Modern Journal of Language Teaching Methods

Articles from Vol. 6, No. 5, 2016

Acceptability and Adequacy in Translation of John Steinbeck's Novel by Parviz Daryoush
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)1.IntroductionMunday (2001, p. 5) maintains that "Throughout history of man, written and spoken translations have played a crucial role in interhuman communication, not least in providing access to important...
A Comparative Study on Intonational Elements and Commissive Illocutionary Force Interface with Respect to Contextual Aspects and Cultural Background
1. IntroductionIn recent years, areas such as pragmatics, intonation and non-verbal communication have not caught a strong attention in second Language (L2) learning. Hurly(1992,p.259) argues the importance of teaching these areas to L2 learners:"Learning...
An Exploration of Tasks, Materials, Techniques, Factors, Principles and Other Classroom Variables Related to L2 Learning Motivation and the Learning Outcome
IntroductionIt is a widely accepted tenet that "motivation" is the basic ingredient of self-directed behavior and achievement. Similarly, most foreign language teachers and second language acquisition researchers would unreservedly agree that motivation...
Comparative Analysis between Consonants in English and Persian from Point of View Manner and Place of Articulation
IntroductionWhat is phonetics? When you hear this word, what do you think about it? Phonetics has different aspects, and one of them is articulation of sounds .Each sound produced in different and various manners and places. Before, explaining about...
Comparative Study of Simple Text Translation Based on Target Language Emphasis vs. Source Language Emphasis Methods among Iranian BA Translation Trainees
ABSTRACT(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)1. IntroductionNida and Taber (1969) explained the process of translating as, translating consists of reproducing in the receptor language the closest natural equivalent of the source language...
Creative Writing: Composing and Enjoying Haiku in the Efl Classrooms
1.IntroductionMany college freshmen who study English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in Iran have little idea how to use the English they learned in middle school and high school. They have learned basic English grammar rules and improved their reading...
Exploring Pre-Service English Teachers' Language Assessment Literacy
1. IntroductionIn the past, there was the disregard of language assessment in relation to language learning and teaching. These two concepts were considered separately, and the main focus was primarily on pedagogy. Lately, the concept of language assessment...
Impacts of Input Enhancement on Listening Comprehension Improvement of Iranian Intermediate Female Efl Learners
1. IntroductionComprehending a language has been recognized as a creative, complex and active skill which involves many processes forming the main subject for classroom and psychological studies (Taylor, 1981). Rivers (1978) maintains that the major...
In Search for a Supplementary Path to Enhance L2 Vocabulary Recall and Acquisition
1.INTRODUCTIONEducators have long recognized the importance of vocabulary acquisition in L2. Laufer (1997) puts forth that no text comprehension is possible, either in one's native or in a foreign language, without understanding the text's vocabulary....
Investigating the Impact of Construct Irrelevant Factors on Dependability of Wdct and Odct Pragmatic Tests
IntroductionPragmatics is defined as 'the study of people's comprehension and production of linguistic action in context'(Kasper & Blum-Kulka, 1993: 3). Conceptually speaking ,pragmatics is related to language users, "the choices they make, the constraints...
Investigating the Impact of Gender on Foreign Language Learning Anxiety of Iranian Efl Learners
1. IntroductionSince foreign language learning is a stressful activity (Hewitt & Stefenson, 2011), many researchers have investigated the role of anxiety in learning a foreign language (e.g., Phillips, 1992). Foreign language anxiety has been defined...
Investigation of Google Translate Translation Based on Lexico-Grammar-Error Model of Har Inspired from Sfg concerning Verbal Process
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)Introduction and Review of LiteratureDue to lack of an appropriate framework for assessing the process of Persian into English translation, it seems Halliday's systematic functional grammar provides a...
Iranian Efl Learners' English Pronunciation Problems and the Useful Suggestions to Teach Them
1.IntroductionEnglish is the most important language throughout the world and the means of teaching and communication in significant fields like technology, research, trade, and medicine. As a result, individuals and groups try to learn English for various...
Lexical Inferencing Strategies of Iranian Efl Learners at Different Levels of Proficiency While Reading
1. IntroductionIt is words that contain the basic component as well as the essence of any language. Recently the role of the lexicon in language learning and communication has come to be widely understood by foreign language teachers and researchers...
On the Effects of Teachers' Employment of Code Switching on Iranian Efl Learners' Vocabulary Retention and Motivation
1.IntroductionEnglish is known as a common language among foreign language speakers, and the educators attempt to improve learners' knowledge in this issue. To achieve this purpose, the scholars attempt to explore appropriate methods in which students'...
On the Impact of One-Way vs. Two-Way Tasks on Iranian Intermediate Efl Learners' Collocation Competence
1.IntroductionThere has currently been a high emphasis on the practice of Communicative Approach in language teaching. This English teaching approach highlights the importance of Learner - Centered classrooms where teachers' talking time is minimized...
Originality and Plagiarism in Scientific Documentation and Academic Writing
1. Introduction1.1. BackgroundPlagiarism is a contextually contingent concept. Different academic cultures around the world, especially as different as that of Asian countries in the east and that of Europe and North America in the west, show different...
Persian Wh-Questions: A Case of Gender and Context
IntroductionPeople from different geographical places speak differently; and even within the same small community, people might speak differently according to their age, gender, ethnicity and social or educational background, cultural or socio-economic...
Sentence-Initial Conjunctive Adverbials in Academic Articles Written by Native English Speakers and Iranian Efl Writers
1. INTRODUCTIONThis study is based on an analysis of sentence-initial conjunctive adverbials in the writing of Iranian researcher writers and native speaker researchers. This is a corpus-based investigation which offers qualitative and quantitative insights...
Textuality Oriented or Grammaticality Oriented Focus on Form Tasks?
1.IntroductionAs an offshoot of communicative language teaching, task based language teaching was developed in reaction to the traditional dominant approach in language teaching and syllabus design which mainly emphasized a discrete approach in presenting...
The Effect of Code Switching on the Acquisition of Object Relative Clauses by Iranian Efl Learners
1. IntroductionCode-switching, the interchanging use of two distinctive languages, is placed in the field of bilingualism and is viewed as a shared characteristic of those who speak two or more languages. Code-switching is often studied from two different...
The Effect of Digital Games on Iranian Primary School Students' Vocabulary Retention
1.IntroductionDonmus (2010) believed that "The value of educational games has been increasing in language education, since they help to make language education entertaining" (p. 1497). Educational games are activities that provide students with the opportunity...
The Effect of Dynamic Assessment on Iranian Intermediate Efl Learner's Narrative Performance
1. INTRODUCTIONTraditionally, assessment is defined as a 'means fo controllong the context in which language performane takes place' (Bachman 1990). Cohen (1980) offers three purposes of assessment: administrative, instructional, and research-driven....
The Effect of Etymology Instruction on Idiomatic Capability of Iranian Intermediate Efl Learners
IntroductionFailing to remember previously studied idioms serves as one of the most commonly reported difficulties in idiom learning. This article makes an attempt to resolve this complex matter through a practical lesson, which is based on the etymology...
The Effect of Individualization versus Collaboration on the Accurcy of Written Grammar
1. IntroductionOver the last decade, research on writing has received a lot of ink in the review of the literature and it has been regarded as one of the most important communicative skills in English language teaching (e.g., Hayes & Flower, 1986;...
The Effect of Open Concept Sort Strategy on Pre-Intermediate Learners' Vocabulary Recall and Retention
1. IntroductionVocabulary can be the essential part of any language which is an important element of receptive and productive skills. Thus there is a need to have adequate vocabulary knowledge for interacting in a foreign language learning program. Therefore,...
The Effect of Oral and Written Instruction on Developing Efl Learners' Stress Recognition at the Intermediate Level
1.IntroductionStress recognition plays a considerable role in expressing the meaning of words and language perceptions. Misplacement of primary stress in words may lead to misunderstanding and having another meaning (e.g., / 'dezaret/ and / deza'ret/)....
The Effect of Prompt Cards on Vocabulary Learning: Comprehension and Production
1.IntroductionWorking with EFL preschoolers, the researchers found that some of those learners had problem in comprehension and production of vocabulary. Having detected such problems, the researchers was encouraged to investigate in instructional strategies...
The Effect of Pronunciation-Focused Language Teaching on Listening Skill Development
IntroductionListening as a chief constituent plays an important role in language learning and teaching. "Listening is the most common communicative activity in daily life: we can expect to listen twice as much as we speak, four times more than we read,...
The Effect of Recast vs. Self_correction on the Improvement of Writing Abilities of Iranian High School Efl Students
1. IntroductionLiterature indicates that providing feedback to students' writings has always been a controversial and even inconclusive issue. The term corrective feedback refers to any feedback provided to learner, from any source that contains evidence...
The Effect of Shadow-Reading on Recall of Lexical Items
1. IntroductionWe learn language by producing it and this is a standing based on Swain's output theory. Considering Swain's output theory, many researchers have focused on the role that production can play in second/foreign language acquisition (e.g....
The Effect of Teacher's Facial Expressions on Teaching Phonetics
1.INTRODUCTIONAll language teachers have for sure asked EFL learners to pay attention to their non-verbal communicative signals in the classroom. It indicates the importance of non-verbal messages in decoding linguistic messages. A well-known research...
The Effect of Using Short Stories and Songs on the Second Language Achievement of Iranian Young Learners
1.1IntroductionTeaching of English to young learners requires special training, something which has never been part of the curriculum of elementary school teacher education program in our country (Iran). In some famous universities of the world TEYL...
The Immediate and Delayed Effects of Authoritative vs. Facilitative Interventions on Iranian Efl Learners' Level of Anxiety
IntroductionAnxiety has been considered as one of the most important affective factors that influence second language learning (Na, 2007). Language anxiety, a type of anxiety specifically associated with learning the second language (L2), can arise from...
The Impact of Anticipation Guides as Pre-Reading Activities on Iranian Intermediate Efl Learners' Reading Comprehension Ability
1.IntroductionMost researchers believe that reading is the base of all skills and supplies students with knowledge to comprehend the written text. Also, language learners face a lot of problems in learning reading comprehension. Anderson (2003) believes...
The Impact of Efl Teachers' Emotional Intelligence on Their Teaching Preferences
PreliminariesGenerally, emotions play a significant role in individual's lives because they are feelings which enliven life, allowing us to experience the joys and grief of our lives (Aghayar & Sharifi, 2008). Human beings has two minds, a thinking...
The Impact of Extensive versus Intensive Reading on Iranian Intermediate Efl Learners' Knowledge of Semantic Prosody
1.IntroductionIt is commonly believed that reading comprehension is the essential way of learning new information in teaching English as a second or Foreign Language and it is the most significant skill required for the students' success (Pour-Mohammadi...
The Impact of First Language Polysemous Words on the Production of Second Language Lexical Items
IntroductionPolysemy is a noticeable ambiguous lexical element in the studies of linguistics. During even a short process of reading lots of polysemous words may be encountered. As noted by Guttler and William (2008), during a day a big part of our mental...
The Impact of Simplified vs Original Text Practice on Iranian Pre-Intermediate Efl Learners' Reading Comprehension Ability
1.IntroductionReading as an active receptive language skill is one of the most complicated cognitive activities (PourMohammadi & Abidin, 2011a). Our understanding of the processes and factors involved in text comprehension is quite impressive, but...
The Impact of Task Complexity along Single Task Dimension on Efl Iranian Learners' Written Production: Structural Complexity
1.IntroductionOver the past decades, there was a growing interest in the role of tasks in second language learning and teaching. Structural/syntactic complexity is defined as the ability of the learners to generate more structurally complex language...
The Impact of Using Graphic Organizers on Learning the Organization of Writing Skill among Iranian Pre-Intermediate Efl Learners
1.IntroductionWriting is a tool for language learning because in writing the learners have enough opportunity to carefully examine and re-examine the ideas and language prior to its presentation to audience (Raimes, 2002). He also added what is more...
The Influence of Teaching Explicit Reading Strategies on Iranian Efl Learners' Reading Comprehension Ability
Introduction There is a common belief among teachers that suitable strategy use has a good influence on students when they are taught to apply effective strategies. Janzen (1996) maintains that strategy instruction is useful in reading contexts because...
The Influence of Weblog on Iranian Intermediate Efl Learners' Attitude towards Writing
IntroductionA weblog (or blog) is a web-based space for writing where all the writing and editing of information is managed through a web browser and is immediately and publicly available in the Internet (Zhang, 2009).Recent developments in the field...
The Mediation of Mobile Application in Boosting the Vocabulary Learning of Upper-Intermediate Efl Learners: Advantages and Disadvantages
IntroductionVocabulary learning is a basic component of foreign language acquisition. According to Wilkins 1972 "without grammar very little can be conveyed, without vocabulary nothing at all can be conveyed" (p , 111). Learning new vocabulary as the...
The Relationship between Beliefs about Language Learning, Gender, and the Use of Language Learning Strategies of Iranian Efl Learners
1. IntroductionLanguage learning beliefs are defined by Victori and Lockhart (1995) as general assumptions which students have about themselves as language learners, about the nature of language learning, and about factors which affect language learning...
The Relationship between Motivation and Self-Efficacy of Iranian High School Learners and Their Vocabulary Size
1 . INTRODUCTIONIt is a common belief that people with high levels of self-efficacy perform tasks better than those with lower levels of self-efficacy. Graham (2011) asserted that self-efficacy as individuals' beliefs in their ability has a strong influence...
The Role of Podcast Reconstruction in Intermediate Efl Learners' Oral Performance: The Case of Gender
1.IntroductionUsing podcasts in teaching speaking skills could be a branch of CALL approach which is used as a method in language teaching and learning. Thus computer is used as an aid to presentation, reinforcement, and assessment of materials to be...
The Scope of Discourse Analysis and Language Teaching (a Review)
IntroductionThe origin of discourse analysisThe history and origin of Discourse analysis actually goes back to different disciplines in the 1960s and early 1970s, including linguistics semiotics, psychology, anthropology and sociology.The publication...
The Study of Instructional Approach (Fonf or Fonfs) in Facilitating Incidental Acquisition of Plural S and Copula Be
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)IntroductionThis study aimed at investigating the incidental grammar acquisition in two different instructional contexts, namely focus on form (FonF) by employing comprehension-based instruction and focus...
The Superiority of Linguistic, Psychological, or Social Frameworks in Second Language Acquisition
IntroductionArising from a variety of individual and contextual factors, SLA is regarded as a complicated phenomenon. Contrary to popular belief, it is different from FLA. The reason behind this variation can be attributed to the fact that second language...
Translation of Prologue of Saadi's Bostan and Its Analysis According to Catford's Theory of Translation Shift
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)1. IntroductionThroughout history, various forms of translations have played a crucial role in inter human communication, not least in providing access to important texts for scholarship and religious...
Using Explicit Fluency Training to Improve the Reading Comprehension of Second Grade Chinese Immigrant Students
The Center for Immigration Studies (Center) in Washington DC reported that more than three million new legal and illegal immigrants in the United States in 2014 and 2015, a 39 percent increase over the previous two years. The number of legal and illegal...
Variables Affecting L2 Vocabulary Acquisition and Retention; Call for a Holistic View of L2 Vocabulary Learning
IntroductionVocabulary is a necessary component of learners' development (David, 2008, Ko, 2012). It is central to reading ability, writing ability and listening ability. Clearly, word knowledge is equally crucial in all aspects of language learning...
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