Making Connections

Articles

Vol. 16, No. 2, Fall

Review of Pedagogy of Insurrection by Peter McLaren (2015) New York: Peter Lang Publishing
Review of Pedagogy of Insurrection by Peter McLaren (2015) New York: Peter Lang PublishingAs neoliberalism and the trans-global corporate tsunami continue their push to commodify and standardize the processes of public education, both the people who...
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Editors' Introduction
In its seventeenth year, the Fall 2016 joint issue of Making Connections is being produced by Dr. Uraina N. Pack and Dr. Usree Bhattacharya as a volume of essays and a book review that present scholarship and research about how to develop and implement...
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Vol. 16, No. 1, Spring

(Re)Locating the "Debil Woman": Using Orality for Transcendence and a Free "In-Between" Space in Sherley Anne Williams's Dessa Rose
No social structure in the country has been more oppressive than the "peculiar institution"1 of slavery. In Uncle Tom's Cabin,2 Harriet Beecher Stowe sought to fuel the abolitionist political agenda and was rather scathing in her commentary on fugitive...
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Adventures in America: Easing the Transition of Refugees in School and Community
There are tens of millions of people around the world who seek refuge as a result of having been displaced by conflict, persecution, or natural disaster. The United States is among the top refugee-hosting countries, and in 2013 hosted 263,600 refugees,...
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Collaboration Rebuilds a Sense of Belonging for Students of Color Using the Sanctuary Model® as a Framework
IntroductionIn this article we describe the power of collaboration among faculty, staff, and students to respond to a challenging and stressful event in a midsize, rural, predominantly white institution (PWI) in the north east. The institution has 16.6%...
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Vol. 15, No. 2, 2014

Editor's Introduction
August WilsonThis issue celebrates the life and work of Pittsburgh-born poet and playwright, August Wilson. Wilson is important to the world for his honest and heart-wrenching cries for social justice and equality. Although he died in 2005, his work...
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No One Size Fits All: Womanhood, Feminism, and Female Archetypes in August Wilson's Joe Turner's Come and Gone
INTRODUCTION:Joe Turner's Come and Gone was the winner of the New York Drama Critics Award for 1987-8. In that play, Bertha Holly is the consummate good Black woman. However, every other female in the Holly boarding house (other than little Zonia, perhaps)...
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August Wilson: Hometown Son
As an August Wilson scholar and a native of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, I am constantly doing research on the rich cultural, historical, and social legacy that is etched in Wilson's plays. I view August Wilson as a hometown son who has made great literary...
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A Poem for August
He spit and sputtered his way through second-hand, crooked-neck, hand-carved pipes, and stale tobaccoThrashed around Fifth Avenue and crawled forward on predestined streetsHe preferred herringbone (he did) and sported British tweed with its rough woolen...
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Property, Person, Piano: Ownership in August Wilson's the Piano Lesson
John Locke writes in Tite Second Treatise of Government (published in 1699), Every man has a property in his own person: this no body has any right to but himself. The labour of his body, and the work of his hands, we may say, are properly his. Whatsoever...
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Light, If
Light , ifanything at all,is "the radiation visibleto the human eye."We don't see anythingexcept lightwhen we look from hereto whatever's out therewithin the spectrumof what we can know.If color is light, it is also sight.But it is notvision. We knowbecause...
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Rocking the Boat: The Value of Revolutionary Black Masculinity and Critiquing Neoliberal Capitalism in Gem of the Ocean and Radio Golf
Suzan-Lori Park's interview with August Wilson, "The Light in August," published in American Theatre, begins with a discussion of his final play, Radio Golf, which Parks has recently seen in performance. Wilson tells Parks that this play grew out of...
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A Short Biographic Sketch and Annotated Bibliography on August Wilson
Wilson's LifeFrederick August Kittel, whom we now know as August Wilson, was born on April 27, 1945, in the Hill District of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was the fourth of six children and changed his surname to Wilson when he was 20, which was his mother's...
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Vol. 15, No. 1, 2014

Contemporary Ghanaian Self-Identity and Music in Traditional, Institutional, and Governmental Practices
IntroductionWesternization's impact on societies throughout the world and the advantages and disadvantages of foreign influence on indigenous cultures are subjects of constant debate. Although some cultural theorists see the changes as negative and as...
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To Benares
Alia stood staring at the faded red face of the Varanasi Express train, the direct to Benares. The Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway station at New Delhi was strangely quiet. The heavy breathing of the homeless sprawled out on the cold metal chairs was the only...
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The Monuments Men
"The 'Monuments Men' were a group of 345 or so men and women from thirteen nations...[in] the Monuments, Fine Arts, and Archives [program administered by the Civil Affairs and Military Government of the Allied forces] during World War II. Many were museum...
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The Aesthetics of the Contemporary: Antonello Trombadori's Chinese Notebook and Shitao's Concept of the One-Stroke
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-US-ASCII text omitted.)"The contemporary is the one whose eyes are struck by the beam of darkness that comes from his own time."-Giorgio Agamben 20091Antonello Trombadori (1917-1993) was the son of a well-known artist, a partisan...
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When Body, Heart, Place and Identity Intersect: Inch' Allah Dimanch: Female Individuation and Re-Ethnicalization
"Stories too can be unmasked to reveal their potential for challenging the dominant discourse. Personal narratives . . . are more than stories. They are an important site of resistance. Furthermore, they invent reform and refashion personal and collective...
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Le Castella-Crotone Province
These are sketches-nothing more-like thedayyour steel helmet lands on a beachhead andfrom your half-sand, half-panicked trench,you fixon a white seagull perched on a land mine.The year is Aragonese or German;you may not say who you are, or cannot.The...
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Vol. 14, No. 2, 2013

Editor's Introduction
With the publication of this issue, I am proud to present to you the scholarship and creative writing of eleven authors. These polymath scholars and writers pay tribute to the memory of Frederick Douglass with their commitment to continuing the work...
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Critical Communicative Pedagogy: Framing Critical Pedagogy with the Theory of Communicative Action
This essay presents the educational philosophy known as critical pedagogy. Critical pedagogy, though an attractive educational philosophy, lacks broader theoretical context. The aim of this essay, therefore, is to connect critical pedagogy with Habermas's...
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Problematic Politics of Meanings in Paulo Coelho's Eleven Minutes
With the rise of interest in popular literature and literatures of and about the "other," Brazilian writer Paulo Coelho has emerged as an icon. He has won prestigious international awards, and his books have been translated into many languages. Coelho's...
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Freeing the Feminine Identity: The Egg as Transformative Image in the Magical Realism of Angela Carter and Margaret Atwood
When Angela Carter died in 1992, Margaret Atwood aptly described her as a "fairy godmother"; 1 indeed, both Atwood and Carter can be described as spellbinding in their contributions to the twentieth-century feminist literary tradition. In one commemorative...
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Has "Sense of Community" Become Obsolete? Why Community Service Work Activities Remain Relevant in a Technologically Dominant Society
Has "Sense of Community" Become Obsolete? Why Community Service Work Activities Remain Relevant in a Technologically Dominant SocietyIn the classic 1954 "Robber's Cave" experiment, Muzafer Sherif attempted to demonstrate how two highly competitive and...
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Reclaiming Silenced & Erased Histories: The Paratextual Devices of Historiographic Metafiction
How do we know the past today? Through its discourses, through its texts-that is, through the traces of its historical events: the archival materials, the documents, the narratives of witness...and historians.-Linda Hutcheon (The Politics 34)When they...
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Naming, Agency, and Identity in Emecheta's the Family
IntroductionIn her introduction to Sisterhood is Global, Morgan writes, "To fight back in solidarity... as a real political force requires that women transcend the patriarchal barriers of a class and race" (10). The paradigm of transcendence suggests...
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Zauberstiege
Staircases are mysterious inventions. They do much more than simply lead up and down. Of course, you wouldn't think so. But believe me: if you had experienced what I have, you'd think differently. Not long ago, staircases were magical and sweet to me....
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Vol. 14, No. 1, 2013

Editors' Introduction
"Transformations"This issue marks a turning point for Making Connections: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Cultural Diversity. Beginning as a regional newsletter and then growing to a peer-reviewed national journal, we have spent our entire existence...
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Agency through Collective Creation and Performance: Empowering Incarcerated Women on and off Stage
"Any community without the arts is a community that will no longer have a soul. "- Arne H. Carlson, governor of MinnesotaDuring the summer of 2009,1 began a dialogue with incarcerated women who are part of an ongoing theater troupe at a medium- security...
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Beth Henley's Crimes of the Heart on the Turkish Stage: The Role Gender Plays in Theater Adaptations
The translation process often presents a dilemma concerning the value given to it. It is either "figured literally and metaphorically in secondary terms" (Chamberlain 307) or, as Susan Bassnett claims, as "a creative act" (36), powerful and constantly...
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Contagion
- Doña Marina; ca. 1528; Mexico CityThat green-backed fly glistens and works its limbs below its mouth, as if wringing out a nervousprayer. It strokes its wings like a priest smoothing his robes before sitting. Still now, he listensfor the throb of blood,...
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Faceless: Amma Darko's Face for the Faceless
Faceless (2003), Amma Darko's gendered text about the tragic experiences of children on the mean streets of Accra, opens with a wrenching rape scene at the Agbogbloshie market. In shocking and lurid details, Darko's narrative captures the horrid reality...
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Free and Still Rising
In the kingdom of FreedomThere are twelve steps to recoveryAnd I'm always four steps awayFrom self discoveryAn inner self that eludes meA me that would set me freeLike the Colorado before HooverFree range chicken free... freeLike static electricityIn...
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Light Interrupted: Revisiting the Power of Personal Narrative, Academy, and Community in the Formation of Public Intellectuals
For most of my formal education I have been an outsider, constantly pressured to fit into various spaces. My sensitivity to my identities heightened when I began my graduate work. While many of my peers were well-versed in the languages and theories...
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Stirring Up Trouble: Teaching Race at a Southern Liberal Arts University
Each fall I teach a course titled "Critical Studies in African American Literature" at Austin Peay State University, a 12,000-student body university in Clarksville, Tennessee, a military town 50 miles northwest of Nashville on the Kentucky border. Though...
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A Long View from the Left: The Twentieth Century Transnational Black Feminist Voice, Articulating an International Social Justice Message
"Ifyou tremble with indignation at every injustice then you are a comrade of mine. "- Che GuevaraDuring the twentieth century, black Left feminists stepped forward and defiantly pro- claimed an international social justice agenda of black liberation,...
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Teaching about Frederick Douglass: A Resource Guide for Teachers of Cultural Diversity
Teaching About Frederick Douglass: A Resource Guide for Teachers of Cultural DiversityMaria Sanelli and Louis Rodriguez, Eds. Peter Lang Publishing, 2012."... though I am more closely connected and identified with one class of outraged, oppressed and...
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The Will of a People: A Critical Anthology of Great African American Speeches
The Will of a People: A Critical Anthology of Great African American SpeechesEdited with Introductions by Richard W. Leeman and Bernard K. DuffySouthern University Press Carbondale & Edwardsville, 2012 453 pagesHow does one critique an anthology...
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Vol. 13, No. 2, 2012

Washington, Jefferson, and Grant: Redundancy and Irony in Gaines's A Lesson before Dying
If Ernest Gaines's A Lesson Before Dying is taught in a college course, a consideration of the purpose and the effectiveness of teaching might arise from three different directions: from the point where the reader encounters and learns from the text...
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In Search of Diversity: Dick and Jane and Their Black Playmates
Toni Morrison opens her seminal text, The Bluest Eye, by first building a scene of visual images: "Here is the house. It is green and white. It has a red door. It is very pretty. Here is the family. Mother, Father, Dick, and Jane live in the green-and-white-house....
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Gaining Entry into African American History: It Doesn't Hurt to Ask
As a qualitative researcher, I triangulate data based on the political economy, ideological perspective, and educational delivery systems of a given place or time period, to uncover trends, document history, and study places that have impacted people's...
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From Examination-Oriented Education to Quality Education and the Merging of Higher Institutions: China's Educational Reforms in the Past Two Decades
Compulsory Education Law and Its Impact on K-12 Public EducationIssues Existing in K-12 Public EducationIn the People's Republic of China, education is a state-run system managed by the Ministry of Education (Education in People's Republic of China)....
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The Relationship among Higher Education, Community Service Work Activities and "Connectedness": Simply a Matter of Doing More and Expecting Less
IntroductionCommunity service activities and volunteer services that help bring isolated community members together are rapidly becoming popular areas of research in community psychology and social sciences in general (Dale 791-796). Despite the increasing...
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Addressing Student Disengagement in a Socially and Culturally Diverse Society: Developing 'Sociological Inquiry' as a New Course
"Truth is not born nor is it to be found inside the head of an individual person, it is born between people collectively searching for truth, in the process of their dialogic interaction"(Bakhtin 110)Introduction:Student disengagement and educational...
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Book Review: Is There Any Help for the Help?
Book Review: Is There Any Help for The Help? The Help: A Novel. By Kathryn Stockett. (NY: Berkley Books, 2009. $16.00 paperback.)Aibileen is a domestic who considers her job to be "taking care of white babies" (Stockett 1). She has raised seventeen such...
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Vol. 13, No. 1, 2011

Seduction or Rape: Deconstructing the Black Female Body in Harriet Jacobs' Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl
"The institutionalized rape of black women has never been as powerful a symbol of black oppression as the spectacle of lynching"Hazel Carby"Though he had killed a black girl and a white girl, he knew that it would be for the death of the white girl that...
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The Rover
Positioned at shortstop, he was the only oneallowed to move about, free to go afterthe onion at third, second, or in the garden,even at first or the thrower's pointif he needed to. No one could wear a glove.And the onion stung. Even with its rubbercenter,...
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150 Year-Old Drum Taps
As levees of the Red South bleed from the rushing MississippiAnd the Black River in South Carolina resembles Iced TeaWe know we cannot step in the same rivers twiceI stare at my office bookcaseLaced with critical theory, critical pedagogy, critical race...
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Combining Service Learning and Diversity Education
IntroductionService learning emphasizes course content within the context of community needs. If the service learning experience is properly aligned with course content, it can enhance student understanding by effectively connecting community action...
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Four Female Student Readers of Buchi Emecheta's Second-Class Citizen: Reinforcing Positions of Privilege in the Contact Zone of Literature
IntroductionIn a world dominated by instant online interaction, large migration flows, and unprecedented expansion of tourism and travel, multiculturalism and globalization have become essential parts of education in most democratic countries. For teachers...
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Community and Well-Being among Older Women in the Russian Diaspora
IntroductionThe twenty-first century presents a challenge to researchers and practitioners concerned with the health and well being of an increasingly older adult population. The average life expectancy in Western societies is currently 77, a significant...
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Creating a Culture of Transfer
This paper1 addresses transfer disparities among students in the community college, conceptualizing these disparities as an achievement gap. Nevarez and Wood refer to these inequities in student success rates in the community college as the "community...
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Mathematics Components of Entrance Exams at Peruvian State Universities: Rigorous Selection Criteria for Higher Education in an Emerging Economy
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionSince 1995, I have spent the northern hemisphere's summers serving as a volunteer mathematics instructor for engineering majors at the Facultad de Tecnología of the Universidad de San Francisco Xavier...
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The Voicing of Chicana/Latina Ethnicity, Emotion and Equity in Higher Education Narratives
I'm trying to figure this out, somehow: who I am, from where, playing out the mixes within. It isn't a question for me, whether public or private discourses. I am a contradictory consciousness.The discourse should reflect that. I am an uneasy mixes of...
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Editor's Introduction
Approximately 150 years ago, on April 12, 1861, the Civil War began when troops from South Carolina bombarded Fort Sumter and demanded the lowering of the American flag. Although many have claimed that the war was fought over states' rights, the continuation...
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Vol. 12, No. 2, 2011

Cultural Memory and the Black Radical Tradition: Distraction in the Monin
If African American history has revealed anything through the major epochs marking its literary and cultural existence, it would be the non-monolithic tendencies of black art and its aestheticism. The complicated notion of what incorporates or enacts...
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Spiegelman, Baldwin and Rich: Memoirs of Horror
Well-known American writers James Baldwin, Adrienne Rich and Art Spiegelman share something in common with me: we have all written memoirs about our interactions with fathers who had survived horrendous suffering due to racism and/or war. We also share...
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Splitting the "I": (Re)reading the Traumatic Narrative of BlackWomanhood in the Autobiographies of Harriet Jacobs and Elizabeth Keckley
African American writers, such as Harriet Jacobs and Elizabeth Keckley, used their autobiographies to subvert the boundaries of race and gender. Through their collective writing, they redefined and re-imagined racial/gender identity by portraying African...
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Discovering Whiteness
I grew up in a reasonably idyllic town in Central New Jersey. You should cast aside any modern-day perceptions of New Jersey, vividly constructed in our collective minds compliments of MTV's Jersey Shore. My New Jersey - and specifically my town - was...
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Barriers and Solutions in Involving Culturally Linguistically Diverse Families in the IFSP/IEP Process
BackgroundMandated by the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA 1975) an Individualized Education Plan (IEP) must be designed for every child between 3 and 21 years old who qualify for special education services. The requirement of an IEP...
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Interdisciplinary Paths to Cultural Competencies and Global Awareness: The San Antonio Project
In this paper, we describe an approach to interdisciplinarity that was borne out of a statebased legislative call for more liberal studies in teacher education in Texas more than twenty years ago. Our newly revised thematic-focused interdisciplinary...
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Beneficial, Yet Bittersweet: Historically Black Land-Grant Institutions
A discussion of historically Black landgrant institutions must begin with an overview of historically Black colleges and universities in general. Historically Black colleges and universities (HBCUs) are post-secondary institutions founded before 1964...
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Lives and Times: Teaching African American History through Biography
This paper originated 16 years ago in a suburban kitchen filled with three generations of Mexican Americans celebrating an ordinary mid-January Sunday afternoon. One sixteenyear- old female was doing her homework at the kitchen table. She was assigned...
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Vol. 12, No. 1, 2010

Editor's Introduction
The Fall 2010 issue of Making Connections offers some Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Frederick Douglass. Because this journal was founded and is sponsored by the Frederick Douglass Institute Collaborative in Pennsylvania, the editorial board wished...
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If . .
If I were to put a title on this piece, it would be something that would begin with my favorite word for possibilities, "if." I do not mean to use the word to suggest what is beyond doing but to signal what the Frederick Douglass Institutes, better known...
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Administrators and Teachers Sharing Leadership: Utilizing C.A.R.E. in Urban Schools
IntroductionIn today's academic context, the educational stakes are incredibly high for K-12 schools. Proficiency testing, statewide standards, and calls for greater accountability dominate the discourse (Hoy and Miskel 287). Many urban schools are not...
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Follow the Drinking Gourd
Lyrics of One Version of the Song: Some Clues About the Words:When the sun comes backAnd the first quail callsThese are signs that winter is ending - when the days start getting longer, yet it is still cold.Follow the Drinkin Gourd.For the old man is...
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Recollection, Regret, and Foreboding in Frederick Douglass's Fourth of July Orations of 1852 and 1875
Nineteenth century America Independence Day orations were as much a part of the celebration as festoons, flags, fireworks, cannonades, parades and pealing bells (Travers 54; Engels 311-12). Every city sought an orator to perform a skillfully crafted...
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Inspiring to Greatness
Inspiring others to greatness,Fabulous Frederick at his best,He ascertained much knowledge and-Promoted the anti-slavery quest.Hooray for Fabulous Frederick,Distinguished Douglass at his best,Left a profound legacy of-Inspiring others to greatness!As...
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Frederick Douglass, Daniel O'Connell, and the Transatlantic Failure of Irish American Abolitionism
"Passage to the United States seems to produce the same effect upon the exile of Erin as the eating of the forbidden fruit did upon Adam and Eve. In the morning, they were pure, loving, and innocent; in the evening guilty."The LiberatorAugust 11, 1854When...
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Looking for the Drinking Gourd
Foller the drinkin' gou'dFoller the drinkin' gou'dNo one know, the wise man say."Follow the drinkin gou'd."iWhen Joe and Eddie and Richie Havens and Pete Seegerii sang about the North StarThe Sun came back, the first quail called, and the dead trees...
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Making Gumbo in the University
Making Gumbo in the University RupertW. Nacoste, 222 pages Plainview Press (2010) ISBN 9 781935 514299The subject of Rupert Nacoste's Making Gumbo in the University is "diversity" on the college campus in the 21st century. Institutions of higher learning...
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The Song of Poverty
I look right into the eyesOf my most darling son,The third that was born to me-Still living, the only one.Why has he been broughtInto this hard land?The world I want toPlace in his sweet hand.His father is missing;He disappeared last week.I don't have...
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Isadora's Adaptation of Grimms' Fairy Tales & African Childhood
One of the most significant outcomes of globalization is the increased exchange of cultural products amongst cultures. This process has been facilitated by modern technology, mass media, and by the emergence of English as a global language used both...
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Shadows of Slavery and Disappearance: Benito Cereno, He Who Searches, and Societal Memory
But all mythic, lawmaking violence, which we may call "executive," is pernicious. Pernicious, too, is the law-preserving, "administrative" violence that serves it. Divine violence, which is the sign and seal but never the means of sacred dispatch, may...
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Vol. 11, No. 2, 2010

Editor's Introduction
True to the journal's full title, this open topic issue of Making Connections: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Cultural Diversity reflects approaches to cultural diversity from a variety of disciplines. And equally important, the essays contained within...
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Rage and Hope
Rage and Hope Peter McLaren, 394 pages, $32.95 Peter Lang Publishing (2006) ISBN 978-0820479170For those educators who continue to resist selling themselves into the slots of proscribed functionality that our Fordist educational system has perfected,...
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The Global Pathways Initiative: Florida State University's Interdisciplinary Efforts to Become Interculturally Competent
IntroductionThe challenges of addressing diversity issues and preparing students for the career, civic, and social settings they will encounter constitute a central mandate for universities in teaching graduates to be effective and engaged leaders. A...
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Mapping Stories: Taking Detours to Challenge Whiteness
IntroductionRace is a social construction that is constituted in our daily experiences. The invisibility of whiteness in society explains how it has become the norm and in doing so makes race a category that excludes white people. Research has shown...
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Tiger on the Wall: African-American Middle-Class Identity in Wilson's Radio Golf
Throughout his cycle of plays depicting African- American life in the twentieth-century, August Wilson introduced audiences to mill workers, musicians, embittered ex-Negro Leaguers, diner owners, jitney drivers, men who travel, and men who seek out others....
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Sword Dancing
"Welcome. Welcome. Come in." Johara beckoned. She smiled as her only child Omar sprinted across the room chasing another screaming five-year old.Even as an American, I was familiar with the concept of an arranged marriage. Some of the first generation...
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Orhan Pamuk's Kara Kitap: (British) Reception vs. (American) Translation
In his essay "Traveling Theory," the literary critic Edward Said discusses how like people and ideas, schools of criticism and theories travel across time and place. This circulation sustains and nourishes cultural exchange and intellectual activity....
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How China's Special Education Law Impacts the Living Status of Individuals with Disabilities
IntroductionChina is the third largest country in the world. It has 23 provinces including four directcontrolled municipalities (Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing), five autonomous regions (Tibet, Guangxi, Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, and Ningxia),...
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Vol. 11, No. 1, 2009

Beyond Tamales, Tacos, and Our Southern Neighbors : Exploring Latino Culture in Child and Young Adult Literature
As a professor of education, I am in constant pursuit of new ideas that assist teachers to understand current societal trends, appreciate richness in diversity, and know sociological history of ethnic groups, all while impacting student achievement....
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Black, White, and Shades of Gray: Picturing Identity in Robert, Calvin, Martha and William Scott and Mila
Reverend William Anderson Scott (1813-1885) was a leading figure in nineteenth-century Old School Presbyterianism,i who lived and preached in New Orleans from 1842 to 1854.ii The Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco own partial rights to an oil painting...
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Serving Native American Students/The American Indian and Alaska Native Student's Guide to College Success
Serving Native American Students Mary Jo Tippeconnic Fox, Shelly C. Lowe and George S. McClellan, Editors San Francisco: Jossey-Bass (2005)The American Indian and Alaska Native Student's Guide to College Success D. Michael Pavel (CHiXapkaid) and Ella...
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Class Struggle, Regional Conflict, and Educational Reform during the Times of Coca
It was with the strident proclamation ¡Causachum coca! ¡Wañuchum yanquis! ("Long live Coca! Death to the Yankees!" in the Quechua language) that Evo Morales Ayma heralded the news of his victory over conservative candidate Jorge "Tuto" Quiroga in the...
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Constructing Identities through Campus Diversity in Post-Racial America
Identity is what is naturally given and is therefore considered a possession, yet it is also which possesses the individual. If on the one hand, identity is constituted by a personal experience and an individual history, it is also inevitably a product...
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Gender Identity and Religious Practices of First-Generation Muslim Women Immigrants in the U.S
Introduction: Islam and Gender IdentityHistorically, the U.S. has been receptive to continuous waves of immigrants representing diverse national origins, racial and ethnic backgrounds, political convictions, and religious groups. The number of Middle...
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Editor's Introduction
As the new editor of Making Connections, I am excited and honored to be carrying on the work of the editors who have shaped this journal for more than a decade. The tenth anniversary of The Frederick Douglass Institute Collaborative, this year is an...
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Making Connections with Making Connections
Making Connections enjoys a much broader and critical audience now than it did when it first started at Bloomsburg University in 1987 as a journal for teachers and scholars who wanted to communicate with each other in an interdisciplinary context and...
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Reducing Ethnocentric Ideology Via Multiethnic Community Service Work: Planting Seeds of Hope
IntroductionRecently the topics of ethnic interaction, assimilation and discrimination have become important topics of research in higher education (Smedley 434). A disturbing trend that is occurring more often is the lack of assimilation and integration...
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Salute to Freedom
Do I salute the red, white and blue, star-studded bannerOf the United States of America?Symbol of one nation, indivisible under God.Adopted and adoptive land of my youth and mature years.Land of plentitude: food, space, libraries.OrDo I salute the white,...
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Shifting Shapes: The Complicated Interstices of Imagining Other America(s) and the Collapse of Race/Nation in Arab Identity
Dedicated to Chris Cordel and Miriam LomaskinThe topic for this journal asks us to delve into the questions surrounding a "post-racial America." About this fascinating topic we must immediately wonder: What does a "post-racial" America look like? What...
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