Outlines : Critical Practice Studies

Articles

Vol. 19, No. 1, 2018

The Reflective Methodologists A Cultural Analysis of Danish Pedagogues' Individualised Silence and Collective Articulations
1.Quality on the AgendaPedagogical work is often described as being always unique, as it focuses on individuals and their learning processes. Individuals and processes both have some innate, indescribable and distinctive characteristics that cannot be...
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Editorial: Why Is Outlines – Critical Practice Studies So Critical?
Being CriticalIs critique just a matter of being obsessed with finding faults in other people's work? Does critique mirror a habit of suspicion? Or does it mainly serve personal interest, assertiveness and self-affirmation? And is critique given by academic...
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Patient Participation in Healthcare Practice in Greenland: Local Challenges and Global Reflections
Greenland as the Context of the StudyThe current healthcare system in Greenland was established during the Danish colonization of the country (1721 - 1953). With the end of colony-status, Greenland was integrated as an administrative region within Denmark...
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The Evolution of a Practice in Trialectic Space: An Approach Inclusive of Norms and Performance
IntroductionContinuing Bourdieu's seminal work, and building greatly on Wittgenstein's contributions, several authors continue to develop Practice Theory along conceptual models that situate practices at the centre of the study of social action. The...
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A Change Laboratory Professional Development Intervention to Motivate University Teachers to Identify and Overcome Barriers to the Integration of ICT
IntroductionThe direction of societies towards the use of technology in all fields of knowledge places a high pressure on universities to carry out an intensive integration of information and communication technologies (ICT) (Huang & Price, 2014)...
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How Contradictions in Professional Practices Become Contradictions in Research Practices
IntroductionThis article wishes to contribute to methodological discussions about how to do research with children in day nurseries. For this purpose, I explore the dialectics between professional practice in day nurseries and a researcher's practice....
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Vol. 18, No. 1, 2017

Editorial
It is with great pleasure that I introduce this new issue of Outlines - Critical Practice Studies. It is composited by four innovative, thought-provoking and generous papers. On behalf of the editorial team, I hope you will enjoy them. This editorial...
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You Learn How to Write from Doing the Writing, but You Also Learn the Subject and the Ways of Reasoning
IntroductionThe title of this article is a quote from one of the student informants enrolled in the empirical study described here. The study aimed to explore in depth how the dynamics of writing activities create mediational tools for developing knowledge...
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What Is Critique? Critical Turns in the Age of Criticism
Critique in the Age of CriticismIn the foreword to the 1781 version of Critique of Pure Reason, the German Enlightenment philosopher Immanuel Kant characterizes his own time as the 'age of criticism'. Indeed, critique is characterised as that, "to which...
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School Involvement: Refugee Parents' Narrated Contribution to Their Children's Education While Resettled in Norway
IntroductionBy the time refugee families resettle in exile, their children will often have missed out on years of schooling due to war, flight or periods in temporary exile without the right to education (Alitolppa-niitamo, 2002; Hos, 2014; McBrien,...
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Vol. 17, No. 1, 2016

Editorial
I am very pleased to introduce this new issue of Outlines - Critical Practice Studies. The volume is composed of five papers combined with a reply to a book review, presented in Vol. 16 (1). I hope you will enjoy and get inspiration from these writings,...
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Mapping Communicative Activity: A CHAT Approach to Design of Pseudo-Intelligent Mediators for Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)
IntroductionAdvances in digital technologies have revolutionized devices for Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC), providing users a means of spelling out what they want to say, as well as offering access to thousands of stored words, phrases,...
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Intervention Research in a Public Elementary School: A Critical-Collaborative Teacher Education Project on Reading and Writing
IntroductionThis paper discusses the methodological organization of an intervention project - Reading and Writing in Different Areas - conducted during two years (2010 and 2011) in a public elementary school located in Säo Paulo, Brazil's largest city,...
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Was It Useful? Multilayered Outcome of a Psychosocial Intervention with Teachers in East Greenland
IntroductionThe expression "Helicopter Researchers" is scary to psychosocial researchers who want to support local resilience in Arctic communities. This action research study was conducted in a town of approximately 2.000 citizens in East Greenland....
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The Group as a Source of Development: Rethinking Professional Development in a Collaborative Perspective
Initial ConsiderationsThis paper presents research that has been developed at Universidade Estadual de Campinas (State University of Campinas - Brazil) to investigate the professional development of psychologists and other professionals who work with...
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Empathic Actors Strengthen Organisational Immunity to Industrial Crisis: Industrial Actors' Perception in Nepal
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionThis paper entails a general conviction that the industrial actors are concentrating on the condition of their organisational crisis and are paying insufficient attention to the industrial crisis conditions....
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Vygotsky, Neoliberalism and Post-Structuralism: A Response to Jacob Klitmøller and Two Further Reviews of My Book "Neoliberalism, Pedagogy and Human Development" (Routledge, Hardcover 2012, Paperback 2014)
Vygotsky, Neoliberalism and Poststructuralism: A Response to Jacob Klitm0ller and Two Further Reviews of my Book "Neoliberalism, Pedagogy and Human Development" (Routledge, hardcover 2012, paperback 2014)AbstractThe paperback edition of "Neoliberalism,...
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Vol. 16, No. 2, 2015

Studying the Fabric of Everyday Life
What determines our judgment, our concepts and reactions, is not what one man is doing now, an individual action, but the whole hurly-burly of human actions, the background against which we see any action.Seeing life as a weave, this pattern (pretence,...
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The Production of Power in Organisational Practice - Working with Conflicts as Heuristics
The dilemmas of everyday lifeReading through the morning paper, we might frown with outrage if we come across a story about a local schoolteacher arrested for producing and distributing hard drugs in his neighbourhood. During the television series, Breaking...
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Designing Psychological Co-Research of Emancipatory-Technical Relevance across Age Thresholds
A problem and its relevance emergeThe following article deals with the concept of relevance and its analytical importance in co-research inquiries. More precisely, it illustrates how problems emerging in a practice of concern (which may be termed everyday...
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Researching Teenagers' (Mobile) Interaction Orders - Methodical and Methodological Reflections on a Challenging Field
1. IntroductionWe observe it every day in public spaces, in trains and busses, in shopping malls and in the streets: People looking at their mobile phones, talking to absent others, swiping their touchscreens or typing a message. Mobile media have become...
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Everyday Life and Public Elementary School in Brazil: A Critical Psychological Intervention Model
Initial ConsiderationsThe significance of everyday life is often understated, but it is in the day-to-day activities in which we can identify the themes and dynamics that have the greatest impact on the trajectory of history. Indeed, unless facts and...
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Solution-Focused Therapy and Subject- Scientific Research into the Personal Conduct of Everyday Living
IntroductionThe connection between subject-scientific research and therapeutic practice has been a central theme in German-Scandinavian critical psychology from early on. Psychoanalysis as the first subject science has been the main partner in critical-psychological...
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Challenging the Conceptual Limits in Health Psychology: Using the Concept of Conduct of Life to Study People's Health Activities from a Social and Subjective Perspective
IntroductionIn health theories, there is a tendency to divide the notion of human health up into different concepts, such as mental health, somatic health and social health. These concepts may help researchers with focusing on different parts of health...
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Routines and Concerns in Conduct of Everyday Life
IntroductionIn this article I explore the concept of everyday life, specifically routines, real life and concerns through a theoretical and empirical discussion of the Danish/German critical psychological conceptualization 'conduct of everyday life'...
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Ethnic Minority Students in - or out of? - Education: Processes of Marginalization in and across School and Other Contexts
IntroductionSince the publication of the results of OECD's first PISA survey in 2000, Denmark has had an increased focus on students of non-Western heritage, most often referred to as ethnic minority1 students. The reasons for this increased focus has...
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"Toward a Psychology of Everyday Living" - A Review of Schraube, E. & Højholt, C. (Eds.) (2016). Psychology and the Conduct of Everyday Life. New York: Routledge
IntroductionPsychology and the Conduct of Everyday Life is a new book from Routledge, edited by Ernst Schraube and Charlotte Højholt from Roskilde University, that strives to bring psychology out of the laboratory and beyond individual heads toward the...
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Vol. 16, No. 1, 2015

Editorial
I am pleased to introduce this new volume of Outlines - Critical Practice Studies . The volume includes: Matthiesen, N. C. L. (2015) A struggle for equitable partnerships: Somali diaspora mothers' acts of positioning in the practice of home-school partnerships...
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A Struggle for Equitable Partnerships: Somali Diaspora Mothers' Acts of Positioning in the Practice of Home-School Partnerships in Danish Public Schools
IntroductionTaking into account the socially, politically and historically created conditions, this article investigates how Somali diaspora mothers actively struggle to be recognized by teachers in Danish public schools as equitable partners in their...
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Heeding Wittgenstein on "Understanding" and "Meaning": A Pragmatist and Concrete Human Psychological Approach In/for Education
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)Das Verstehen, die Meinung, fällt aus unserer Betrachtung heraus [Understanding, meaning, drops from our considerations]. (Wittgenstein, 2000, p. Ts-213, 1r)We know the general law: [speech = ] first a means of...
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Immersed in Pellet Technology: Motivation Paths of Innovative DIYers
IntroductionWhat drives an individual towards certain goals and activities? How do people justify their motivational choices in life? Studies in Cultural-Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) have shown that individual motives are materially, socially and...
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Childhood and Biopolitics: Climate Change, Life Processes and Human Futures
In their seminal paper The Body Made Flesh, John Evans, Brian Davies and Emma Rich (2009) review the wide range of scholarship on children's bodies and distinguish three approaches in the context of which the body can and has been studied within the...
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Children, Development and Education. Cultural, Historical, Anthropological Perspectives
Review of M. Kontopodis, C. Wulf & B. Fichtner (Eds.) (2011): Children, Development and Education. Cultural, Historical, Anthropological PerspectivesDuring a summer University on cultural and activity research in Moscow, I met Michalis Kontopodis...
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Review of Collaborative Projects: An Interdisciplinary Study
Review of Collaborative Projects: an interdisciplinary study. Book edited by Andy BlundenIn contrast to Andy Blunden's two previous books, An Interdisciplinary Study of Activity (Brill, 2010) and Concepts. A Critical Approach (Brill, 2012), Collaborative...
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Vol. 15, No. 3, 2014

Editorial
Close to New Year we are happy to announce this third 2014-volume of Outlines-Critical Practice Studies. This volume contains: de Saint-Laurent, C. (2014). "I would rather be hanged than agree with you!": Collective Memory and the Definition of the Nation...
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After a Decade: What Remains of a Kindergarten Developmental Arts Education Project?
IntroductionDevelopmental projects raise many kinds of mental images. Are they really important for developing work and quality or do they just take resources and attention away from the basic work without producing any additional value? In this article,...
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"I Would Rather Be Hanged Than Agree with You!": Collective Memory and the Definition of the Nation in Parliamentary Debates on Immigration
IntroductionThe definition of the nation, who may belong to it and what is the essence of its members, has become a central question in the management of immigration in most Western countries, especially in Europe. The resurgences of nationalism, the...
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Experiencing (Perezivanie) as Developmental Category: Learning from a Fisherman Who Is Becoming (as) a Teacher-in-a-Village-School
IntroductionLearning and development-such as how someone becomes a teacher and develops (i.e., is becoming) while taking courses or teaches-tend to be theorized with the individual as the unit of analysis.1 This is so even in those cases, where researchers...
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Cultural-Historical Basis of Literacy Practices in TshiVenda-Speaking South Africa's Primary Classrooms
IntroductionThe notion of literacy as a cultural practice can be traced in developmental psychology research framework, to the ground-breaking work of Scribner and Cole (1981) who; using the Vygotskian theoretical framework as basis for analysis of literacy...
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Review of Kontopodis, Michalis (2012): Neoliberalism, Pedagogy and Human Development - Exploring Time, Mediation and Collectivity in Contemporary Schools
This is a somewhat belated review as the book in question was published a couple of years ago. However the book has recently been published in a new paperback edition thus reestablishing the timeliness of a review. This relatively short book has, as...
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Vol. 15, No. 2, 2014

Examining Developmental Dialogue: The Emergence of Transformative Agency
IntroductionThe increased pace of change in the world of work creates a need for formative interventionist approaches that may help to simultaneously develop work and enhance practitioners' well-being. The notion of transformative agency, that is, participants'...
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Developing a Tool for Cross-Functional Collaboration: The Trajectory of an Annual Clock
IntroductionToday, well-being at work is tightly connected to an organizations' productivity, and consequently, its importance has increased in strategic business management. In large organizations, well-being at work covers a wide-ranging area of organizational...
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Activity Clinic and Affects in Workplace Conflicts: Transformation through Transferential Activity
IntroductionThe "Activity Clinic" can be defined as a domain of development and application of studies, research, and interventions in work psychology. Our activity as researchers and "clinicians" consists essentially in providing a framework that permits...
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Pre-Service Teachers' Appropriation of Conceptual Tools
Introduction and backgroundTeachers and teacher educators in the United States (US) are challenged by two contradictory pressures. Changing demographics among the nation's students require that teachers respond to very diverse learner strengths and needs....
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The Interplay of Developmental and Dialogical Epistemologies
IntroductionThe paper examines the methodology of developmental work research (DWR) as a practice of re-thinking science. DWR assists in moving away from the decontextualized and disciplinary "segregated" model of science to an approach that is "integrated"...
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Controversy as a Developmental Tool in Cross Self-Confrontation Analysis
IntroductionIn Psychology, the issue of language usage as a means of action in psychological life requires that we question, in one way or another, the relations between the forms of language expression and their psychological functions. The current...
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Vol. 15, No. 1, 2014

The Trajectory of Food as a Symbolic Resource for International Migrants
IntroductionTo be apprehended in their complexity and dynamics, contemporary migrations demand renouncing to linear models assuming that clear-cut cultural groups simply get integrated one in the other. Rather, approaches that focus on people's multiple...
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Is Evidence-Based Medicine about Democratizing Medical Practice?
IntroductionEvidence-based medicine (EBM) has become a much lauded and influential model in decision-making in clinic practice (and, more generally, in health care policy). It is founded on the theory that we now have the research skills, communication...
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The Double Path of Expansive Learning in Complex Socio-Technical Change Processes
IntroductionEngineering is considered a motor of innovation in society. However, engineering itself is always on the move and is affected by change in everyday work processes. The research project AQUIMO developed an adaptable software tool for mechatronical...
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Editorial
As tradition is in Outlines - Critical Practice Studies the editorial is historical, in the sense that it re-introduces papers from the last volume and points backwards to papers you might have missed.The previous volume 2013(1) contain L. Wittek's The...
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Vol. 14, No. 2, 2013

Special Issue on "Transformative Social Practice and Socio-Critical Knowledge"
IntroductionCertainly, the theme "transformative social practice" echoes Marx's thesis ad Feuerbach, not to interpret the world, but to change it. Yet, the purpose of addressing this theme is awkwardly reflected in this contrast. When are we really to...
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The Challenge of Individuality in Cultural-Historical Activity Theory: "Collectividual" Dialectics from a Transformative Activist Stance
AbstractIn addressing the persistent challenge of fully integrating individual dimensions and human subjectivity within the cultural-historical activity theory, this paper suggests several steps to revise its core onto-epistemology in an expansive approach...
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Making Sense of the Community College: Interrogating Belongingness
AbstractDrawing on the transformative potential of critical-theoretical learning grounded in the CHAT framework of recognizing the bi-directional relationship between learning and development, the present paper is an investigation of how nine American...
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Beyond Innocence and Cynicism: Concrete Utopia in Social Work with Drug Users
AbstractThe article identifies a problem in socio-cultural-historical activity theory (SCHAT) with ignoring how hope and power constitute the theory itself, and suggests that this is why the tradition faces a bad choice between functionalist or utopianist...
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Praxis Development in Relation to Gang Conflicts in Copenhagen, Denmark
AbstractThe primary question addressed in this article is how to understand and produce praxis development in the complex and contentious field of street communities of young marginalized men, an area highlighted almost on a daily basis in the Danish...
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A Gramscian Perspective on Developmental Work Research: Contradictions, Power and the Role of Researchers Reconsidered
AbstractThe article presents a Gramscian reading of organisational interventions within the framework of developmental work research. Developmental work research is based on Engeström 's concepts of activity system and expansive learning cycle. It utilizes...
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Assessing the Transformative Significance of Movements & Activism: Lessons from A Postcapitalist Politics
AbstractHow do researchers and/or practitioners know when change efforts are bringing about significant transformation? Here we draw on a theory of change put forward by the feminist economic geographers, Julie Graham and Katherine Gibson. Proposing...
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Transforming Subjectivity When Aiming for Mutually Transformative Processes in Research with Children
AbstractThe aim of this paper is to investigate how children use their participation in research as a potential transformative social practice in everyday life. The concept of transformative social practice will he discussed in relation to the notion...
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Bullying - Transformative Potentiality?
AbstractIn this article, I argue that a person 's experience of having been bullied as a child can hold transformative potentiality. This means that childhood exposure to bullying can both produce negative effects and provide fuel for transformative...
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Vol. 14, No. 1, 2013

Editorial
This volume of Outlines has been long underway. Our Chief Editor Morten Nissen resigned from the post this summer 2012 and I accepted with honor to take over. A replacement is less simple than it sounds, and the difference between an experienced and...
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Confronting School's Contradictions with Video: Youth's Need of Agency for Ontological Development
AbstractA basic contradiction in education is that while education and guidance from people with more knowledge is necessary for the development of higher psychological functioning, the constraints imposed on student activity often become a hindrance...
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Anticipating the Future in the Organisation of Home: Bergson, Whitehead and Mental Health Service Users
AbstractThis paper develops an approach to analysing the importance of anticipations of the future on present actions in the lives of mental health service users, for whom sensing stability in the future is important. The work of Henri Bergson and Alfred...
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Community of Learners: Ontological and Non-Ontological Projects
AbstractOur analysis reveals two major types of "Community of Learners" (COL) projects in education: instrumental and ontological. In instrumental COL, the notion of "community" is separated from the notion of "instruction" in order to reach some preset...
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The Activity of "Writing for Learning" in a Nursing Program - Trajectories of Meaning Making
AbstractA whole range of resources are introduced to students in higher education. These are picked up and developed by them individually and in collaboration with other actors. This text investigates these complex and multifaceted processes, and focuses...
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