInternet is spreading swiftly a massive quantity of uncontrolled information. Fake news may travel more rapidly than COVID-19, and bring about apprehensions and worries. (Fiorillo and Gorwood, 2020) Extensively accessible information displayed...
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Externalizing Inputs with Ostension Schemes
1.Introduction1.1PreviewI would like to begin by qualifying theoretical claims in this paper with respect to the antecedent literature. Over the course of this paper, I touch on authors from several fields who have left an indelible mark on the subject...
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Confusing Subjective with Objective Criteria of Correctness: A Philosophical Approach to the "Tip-of-the-Tongue" Phenomenon
1.IntroductionWe are all acquainted with the peculiar feeling of being on the verge of retrieving a very specific word that we know: in such cases, we are certain that we will identify the missing word as correct with no doubt whatsoever once it has...
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Teacher Cognition about Sources of English as a Foreign Language (EFL) Listening Anxiety: A Qualitative Study
IntroductionIn the field of foreign language teaching and learning, listening has been taken as a core concept in the language acquisition process (Asher, 1969; James, 1982) and one of the most frequently used language skills in the classroom. Listening...
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Will Autonomous Flying Car Regulation Really Free Up Roads? Smart Sustainable Air Mobility, Societal Acceptance, and Public Safety Concerns
1.IntroductionWhen assessing the adoption of urban air mobility, grasping the potential consumers' choice behavior with reference to available urban transportation modes and selfdriving ride services is pivotal to demand appraisal. (Fu et al., 2019)...
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Machine Learning-Based Natural Language Processing Algorithms and Electronic Health Records Data
1.IntroductionNatural language processing (NLP) can produce important input from unstructured data in the particular sphere of the categorization of incident reports and adverse events. (Young et al., 2019) Any addition of NLP methods necessitates infrastructure...
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Vol. 18, 2019

Nutritional Genomics in Personalized Medicine: Data-Driven Customized Treatments and Lifestyle-Based Disease Management and Prevention
1.IntroductionIndividuals feature unique glycemic reactions to exactly the same foods. (Bashiardes et al., 2018) Unsatisfactory adjustment to public dietary guidance and separate health feedback are not adequately displayed by population averages, because...
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Predictive Illocutions and Conversational Scores
1.IntroductionAlthough instances of predictive illocutions are not uncommonly referred to in empirical and formal studies of natural languages, systematic accounts of the very notion of prediction are rather scarce. Furthermore, there is a widely shared...
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On Language and Thought: A Question of Form
1.The Question Now Being PutThe question of how language and thought relate is possibly time immemorial, and the extant literature too large to review satisfactorily in a single paper. Such a description of the general state of affairs won't surprise...
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Quine and Chomsky: Rules and Dispositions
1.Chomsky and Quine: Fitting and GuidingMy distinction between fitting and guiding is, you see, the obvious and flat-footed one. Fitting is a matter of true description; guiding is a matter of cause and effect. Behaviour fits a rule whenever it conforms...
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Self-Portraits in Social Media: Means of Communicating Emotion through Visual Content-Sharing Applications
1.IntroductionTaking selfies and distributing them to social media is a prominent online activity. (Wang et al., 2017) The selfie is an apparent materialization of the mediated presentation of ways of living in a visually-led and entertainment-oriented...
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A Misconception of Logic in Its Diffusion across Nonmathematical Environments: The Embarrassing Mistake of Relying on Natural Language
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1.IntroductionArgumentation is taught in many ways. Even though argumentation could be taught informally, there are a number of careers in the humanities, especially philosophy, for which formal logic is the preferred...
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Algorithmic Textual Practices: Improving Fluency and Word Order in Neural Machine Translation Output
1.IntroductionNeural machine translation constitutes a substitute to the statistical machine translation pattern in diverse languages. (Eriguchi et al., 2019) The prevailing neural machine translation patterns commonly employ word-level modeling to insert...
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Organizational Rules in Interpreter-Mediated Police Interviews
1.IntroductionCourt interpreters have to translate for distinct listenership and accommodate various series of requirements of their performance and language utilization, while being legally constrained to adhere to the established standards of strict...
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Expressive Content and Speaker-Dependence
1.ExpressivesExpressives are lexical items which encode attitudes. Mary says: "That bastard John stole my pen." According to many semantic theories for expressives1 the way to understand such sentences is by isolating two distinct levels of information2...
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Are the Workers in the On-Demand Economy Employees, Independent Contractors, or a Hybrid Category?
1.IntroductionPivotal economic and labor tensions characterize the gig-economy as the casual, insecure, and growingly fragmented workplace. The platform economy is predominantly lucrative and encompasses individuals who are engaged in a transaction that...
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Vol. 17, 2018

The Qua-Problem and Meaning Scepticism
1.IntroductionKripke (1982), inspired by his reading of Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations, argued that words do not have meanings. Such a conclusion could be considered paradoxical - his argument cannot be sound if the words therein have no...
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Linguistic Disarmament: On How Hate Speech Functions, the Way Hate Words Can Be Reclaimed, and Why We Must Pursue Their Reclamation
"The question is," said Alice, "whether you can make words mean so many different things.""The question is," said Humpty Dumpty, "which is to be master - that's all."- Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking Glass11. Introduction"Sticks and stones may break...
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Fear of Missing out, Improper Behavior, and Distressing Patterns of Use. an Empirical Investigation
1.IntroductionThe gratifying character of online social networking may result in the rise of unconcontrollable checking behaviors and immoderate participation (Donnelly, 2017; Letang, 2017; Peters, 2016; Tulloch, 2016) in social media, and consequently...
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Social Networking Site Use and Depressive Symptoms: Does Facebook Activity Lead to Adverse Psychological Health?
1.IntroductionFacebook use has altered the manners in which individuals interact with each other. The operation of social comparison on Facebook may be an emotionally damaging conduct. Facebook addiction indicates a series of behavior and cognitive patterns...
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Explicit Communication: An Interest and Belief-Based Model
1.Introduction1Communication is a phenomenon which pervades all human activity. It is studied by various disciplines from different theoretical perspectives. Whatever the perspective taken, however, studying communication involves investigation of a...
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Symbolic Form and Pure Intuition: Cassirer and Croce on the Nature of Art
IntroductionGenerally speaking, art is often considered as a subjective and relativistic form of knowledge and in this respect very far away from the precise and stable scientific method of Galilean memory, but this way of facing the problem it is quite...
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The Philosophy-Ladenness of Perception: A Philosophical Analysis of Perception in Husserl and Sartre
1. IntroductionIn the philosophy of science, perceptions are said to be "theory-laden" when they are affected by the theoretical presuppositions held by the scientist. Hanson (1958) and Kuhn (1962) credibly argued that theory does influence observation....
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Presented Discourse in Popular Science Narratives of Discovery: Communicative Side of Thought Presentation
1.IntroductionThis study is part of a larger research project that investigates portrayal of scientists in popular science bestsellers. It is also, and perhaps more importantly, an attempt to draw attention to the differences in functions of presented...
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Vol. 16, 2017

Structural Complexity of Popular Science Narratives of Discovery as an Indicator of Reader-Awareness: A Labov-Inspired Approach
1.IntroductionNarrative is a popular form of knowledge dissemination. In fact, some scholars (see, for example, Schank 1990; Gjedde 2000; Boyd 2009; Herman 2009) suggest that it is the preferred method for humans to acquire and process new information....
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Do Ignorant Assessors Cases Pose a Challenge to Relativism about Epistemic Modals?
1.IntroductionOur ordinary conversations are filled with talk about what could or must be. For instance, in an iconic scene from On the Waterfront, the protagonist Terry bemoans his ruined boxing career. "I could have been a contender," he says, "instead...
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Unamuno's Mirror-Games: On the Seeming Omnipotence and Meaningfulness of Writing in the Grammatical Void
1.IntroductionImagine as vividly as possible that you suddenly become blind and that, once you have comforted yourself with other sense impressions, you go deaf. Imagine that you subsequently lose not only your senses of touch, smell and taste, but also...
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Exploring Complexity through Literature: Reframing Foucault’s Research Project with Hindsight
Language, Madness and Desire: On Literature, originally published in French as La grande étrangère: À propos de literature in 2013, comprising Foucault's comments on literature, constitutes a welcome if late addition to the Foucault archive of accessible...
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Indeterminacy of Translation and Innate Concepts: A Critical Review
IntroductionThroughout their careers, both Chomsky and Quine have dealt with Underdetermination (henceforth UD) in different ways. Whenever Chomsky encounters UD he seeks to overcome it by postulating innate constraints; in contrast, Quine treats UD...
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An Analysis of Linguistic Normativity and Communication as a Response to Objections to a Biopsychological Foundation for Linguistics
1.The Objection from Linguistic NormsThe Scientific and Manifest Images of LanguageThis paper considers how a scientific understanding of language fits together with our everyday, commonsense understanding of language, according to which language is...
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The Underlying Cognitive Mechanisms Involved in Consecutive Interpreting
1.IntroductionConsecutive interpretation is the mechanism of rendering after the speaker has finalized one or more thoughts in the source language and waits while the interpreter conveys that message. Interpreting is an extremely intricate dialogue transaction...
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Vol. 15, 2016

Wittgenstein on Animal (Human and Non-Human) Languages
"In Rosroe Wittgenstein is still remembered as the man who talked to the birds."(Portraits of Wittgenstein, vol. IV, p. 36)1. Kinds of "Naturalism"Although the issue of Wittgensteinian naturalism is quite controversial (Strawson, 1985; Hilmy, 1989; Wolgast,...
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The Postcolonial University
IAn appreciation of Derrida's work can shed light on the growth and clash of fundamentalisms and on the new moralizers who based their authority on an unforgiving lit eralism and humanism. The spirit of this paper is direct ed against the new moralizers...
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Effective Servant Leadership Behavior in Organizations
1. IntroductionLeader behaviors that apply mor e significant influences on workers' self-identity have more powerful effects on subordinate behaviors. On account of the inconsta nt, a ctive, a nd people-or iented cha ra cter of ser vice sector s (Lazaroiu,...
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Vol. 13, 2014

Shutter-Speed Meaning, Normativity, and Wittgenstein's Abrichtung
ABSTRACT. How is it, the paper asks, that on hearing the word sound of "intriguing" we cannot at the very same time entertain the concepts of "green" or "democracy"? I approach this question with the help of Wittgenstein's concept of Abrichtung and the...
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Anxieties of Knowing: Academic Pathologies, Critical Philosophy and the Culture of the Academic Self
Anxiety may be compared with dizziness. He whose eye happens to look down into the yawning abyss becomes dizzy. But what is the reason for this? It is just as much in his own eye as in the abyss, for suppose he had not looked down. Hence anxiety is the...
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The Eu's Norm-Driven Practices
ABSTRACT. Applying new conceptual and methodological approaches, this study advances to the next level research on the role of community in transnational processes, the EU's policy of democracy promotion, the characteristics of normative power, and the...
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Japanese English Learners on the Edge of 'Chaosmos': Félix Guattari and 'Becoming-Otaku'
ABSTRACT. This paper constructs a language learning perspective derived from the philosophical work of Félix Guattari, which enables a re-evaluation of the ways in which Japanese university students learn English in Japan. The implementation of Guattarian...
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Objective and Subjective Propositional Attitudes Attribution
ABSTRACT. The author presents a theory which helps to solve the popular skeptic puzzle: 1. If you do not know that you are not a brain in a vat, then you do not know anything, 2. You do not know that you are not a brain in a vat. Therefore: 3. You do...
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'Art', Habitus, and Style in Herder, Humboldt, Hamann, and Vossler: Hermeneutics and Linguistics
ABSTRACT. I show how a consistent line of anti-Cartesian and anti-Kantian philosophies established by Herder, Humboldt, Hamann, and Vossler transformed the sign-character of human expressions into an expression of style by concentrating on the German...
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Cognitive Features of Linguistic Memes
ABSTRACT. This paper discusses the major trends in scholarship about the organizational implications of linguistic memes, the processes by which one can generate and disseminate memes online, the concept of memetic evolution, and the role memes play...
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The Role of Hostile and Instrumental Aggression in Sport
ABSTRACT. In the present paper, I focus on psychological and social factors leading to abnormal aggression, the association between aggressive behavior and injury in ice hockey, situational factors that affect the probability of aggression occurring...
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How Literature Plays with the Brain: The Neuroscience of Reading and Art
How Literature Plays with the Brain: The Neuroscience of Reading and Art Paul B. Armstrong (Brown University) Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 221 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-1002-9, 2013Armstrong holds that literature plays with the brain...
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The Sublime in Modern Philosophy
The Sublime in Modern Philosophy Emily Brady (University of Edinburgh) New York: Cambridge University Press, 227 pp. ISBN 978-0-521-19414-3, 2013Brady holds that the sublime involves a relation between the sublime thing and a particular aesthetic experience...
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Linguistics or Stylistics? Remarks on the Translation of Lexical Anaphora from French into English and Other Associated Phenomena
ABSTRACT. In the following paper I would like to look at how a difference between French and English at the level of the linguistic system - the system of pronouns, to be precise - may affect our translation practices and entail possibly unanticipated...
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Ethical Issues in Machine Translation
ABSTRACT. Globalization and the new technological developments in the line of machine translation have had a strong impact on the translators' work, causing a rethinking of the relationship of the translator to the clients and the others, in general....
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Brunetto Latini's Li Livres Dou Tresor: The Translation of a Political System
ABSTRACT. The paper examines aspects of translation within the context of translatio studii. Why was Brunetto Latini's Li livres dou Tresor (The Book of the Treasure)-an encyclopaedic work composed during the author's exile in France (1260-7)-written...
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Musicality and Onomatopoeia Use in Miyazawa Kenji's Short Stories
ABSTRACT. Although in Romania little is known about Miyazawa Kenji - a late 19th century Japanese writer - and his works, an attempt to translate his short stories sheds light on his literary style as well as on his poetic use of words. In Japanese language,...
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The Translator in the Merry-Go-Round of Genres - A. S. Byatt: Possession
ABSTRACT. The translation of A.S. Byatt's Possession takes the translator through a multitude of literary genres, in a merry-go-round that might leave him baffled and at a loss for words (literally speaking). The novel constantly changes perspective,...
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Facets of the Apocalypse in J. G. Ballard's Early Novels
ABSTRACT. James Graham Ballard (1930-2009) was a British author who, along with Brian Aldiss, Michael Moorcock and John Brunner, initiated a revolutionary trend in speculative fiction known as New Wave. In this paper I chose to examine his first four...
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Shakespearean Antecedents of the Absurdist Genre "Translated" in the Theatre of the Absurd
ABSTRACT. Though written in a period when the world was still governed by the belief in God, we can identify in Shakespeare's plays certain antecedents of the absurd drama, that were to be "translated" (so as to cite Paul Ricoeur) later by the playwrights...
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The Law of Language and the Law of Structure in the Dominant Masculine Discourse of Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea
ABSTRACT. This paper attempts to show that the Law of Language is simply the entry into the symbolic order of language in which the subject-to-be, given the choice of "your meaning or your life", undergoes the castration which cannot be avoided by any...
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Assuming Language Identity through Exile in Norman Manea's Fiction
ABSTRACT. The Romanian literary exile has always been an important part of the Romanian literary culture, in the same way in which exile has earned a significance place in the Romanian destiny. These displacements are determined by the terror of communism...
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Towards an Architectural Anthropology. Residual Urban Spaces, Blanks in the Identity Memory
ABSTRACT. As a result of certain urban operations meant to remodel the city structure, one may notice that the old tom urban fabric and the desired objectives are in no way connected and the spatial coherence between the two entities is nonexistent....
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The 'Scratched' Self - or the Story of the Victorian Female Self
ABSTRACT. The Victorian period was an era of constantly shifting and contradicting ideologies concerning women, which extended over many areas of society and culture including politics, the press, the domestic field, as well as the very system of traditions...
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Issues in Translating Common Japanese Phrases
ABSTRACT. The objective of this paper is to explain some of the unique problems encountered when translating useful Japanese phrases. Sometimes even the finest translators come up against words that defy translation. Many languages include words that...
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The Marketing Discourse. a Semantic Perspective
ABSTRACT. The marketing discourse represents a relatively young and very promising field of research for theorists, linguists, specialized discourse researchers and translators alike. The present paper aims at exploring the marketing discourse from a...
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Optimizing Business Translation Skills in Higher Education ESP
ABSTRACT. This paper presents a pedagogical technique in which both linguistic and business content is used to help undergraduate and graduate students improve their understanding of and skills in the proper use of language within a business context....
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A Study of the Term Globalisation
ABSTRACT. This paper describes a study of the term globalisation. It analyses this term from very different perspectives: economic, political, multicultural, and linguistic. The paper also refers to a linguistic analysis done by Teubert and Cermakova...
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Conceptual Fields within Specialized Vocabularies. towards a Taxonomy of the English Police Equipment
ABSTRACT. This paper is an attempt to correlate the main social and semantic shifts in the conceptual field of police equipment, as a central area of police terminology. We will find why unlikely terms such as clay, X-rays, pincers and grenades are related...
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Some Typical Linguistic Features of English Newspaper Headlines
ABSTRACT. Journalistic discourse represents a paradigm within mass communication. It is considered in relation to social contexts of language use. Headlines general impact is stronger than that affecting people who buy the newspapers, since they are...
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