Public Administration Research

Articles

Vol. 3, No. 2, November

Function Transformation of Government from the Low-Carbon Economy Perspective: Model, Path and Integration
AbstractWith the development of the world economy and the unsustainable use of resources, the environment is becoming devastating and has serious problems. In order to strengthen environmental management, it's time to develop the low-carbon economy....
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An Assessment of Local Empowerment and Environment Management Project (LEEMP) in Benue and Katsina States of Nigeria
AbstractIt is generally claimed that in the past, poverty reduction programmes in Nigeria failed because the beneficiaries were not involved in the programme design and formulation. However, LEEMP was designed to be community driven and thus it was expected...
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Strategy as Discursive Practice in a Brazilian Public University: A Look under the Perspective of Critical Discourse Analysis
AbstractThe aim this article a critical discursive analysis of the "management plan" genre of a public institution of higher education, from 2012 to 2015, located in southeast Brazil. The aforementioned plan is inserted in the discursive practice of...
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Participatory Budgeting in Bangladesh Local Government Context
AbstractThis study aims to examine the spaces for citizen participation in the municipal budgeting process and to access the extent of citizen participation in local government decision-making with specific focus on citizen participatory budgeting in...
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The Role of Accounting in the Municipal Performance: An Empirical Study in the Central Region of Portugal
AbstractThis article examines the differences in the adoption and implementation of the reform of financial accounting in the Portuguese municipalities. This study is based on a questionnaire sent to the financial officers of the Portuguese municipalities...
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Leveraging Generational Differences to Reduce Knowledge Transfer and Retention Issues in Public Administration
AbstractTwo of the biggest issues facing large non-profits and organizations employing civil servants today are knowledge transfer from the retiring Baby Boomers to their younger replacements, the Gamers, and the retention of those younger employees....
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Strategies of Professional Ethics and Communal Governance
AbstractPromoting ethical orientation can facilitate the transition from the logic of government to that of governance involving participation, responsibility, transparency, and accountability. Therefore, it is interesting to define a strategy of professional...
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Citizen Participation in the Public Policy Process in China: Based on Policy Network Theory
AbstractThis article based on policy network theory analyzes the internal and external factors affecting citizen participation in the public policy process in the Chinese context. It displays that the policy network resources possessed by citizen are...
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Determinants of Electoral Budget Cycles and Its Relationship with the Likelihood of Re-Election of Mayor in State of Parana (Brazil)
AbstractThis research aims to detect whether there are variables determining the contribution of the phenomenon Electoral Budget Cycles (EBC) for re-election of the Mayor is justified in the fact there is evidence that the results of the public financial...
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Measuring the Impact of Student Background Checks on Reducing Crime in Higher Education
AbstractThere is general agreement in the literature that student-on-student crime accounts for the overwhelming majority of crimes committed on campus in the United States (Dickerson, 2008). Background checks on students as a requirement of admission...
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Analysis on the Influence of Policy Factors in Innovating Behavior for Chinese Orphan Drugs' Industry
AbstractBecause of the small target market and poor profitability of Orphan Drug, it is difficult to effectively encourage the R&D and production Behavior of the Industry by the market mechanisms alone. So that, it is necessary to implement the incentive...
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Women Education and Political Participation in the South West Region of Cameroon: An Empirical Analysis
AbstractThe paper empirically examined the relationship between education level and political participation of women of the South West region of Cameroon. The indices of political participation include the following: membership of political party, voting...
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Measuring the Impact of Background Checks on Reducing Crime in Higher Education
AbstractResponding to a variety of constituent pressures in recent years, a number of states in the U.S. have enacted legal requirements that their public universities conduct background checks on prospective new employees. The assumption behind these...
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Institutional Factors Affecting the Academic Performance of Public Administration Students in a Nigerian University
AbstractThis study investigated the institutional factors which affect the performance of Public Administration students in a Nigerian University. Primary data were obtained through the administration of questionnaires on 131final year students of Public...
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Vol. 3, No. 1, May

From the Physical to the Fiscal: Monetizing the Poor
AbstractOne effect of the deteriorating fiscal condition of governments is the effort to "reform" the "welfare state." Often expressed using the rubrics of the New Public Management (NPM) and Public/Private Partnerships (PPP), a significant component...
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Perceived Organizational Support as a Mediator of Managerial Coaching Skills and Occupational Commitment
AbstractCareer development is becoming an important issue for all employees. Employees must assume greater responsibility for their own career development, become more adaptive, be able to handle ambiguity, and be more resilient when facing career challenges....
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How the Sure Start Policy Is Implemented under the Labour Government in the UK: A Perspective of Implementation Network
AbstractIn 1997, the Labour Government came to power committed to reforming public service delivery, particularly towards the improvement of children's services. The paper focuses on the implementation process involved in rolling out its Sure Start policy...
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Understanding CEO Role Perception and Time Usage: Are New Municipal Typologies Useful?
AbstractIn recent years local government scholars have sought to more explicitly describe the diverse structures that exist within municipalities by developing typologies that extend beyond the traditional mayor-council versus council-manager form definitions....
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The Architecture of 3D Administration
AbstractThe objective of this article is to introduce the main blocks in building virtual front and back offices of public administration. Virtual administration is probably kind of an ultimate or top stage of ICT platforms of e-government. First a justification...
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Study on the Human Resources of Soft Power Establishment in Chongqing's Construction of National Central City
AbstractHuman resources, as the important part of soft power establishment, have immeasurable influence on Chongqing's national central city construction. Therefore, the importance of the human resources of soft power establishment to Chongqing's construction...
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The Impact of Oil Subsidy Removal on Infrastructural Development in Nigeria (2000-2012)
AbstractNigeria is a country blessed with large quantities of crude oil deposits, but the revenue generated from the oil has added little or nothing to the lives of Nigerians. More worrisome is the fact that the issue of oil subsidy removals by successive...
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Handling Digital Divide among Students in Nigerian Tertiary Institutions: A Discourse
AbstractThe use of ICT in tertiary institutions for learning, researching, teaching and community development is an ongoing reality in 21st century. However, the inequalities that exist among tertiary students are the source of a significant anxiety....
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Promoting Youth Employment in Benue State, Nigeria: A Study of Open Apprenticeship Scheme of the National Directorate of Employment (NDE)
AbstractYouth unemployment has remained one of the present and steady social problems that characterise Nigeria as a developing economy. Measures to address this social problem have featured prominently in the development agenda of successive governments....
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Leadership Crisis in Nigeria: The Urgent Need for Moral Education and Value Re-Orientation
AbstractLeadership is undoubtedly a very big challenge in Africa, and Nigeria in particular. Having a competent, effective and purposeful leadership that is capable of turning its highly chorused great potentials into real economic and political power...
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Vol. 2, No. 2, November

A Method to Deal with Dissimilar Circumstances of Public Organizations in Performance Comparisons: Evidence from Dutch Prisons
AbstractWhat are the methodological requirements of performance measures? To what extent can managers influence performance scores and do they have similar organizational circumstances? What is needed for sound and fair comparisons between organizations?...
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Internationally Recommended Best Practices in Transportation Financing Public-Private Partnerships (P3s)
AbstractTransportation financing public-private partnerships (P3s) are a common practice in many countries. However, they represent a relatively new approach to transportation infrastructure financing for state and local governments in the United States....
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Is Public Administration a Profession?
AbstractPublic administrators are often said not to constitute a profession for one or more of at least ten reasons, for example, that they are not independent consultants but employees (and therefore lack "professional autonomy"). Yet, many public administrators...
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Considering Public Interest Regulatory Theory: Investigating the Links between Regulatory Emphasis and Effectiveness
AbstractThis article explores the linkages between public-interest and regulatory theory. By examining academic scholarship relating to effectiveness and regulatory theory, this article proposes that there are links between agencies with a public-interest...
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Procurement Reforms in Africa: The Strides, Challenges, and Improvement Opportunities
AbstractProcurement reforms are seen as essential for achieving a long term improvement in financial management within Africa. To gain insight into this situation an analysis of success stories and cases where challenges and difficulties have arisen...
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What Drives Performance Budgeting to Perform? A Survey Examination in Taiwan
AbstractThis article attempts to investigate whether the international experiences generated from the success stories of advanced economies would also be recognized in the emerging markets. Generally speaking, budget experts around the globe are contending...
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Social Management in China in the 21st Century: Trouble and Breakthrough Based on the Different Management Subject
AbstractIn China, there is a social management mode plight because of asymmetric information status which is based on the opposition concept between the government and society, and the public in the rapid development and changing era. In order to solve...
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Strategies to Implement Effective Personnel Evaluation System to Assess the Public Servants of Bangladesh
AbstractPersonnel evaluation system is a significant tool which manipulates efficiency of civil servants. Researchers have found that effectiveness of personnel evaluation system of Bangladesh is not satisfactory compared to expectancy. Unproductive...
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The Improvement of Capital Budgeting at the State Level in the USA
AbstractThis study examines capital budgeting processes at the state level in the USA. This research examines the effects of economic decline on changes in capital budgeting practices. The secondary sources of information were analyzed, including data...
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Public Policy in Central America: An Empirical Analysis
AbstractThis is a cross-sectional study focusing on public policy in the seven nations of Central America: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Outcomes are evaluated in terms of public wellbeing. Public policy...
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Total Quality Management Systems in the Hellenic Public Administration: A Case Study on the Common Assessment Framework Application
AbstractThe application of the Quality Management System in the Public Sector requires established objectives and continuous improvement aimed at citizens' satisfaction. Therefore, more empirical evidence is needed to meet citizens' requirements. The...
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Establishing Effective Mentoring Culture among Professional University Administrators in Nigeria
AbstractThe university administration is expected to provide the enabling environment and the material facilities to research, teach or disseminate it, and preserve it. The implementation of policies towards achieving these rests on the administrative...
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New Organizational Forms of Contemporary Public Management: A Brief Analysis of Recent Experience of Mozambique
AbstractThis theoretical essay is dedicated to present the constituent elements and characteristics of bureaucracy as a form of organization of public administration. In a second step discusses the criticism of the ideal typical bureaucratic dysfunctions...
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The Surveying of the Customer Relationship Management Effectiveness in Governmental Organizations and Estimated Optimal Pattern: Case Study: Sistan and Baluchestan Province
AbstractFor optimizing the efficiency and giving the effective services to customer, there are many methods which have been proposed in different countries. In our country (Iran) to increase the satisfaction of client to organizations, "Respect for client...
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I Tax You Tax; Quality of Life and Self Taxation
AbstractCitizens are occasionally asked to make specific policy decisions that elected officials are either unable or unwilling to make directly. Among the most common policies where specific voter approval is sought is the leveling of new taxes at the...
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A Note on Public Sector's Corruption Equilibrium and Network Economy
AbstractMost of the studies on Public Sector's corruption focused on the micro economic aspects of the criminal behavior and only limited research has conducted on the macro level in general and market equilibrium in particular. In an attempt to better...
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Globalization as a Constraint to Development in Africa: The Nigerian Experience
AbstractGlobalization, a process of international integration or international network through interaction in the areas of trade, culture, finance, investment, and technological interconnectedness has been described by scholars as a means of promoting...
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Institutional Response to Challenges Faced by Workers in Balancing Work and Family Responsibilities in a Zimbabwean University
AbstractThe aim of the paper was to establish the University's responsiveness to challenges workers faced in trying to balance work and family responsibilities. A sample of fifty (50) non-teaching members of staff was selected from a population of 487....
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Electoral Competition in Connecticut's State House Races: The Trial Run of the Citizens' Election Program
AbstractThe Citizens Election Fund, Connecticut's version of a clean elections law, was established in 2005 in the wake of the corruption scandal during the administration of Governor John Rowland. Modeled after the public financing systems of Maine...
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Management "In Between": The Operative Manager in Governance Networks
AbstractThis article discusses operative management in public governance networks. Drawing on case studies from public governance networks in Norwegian city regions, the article investigates the political preconditions for operative management, by asking...
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Wages, Pensions, and Public-Private Sector Compensation Differentials for Older Workers
AbstractWe use a sample of full-time workers over 50 years of age from the 2004 and 2006 waves of the Health and Retirement Study (HRS) to investigate whether workers in federal, state, and local government receive more generous wage and pension compensation...
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The Public Administration Viewed from the Reflective Public Servants
AbstractPublic objectives are mostly implemented within the public administration. Despite Weber's idea of rationality in the public administration the latter operates more in evolutionary manner by imitation of processes that have been effective in...
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Vol. 2, No. 1, 2013

Federalism, Decentralization, and Health Care Policy Reform in India
AbstractThis article explores how the Indian federal structure impacts health care. India has a history of central planning and concentration of power at the federal level. This concentration of power has left state and local levels of government in...
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Preparing Public Administration Scholars for Qualitative Inquiry: A Status Report
AbstractThis paper reiterates in succinct form the discipline's discussion of how qualitative inquiry stands to contribute substantively to public affairs knowledge and why it is therefore a necessary skill to develop as scholars in the field and its...
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Human Resource Management Practices on Organizational Performance in Libya Firm
AbstractThe business world is concerned with improvement of organizational performance. Consequently, Human Resource Management (HRM) practices outcome on organizational performance has been the major concern of the previous scholars. Therefore, any...
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Leadership and Its Place in Organisations: A Theoretical Synthetic Analysis (Note 1)
AbstractThe issue of leadership in the context of its place in our organisation and, in various human terrains has elicited series of scholarly attentions over the years. Leadership has become a key concern in organisations within both the private and...
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Knowledge Management and Organizational Activity Results in a Sample of Companies in Bogota
AbstractKnowledge Management (KM) especially in developing countries in recent years has generated much interest to be incorporated as a strategy to enhance business competitiveness. However the results of several recent studies on the subject especially...
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Social Business Responsibility: The 'Magarpatta'
AbstractThis case deals with the win-win situation of the social enterprise model of business. The case focuses on the aspect that the economic aspect of maximizing wealth for the shareholders can be integrated with the social objective of 'Doing good'....
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Corruption and Insecurity in Nigeria
AbstractThe increasing incidence of the twin evils of corruption and insecurity in Nigeria in spite of efforts made by successive administrations aimed at reducing their tide have been issues of public concern. The major objective of this paper is to...
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A Stroke of Genius? Religion, the Founding Fathers and the Creation of the American Polity
AbstractThe place of religion in the United States has been hotly contested ever since the establishment of the American polity. This article revisits the origins of national identity in that country and argues that while religion played a crucial role...
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Impact of Knowledge Management Strategies on Organizational Performance in the Hospitality Industry of Zimbabwe
AbstractThe research identifies the knowledge management strategies and how they impact on organizational performance in the hospitality industry in Zimbabwe. This research makes use of the Processes, Intellectual capital, Culture and Strategy (PICS)...
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An Analysis on Violence and Suicide among Police Officers
AbstractIncreased consumption and intensive computerization have generated an increasing interest in the production process and increased productivity at the expense of the human factor and its performance, and the progressive brutalization of occupations...
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Vol. 1, No. 1, 2012

Testing Relationships between Sex of Respondent, Sexual Harassment and Intentions to Reenlist in the U.S. Military
AbstractIntentions to reenlist in the U.S. military are analyzed in relation to reported experiences of unwanted, uninvited individualized and more general environmental sexual behaviors and whether or not any such incidents are labeled as sexual harassment....
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Facilitating Change, the Decision-Maker's Views of Municipality Organized Food Distribution to Elderly People Living at Home and Suggestions for Development - A Participatory Action Research Study
AbstractThis study is the final part of a larger project with an action research approach focusing on food distribution (FD) within municipal service and care for elderly persons, living at home (= 65 years), from various perspectives. The aim was to...
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Was Political Realism the Theoretical Basis for the National Security Doctrine? Reflections on the Matter
AbstractThis paper will investigate to what extent the following idea, which became very popular during the last third of the twentieth century in Latin America, is true: that political realism was the ideological foundation of the National Security...
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The Politics of Fiscal Decentralization in Ghana: An Overview of the Fundamentals
AbstractFiscal decentralization has gained support by most of the world's leading development organizations including the World Bank, United States Agency for International Development and, Asian Development Bank among others in the last two to three...
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Land Use and Landscape Pattern Changes in Chongqing Liangjiang New District
AbstractTaking Chongqing Liangjiang new district within second-ring road as researching area, analyzed its land use and landscape pattern changes during 1988, 2001 and 2010. After utilizing ENVI to do the remote sensing images interpretation, land use...
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Monetization of Workers Fringe Benefits: The Journey So Far in Nigeria Federal Civil Service
AbstractThis study appraises the monetization of workers fringe benefit in Nigeria's federal Civil Service with a view to identifying the problem areas. Data collected through questionnaire were analyzed using Chi-square. The findings revealed that the...
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Recognition and Public Policies: Analyzing the Relations between Scavengers and Public Power in Belo Horizonte, Brazil
AbstractThis article debates the dynamics of the scavengers' struggle in Belo Horizonte and its consequences reverted in specific public policies for this social group. We start from the idea of social struggle and conflict, going through the debates...
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Special Education Management and Formalism in Inclusive Public Policies: The Case of Brazil
AbstractThe idea of inclusive education has gained prominence in the ideological context of modern Western democracies. Thus, this analysis focuses on the understanding of how the Brazilian inclusive education has been managed from the Decree-Law no...
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Possibilities to Assigning Meaning to Work beyond the Logic Disseminated by the Mainstream: A Study with Individuals That Work within Hip Hop Movement
AbstractThis article explores the meaning that individuals involved with the Hip Hop attach to their work. The theoretical framework explores the meanings that work has acquired through history, especially in contemporaneity. A qualitative approach for...
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Public Service and Poverty Eradication in Nigeria: An Assessment of National Poverty Eradication Programme (NAPEP), 2001-2011
AbstractThe public service is the central machinery with which the state discharges its responsibility of governance. The success or otherwise of government depends to a large extent on the effectiveness of its public service. This paper assesses the...
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The Influence of Service Quality on Satisfaction: A Gender Comparison
AbstractThe purpose of this paper was to examine (1) the role of gender in predicting service quality perceptions and (2) the relationship between quality perceptions and satisfaction. The findings of this study were based on the empirical analysis of...
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Performance or Politics: Promotions in the Israeli Public Sector
AbstractThe paper presents findings of a research examining the perceptions regarding promotions of employees in the public sector. A questionnaire containing a series of factors related to promotion was conducted on 166 employees from the public sector...
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An Assessment on the Uptake Level of a Fully Integrated Human Resource Information System (HRIS): A Case Study of Midlands State University
AbstractThe research was an assessment on the uptake level of a fully integrated HRIS at Midlands State University in Zimbabwe. The research was aimed at assessing at if the university human resource department has adopted a fully integrated HRIS, the...
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