Studia Psychologica

Articles

Vol. 62, No. 1, 2020

The Role of Teacher Support, Students' Need Satisfaction, and Their Psychological Capital in Enhancing Students' Self-Regulated Learning
IntroductionSelf-regulation can be defined as self-generated thoughts, feelings, and actions in attaining important goals in life (Zimmerman, 1998, p. 73). In an academic environment, self-regulated students are seen as proactive learners who pursue...
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Slovak Adaptation of the Big Five Inventory (BFI-2): Psychometric Properties and Initial Validation
IntroductionIn the past decades, the Big Five approach has become a widely accepted and well-validated model for the description and assessment of personality (Goldberg, 1990; John, Naumann, & Soto, 2008; McCrae & Costa, 2008). This approach...
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Cross-Cultural Differences in Cognitive Style, Individualism/Collectivism and Map Reading between Central European and East Asian University Students
IntroductionThe objectives of the study were 1) to explore the cross-cultural differences between Central European and East Asian populations at three distinct levels and 2) to examine how these levels were connected. The presented research examined...
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Editorial 2020
We have several news items and enhancements, which I would like to share with you. Before we introduce what is new, let me briefly sum up what remains the same. Studia Psychologica (SP) continues with a team of four established Associate Editors - Peter...
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The Effect of Self-Regulation of Shame on Teenagers' Aggression
IntroductionShame is a painful experience that involves a negative evaluation of one's entire self. This evaluation and self-censorship changes an individual's self-perception, and is accompanied by feelings of fright, and a sense of insignificance,...
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A Strong Argumentative Orientation Makes the Cognitive Closure Easier: The Case for a Persuasive Health Message
Social psychologists have always been interested in the processes by which human judgments are formed and goal-directed (Kruglanski, 1990; Kruglanski & Azjen, 1983; Kunda, 1990; for a review, see Molden & Higgings, 2012). In particular, the "need...
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Vol. 61, No. 4, 2019

Subjective Health Complaints in Fifteen-Year-Old Czech Adolescents: The Role of Self-Esteem, Interparental Conflict, and Gender
IntroductionSubjective health complaints are symptoms that an individual feels on an almost everyday basis with or without any specific medical diagnosis. These include subjective physical health complaints such as headache, backache, muscle or bone...
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Mine Is Bigger Than Yours! Narcissism Predicts Biases in Perceived Head Size
IntroductionNarcissism is a well-researched personality trait that relates to persistent illusions of one's superiority in comparison to other people. Individuals with high levels of narcissism have the tendency to over-estimate and self-enhance their...
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Subjective Well-Being and Income below the 'At-Risk-of-Poverty Threshold': Analysis of Slovak EU-SILC Data
IntroductionThe European Union - Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) is the most relevant household survey at the European level in the field of household income, living standards and poverty. In 2004 the Slovak Republic became a member...
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Lack of Publication Bias in Intelligence and Working Memory Research: Reanalysis of Ackerman, Beier, & Boyle, 2005
IntroductionMeasures of fluid intelligence moderately correlate with wide repertoire of intellectual abilities. This well-known phenomenon is called positive manifold (Spearman, 1904). However, the relationship between measures of working memory and...
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'I Will Help but Not Everybody' – Donating to Charity in a Deficit vs. Growth Condition: The Importance of Well-Being
IntroductionCharitable giving has been increasing worldwide, with more people prepared to donate to various causes (The Ultimate List of Charitable Giving, 2019). Nowadays, with the development of modern technologies and social media, helping has become...
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Vol. 61, No. 3, 2019

Interference of Emotional Information in Briefly Presented Scene Arrays
IntroductionThere is a preponderance of evidence supporting the notion that emotional information is selected automatically without the need for attention (Anderson, Christoff, Panitz, Rosa, & Gabrieli, 2003; Bradley, Keil, & Lang, 2012; Oca,...
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Predictors of Reading Fluency in Second and Third Grade Students: Results from Bosnia and Herzegovina
IntroductionReading ability is one of the most important academic skills, next to writing and basic mathematical skills. The preschool period and the early grades of elementary school are particularly important for developing reading skills. One of the...
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Guilt- and Shame-Proneness and Their Relation to Perceptions of Dating Infidelity
IntroductionInfidelity has been traditionally regarded as a topic of interest for both researchers and laypeople, and it has been a hot topic in romantic relationships, given its hurtful nature. According to a large study carried out by Widmer and Tras...
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The Influence of False Cardiac Feedback on Autonomic Markers of Arousal
IntroductionOur organism continuously monitors its internal state to ensure optimal energy expenditure in order to retain homeostatic balance. The ability to perceive the internal state and processes of one's body, such as heart rate (HR), temperature,...
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Self-Reassurance, Self-Criticism, and Eye-Tracking of Happy Faces
IntroductionEmotion RecognitionThere has long been a debate on the universality (e.g., Ekman, 1972; Izard, 1971; Matsumoto, 2001) and cultural specificities of recognizing emotions (e.g., Gendron, Roberson, Vyver, & Barrett, 2014; Jack et al., 2012;...
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Vol. 61, No. 2, 2019

Cyberbystanders, Affective Empathy and Social Norms
IntroductionIn today's world, dominated by technology, the advantages of social media are indisputable. However, the same media are also responsible for generating negative social behaviors like cyberbullying, which violate universally shared norms and...
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Interpersonal Style of Coaching, Motivational Profiles and the Intention to Be Physically Active in Young Athletes
IntroductionAmong the aspects that most influence the adherence to sports is the teaching methodology used by teachers and coaches (MartínAlbo, Nuñez, & Navarro, 2003). Unfortunately, there are still many cases where methodology is applied with an...
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The Relationship between an Alternative Form of Cognitive Reflection Test and Intertemporal Choice
The Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT) is a popular test that is used to measure rational thinking and normative choice preference (Frederick, 2005). CRT contains three items, and an iconic item is the famous bat and ball problem: "A bat and a ball cost...
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Financial Product Choices: Does Attribute Preference Help Avoid the Attraction Effect?
The Attraction EffectMaking a decision involves having to choose between two or more items or products. As these possess different attributes (for example a higher price or a higher quality), varying in importance to the decision maker, identifying which...
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Mental Simulation as a Remedy for Biased Reasoning
IntroductionDecades of research have focused on documenting all the deviations from optimal judgments and choices people fall prey to. Lists of these cognitive biases seem endless (see Benson, 2016, for a nice visualization), and we moved from the concept...
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Vol. 61, No. 1, 2019

The Effect of Taboo Content on Incidental Vocabulary Acquisition in a Foreign Language: A Facial Expression Analysis Study
IntroductionOur behaviors and perception are not solely moderated by reasoning and rational thinking; the societal and cultural norms have an influential role in governing our actions and our understanding of the world around us. These norms may be culture...
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Role of Anxiety in Radicalizing Political Attitudes: Experimental Evidence from Slovakia
IntroductionPolitical development in recent years has brought about an unprecedented intensity in political campaigns: intensive abuse of negative emotions in combination with misleading, often false information. Admittedly, these tactics have been present...
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A Discriminant Analysis to Predict the Impact of Personality Traits, Self-Esteem, and Time Spent Online on Different Levels of Internet Addiction Risk among University Students
IntroductionThe classification of Internet addiction as a behavioral disorder remains a controversial matter. It has been described as an individual's uncontrollable and compulsive use of the Internet, which negatively affects academic and job performances,...
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Mindfulness and Cognitive Depletion Shape the Relationship between Moral Conviction and Intolerance of Dissimilar Others
Popular discourse suggests that society is becoming increasingly polarized along ideological and moral lines (Doherty, Kiley, & Jameson, 2016). Psychological literature has documented people's intolerance of those with whom they disagree (see Brandt,...
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The Reliability and Validity of the Lifespan Sibling Relationship Scale in a Turkish Emerging Adult Sample
Sibling relationship is one of the most enduring relationships throughout an individual's life, as it begins with the birth of the younger sibling and terminates with one of the siblings' passing away (Noller, 2005). Sibling relationship is defined as...
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Vol. 60, No. 4, 2018

Differences in the Effects of Summarizing Skills Training by 4th Grade Students
IntroductionDuring the first years of schooling, students acquire basic reading skills (reading fluency and vocabulary), which enable good reading comprehension. In upper primary school, they start encountering informational texts in their textbooks,...
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On the Unexpected Consequences of Perspective Taking: Influence of Spatial Perspective Rotation on Infra-Humanization
IntroductionThe aim of the study is to explore the phenomenon of spatial perspective taking and its regulatory consequences for social functioning of individuals and, specifically, for the infra-humanization effect. The researchers focused on one of...
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Effect of a Short-Term Online Version of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention on Self-Criticism and Self-Compassion in a Nonclinical Sample
IntroductionMindfulness is non-judgmental and accepting awareness of moment-to-moment experience (Kabat-Zinn, 1990). Over the last two decades, mindfulness has become a popular target for interventions with clinical and nonclinical populations (Spijkerman,...
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Do Emotions Matter? the Relationship between Math Anxiety, Trait Anxiety, and Problem Solving Ability
IntroductionDuring studies, an individual has to face many stressful situations that are often associated with experiencing anxiety (Dowker, Sarkar, & Looi, 2016). Besides test anxiety (see Zeidner, 1988), there are some specific academic domains/subjects...
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The Influence of Personality Traits on Life Satisfaction through Work Engagement and Job Satisfaction among Academic Faculty Members
IntroductionWell-being has long been researched in psychology. Over the years, several influential theories explaining the nature and describing the components of this psychological construct have been created (Diener, 2000; Lyubomirsky, Sheldon, &...
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Vol. 60, No. 3, 2018

Academic Self-Concept and the Use of Tablet Technologies in Czech and Slovak Schools
IntroductionAcademic research on the effect of using new classroom technologies on student outcomes is still far from comprehensive.On one hand, there is some evidence to suggest that digital technologies have desirable effects on student outcomes. For...
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A Time for Being Thankful: Balanced Time Perspective and Gratitude
(ProQuest: ... denotes formulae omitted.)IntroductionIn recent years a large body of scientific evidence has emerged suggesting that being grateful is associated with several positive outcomes (Robustelli & Whisman, 2018; Wood, Froh, & Geraghty,...
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Memorizing 2D Tactile Right-Angle-Shapes by Congenitally Blind and Sighted Adults
The purpose of this study was to examine the ability of congenitally blind and sighted individuals to memorize spatial information presented in the form of raised-line images of geometric patterns - right-angle-shapes, with varying numbers of angles...
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Loneliness, Friendship, and Facebook Intrusion. A Study in Poland, Slovakia, Syria, Malaysia, and Ecuador
Facebook is one of the most popular social networking sites. As shown in research conducted by the Pew Research Center (2014), time spent on Facebook becomes longer every year. In a sample of 1597 users, 70% used Facebook several times a day. The site...
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These Problems Sound Familiar to Me: Previous Exposure, Cognitive Reflection Test, and the Moderating Role of Analytic Thinking
IntroductionOver the past decade, Frederick's (2005) Cognitive Reflection Test (CRT), which consists of three tricky problems that give rise to comAcknowledgement 2018 pelling but wrong intuitive responses, became one of the most widely used methods...
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Vol. 60, No. 2, 2018

Goal Commitment Mediates the Relationship between Expected Positive Consequences of Goal Attainment and Effort
IntroductionThinking about the future can influence decisions about future behavior (Oettingen et al., 2009; Austin & Vancouver, 1996). Previous research on future thoughts has mainly been focused on expectancy judgments. According to expectancy-value...
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Psychometric Properties of Mind-Reading Belief Scale on an Italian Sample and Correlation with the Self-Construal
Theory of Mind and Beliefs about Mind-Reading SkillsTheory of Mind (ToM) is the ability to predict and anticipate others' behavior through attribution of mental states (Premack & Woodruff, 1978; Wimmer & Perner, 1983), and is one of the fundamental...
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Influence of Fluid Intelligence on Accuracy of Metacognitive Monitoring in Preschool Children Fades with the Calibration Feedback
Metacognitive monitoring is the ability to monitor one's mental states and accurately assess how these states affect present and future performance in cognitive tasks (Nelson & Narens, 1994). Monitoring ongoing activities is essential for planning...
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Emotional Intelligence and Marital Quality: Dyadic Data on Croatian Sample
IntroductionIn Croatia, as well as in other countries, marriage rate has decreased and divorce rate has increased. For example, in 2013 in Croatia 19169 couples got married and 5992 married couples got divorced (Croatian Bureau of Statistics, 2014)....
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Do Decision-Making Styles Help Explain Health-Risk Behavior among University Students in Addition to Personality Factors?
IntroductionThe health-risk behavior of university students has been extensively studied (e.g., Keller et al., 2008; Steptoe et al., 2002), as it can have serious consequences on later life. Several health-risk behaviors have been identified in research...
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Vol. 60, No. 1, 2018

Factor Structure of Slovak Adaptation of Attentional Control Scale
Attentional control can be conceptualized as a unitary construct, however two dichotomous components have been proposed (Derryberry & Reed, 2002; Taylor, Cross, & Amir, 2016; Telzer et al., 2008). Focusing denotes the ability to withhold attentional...
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Psychometric Evaluation of the Short Self-Regulation Questionnaire across Three European Countries
IntroductionFrom a social cognitive perspective, self-regulation is the ability of an individual to manage his own behavior through observation, evaluation, and consequation. It involves generating thoughts, feelings, and actions that are planned and...
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The Moderating Effect of Hardiness on the Relationships between Problem-Solving Skills and Perceived Stress with Suicidal Ideation in Nursing Students
Suicide has become a serious and negative occurrence throughout the world, and it has been identified as the second leading cause of death in the individuals aged 15 to 25 years old (World Health Organization, 2012). Research findings have shown that...
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Cognitive and Social Sources of Adolescent Well-Being: Mediating Role of School Belonging
Studying well-being, defined as positive characteristics and indicators of satisfied and happy life, is a topic of great theoretical and practical significance. However, examining well-being in youths has lagged behind the studies of adults. Adolescents...
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Editorial
60 years of the journal Studia PsychologicaDear colleaguesPlease allow me a few words to all of you in this short Editorial on the occasion of our journal 's special anniversary. The journal Studia Psychologica has been in the universe of psychological...
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Validity of the Montreal Battery of Evaluation of Amusia: An Analysis Using Structural Equation Modeling
IntroductionAmusia is a neurocognitive impairment of music perception, memory or performance, primarily explained by a deficit in pitch processing that could be congenital- or lesion-based (Hyde & Peretz, 2004; Peretz, Champod, & Hyde, 2003),...
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Vol. 59, No. 4, 2017

Thinking Styles, Perceived Stress and Life Satisfaction
IntroductionDual-process theories of higher cognition (e.g., Betsch & Kunz, 2008; Stanovich & West, 2000) postulate the existence of two main types of information processing: the intuitive and analytical modes. These come under a number of different...
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Be Careful What You Wish for! Desired and Actual Behavior Inconsistency in Frustrating and Provoking Situations as Predictors of Depression
IntroductionDepression is one of the most widespread mental disorders - the World Health Organization (2016) estimated that globally 350 million people suffer from this illness. There are several theories regarding the psychological, biological, and...
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Regulatory Focus and Self-Construal as Determinants of the Majority Rule in Individual Decision Making
IntroductionZhang, Hsee, and Xiao (2006) (see also Birnbaum & Diecidue, 2015) examined a behavioral decision heuristic named the majority rule for choice between binary, weak-dominant multiattribute options in individual decision making. The majority...
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The External Validity of Psychometric Testing Methods and Their Meaning for Safe Road Performance
Theoretical BackgroundSince the time when psychologists became interested in road transportation, numerous psychometric tools, including cognitive ability tests and psychomotoric ones have been developed to diagnose individuals applying for a driver's...
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Preparatory Test Anxiety: Cognitive, Emotionality, and Behavior Components
Test anxiety interferes with one's ability to communicate what one knows (Austin & Partridge, 1995; Putwain, 2008). It is a situationspecific trait (Hodapp, Glanzmann, & Laux, 1995; Englert & Bertrams, 2013) so some individuals tend to experience...
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Vol. 59, No. 3, 2017

Predicting Perception of Risks and Benefits within Novel Domains
IntroductionRisk perception is inevitably biased. For instance, the relationship between benefits and risks is likely to be inversed in the human mind, even though they are usually positively correlated in real-life environment. People tend to believe...
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Hubris-Humility Effect and Domain-Masculine Intelligence Type in Czech Republic
IntroductionThis study is primarily concerned with selfestimated intelligence (SEI) (Freund & Kasten, 2012; Kaufman, 2012). Over thirty studies that used the 'multiple' self-estimated intelligences model (Furnham, 2000) have found that gender differences...
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Recognition of Emotional Facial Expressions in Alexithymia
The term Alexithymia (from Greek: lack of words for emotions), refers to a specific disturbance in affective-emotional processing that is manifested through the following salient features: 1) difficulty in identifying and describing feelings and emotions...
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Dispositional Optimism, Affective States and Judgements of Future Life Events
People are not objective in their judgements about the future, but rather they have the tendency to expect that their future will be better than that of other people (Taylor & Brown, 1988; Weinstein, 1980). This bias towards positive outcomes appears...
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Vol. 59, No. 2, 2017

Which Communicative Strategies Do Slovak Pediatricians Choose to Facilitate Parental Decision-Making about Childhood Vaccination?
IntroductionVaccination has long been considered one of the cornerstones of children's health (Brunson, 2013). However, immunization rates in Slovakia have been steadily declining over the past years for all mandatory childhood vaccines; in fact, for...
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Decision-Making of Professionals
Psychology of decision-making is such an intriguing topic to study, because it permeates all areas of human life - from very personal decisions about one's life, as whom to marry or what job to pursue, to decisions in professional area, which can impact...
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Situation Assessment and Decision Making Strategies of Emergency Medical Services Physicians in Routine and Non-Routine Situations
Naturalistic decision making (NDM) research is focused on macrocognition - cognitive functions and processes used by experienced people working in real-world settings (Crandall, Klein, & Hoffman, 2006). These settings characterize ill-structured...
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Self-Regulation Capacity and Decision Making of Slovak Managers in Routine Situations and in Situations with Possible Negative Outcomes
IntroductionIn the beginning, research of decision making was frequently focused on the consideration of possible options or alternatives and on searching for information and ways of reframing the situation of decision making to achieve a proper decision...
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Financial Planning for Retirement in Young Adults: Interaction of Professional Experience, Knowledge, and Beliefs
IntroductionYoung people in Slovakia are facing a very high-consequence financial decision soon after entering their first job as they must decide whether to join the 2nd pension pillar. Since 2004 the 2nd pension pillar presents a new possibility of...
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Comparison of Experienced vs. Novice Teachers in Cognitive Reflection and Rationality
"No, no! The adventures first, explanations take such a dreadful time. "Lewis Carroll, Alice's Adventures in Wonderland & Through the Looking-GlassWhen dealing with the issue of rational choices, researchers usually come with a rather bleak picture...
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