The European Journal of Psychology Applied to Legal Context

Articles

Vol. 8, No. 2, July

Child-to-Parent Violence: The Role of Exposure to Violence and Its Relationship to Social-Cognitive processing/Violencia Filio-Parental: El Papel De la Exposición a la Violencia Y Su Relación Con El Procesamiento Sociocognitivo
Research on family violence has been traditionally focused on both partner violence and parent-to-child abuse. However, another type of violence within the family has risen in the latest decade, with an increasing number of cases where violence is exerted...
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Predicting Risk of Violence through a Self-Appraisal Questionnaire */Predicción del Riesgo De Violencia Mediante Un Cuestionario De Auto-Evaluación
The prediction of violent behavior is an important public safety aim for forensic and correction personnel, as they make decisions regarding release from prison (Kubiak, Kim, Bybee, & Eshelman, 2014). Offender risk assessment instruments are used...
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Testosterone and Attention Deficits as Possible Mechanisms Underlying Impaired Emotion Recognition in Intimate Partner Violence perpetrators/La Testosterona Y Los Déficits De Atención Como Posibles Mecanismos Que Subyacen a Las Carencias En El Reconocimiento Emocional De Los Hombres Que Ejercen Violencia Contra la Mujer En Las Relaciones De Pareja
The ability to recognize the affective content of external cues is crucial to interpersonal interactions and social competence as it allows individuals to accurately process potentially threatening stimuli, and to establish appropriate social interactions...
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Unpacking Insanity Defence Standards: An Experimental Study of Rationality and Control Tests in Criminal law/Descifrar Los Criterios De Defensa De la Vesania: Estudio Experimental De Las Pruebas De Racionalidad Y Control En Derecho Penal
In this study we explore an issue that is in the crosshairs of competing legal arguments, namely, we are interested in whether a partial defence based on lack of impulse control would help to fairly punish defendants who lack such control (by not holding...
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Validity and Reliability of the Cyber-Aggression Questionnaire for Adolescents (CYBA)/Validez Y Fiabilidad del Cuestionario De Ciberagresión Para Adolescentes (CYBA)
The rapid development of electronic devices and applications for communication has recently changed the way adolescents socialise. The use of such communication methods is practically universal among youth in technologically developed countries. In Spain,...
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Using the Scharff-Technique to Elicit Information: How to Effectively Establish the "Illusion of Knowing It all"?/La Utilización De la Técnica De Scharff Para Extraer Información: Cómo Crear la "Ilusión De Saberlo Todo" De Un Modo Eficaz?
Human intelligence (HUMINT) is "a category of intelligence derived from information collected and provided by human sources" (NATO, 2014, p. 115). Typically, in a HUMINT interaction an interviewer aims to collect information about past or future criminal...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, January

Myths and Legends: The Reality of Rape Offences Reported to a UK Police force/Mitos Y Leyendas: La Realidad De Los Delitos De Violación Denunciados a la Policía Británica
Rape myths have been defined as "descriptive or prescriptive beliefs about rape (i.e., about its causes, context, consequences, perpetrators, victims, and their interaction) that serve to deny, downplay, or justify sexual violence that men commit against...
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Lineup Identification Accuracy: The Effects of Alcohol, Target Presence, Confidence Ratings, and Response time/La Precisión De la Identificación En Las Ruedas De Reconocimiento: Efectos del Alcohol, la Presencia del Objetivo, la Valoración De la Confianza Y El Tiempo De Respuesta
Research suggests that approximately half of all violent crimes committed in the UK are perpetrated by individuals under the influence of alcohol (Kershaw, Nicholas, & Walker, 2008), and in many of these cases victims and witnesses were also intoxicated...
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Generalists versus Specialists: Toward a Typology of Batterers in prison/Generalistas Frente a Especialistas: Hacia Una Tipología De Maltratadores Encarcelados
In the last decades, the study of typologies of batterers has provided empirical evidence on the heterogeneous nature of partner violence and has pointed out how typologies could be of help in identifying different etiological mechanisms of partner violence...
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Empathy in the Field: Towards a Taxonomy of Empathic Communication in Information Gathering Interviews with Suspected Sex offenders/La Empatía Sobre El Terreno: Hacia Una Taxonomía De la Comunicación Empática En Las Entrevistas Para Recoger Información De Presuntos Agresores Sexuales
Interviews conducted by police officers with a person suspected of wrongdoing1 are complex social interactions during which interviewers are tasked with gathering information about a suspect's involvement, or otherwise, in a criminal offence (Bull &...
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Women's Disengagement from Legal Proceedings for Intimate Partner Violence: Sociodemographic and Psychological variables/Renuncia De Las Mujeres Al Procedimiento Judicial Por Violencia De Género: Variables Sociodemográficas Y Psicológicas
The first decade of this century has seen important social and legislative progress in terms of equality and Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in Spain. Thanks to four large surveys and several reports by the Consejo General del Poder Judicial-CGPJ [Spain's...
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Vol. 7, No. 2, July

Predictive Efficacy of Violence Risk Assessment Instruments in Latin-America/Eficacia Predictora De Los Instrumentos De Evaluación del Riesgo De Violencia En Latinoamérica
In Latin America, violence risk assessment (VRA) during the 20th century was based on a non-structured clinical approach (Singh, Condemarín, & Folino, 2013). But in the last 10 years of the 20th century, the academic and forensic fields restructured...
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Peer-Group Mediation in the Relationship between Family and Juvenile Antisocial behavior/Mediación del Grupo De Amigos En la Relación Entre Familia Y Comportamiento Antisocial Juvenil
Research on risk factors associated to juvenile antisocial and delinquent behavior has tended to focus on variables related to the family or peer-group. The importance ascribed to these psychosocial variables lies in their relevance to the process of...
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The Spanish Version of the Criminal Sentiment Scale Modified (CSS-M): Factor Structure, Reliability, and validity/Versión Espãnola De la Criminal Sentiment Scale Modified (CSS-M): Estructura Factorial, Fiabilidad Y Validez
One of the everlasting concerns of societies has been to come up with the best way to protect citizens from crime and prevent offenders from committing further offences. Now, from the first researchers of the late 1990s we know the precedent factors...
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How Good Are Future Lawyers in Judging the Accuracy of Reminiscent Details? the Estimation-Observation Gap in Real Eyewitness accounts/Habilidad De Los Futuros Abogados Para Valorar la Precisión De Detalles Evocados. la Brecha Entre Estimación Y Observación En El Relato Real De Testigos Oculares
Consider the case of a witness who has been questioned twice by the police and who reports some details only at the second interrogation, one week later. Would you trust such novel recollections?Research indicates that reminiscent details-details that...
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Assessing Neighborhood Disorder: Validation of a Three-Factor Observational scale/Evaluación del Desorden En Los Vecindarios: Validación De Una Escala Observacional De Tres Factores
In recent decades, a large body of literature has examined the influence of neighborhood characteristics on a wide range of outcomes, including health, violence, or crime (Diez-Roux & Mair, 2010; Kawachi & Berkman, 2003; O'Campo et al., 2015;...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, January

Group Psychological Abuse: Taxonomy and Severity of Its components/Abuso Psicológico En Grupos: Taxonomía Y Severidad De Sus Componentes
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 30/05/2014Revision received: 03/10/2014Accepted: 14/11/2014Keywords:Psychological abuseInterpersonal controlGroupsSeverityTaxonomyPalabras clave:Abuso psicológicoControl interpersonalGruposSeveridadTaxonomíaABSTRACTThe...
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A Contrastive Analysis of the Factorial Structure of the PCL-R: Which Model Fits Best the data?/Análisis De Contraste De la Estructura Factorial De la PCL-R: ¿Qu㩠Modelo Se Ajusta Mejor a Los Datos?
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 11/02/2014Revision received: 02/09/2014Accepted: 22/10/2014Keywords:Criminal behaviourAntisocial behaviourPsychopathyAssessmentPsychopathy Checklist-RevisedPalabras clave:Conducta criminalConducta antisocialPsicopatíaEvaluaciónPsychopathy...
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Risk Factors for Intimate Partner Violence in Prison inmates/Factores De Riesgo De Violencia De Pareja En Población Penitenciaria
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 30/07/2014Revision received: 20/10/14Accepted: 18/11/14Keywords:Risk factorIntimate partner violencePrison populationDelinquent profileCommon delinquentPalabras clave:Factor de riesgoViolencia contra la parejaPoblación...
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Undeutsch Hypothesis and Criteria Based Content Analysis: A Meta-Analytic review/La Hipótesis Undeutsch Y El "Criteria Based Content Analysis": Una Revisión Meta- Analítica
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 03/01/2014Revision received: 30/07/2014Accepted: 04/08/2014Keywords:Meta-analysisCBCACredibilityTestimonySexual abuseChildPalabras clave:Meta-análisisCBCACredibilidadTestimonioAbusos sexualesMenoresABSTRACTThe...
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Steel Barrier: Legal Implications from a Gender Equal Opportunity perspective/Barreras De Acero: Implicaciones Legales Desde Una Perspectiva De Gã©nero E Igualdad De Oportunidades
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 30/07/2014Revision received: 20/10/14Accepted: 18/11/14Keywords:Equal opportunitiesIndirect discriminationBarriers to promotionExpatriate womenPalabras clave:Igualdad de oportunidadesDiscriminación indirectaBarreras...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, July

Differential Profile in Partner Aggressors: Prison vs. Mandatory Community Intervention Programs
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received:Revision received:Accepted:Keywords:Partner violenceDelinquent profilePsychopathologyPrison inmatesMandatory community ordersPersonality disorderABSTRACTIn Spain, there are two types of sentence for partner aggressors:...
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Opinions of Legal Professionals: Comparing Child and Adult Witnesses' Memory Report Capabilities
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received:Revision received:Accepted:Key words:EyewitnessesLegal professionalsOpinionsChildrenAdultsEvent memoryMetamemoryABSTRACTThe opinions of legal professionals about child and adult witnesses might influence the likelihood...
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Pathological Publishing: A New Psychological Disorder with Legal Consequences?
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 03/01/2014Revision received: 01/05/2014Accepted: 05/05/2014Key words:Pathological publishingPsychological disorderScientific fraudScientific misconductResearch misconductResearch malpracticeLegal and ethical consequencesABSTRACTThe...
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Stop Harassment! Men's Reactions to Victims' Confrontation
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 30/07/2013Revision received: 02/11/2013Accepted: 06/11/2013Key words:Sexual harassmentAmbivalent sexismConfrontationMythsSexist ideologyABSTRACTSexual harassment is one of the most widespread forms of gender violence....
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Behavioral Problems and Depressive Symptomatology as Predictors of Child-to-Parent Violence
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received:Revision received:Accepted:Key words:Domestic violenceChild-to-parent violenceYoung offenderAdolescenceBehavior problemsDepressive symptomatologyABSTRACTThe number of complaints filed by parents against their children...
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Perpetrator Characteristics and Blame Attributions in a Stranger Rape Situation
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received:Revision received:Accepted:Key words:Rape victimsVictim blame attributionsPerpetrator blame attributionsPerpetrator characteristicsBelief in a just worldABSTRACTBoth real-life events and research show that rape...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, January

Perceived Risk and Safety-Related Behaviors after Leaving a Violent Relationship
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 16/05/2013Revision received: 08/09/2013Accepted: 12/09/2013Key words:Intimate partner violenceRisk perceptionSafety-related behaviorsSeparation; batterersRisk assessmentABSTRACTGiven that victim' risk perception...
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Satisfaction of Social and Legal Sciences Teachers with the Introduction of the European Higher Education Area
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 23/07/2013Revision received: 29/09/2013Accepted: 02/10/2013Key words:European Higher Education AreaEducation policySatisfactionUniversity teaching staffQualityABSTRACTUniversity teachers are one of the main figures...
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Effects of Different Types of Forensic Information on Eyewitness' Memory and Confidence Accuracy
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 08/05/2013Revision received: 04/10/2013Accepted: 08/10/2013Key words:EyewitnessesConfidence accuracyAction informationFree recallFocused questionsABSTRACTThis study investigated eyewitnesses' memory and confidence...
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The Intimate Partner Violence Responsibility Attribution Scale (IPVRAS)
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 1/07/2013Revision received: 8/10/2013Accepted: 11/10/2013Key words:Attribution of responsibilityBatterer intervention programsIntimate partner violenceResponsibility attribution scaleStructural equation modelingABSTRACTThe...
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'I Know How They Must Feel': Empathy and Judging Defendants
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 11/09/2013Revision received: 23/10/2013Accepted: 25/10/2013Key words:EmpathyStateTraitRemorseJudgmentsABSTRACTThe current study investigated the effects of state and trait empathy in legal judgments and tested...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, July

Are Patients with Chronic Pain and Fibromyalgia Correctly Classified by MMPI-2 Validity Scales and indexes?/¿Son Clasificados Correctamente Los Pacientes Con Dolor Crónico Y Fibromialgia Por Las Escalas E íNdices De Validez del MMPI-2?
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 2/05/2012Revision received: 08/02/2013Accepted:11/02/2013Key words:MMPI-2MalingeringFibromyalgiaChronic painABSTRACTA study was designed to find out whether MMPI-2 validity scales and indexes differentiate between...
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Intimate Partner Violence Offenders: Generating a Data-Based Typology of Batterers and Implications for treatment/La Violencia De Pareja: Generación De Una Tipología De Maltratadores Basada En Los Datos E Implicaciones Para El Tratamiento
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 12/02/2013Revision received: 01/04/2013.Accepted: 04/04/2013Key words:Intimate partner violenceBatterer treatmentBatterer typologyCommunity orderPrison inmateABSTRACTDifferent studies have proposed that batterers...
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Interviewing Young Adolescent Suspects: When to Reveal Incriminating information?/La Entrevista a Adolescentes Sospechosos: ¿Cuándo Revelar Información Incriminatoria?
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 12/02/2013Revision received: 15/04/2013Accepted: 18/04/2013Key words:InterviewingSuspectsAdolescentsInformationRevelationABSTRACTRecent research has demonstrated that the way in which interviewers reveal information/evidence...
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Psychological Adjustment and Victim-Blaming among Intimate Partner Violence Offenders: The Role of Social Support and Stressful Life events/Ajuste Psicológico Y Culpabilización De la Víctima En Maltratadores: El Papel del Apoyo Social Y Los Eventos Vitales Estresantes
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 11/12/2012Revision received: 19/04/2013Accepted: 22/04/2013Key words:Intimate partner violence offendersPsychological adjustmentSocial supportStressVictim-blamingABSTRACTIntimate partner violence offenders often...
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Is Perception of the Mainstream Legal System Homogeneous across Ethnic groups?/¿Es la Percepción del Sistema Legal Homogénea Entre Distintos Grupos éTnicos?
ARTICLE INFORMATIONManuscript received: 02/04/2012Revision received: 06/05/2013Accepted: 08/05/2013Key words:EthnicityProcedural justiceDistributive justiceLegitimacyLegal systemABSTRACTThere is a great social debate regarding possible legal privileges...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, January

Forensic-Clinical Interview: Reliability and Validity for the Evaluation of Psychological Injury
AbstractForensic evaluation of psychological injury involves the use of a multimethod approximation i.e., a psychometric instrument, normally the MMPI-2, and a clinical interview. In terms of the clinical interview, the traditional clinical interview...
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Do Sober Eyewitnesses Outperform Alcohol Intoxicated Eyewitnesses in a Lineup?
AbstractAlthough alcohol intoxicated eyewitnesses are common, there are only a few studies in the area. The aim of the current study is to investigate how different doses of alcohol affect eyewitness lineup identification performance. The participants...
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The Reliability of Identification Evidence with Multiple Lineups
AbstractThis study aimed to establish the diagnostic value of multiple lineup decisions made for portrait, body, and profile lineups, including multiple target/suspect choices, rejections, foil choices, and don't know answers. A total of 192 participants...
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Predicting Success Indicators of an Intervention Programme for Convicted Intimate-Partner Violence Offenders: The Contexto Programme
AbstractRecent legal changes in Spain have led to an important increase in the number of men court-mandated to community-based partner violence offender intervention programmes. However, just a few of those interventions have been systematically examined....
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Do Testimonies of Traumatic Events Differ Depending on the Interviewer?
AbstractWhile differences in witness narratives due to different interviewers may have implications for their credibility in court, this study considers how investigative interviews by different parties to the proceedings, as well as the gender and nationality...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, July

Serial Effects of Evidence on Legal Decision-Making
AbstractThe order in which evidence is presented to a criminal court might influence the verdict. This study investigated the serial position effect in a judicial context. 1831 Swiss criminal judges received a filmed mock trial with a specific order...
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Family and Socio-Demographic Risk Factors for Psychopathy among Prison Inmates
AbstractA field study was conducted with prison inmates to explore to what extent family and socio-demographic characteristics represent risk factors for psychopathy and delinquent behavior. A psychopathy scale derived from Hare's Revised Psychopathy...
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Therapeutic Effects of a Cognitive-Behavioural Treatment with Juvenile Offenders
AbstractSeveral treatment evaluations have highlighted the effectiveness of cognitivebehavioural programmes with both youth and adult offenders. This paper describes the application and assessment of a cognitivebehavioural treatment (adapted to Spanish...
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Is Miss Sympathy a Credible Defendant Alleging Intimate Partner Violence in a Trial for Murder?
AbstractCurrent research has postulated that judicial inferencing and judgement-making are subject to biased appraisals. This study assessed the factors reported in the literature associated to the appraisal of criminality in a mock case of a battered...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, January

The Effects of Impulsiveness and Alcohol Abuse on Traffic Code Violations
AbstractThis paper examines the contribution of the facets assessed by the I^sub 7^ Impulsiveness Questionnaire (viz., impulsiveness, venturesomeness and empathy), and of alcohol abuse, to the prediction of traffic rule violations controlling for the...
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Negative Reactions of Men to the Loss of Power in Gender Relations: Lilith vs. Eve
AbstractThis paper examines the reaction of the man when he sees he is losing power and authority over a woman and it relation with men's sexist ideology. 83 men participated in the study and were led to believe they were interacting via computer with...
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The Effects of Presentation Methods and Semantic Information on Multi-Ethnicity Face Recognition
AbstractStudies have shown that own-race faces are more accurately recognised than other-race faces. The present study examined the effects of own- and other-race face recognition when different ethnicity targets are presented to the participants together....
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The Relationship of Anger and Cognitive Distortions with Violence in Violent Offenders' Population: A Meta-Analytic Review
AbstractIn the present meta-analysis, the magnitude of the relationship between cognitive distortions and anger and violent behaviour of incarcerated offenders, based on selected data for the relationship between anger and violence, and cognitive distortions...
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Speeding or Not Speeding? When Subjective Assessment of Safe, Pleasurable and Risky Speeds Determines Speeding Behaviour
AbstractIt is hypothesized that in a given situation speeding behaviour is determined by three subjective speed assessments: the speed perceived as the riskiest, the speed perceived as the safest, and the speed perceived as the most pleasurable. Specifically,...
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