The Foundation Review

Articles

Vol. 6, No. 1, 2014

Editorial
DEAR READERSBy 2043, this nation will experience a shift in its demographic makeup; the Census Bureau predicts that for the first time in U.S. history, non-whites will be in the majority. Many in the field of philanthropy are thinking about this pivotal...
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Toward Health Equity for Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islanders: The Health through Action Model
Keywords: Health equity, health disparities for communities of color, capacity building, philanthropic investments in communities of color, racial equity, community capacity, advocacy capacity, Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communitiesThe...
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Paying Attention to White Culture and Privilege: A Missing Link to Advancing Racial Equity
Keywords: Racial equity, white culture, white privilege, capacity building, organizational changeIntroductionAgainst the backdrop of persistent racial inequities in every region of the country and across nearly every aspect of U.S. life, few foundations...
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Integrating Racial Equity in Foundation Governance, Operations, and Program Strategy
Keywords: Racial equity, racism, governance, grantmaking, capacity building, philanthropyIntroductionThe Consumer Health Foundation (CHF) envisions a nation in which everyone has an equal opportunity to live a healthy and dignified life. By "everyone,"...
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The Urgency of Now: Foundations' Role in Ending Racial Inequity
Keywords: Racialized poverty, racial inequity, adaptive systems, targeted universalism, collective impact, structural racialization, good jobs, financial capability, opportunity mappingThe challenge [of eliminating poverty] is greater than it has been...
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Naming Race: One Foundation's Path to a Strategy of Structural Inclusion and Self-Determination
Keywords: Racial justice, organizing, equity, diversity, youth, communities of color, self-determination, board of directorsIntroductionOn May 29, 2009, at the Bishop Desmond Tutu Conference Center in New York City, the trustees and staff of the Edward...
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Difficult Conversations: Lessons along the Journey toward Inclusion
Keywords: Diversity, equity, inclusion, dignity, antiracism, intercultural competency, community conversationsIntroductionKelly Brown, director of the Chicago-based D5 Coalition, tells of mentioning to a f riend how D5's five-year mission is to grow...
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Vol. 5, No. 4, 2013

Editorial
DEAR READERSWe wrap up our fifth year of publication with an eclectic issue covering a range of topics.While the importance of foundation learning is a familiar theme for our readers, Lynn, Kahn, Chung, and Downes describe a different angle - an effort...
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Support for Sister-Affiliated Ministries during Challenging Times: Understanding a Foundation Initiative in Two Regions
Keywords: Foundation initiative, Catholic sisters, capacity buildingIntroductionCatholic sisters have established schools, hospitals, and social service ministries that have served hundreds of thousands of people over the past 200 years (Leadership Conference...
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Offices of Strategic Partnerships: Helping Philanthropy and Government Work Better Together
Keywords: Cross-sectoral partnerships, foundation strategy, government-philanthropic relations, public-private partnershipsIntroductionWhile philanthropy and government have a history of joining forces to address issues that range from education and...
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Review of Evaluative Thinking: The Bruner Foundation's Evaluation Web Portal
Recently, I had the opportunity to review the Bruner Foundation's evaluation web portal, Evaluative Thinking (http://www.evaluativethinking.org).1 This portal is part of the foundation's longstanding commitment to the effectiveness and evaluation of...
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If You Build It, They Will Come: Creating the Space and Support for Real-Time Strategic Learning
Keywords: Strategic learning, real-time learning, evaluation, data, access to health, coaching, effectiveness, public will building, Colorado, theory of change, debrief, The Colorado TrustIntroductionThe effectiveness of funding strategies is a primary...
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Goal-Free Evaluation: An Orientation for Foundations' Evaluations
Keywords: Evaluate, evaluation, goal-free, goal, objective, foundation, philanthropyIntroductionGoal-free evaluation (GFE) is any evaluation in which the evaluator conducts the evaluation without particular knowledge of or reference to stated or predetermined...
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Implementation and Evaluation of a Multidimensional Nutrition and Physical Activity Initiative Funded by a Community Health Foundation
Keywords: Foundation, program evaluation, obesity prevention, health, social-ecological model, nutrition, physical activityIntroductionDespite significant attention in recent years, obesity continues to be a major public health concern in the U.S., with...
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Vol. 5, No. 3, 2013

Editorial
dear readersThis issue includes four articles that provide in-depth thinking on some emerging innovations in foundations. We also review four new resources.As foundations and communities continue to look for ways to assess progress, there has been increasing...
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The Generosity Network: New Transformational Tools for Successful Fund-Raising
The Generosity Network: New Transformational Tools for Successful Fund-Raising Jennifer McCrea and Jeffrey C. Walker, with Karl Weber, 2013. 304 pages. Carlsbad, CA: Deepak Chopra Books. [ISBN: 978-0-7704-3779-4]At the Johnson Center for Philanthropy,...
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Focus on Sustainability: A Nonprofit's Journey
Focus on Sustainability: A Nonprofit's Journey by Dennis G. McMillan, The Foraker Group. Available on Amazon.com and through the Foraker office at 907-743-1200, info@forakergroup.org.Managers, funders, and capacity builders alike are constantly searching...
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Eyes Wide Open: Learning as Strategy under Conditions of Complexity and Uncertainty
Keywords: Strategy, learning, indicators, complexity, uncertainty, foundations, evaluation, adaptationWith the emergence of strategic philanthropy, foundations have altered in significant ways how they work. They have moved from a responsive relationship...
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Practical Project Management for Agile Nonprofits: Approaches and Templates to Help You Manage with Limited Resources
Practical Project Management for Agile Nonprofits: Approaches and Templates to Help You Manage With Limited Resources Karen R. J. White, 2013. West Chester, PA: Maven House Press. 162 pages. [ISBN: 978-1-9385-4800-0]Project management is essential in...
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Leveraging the Power of Foundations: An Analysis of Program-Related Investing
Leveraging the Power of Foundations: An Analysis of Program-Related Investing Research Department, Lilly Family School of Philanthropy, Indiana UniversityFoundations invest in and support charitable activities in numerous ways. While most foundation...
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Lessons from Patchwork Nation: A New Framework for Building Community Indicators
Keywords: Community indicators, principal components analysis, data democratization, community health needs assessment, data visualizationIntroductionMeasuring impact has become increasingly important in philanthropy as foundations seek to learn more...
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Designing for Learning: One Foundation's Efforts to Institutionalize Organizational Learning
Keywords: Organizational learning, design thinkingIntroductionThink of yourself as a community organizer. You're going to come up with organizational learning goals. Then you're going to mobilize us and get us excited about achieving them. - Sam Karp,...
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Talent Philanthropy: Investing in Nonprofit People to Advance Nonprofit Performance
Keywords: Nonprofit human resources, staff development, staff, talent development, leadership, grantmaking strategyPart I - The Nonprofit Talent ChallengeFraming the IssueThe workforce challenge facing the social sector has been characterized primarily...
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Vol. 5, No. 2, 2013

Editorial
DEAR READERSAlthough this is an unthemed issue, many of the articles carry through on the collaboration theme of our Grantmakers for Effective Philanthropy co-edited issue on collaboration. Additional articles offer some insights into broad sector concerns.Jarosewich,...
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Implementation Guide for Community Change: Tools from First 5 Marin
Implementation Guide for Community Change: Tools from First 5 MarinCommunity change initiatives (CCIs) are longterm, place-based efforts that offer comprehensive services to residents of poor communities. They seek transformational change by replacing...
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Measuring Dimensions of Network Functioning: The KnowHow2GO Network Survey
Keywords: Networks, evaluating networks, network survey, interorganizational collaboration, collaboration evaluation, partnership evaluation, partnerships/coalitions, college access, foundation evaluationIntroductionAn understanding of the power of networks...
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Benchmarking Evaluation in Foundations: Do We Know What We Are Doing?
Keywords: Evaluation, philanthropy, foundations, evaluation in philanthropy, evaluation in foundations, benchmarking, benchmarking research, Evaluation Roundtable, foundation evaluation directors, learning, strategic learning, performance management,...
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Moving from Partnership to Collective Accountability and Sustainable Change: Applying a Systems-Change Model to Foundations' Evolving Roles
Keywords: Sustainability, systems change, collective accountability, integrated careIntroductionIn a time of scarce resources and significant needs, funders may seek to maximize the impact of their grantmaking through collaboration. Foundations partner...
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Getting to Collective Impact: How Funders Can Contribute over the Life Course of the Work
Keywords: Collective impact, collaboration, networks, strategic philanthropy, Central Appalachian Network, wealth creationFoundations and Collective ImpactAs foundations mature and gain experience, they often come to realize that their core activity...
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Funding Leadership-Development Training for Cultural Activists: A Reflective Essay
Keywords: Leadership-development training, cultural activists, funding, social change, grantmaking, arts and social changeIntroductionIn May 2008, I enrolled in a master workshop with Augusto Boal, the father of Theatre of the Oppressed, and his son...
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Vol. 5, No. 1, 2013

Collaboration and Foundation Leadership: Challenges, Opportunities, and Impact
Keywords: Collaboration, foundation/community partnerships, green and healthy homesThe Rhode Island Foundation, one of the largest and oldest community foundations in the country, will celebrate its 100th birthday in 2016. It is indisputable that the...
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A Matter of Leadership: Connecting a Grantmaker's Investments in Collaborative Leadership Development to Community Results
Keywords: Collaborative leadership, cross-sector collaboratives, networks, effective grantmakingWhy leadership? Leaders create forward movement through executing strategies for organizational and community change that results in sustained and positive...
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Weaving an Impactful Network
Keywords: Funder theory of change, funder/grantee network weavers, funder and grantee backbone organizations, cross-issue impactIn 2011, the world watched as tens of thousands of Wisconsinites descended upon the state Capitol to protest devastating legislation...
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Communicating, Collaborating, and Coordinating to Revitalize New Jersey Neighborhoods
Keywords: Community development, neighborhood revitalization, New Jersey, collaboration, communication, tax credits, Wells Fargo Regional Foundation, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, Housing and Community Development Network of New JerseyIntroductionSince...
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When Local Solutions Aren't Enough: A Strategic Funding Partnership to Restore a Large River System
Keywords: Collective impact, watershed restoration, funding partnership, Willamette River, Meyer Memorial Trust, Bonneville Environmental Foundation, Oregon Watershed Enhancement Board, watershed council, environmental restorationIntroductionFunders...
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Achieving Synergy with Collaborative Problem Solving: The Value of System Analysis
Keywords: Collaboration, systems change, system analysis, collective impactIntroductionBeginning with Annie E. Casey Foundation's (AECF) New Futures initiative (AECF, 1995), foundations throughout the U.S. have been experimenting since the late 1980s...
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Only Connect: How an Investment in Relationships among Social Change Leaders Is Changing Them, Their Organizations, and Their City
Keywords: Networks, social capital, emergence, connectivity, Barr Fellowship, Barr Foundation, Boston, sabbaticals, disruption, fellowships, nonprofit leadershipIntroductionWhat would it take to create a vibrant, just, and sustainable world with hopeful...
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Four Network Principles for Collaboration Success
Keywords: Nonprofit strategy, foundation strategy, nonprofit networks, collaborationIntroductionDespite high hopes, hard work, and significant investment, the social sector has experienced countless partnerships that have failed to live up to expectations....
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Vol. 4, No. 4, 2012

Models of Social Change: Community Foundations and Agenda Setting
Keywords: Community foundations, social change, agenda setting, college accessModels of Social Change: Community Foundations and Agenda SettingIn the spring of 2005, Janice Brown, former superintendent of public schools in Kalamazoo, announced a simple...
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Managing Expectations When Measuring Philanthropic Impact: A Framework Based on Experience
Keywords: Program evaluation, impact, measurement, community foundation, ripple range, ripple effect, feasibilityIntroductionAs the adage goes, "If you want something done right, do it yourself." For foundations, governments, and other funders who seek...
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How Inclusion and Equity Are Transforming a Foundation and a Community
Keywords: Inclusion, equity, Denver Foundation, Inclusiveness Project, emerging leaders of color, Expanding Nonprofit Inclusiveness Initiative, Critical Impact Award, Institute for Executive Directors of Color, Colorado Funders for Inclusiveness and...
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Shaping Education Policy: The Importance of Clarity, Commitment, and Consensus Building
Keywords: State education policy; Education Advisory Committee of the Ohio Grantmakers Forum; advocacy for policy changes; broad range of stakeholders; philanthropy and education reform; collaboration; context, process, and results; clarity, commitment,...
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Impact Investing: A 21st Century Tool to Attract and Retain Donors
Keywords: Impact investing, community foundation, donor-advised funds, mission-related investing, programrelated investing, community development, community leadership, impact investments, donor engagement, donor attraction and retention, due diligence,...
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Toward a High-Performance Culture: From Strategy to Strategic Human Capital at the Rhode Island Foundation
Keywords: Community foundation, strategic planning, talent developmentIntroductionOn April 11, 2012, Neil Steinberg, president and chief executive officer of the The Rhode Island Foundation, announced the first two winners of the Rhode Island Innovation...
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Lessons in Building a Better Community, One Voice at a Time
Keywords: Community, civic engagement, land use, transportation, futureSilicon Valley Community Foundation is located in the heart of the San Francisco Bay Area and is a short drive to the campuses of companies like Google, Facebook, and Apple. Companies...
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Vol. 4, No. 3, 2012

Assessing and Advancing Foundation Transparency: Corporate Foundations as a Case Study
Keywords: Charitable foundations, nonprofit organizations, good governance, accountability, transparency, corporate foundations, corporate social responsibility, corporate philanthropy, Compromiso Empresarial FoundationFraming Accountability and Transparency...
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Tactics in Philanthropy: The Case of the Moving Spotlight
Keywords: Tactical philanthropy, grantmaking style, foundation evaluationStrategy has become a buzzword in the large and growing literature that offers advice to philanthropists and managers of private foundations. Despite the variety of voices, the...
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The Logic Model Guidebook: Better Strategies for Great Results (Second Ed.)
The second edition of The Logic Model Guidebook: Better Strategies for Great Results is a straightforward guide, with excellent and varied examples, that achieves its purpose of giving readers a "basic understanding of how to create and use logic models"...
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Philanthropy in the Faith Community: Mobilizing Faith-Based Organizations for Substance Use Prevention
Keywords: Faith, philanthropy, substance use, prevention, addictionThe Assistance for Substance Abuse Prevention (ASAP) Center was created in 2000 by the Health Foundation of Greater Cincinnati to strengthen grassroots substance abuse prevention through...
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Dimensions of Change: A Model for Community Change Efforts
Keywords: Community change initiative, philanthropy, initiative design, systems change, children 0-5, first 5, place-based, evaluationChange, in the broadest and deepest sense, is required to bring about a more just and equitable world. One response...
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The Role of the Congregation in Community Service: A Philanthropic Case Study
Keywords: Families, congregations, education, children, philanthropyIntroductionIn an effort to bolster academic achievement and close the achievement gap among children in Grand Rapids, Mich., the Douglas and Maria DeVos Family Foundation organized...
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Investigating the Roles of Community Foundations in the Establishment and Sustainability of Local College Access Networks in Michigan
Keywords: Community foundation, college access, educationCommunity foundations have a rich history providing support for the advancement of education at all levels. In many communities, the foundation manages locally funded college scholarships to support...
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Vol. 4, No. 2, 2012

Practice, Practice, Practice: Preliminary Findings from an Evidence-Based Practice Funding Initiative at the Peter and Elizabeth C. Tower Foundation
Keywords: Evidence-based practice, assessment, evaluation, model fidelity, program implementation, sustainability.In 2009, The Peter and Elizabeth C. Tower Foundation closed out a multiyear grantmaking initiative that had helped fund the implementation...
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Using Civic Engagement and Collaboration to Create Community Change: Lessons from Charlotte, N.C
Keywords: Civic engagement, cross-sector collaboration, philanthropic failure, process evaluationOne way that foundations have tried to address community-level problems is by facilitating crosssector collaborations between the public, private, and nonprofit...
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Evaluation for Models and Adaptive Initiatives
Keywords: Evaluation, model projects, innovation, developmental evaluationDuring these lean economic times, foundations remain committed to evaluation as a supportive tool for achieving impact (Ross, 2009). Within the philanthropic community and elsewhere,...
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Building the Capacity of Networks to Achieve Systems Change
Keywords: Networks, systems change, foundation strategies to strengthen networks, capacity-building, network officerAlthough social networks have been studied for decades, the topic has recently gained increased attention, largely because of the explosion...
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Bridging Silos, Improving Systems
Keywords: System, systems building, early childhood, health, child health, early-childhood councils, foundations.IntroductionTo be healthy and prepared for school, many young children - and their families - need a variety of support services, such as...
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Corporate Giving Gets Smarter: ConAgra Foods Foundation Fights Childhood Hunger
Keywords: Logic models, corporate social responsibility, corporate giving, strategy, portfolio, organization development, evaluation.It's a startling fact: More than 16 million children, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, are hungry in...
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Vol. 4, No. 1, 2012

Defining, Building, and Measuring Capacity: Findings from an Advocacy Evaluation
Keywords: Advocacy evaluation, building capacity, measuring capacity, capacity assessment tool, funding advocacyDefining, Building, and Measuring Capacity: Findings From an Advocacy EvaluationA 2001 report prepared for Venture Philanthropy Partners called...
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Evaluating the Kaiser Permanente Community Fund's Social Determinants of Health Portfolio
Keywords: Social determinants of health, logic models, equity, Pacific NorthwestIntroductionHealth begins where we live, work, learn and play - long before any clinical intervention is required to treat disease or injury.- Northwest Health FoundationThe...
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Changemaking: Building Strategic Competence
Keywords: Changemaking, community change, strategic competence, foundation reputation, staff-board alignmentIntroductionPhilanthropy has a long history of support for efforts to revitalize distressed communities and improve the lives of the children...
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Editorial
DEAR READERSThis unthemed issue covers a broad range of topics, but each article highlights ways in which grantmakers are moving beyond programmatic funding to have a deeper impact on the issues that they care about. While the idea of using a broader...
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Helping Government Agencies Become More Effective and Efficient: Discovering 'Catalytic Combinations' in Public Child Welfare Reform
Keywords: Child welfare, human services, system reform, catalytic combinations, foundation strategy, organizational changeIn a state with a national reputation for being one of the best run in the country, it was an early and unpleasant eye-opener for...
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Building the Capacity of California's Safety Net: Lessons from the Strengthening Community Dental Practices Demonstration
Keywords: Safety net, capacity building, California, dental, oral health, health reformIntroductionGrantmakers are increasingly interested in strengthening nonprofit capacity to improve program performance and ensure the sustainability of community-based...
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Strategies for Impacting Change in Communities of Color
Keywords: Communities of color, community philanthropy, community change strategies, donors of colorIntroductionCommunities of color are becoming an increasingly larger proportion of the U.S. population and are growing in wealth (Donor Research Project,...
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