The New England Journal of Political Science

Articles

Vol. 10, No. 1, Spring

Realist or Liberal? Canadian Foreign Policy in the 1970s 1
Canada's so-called liberal internationalist values have hardly been liberal, or even liberal. There is a tradition underlying the philosophy of Canadian external relations, but it is one derived primarily.. .from the values of conservatism.Peace, Order,...
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John William McCormack: A Political Biography
Nelson, Garrison. 2017. John William McCormack: A Political Biography. New York: Bloomsbury.I have always loved hearing and telling stories in both my personal and professional lives. It seems to me that a good story is the most effective way to make...
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Faces of Moderation: The Art of Balance in an Age of Extremes
Craiutu, Aurelian. 2017. Faces of Moderation: The Art of Balance in an Age of Extremes. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017.An entire book about moderation in the twentieth century? Please, give me a break! What was Aurelian Craiutu...
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Congressional Redistricting and Competitiveness Changes in Incumbent and Challenger Party Primaries
Despite the considerable attention devoted to the general election effects of congressional redistricting, no consensus has been reached on whether November incumbency safety in the aggregate is altered by the decennial redrawing of U.S. House district...
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The Rise of the Right to Know: Politics and the Culture of Transparency 1945-1975
Schudson, Michael. 2015. The Rise of the Right to Know: Politics and the Culture of Transparency 1945-1975. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.In contemporary understandings about the role of the news media in American political...
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Swinging in Place: New Hampshire's Presidential Elections, 1992-2016
The 2016 presidential election sent several swing states flying out of their traditional orbits. Republican nominee Donald Trump carried traditionally Democratic Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin. Ohio shed its bellwether status and behaved like a...
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Editor's Forward
Welcome to Volume X, Number 1 (Spring 2017) of the New England Journal of Political Science. We are proud to present readers with three top-end pieces of original research and three insightful book reviews. Dante Scala of the University of New Hampshire...
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Vol. 9, No. 2, Fall

The Role of Social Movements in the Macro Political System
The system of representation in a democracy stands on two cornerstones. The first is that elected representatives respond to public opinion by creating policy that reflects the public's preferences. This first cornerstone reflects majoritarian theories...
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Judicial Narratives & Same-Sex Marriage: Analysis of the Arguments in Goodridge V. Department of Public Health
IntroductionStorytelling has long been central to the LGBT rights movement. Early activists, like Harry Hay in the 1950s and later Harvey Milk in the 1970s, urged gays and lesbians to tell their personal stories as an important step toward achieving...
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Politics and Beauty in America: The Liberal Aesthetics of P.T. Barnum, John Muir, and Harley Earl
Lukes, Timothy J. 2016. Politics and Beauty in America: The Liberal Aesthetics ofP.T. Barnum, John Muir, and Harley Earl. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: 978-1-137-02088-8A work that attempts to juxtapose politics and beauty is something of a curiosity...
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The Lanahan Readings in the American Polity
Serow, Ann G., and Everett C. Ladd. 2016. The Lanahan Readings in the American Polity, 6th edition. Baltimore, MD: Lanahan Publishers.It was a great pleasure to read the many classic and contemporary essays and excerpts included in this very popular...
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The Impact of Divisiveness in the US Political System
Crotty, William. 2015. Polarized Politics: The Impact of Divisiveness in the US Political System. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers.There have been so many books on political polarization over the past few years that it can become hard to keep up....
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Editor's Forward
We are pleased to present Volume IX, Number 2 (Fall 2016) of the New England Journal of Political Science. In keeping with recent practice, we have three high quality original articles in this issue. Shannon Jenkins, Douglas Roscoe, and David Borges...
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Constitutionalism, Executive Power, and the Spirit of Moderation
Areshidze, Giorgi, Paul O. Carrese, and Suzanna Sherry, eds. 2016. Constitutionalism, Executive Power, and the Spirit of Moderation. Albany, New York: SUNY Press.The new book by Giorgi Areshidze, Paul Carrese and Suzanna Sherry combines philosophical...
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Voters in Representative Town Meeting Elections
The town meeting is a classic form of U.S. government distinctive to the New England states. These meetings have been held across the region since this form of government developed in the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629 (Zimmerman 1999); they are open...
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A Summer 2017 Update on Maine Politics
Maine's 2016 elections brought a good deal of change that attracted national attention, including its casting an electoral vote for a Republican for the first time since 1988. Maine's ballot initiatives brought new policies that attracted widespread...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, Spring

Designing Men, Dangerous Innovation: The Judiciary Act of 1925
. .the arts of designing men... occasion dangerous innovations in the government...."The Federalist Papers, No. 78In the waning days of the lame-duck session of the 68th Congress, the House, by voice vote, and then the Senate, by a vote of 76 to 1, approved...
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Editor's Foreword
We are pleased to present Volume IX, Number 1 (Spring 2016) of the New England Journal of Political Science. Matthew MacWilliams of the University of Massachusetts Amherst leads this issue with an insightful examination of the Judiciary Act of 1925,...
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The Party Stands Aside: Elite Party Actor Endorsements during Presidential Primary and Caucus Voting, 2004-2016
IntroductionStrategic considerations are often a critical factor in would-be candidates' decisions about whether or not to run for office (Jacobson 2004, Lawless 2012). A potential candidate may ask herself if she is likely to win, if her party is likely...
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Pitiful Giants: Presidents in Their Final Terms
PITIFUL GIANTS: PRESIDENTS IN THEIR FINAL TERMS By Daniel P. Franklin. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. xii + 228 pp.All presidents, having served in our nation's most important political office, will face being a lame duck. In Pitiful Giants: Presidents...
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Balancing the Ideological Scales: Chief Justice John G. Roberts, Jr. and Moderation on the U.S. Supreme Court
IntroductionThe Roberts Court is an interesting era to study because the Court decided a number of important constitutional issues in the past few years and those decisions continue to influence our lives. One example is Chief Justice Robert's pivotal...
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Sex and Harm in the Age of Consent
SEX AND HARM IN THE AGE OF CONSENT. By Joseph J. Fischel. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2016In 1993, Antioch College launched a campaign to end date rape, called "Ask First." Students would be taught how to ask before acting, how to confirm...
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Judging Free Speech: First Amendment Jurisprudence of Us Supreme Court Justices
JUDGING FREE SPEECH: FIRST AMENDMENT JURISPRUDENCE OF US SUPREME COURT JUSTICES, by Helen J. Knowles and Steven B. Lichtman (eds). New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.Most of us, scholars and laypeople alike, take First Amendment free speech protections...
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Political Political Theory: Essays on Institutions
POLITICAL POLITICAL THEORY: ESSAYS ON INSTITUTIONS. By Jeremy Waldron. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2016. xi + 403 pp.Political theory is a field that continues to hold little sway in the discipline. The 2007 decision by the department of...
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The Supreme Court: Rulings on American Government and Society
THE SUPREME COURT: RULINGS ON AMERICAN GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY, 2nd edition, by Jack Fruchtman, Jr. Baltimore: Lanahan Publishers, 2014. 323pp. Paper $30.00. ISBN: 978-1-930398-18-4.If instructors for constitutional law or other judicial politics courses...
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Vol. 8, No. 2, Fall

The Politics of the Presidential Medal of Freedom: A Fifty-Year Analysis, 1963-2013
There are many honors and privileges bestowed on the occupant of this house, but few mean as much to me as the chance to award America's highest civilian medal....This is a chance for me-and for the United States of America-to say thank you to some of...
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Editor's Forward
We are pleased to present Volume VIII, Number 2 (Fall 2015) of the New England Journal of Political Science. This issue contains three interesting articles for your reading and thinking pleasure. Leading off is a piece by Kyle Kopko et al. examining...
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Ballot-Level Observations about Vermont's 2014 General Election
IntroductionVermont's 2014 General Election had the lowest voter turnout in at least 40 years, with 44.59 percent of registered voters casting ballots. The second lowest turnout was in 1978, with 44.66 percent. Given that it was a midterm election, it...
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Roots of Political Turmoil in Post-Soviet Ukraine: Neopatrimonial Patterns of Political Participation
'Neopatrimonialism' as a distinct term was introduced in political science by Shmuel N. Eisenstadt in his 1973 book, Traditional Patrimonialism and Modern Neopatrimonialism. This is a modern form of the traditional order, in which an office of power...
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Connecticut: Economics, Politics & Policy in the Constitution State
Throughout 2015 and at the start of 2016, the economic challenges in the state cast a shadow on virtually all aspects of the state's political system. After passing a budget in June 2016, lawmakers discovered that the projected deficit was far worse...
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Still LePage at Center Stage: A 2015 Maine Politics Update
In discussing recent Maine political events, there can be no better place to begin than with Maine's blunt, abrasive, assertive and conservative Governor, Paul LePage. First elected in 2013, LePage thought by many to be one of the nation's most vulnerable...
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Going to War in Iraq: When Citizens and the Press Matter
GOING TO WAR IN IRAQ: WHEN CITIZENS AND THE PRESS MATTER. By Stanley Feldman, Leonie Huddy, and George E. Marcus. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2014, 238 pp.Going to War in Iraq by Stanley Feldman, Leonie Huddy, and George Marcus examines...
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Sailing the Water's Edge: The Domestic Politics of American Foreign Policy
SAILING THE WATER'S EDGE: THE DOMESTIC POLITICS OF AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY. By Helen V. Milner and Dustin Tingley. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2015. xv + 352 pp.Times of uncertainty in US foreign relations seem to produce shelves of new books...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, Spring

Realist or Liberal? Canadian Foreign Policy in the 1960s 1
AbstractThe realist/liberal internationalist debate in international relations has been ongoing in the modern era dating back to Carr and existed in earlier eras in less explicit terms. This research contributes to the long-standing debate by examining...
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The Global Strategic Effects of South-South Foreign Aid
AbstractStates from the Global South, led by China, Venezuela, and Brazil, have become considerably more active in the foreign aid donor community in the past few years. This development holds the potential to markedly alter the strategic dynamics of...
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Maine Politics 2014 Update: Republicans Win a Skewed Electorate
Maine participated in 2014's national Republican surge, but in typically idiosyncratic circumstances. The election marked an impressive GOP recovery from a 2012 drubbing in which the party lost control of both houses of the state legislature.1 Republican...
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Mitt Romney, Mormonism, and the 2012 Election
MITT ROMNEY, MORMONISM, AND THE 2012 ELECTION. By Luke Perry. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. ix + 241 pp.Luke Perry's "Mitt Romney, Mormonism, and the 2012 Election" seeks to provide a one-stop introduction to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day...
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Editor's Forward
We are pleased to present Volume VIII, Number 1 (Spring 2015) of the New England Journal of Political Science. This issue has a distinctly comparative politics and international focus as we invite our readers to go beyond the boundaries of American politics....
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The Canadian Party System and the Leadership of Stephen Harper
AbstractMany scholars believe that Canada entered a fifth party system beginning in 2006 with a Conservative government and especially in light of the 2011 election and the reduction of the Liberal Party to third party status. But a fifth party system...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, Spring

Connecticut: Tragedy and Fiscal Uncertainty
Since the May 2012 Connecticut report, the Newtown school shooting in December and the recovery from October's Hurricane Sandy have captivated public attention and political discourse in the state and at the national level. The human tragedy faced by...
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Maine Politics in 2013: Still Moralistic Yankeedom's Exemplar?
Observers have long identified Maine as an embodiment of Daniel Elazar's moralistic political culture. Maine seemingly reflects Elazar's association of moralistic polities with amateur participation in politics, a preference for nonpartisanship to improve...
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The "Scott Brown Era" in Massachusetts Politics
The "special" election of Republican Scott Brown to Ted Kennedy's vacated US Senate seat in January, 2010 sent shock waves through the American political universe. How could the Democrats lose this safest of safe US Senate seats? Was Brown the vanguard...
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Politics in New Hampshire
Equilibrium points have been elusive in New Hampshire politics for the past half-dozen years. Control of the state's 400-member State House has changed hands three times since 2006, with dozens of seats changing hands between Democrats and Republicans....
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Reflecting on the Legacy of Howard L. Reiter (1945-2012)
In the months since Dr. Howard L. Reiter's death (January 10, 2012), we take a moment to reflect upon his life and work. Dr. Reiter was Professor Emeritus and former chair of the Political Science Department at the University of Connecticut, and served...
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Cohousing as Civic Society: Cohousing Involvement and Political Participation in Massachusetts
AbstractThis study asks whether cohousing as a form of non-political association has spill-over effects on participation in politics. The civic-society literature has shown that organizational and persuasive activities engaged in by members of voluntary...
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Editor's Forward
Welcome to Volume VII, Number 1 (Spring 2013) of the New England Journal of Political Science. For those of you who might be wondering, we have indeed adjusted the seasons assigned to each issue to make better sense. From here forward, Issue Number 1...
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Whatever Happened to the Republican "Lock" on the Electoral College?
AbstractDuring the 1980s some political analysts began to wonder if the Democratic Party would be able to regain the White House in the foreseeable future. The apparent Republican invulnerability in the South, the Great Plains, and the Rocky Mountain...
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"Partisan Gerrymandering after LULAC vs. Perry: A Proposed New Approach"
AbstractPartisan gerrymandering continues to be a controversial practice that undermines democratic participation among the electoral systems of the several American states. Although the United States Supreme Court has ruled that constitutional "equal...
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Vol. 6, No. 2, 2012

The Battle over Election Reform in the Swing State of Florida
After dueling allegations that it was either a protection against voting fraud or a disenfranchisement act, Florida lawmakers on May 5 [2011] approved a 157-page overhaul of the state's elections code [CS/CS/HB 1355]."James L. Rosica, Associated Press."This...
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Voting Politics in the American States
The right to vote, said the U.S. Supreme Court in Bush v. Gore (2000), encompasses not just the formal "allocation of the franchise," but also "the manner of its exercise." More than a decade after that ruling, Americans are even more exercised about...
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Ensuring Every Citizen Has the Opportunity to Vote: Adopting Election Day Registration in Connecticut
AbstractOn June 4, 2012, Governor Dannel P. Malloy signed into law legislation that made Connecticut the ninth state to adopt Election Day registration (EDR). This article tells the story behind passage of House Bill 5024, An Act Concerning Voting Rights....
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Voting Restriction Politics in Maine
AbstractIn recent years, many states passed laws restricting voting. Maine followed suit in 2011 but, unlike those states, the law-which ended election-day registration-was reversed at the ballot box. This paper explains what happened in Maine by pointing...
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Voting Restriction Politics in Minnesota and Wisconsin
IntroductionMinnesota and Wisconsin are known throughout the country as being two of the more progressive states in the Midwest and the indeed the nation. While part of this reputation is based on liberal social policies, it also comes out of an understanding...
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Voter ID in Rhode Island
The passage of a Voter ID law in Rhode Island in 2011 was unexpected; indeed it came out of one of the bluest states in the Union. Rhode Island, one of the most Democratic in the country, has a strong union presence and an enduring tradition of liberal...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, 2012

Editor's Forward
I hope you enjoy reading Volume VI, Number 1 (Fall 201 1) of the New England Journal of Political Science as much as I enjoyed putting it together. This issue features four articles and five state reports. James M. Cook of the University of Maine at...
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The Changing Face of Incumbency: Joe Lieberman's Digital Presentation of Self
ABSTRACT:This paper explores how Joe Lieberman's digital presentation of self changed throughout the course of the 2006 election. Based on content analysis of Lieberman's campaign website, three unique self-presentation phases are identified: Democrat,...
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Strangers in Your Town: How Considerations of Potential Power Influence Judgments about Civil Liberties for Disliked Groups
AbstractThough Americans are socialized to support extensive civil liberties, prior research has shown that even one encounter with certain types of information about a disliked group may lead to significant decreases in citizens' willingness to be politically...
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Democratic Foreign Policy and the Cold War: Variations in Behavior during Periods of International Constraint
AbstractA growing body of literature, drawing on comparative perspectives, argues that democracies vary to such an extent that they should not be treated as homogenously as they are by democratic peace theory. The article, therefore, returns to the monadic...
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Connecticut: Implementing a New Vision for the State
Since his election in 2010, Democratic Governor Dan Malloy has been dedicated to implementing his vision for a new Connecticut. This vision includes a balanced budget, an increase in the number of businesses opening or relocating in the state, and significant...
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Massachusetts Politics 2012
The period since the elections of 2010 has been busy for the key political players and parties in Massachusetts. Nothing has occurred that would disturb the conclusion of Professor Jerold Duquette in True Blue Mass 2010 that political equilibrium has...
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Rhode Island Politics: Continued Disarray
Since the 2010 elections, the new normal in Rhode Island appears to be political and economic upheaval. In this traditionally heavily Democratic state, the party system remains in disarray. The economic picture is still dismal and the political scene...
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Politics in Vermont and New Hampshire, 2012: The Storm before the Calm, the Calm before the Storm
As has often been the case in recent decades, the politics of the neighboring states of Vermont and New Hampshire found themselves diverging somewhat in 201 1-2012. In Vermont, natural and political events in 201 1 (Hurricane Irene and relicensing controversy...
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