Sociological Papers

Articles

Vol. 18, Annual

Ethnic Awakening among Russian Israelis of the 1.5 Generation: Physical and Symbolic Dimensions of Their Belonging and Protest
Over the last decade, a new voice has entered the Israeli political and social discourse, belonging to the so-called Generation1.5 of the former Soviet immigrant wave of the 1990s and early 2000s (Remennick, 2003). These young adults (today around 25-40...
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Cultural Capital in Migration: Fishka Association of Young Russian-Speaking Adults in Tel-Aviv, Israel [1]
Introduction Young adults of immigrant background are increasingly in the spotlight, allowing migration and ethnicity scholars a fascinating inquiry into transitional forms of social identity and cultural expression. Although definitions somewhat differ,...
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Weddings in the Town Square: Young Russian Israelis Protest the Religious Control of Marriage in Tel-Aviv [1]
Introduction The heroes of this article are members of the 1.5 generation of Russian-Jewish immigrants who moved to Israel during the 1990s and today are young adults between the ages of 25 and 40. Due to the size of the ex-Soviet immigrant wave (forming...
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Celebrating Memory and Belonging: Young Russian Israelis Claim Their Unique Place in Tel-Aviv's Urban Space [1]
Introduction Young adults of immigrant background are increasingly in the spotlight, allowing migration and ethnicity scholars a fascinating inquiry into transitional forms of social identity and cultural expression. Although definitions somewhat differ,...
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Vol. 17, Annual

Jewish Education and Jewish Continuity: Lessons and Challenges
This Special Issue of Sociological Papers brings together a variety of research papers and essays written by academics and activists involved in the broad range of Jewish educational and community projects in the US, Australia, Israel, and Russia....
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Leaving Home Together: The Impact of Travel in Jewish Peoplehood Education for Israeli and American Teens
Introduction Contemporary life is characterized by unprecedented global population movement concomitant with almost universal access to transnational communications, phenomena that are reshaping the relationship between homeland and diaspora communities....
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What Happens on the Bus? How Community Impacts Jewish Engagement on Taglit-Birthright Israel
Introduction Taglit-Birthright Israel, launched in late 1999, was designed to enhance Jewish identity, love of Israel, and klal Yisrael--a sense of Jewish community--among Diaspora young adults (Saxe & Chazan, 2008). The program goals were ambitious,...
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The Israeli School as a Venue of Socialization for Israeli-American Children
Introduction David Ben-Gurion (1969), the first Prime Minister of the State of Israel, referred to the Jewish "holy trinity" as being composed of three elements: The People - the Jewish people, The Land--the State of Israel, and The Book--the Bible....
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Revisiting "The Non-Linear Impact of Schooling": A First Step toward a Necessary Corrective
Introduction Quantitative research on Jewish identity generally seeks to identify the element or elements that have statistically significant effects on measures of religiosity, affiliation with the Jewish community, and subjective salience of Jewishness....
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All Is Not in the Family: Thoughts on 'Integration' of Russian Jews and Other Jewish Ethnic Groups in the US
Introduction In the span of several decades three distinct Jewish populations have emerged in North America (the US and Canada): Russian-speaking Jews (RSJs), Iranian Jews, and American-Israelis. (2) Linguistically and culturally different from...
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Bar/Bat Mitzvah Programs and Jewish Identities: An Australian Case Study
Introduction In focusing on Jewish education in the Diaspora, the special edition of this journal aims to explore how different formal and informal programs fortify contemporary plural Jewish identities, the nature of these programs and how these...
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Israeli and Diaspora Students Travel to the Holocaust Sites in Poland: The Impact on the Perceptions of the Holocaust, Jewish Identity, and Israel-Diaspora Ties
Introduction Most researchers claim that Judaism forms a core of the Israeli-Jewish culture and the shared ground of Israeli identity (Auron, 1993; Ben Rafael, 2008; Herman, 1988; Levy, Levisohn, & Katz, 1997; Pikar, 2009). Israel's official...
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Academic Jewish Studies and Secular Jewish Identity in Post-Soviet Russia and the FSU
Academic Jewish Studies and Russian Jewish Diaspora Identity Academic Jewish studies have had a special role to play in the awakening and fortification of the ethno-national identity of former Soviet Jews in Russia and elsewhere in the former Soviet...
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Jewish Education and Its Outcomes: Knowledge and Interests among Jewish Summer Camp Participants in the Former Soviet Union
Introduction Experts and community leaders are often concerned about the future of post-Soviet Jewry--a national minority that is constantly diminishing due to emigration and demographic decline--advanced age composition and low birth rates (see,...
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Could a Facebook Group Provide a New Model for Jewish Education?
At five o'clock one morning last February, in the lobby of the Hyatt Regency Crystal City in Arlington, Virginia, Ken Gordon and Yechiel Hoffman realized the time was ripe for a bottom-led overhaul of Jewish education. The two were guests at the...
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Vol. 16, Annual

The New Second Generation in Israel: Key Issues and Main Challenges
Introduction During the 1990s, Israel witnessed a renewal of massive immigration waves reminiscent--at least in their intensity and suddenness--of the formative immigration flows of the 1950s. Yet, the different ethnic composition of this new wave...
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The Children of 'Russian' Immigrant Parents in Israel: Identity and Social Integration
The emerging second generation of Russian Israelis The 'Great Russian Aliya' of the 1990s was a seminal event in Israel's history that has redrawn its social, political, and cultural landscape in multiple ways (Remennick 2007, 2011; Fialkova and...
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Generation 1.5 Russians in Israel: From Vodka to Latte. Maturation and Integration Processes as Reflected in the Recreational Patterns
Introduction This article sheds light on the recent changes in the recreational patterns of "Generation 1.5"--Russian, Ukrainian and other former Soviet immigrants who immigrated in Israel along with their parents as preteens or young adolescents...
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Trajectories of Adjustment and Maladjustment among Russian Immigrant Adolescents at Risk
Introduction Adolescent immigrants cope with the adjustment to a new culture during a developmental period already characterized by rapid conflicts and changes (Erikson, 1968). In addition to meeting the challenges of this development stage, they...
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'I've Never Been to the Theater:' Cultural Preferences of 'Russian' Internet Generation in Israel
Introduction The past two decades have witnessed a growing number of publications on the integration of first and second generation young immigrants. 'The New Second Generation' by Alejandro Portes (1) became a turning point in the field by evoking...
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Ethiopian Religious Leaders of the 1.5 Generation: Between Integration and Resistance
Introduction The Jews of Ethiopia were brought to Israel in two major waves: "Operation Moses" in 1984 and "Operation Solomon" in 1991, complemented by subsequent family unification processes. In Israel they contend with discrimination, prejudice...
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Vol. 15, Annual

Evolving Attitudes and Practices in the Religious Field among Former Soviet Immigrants in Israel
Introduction: Identity and Religion among the Jews in the Late Soviet and Post-Soviet Period While for most people calling themselves Jewish the ethnic and religious aspects of their identity are closely intertwined, the Russian/Soviet reality has...
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Evolving Attitudes and Practices in the Religious Field among Former Soviet Immigrants in Israel
As for the other Soviet holidays, 56.6% still celebrate March 8, the International Women's Day, when men bring gifts and flowers to their mothers, wives and lovers and symbolically spare them from domestic chores (yes, for just one day a year!). About...
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Religious Russian-Jewish Immigrants: Features of the Portrait
As was already mentioned in the main study report, the overwhelming majority of former Soviet Jewish immigrants arrived to Israel as secular individuals rather foreign to the Judaic religious mindset and lifestyle. Yet, there is a distinct minority...
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Christian Immigrants in the Holy Land
The qualitative study included interviews with five FSU immigrants (two men and three women) who identify as practicing Christians. Three of them (Ruslan, Sergei and Marina) are members of a multi-confessional Christian community (church) called Living...
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"Strangers in the Homeland:" Social Integration of Non-Jewish Immigrant Women in Israel
Introduction As part of the recent wave of immigration from the former Soviet Union (FSU), about 330,000 non-Jews came to Israel as spouses of Jews or partly-Jewish offspring of ethnically-mixed families (1) (Cohen and Susser, 2009). An on-going...
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Vol. 14, Annual

The Learners' Society: Education and Employment among Ultra-Orthodox (Haredi) Women
Introduction This article sheds light on the patterns of participation of Israeli Haredi women in the world of education, vocational training and subsequent gainful employment in relation to their socio-demographic and personal characteristics,...
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"Grace Is Deceitful and Beauty Is Vain": How Hassidic Women Cope with the Custom of Head Shaving and Wearing a Black Kerchief
Introduction Many studies have discussed the issue of modesty norms in extreme religious groups that ensure that women's bodies are covered and deny women's rights to their own bodies (Arthur, 1999; Daly, 1999; Elior, 2001). Most of these studies...
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Dress and Appearance among Women in Israel's National Religious Community
Introduction: Mapping and analysis of clothing Women and girls of Israel's national religious community (Leumi Dati, also called Modern Orthodox) located at the crossroads of Jewish tradition and modernity, must balance their religion's strictures...
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Women as Leaders of Religious Change in a Karaite Community
Women, immigration, and religion Social science literature discusses possibilities for change or re-shaping family gender roles following immigration (Hondagneu-Sotelo, 1994; Khazzoom, 2006). Exposure to new social situations puts resources for...
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Feminist Influences on Jewish Liturgy: The Case of Israeli Reform Prayer (1)
Introduction Ask young children what God looks like, and they will most likely give you the description of the king, sitting on his throne with a beautiful crown on his head and a scepter in his hand; ask them what a Jew looks like (or check the...
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Changing Women's Roles in Jewish Alternative Weddings in Modern Israel
Introduction According to patriarchal assumptions widely accepted around the world, many rituals in both traditional and modern societies define women's deference and subordination to men. Wedding ritual and marriage generally are one of the central...
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Eve or Lillith? the View of Women's Physical Attractiveness in Jewish Sources: A Critical Perspective
Introduction It is quite ominous that, over the ages, Judaism made no attempt to develop principles of aesthetic thought or define an attitude toward beauty. If we conduct a comprehensive review of Jewish sources including the Bible, the Mishna...
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Muted Voices: Immigrant Women's Experiences of Medical Encounters during Mass Immigration to Israel in the 1950s
Introduction The saga of the encounter between new immigrants of the 1950s with Israel's medical system has not been told until now. In recent years, medical treatment of immigrants in the 1950s has emerged in the public discourse in such contexts...
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Vol. 13, Annual

Introduction: Between Tradition and Modernity: The Plurality of Jewish Customs and Rituals
The current issue of "Sociological Papers" aims to reflect a diversity of contemporary traditions, rituals and cultural expressions among various Jewish groups, sectors and edot (i.e. ethnic origin communities). The articles in this volume refer to...
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Ethnic Synagogues of Mizrahi Jews in Israel: Ethnicity, Orthodoxy, and Nationalism
Introduction The present paper is about the ethnic synagogues of Mizrahi Jews in Israel. (1) In the following pages I discuss two salient trends in congregational sociology in the "generation of the State," i.e., the second and third generations...
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"A House of Prayer for All Nations": Unorthodox Prayer Houses for Nonreligious Israeli Jews
Introduction Thirty men and women assembled on a Friday night in January 2001 at the cultural center in Nahalal, located in the Jezreel Valley, to celebrate the Sabbath ritual of kabbalat Shabbat [receiving the Sabbath] in prayer. It was an unusual...
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Immigrant Jews of the Caucasus in New York and Moscow: Ethno-Cultural Identity and Community Organization
Introduction "It is impossible to forget who we are, the Jews don't let themselves to forget ... We, the Jews of the Caucasus, Thank God, are neither Sephardic (Oriental) nor Ashkenazi (European), and we have complex language of our own ......
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Rite of Passage in a Transition Community: Premarital Rituals among Jews of the Caucasus
Introduction Marriage rituals are included in Van Gennep's definition of "rites of passage." Van Gennep defined the rite of passage as "a ritual that accompanies any change in place, time, state, social status and age, and indicates the passage...
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Intercultural Mediators: Women Organizers of Henna Rituals of Yemenite Jews in Israel
Introduction The concept of mediation has become very popular in Israel and worldwide since the 1970s, and especially over the past decade. Mediation was developed as a legal form of alternative dispute resolution or as a service to the community...
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Breaking the Glass: New Tendencies in the Ritual Practice of Modern Jewish Orthodox and Alternative Weddings
Introduction Breaking the glass became one of the pivotal features of a Jewish wedding (Goldberg, 2003). The traditional explanation of this custom is reminding the couple and guests of the Templ's destruction, accompanied with the verse from the...
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Vol. 12, Annual

An Introduction: Russian Immigrant Scholars Write about Identity and Integration
The demise of the Soviet System in the late 1980s and 1990s coincided with a mass exodus of Soviet Jews to Israel and a few Western countries, depleting the ranks of Soviet Jewry but significantly fortifying Jewish communities in the host countries....
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Former Soviet Jews in Israel and in the West: Integration, Exclusion and Transnationalism
Introduction: Transnational immigrant communities The concept of transnationalism, described as an integral part of the globalization process, is becoming increasingly popular in social and political sciences (Glick Schiller et al., 1995; Guarnizo...
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Russian-Jewish Americans and American Jewry: Encounter, Identity, and Integration
Russian-Jewish immigration to the United States According to a 2003 population survey conducted by UJA-Federation of New York, 19 percent (or about 220,000) of Jews in the five boroughs of New York City were Russian-speaking (The Jewish Community...
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[Much Less than]Wie Machtig Sind Die Russen in Berlin?[much Greater Than] Inside and outside of the Post-Soviet Russianness in Germany
"Berlin ist eine russische Stadt, der erste Vorposten des Ostens im Westen. Wie schon einmal Anfang dieses Jahrhunderts zieht die deutsche Metropole sie an--die Geschaftmanner, Goldminensucher und Fluchtlinge, die Intellektuellen, Maler und Musiker"....
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Russian Cultural Institutions in Beer-Sheba: Building a Community
Introduction The large and unprecedented wave of immigration to Israel from countries of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) has attracted considerable attention in nearly all fields of social science research over the past 15 years. Studies concerning...
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Encounters with Law: Russian-Speaking Israelis in Court
Introduction This essay is part of a project in legal anthropology. Although interdisciplinary ties between law and anthropology were established over a century ago, until recently legal anthropology remained on the periphery of the social sciences...
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The Acculturation Process of Bukharian Community Members in Israel
Introduction The growing global phenomenon of immigration compels immigrant groups to adapt to a new culture and to learn a new second language. This is known as the "acculturation" process, which encompasses numerous aspects including social, cultural,...
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Immigrant Women's Entrepreneurship
Introduction The phenomenon of entrepreneurship among immigrant groups can be seen as highly significant when viewed in terms of local economic development processes and social change. Entrepreneurship is a salient route of economic advancement...
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