McGill Sociological Review

Articles

Vol. 5, July

Rituals of Violence in Armed Movements: Evidence from Bangladesh
IntroductionA systematic display of violence is an important feature of many armed movements. Most studies of armed movements explain violence as a strategy of movement organizers to exert pressure on the authority to give in to their demands (Freilich,...
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Teacher Quality and Student Achievement: A Multilevel Analysis of Teacher Credentialization and Student Test Scores in California High Schools
Student achievement is one of the strongest predictors of future income (Hanushek 2011; Hanushek and Woessman 2009; Hanushek and Zhang 2009; Lazear 2003; Mulligan 1999), but there is a persistent achievement gap among racial and socioeconomic lines in...
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Paid Education Leave Program and Development: The Canadian Auto Workers Case Study
IntroductionThe strength of a labour movement is connected to development1 as there is a linkage between the strength of workers' movements and the provision of social goods (Camfield 2011; Coburn 2009; Muntaner et al. 2004; Robertson and Murninghan...
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Entrevue: « Conversations Avec Prof. Marcel Fournier »
J-P. M : Bonjour M. Fournier, pourriez-vous nous parler de l'évolution de votre demarche intellectuelle dans le contexte de votre jeunesse ?M. F. : A priori, je suis de la derniere generation des colleges classiques, qui vont disparaître avec la réforme...
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Vol. 4, February

Framing Punishment: Expert Selection and Punitive Ideology in the News
In 1899, a group of idealistic reformers led by Lucy Flowers, Jane Addams and a number of other settlement house workers, social scientists, judges, and progressives worked to establish Chicago's model juvenile court. The court was infused with an ideal...
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Introduction from the Editors
Welcome to the fourth volume of the McGill Sociological Review (MSR). Since our last meeting, MSR has been undergoing stabilization alongside expansion. The founding generation of MSR has by now left us (many pursuing exciting academic careers), but...
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Diversity through Homophily? the Paradox of How Increasing Similarities between Recruiters and Recruits Can Make an Organization More Diverse
IntroductionHow do micro-level, personal relationships become meso-level, organizational realities? Interpersonal recruitment is one of the primary ways in which organizations can sustain themselves and grow into the future. Recruitment can either be...
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Evaluating Knowledge Production Systems in Security Studies and Health Sciences: Citation Network Analysis
IntroductionIn a knowledge society, such as the United States, each epistemic community is expected to produce valid, practically applicable and socially accountable research. Accepted validity and reliability checking mechanisms exist to establish the...
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Justice, Crime, and Deviance 2013: Challenging Norms and Critiquing Policy
The first annual "Justice, Crime and Deviance: Regional Graduate Research and Networking Conference" was held on Saturday April 20th, 2013 at Wilfrid Laurier University (WLU) in Brantford, Ontario.This interdisciplinary conference was initiated and organized...
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Intersecting Identities, Marginalization Processes and Multiculturalism: A Commentary on the 6th Annual Ethnic and Pluralism Studies Graduate Research Conference
IntroductionAcademic conferences serve as moments and spaces for young scholars to engage in productive conversations, develop networks and gain public speaking experience. Between January 31st and February 1st 2013, the Ethnic and Pluralism Studies...
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Mercury Poisoning in Grassy Narrows: Environmental Injustice, Colonialism, and Capitalist Expansion in Canada
Introduction: Mercury Poisoning in Grassy Narrows First NationMercury poisoning in Asupeeschoseewagong First Nation (Grassy Narrows), an Anishinaabe community in Northwestern Ontario, is an important example of environmental injustice. Grassy Narrows...
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Inscribing Context 2013: Reflections on an Annual Interdisciplinary Graduate Student Conference at Concordia University
Each year, the graduate students association in the Department of Sociology & Anthropology at Concordia University in Montreal hosts an interdisciplinary graduate student conference. The title for 2013 was "Inscribing Context: Fact, Fiction, and...
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Book Review: "Guyland: The Perilous World Where Boys Become Men" by Michael Kimmel
Book Review: "Guyland: The perilous world where boys become men" by Michael Kimmel Full Citation: Kimmel, Michael. 2008. Guyland: The perilous world where boys become men. NY: Harper Collins. ISBN 978-0-06-083135-6Using a combination of interviews, anecdotes,...
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Changing Relations of Production in Chinese Agriculture from Decollectivization to Capitalism
I.IntroductionFor a long time it has been assumed that capitalist agriculture requires the existence of fully established property rights on land and predominance of the use of wage labor in agricultural production. According to this assumption, transition...
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Vol. 3, February

Introduction from the Editors
Dear Reader,A little more than four years ago, an unusually large and motivated group of incoming graduate met to decide on what kind of worthwhile project they could undertake together. The project would have to give them a reason to practice and build...
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Book Review of "Negotiating National Identities: Between Globalization, the Past and 'The Other'"
The rise of neo-nationalism in Europe over the last two decades has made many fear a turn to exclusionary societies that draw rigid boundaries between insiders and outsiders. Frequently read as a response to the effects of globalization, nationalism,...
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Faith, Fellowship, and Philanthropy: Giving Rates as a Function of Religiosity among Israeli Jewish Women
Background Historically and presently, social scientists examining religion have placed considerable importance on its role in manufacturing norms and maintaining order. Structural functionalism comes to mind as particularly relevant to this analytical...
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Sex-Selective Abortion in India: Exploring Institutional Dynamics and Responses
The premature elimination of female foetuses is a widespread phenomenon in Asian countries. In fact, Amartya Sen (2003) has uncovered that in the last century, "100 million women have been missing in South Asia due to "discrimination leading to death'...
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La Lutte Pour la Reconnaissance De la Vieillesse: Un Regard Critique Sur L'estime Sociale Des Aines
En 2006, le nombre de personnes âgées de 65 ans et plus au Québec s'élevait à près de 1,1 million de personnes, soit 14,3 % de la population (ISQ 2009a); un sommet dans l'histoire québécoise. Les records continueront de s'accumuler puisque, selon les...
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Recognition, Redistribution, and Representation: Assessing the Transformative Potential of Reparations for the Indian Residential Schools Experience
Introduction Through treaty settlements reached with Indigenous[2] nations beginning in the 1800s, the government of Canada was invested with responsibility for the education of Indigenous children. Therefore, policies related to the education of Status...
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The Pursuit of Happiness: An Analysis of Aggregate Difference in the Distribution of Happiness in the United States
Introduction The pursuit of happiness is a not-so-subtle human obsession. We see a notable number of self-help books on how to be happy are published every year and millions of copies of these books are sold worldwide. In addition, hundreds of websites...
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Book Review of "Islamist Terrorism and Democracy in the Middle East"
In the post-9/11 period, it was widely accepted and appeared to inform Western foreign policies that there is a causal link between Islamist terrorism and the lack of democracy in the Middle East. Partly funded by the United States Institute of Peace,...
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