Pepperdine Policy Review

Articles

Vol. 7, No. 1, 2014

Message from the Editor
The editorial staff of the Pepperdine Public Policy Review is excited to present Volume VII of our journal showcasing the research and analytical abilities of students of public policy. This year represented a broad restructuring of the Policy Review,...
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Nets or Vaccines: Malaria Vaccine Research
IntroductionMalaria is one of the most prevalent and debilitating diseases in the world. In 2010 the World Health Organization (WHO) reported there were 219 million clinical cases of malaria resulting in 660,000 deaths, most of which occurred in Africa....
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Much Ado about Cyber-Space: Cyber-Terrorism and the Reformation of the Cyber-Security
IntroductionAcclaimed scholar and science-fiction writer Isaac Asimov stated, despite the destructive advances in technology, he did "not fear computers," instead he feared "the lack of them." In this day and age, security experts may have a very different...
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Agricultural Patenting: A Case Study of Monsanto
IntroductionBetween 1996 and 2012, worldwide biotechnology crops expanded from 1.7 million hectares to 170.3 million hectares ("Beyond Promises," 2012). With the global population expected to reach almost eight billion by 2025 (United Nations, 2004),...
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Federal V. State Effectiveness: An Analysis of the Endangered Species Act and Current Potential Attempts at Reform
IntroductionOn November 19, 2013, Senators Rand Paul of Kentucky and Dean Heller of Nevada, along with Representative Mark Amodei of Nevada sent out a press release describing a new bill they had authored to reform the Endangered Species Act of 1973...
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Rust-Belt Recovery: The Cleveland Model as Economic Development in an Age of Economic Stagnation and Climate Change
IntroductionThe economic outlook of the United States is dire. According to the U.S. Census Bureau's supplemental poverty measure, 16% of the U.S. populationnearly 50 million Americanslived in poverty in 2012.2 Perhaps even more ominous, poverty has...
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The Impact of Clean Energy on Economic Growth: An Econometrics Approach
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionFor the past five decades, environmental issues have attracted increasing attention throughout the world. This is illustrated by events such as the United Nations Meeting on Humans and the Environment,...
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The Minimum Wage and Teen Unemployment: A Study of the Effect of the Fair Minimum Wage Act of 2007
IntroductionMinimum wages have been a topic of great disagreement in the field of economics. The textbook microeconomic theory of the minimum wage1 predicts resulting unemployment in the low-skill labor market if the wage floor is set above the market...
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James Q. Wilson and Public Policy Education
Follow this and additional works at: http://digitalcommons.pepperdine.edu/pprPart of the Policy History, Theory, and Methods Commons, and the Public Policy CommonsJames Q. Wilson was one of the foremost academics in the field of public policy of the...
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Vol. 6, 2013

Message from the Editor
The Pepperdine Public Policy Review is excited to present you with the sixth volume of our academic journal. This year we had an array of excellent submissions which made choosing a representative selection of the analytical and policy application skills...
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Can Clean Drinking Water and Sanitation Reduce Child Mortality in Senegal?
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)1 IntroductionChild mortality is an indicator commonly used when assessing child health and the overall level of development in a country. It is a public health priority for the West African nation of Senegal....
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A Global Blasphemy Law: Protecting Believers at the Expense of Free Speech
I. IntroductionIn September 2012, the 14-minute trailer for Innocence of Muslims, an anti-Islamic video posted on YouTube, ignited violent demonstrations and protests that resulted in hundreds of injuries (CNN Wire Staff, 2012). The video sparked debate...
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Financial Openness and Growth: 2000-2010
I. INTRODUCTIONIn light of the globalized concern to improve world economies, policymakers are faced with the difficult task of whether to implement policies to benefit their nation's economy such as increasing tariffs, quotas, or transaction taxes....
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Mobile Health Technology in Developing Countries: The Case of Tanzania
IntroductionMobile technology is redesigning the way the world functions and thinks. It is now being used in healthcare, and is becoming a huge contributor in delivering healthcare information to impoverished people in developing countries. Mobile phones...
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No Music in Timbuktu: A Brief Analysis of the Conflict in Mali and Al Qaeda's Rebirth
Coordinator Daniel Benjamin of the State Department's Office of Counterterrorism spoke on December 8, 2011 to the National Press Club about the state of the terror group AI Qaeda (Benjamin, 2011). In his speech, the Coordinator declared that the strength...
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Preparing for the Inevitable: US Climate Change Preparation
IntroductionThe global climate is changing. Data on sea level, global temperature, snow cover and presence of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere make it clear that since the Industrial Revolution the world has been getting warmer. Sea levels are rising,...
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Oil Sands Extraction Lessons from Alberta Can, and Should, Inform American Policies
IntroductionTar sands are not the only energy source that exploits water but they do pose substantial dangers to both water quality and human health; Alberta's tar sands extraction offers a warning for others who want to develop their own tar sands (including...
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Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing of Shale Gas Formations in the United States
I. The History & Process of Hydraulic FracturingHydraulic fracturing has a long history and was first developed in Sweden in 1878 and was used for offshore drilling during the 1930s. The current version of the hydraulic fracturing technique in existence...
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The Korean Conflict and the United States National Security
(ProQuest: ... denotes non-USASCII text omitted.)Matthew L. SmithI. IntroductionThe United States' troubles in Asia began with the end of the Second World War and the beginning of the Cold War with the Soviet Union. After World War ?, the US became increasingly...
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The Rising Digital Missile Gap: The Security Threat of the United States' Cyber Inactivity
In 1960, Senator John F. Kennedy campaigned on the issue that under the watch of President Eisenhower, a missile gap had develop between the United States and the Soviet Union. The fear of nuclear war was a grim reality, which most politicians and citizens...
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The Role of Health Care in a Democratic Capitalist Society
On March 23, 2010, President Barack Obama signed into law The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, commonly known as "Obamacare". The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act ("Affordable Care Act") was enacted by a consensus reached by the...
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Vol. 5, Spring

Message from the Editors
This publication marks the fifth volume of the Pepperdine Policy Review. This yearly journal represents the very best scholarly work that the Pepperdine School of Public Policy student body has to offer. This year's volume visits the four main areas...
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Egypt Wrestles with Democracy: Expectations versus Realities
Thus far, the definition of democracy in Egypt is simply "not the current regime." Indeed as according to experts, the Cairo protest was revolutionary because for the first time, the people are taking responsibility of their government and embracing...
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U.S. Strategy in Afghanistan from 2001 to Today
The attacks of September 1 1, 2001 shocked the world and wounded the United States. In a state of uncertainty, the US rose up in defiance, issuing strong statements that served to rally patriotism, threatening anyone on the other side of a solid red...
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Providing Aid to Fragile or Failed States: A Short Argument for Moderation
Providing aid to fragile or failed states has become a topic of debate that has grown increasingly contentious as the total amount of aid given around the world has increased. What lies at the bottom of this debate is the question of whether or not aid...
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The Crisis of America's Soul: How American Leaders Have Betrayed First Principles
Unfortunately, America is in a state very similar to the Great Depression. Our economy is still struggling, and although unemployment is improving, there is still a high level of unemployment (about 8.5%), and the government approval rating is at an...
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Stephen Colbert's Super PAC: A Better Tomorrow?
THE COMEDIAN SHEDS LIGHT ON HOW CITIZENS UNITED HAS LED TO MURKIER WAYS FOR CORPORATE MONEY TO INFLUENCE OUR POLITICAL SYSTEMStphen Colbert proclaimed to throngs of assembled reporters and onlookers: "Moments ago the Federal Election Committee made their...
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"It's All Political, but Public Policy Is Irrational"
California's prison system has long been known as one that is very overcrowded and costly to taxpayers. As of 2009, the prison population has been about 169,000, with 24.2% of male new admissions being drug offenders, and 30% of female new admissions...
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Citizens' Jury 2011: Combating Homelessness within the Greater Los Angeles County
1 here are approximately 43,000 homeless people within the greater Los Angeles County. Of those, 10,245 are persons that are chronically homeless, 10,387 are persons with mental illness, 17,419 are persons with substance abuse problems, and 4,885 are...
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Are All R&D Dollars Created Equal?
A LOOK AT THE EFFECT OF FEDERAL INVESTMENT ON PATENT SUCCESS(ProQuest: ... denotes formula omitted.)JYlany have researched how Research and Development (R&D) spending affects innovation, but few have discussed the difference between federal and private...
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Estimating the Impact of Cell Phone Laws on Car Accident Fatalities
Abstract - Distracted driving has increasingly become a national issue of concern. One of the believed major contributors to distracted driving is cell phone use. Some states have enacted laws to restrict cell phone usage while driving in an attempt...
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A Memo on Social Security
Social Security remains an overwhelmingly divisive issue in the ideological spectrum, the virtue of which is constantly questioned by one side and simultaneously praised by the other, with varying levels and degrees of opposing views and opinions in...
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Memoirs of a Paleo
Memoirs of a Paleo Encounters: My Life with Nixon, Marcuse, and Other Friends and Teachers By Paul Gottfried Intercollegiate Studies Institute, 2009, 275 pp. $22.68 (Hardcover)Paul Gottfried (1941- ), an Europeanist who has specialized in the study of...
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