The Space Between

Articles

Vol. 12, 2016

Photography and Gender in Voyage in the Dark and Quartet
"Smile please," the man said. "Not quite so serious."He'd dodged out from behind the dark cloth. He had a yellow black face and pimples on his chin.I looked down at my white dress, the one I had got for my birthday, and my legs and the white socks coming...
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Review Essay: Under Surveillance in the Space Between
Matt Houlbrook. Prince of Tricksters: The Incredible True Story of Netley Lucas, Gentleman Crook. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 2016. 448 pp. + 19 halftones. $40.00 cloth.William J. Maxwell F. B. Eyes: How J. Edgar Hoover's Ghostreaders Framed African American...
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Vol. 11, 2015

Beyond Solipsism: Narrative and Consciousness in Dorothy Richardson's Deadlock
In 1923 D.H. Lawrence imagined himself a doctor called to the "the dismal, long drawn out comedy of the death bed of the serious novel." His manifesto "Surgery for the Novel-or a Bomb" diagnoses the "pale faced, high browed, earnest novel" as "dying...
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Communal Modernisms: Teaching Twentieth-Century Literature and Culture in the Twenty-First-Century Classroom
Communal Modernisms: Teaching Twentieth-Century Literature and Culture in the Twenty-First-Century Classroom. Edited by Emily M. Hinnov, Laurel Harris and Lauren M. Rosenblum. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. Xii + 203 pp. $90.00 Cloth.The...
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Life in the Writings of Storm Jameson: A Biography
Life in the Writings of Storm Jameson: A Biography. By Elizabeth Maslen. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2014. 560 pp. $40.00 cloth.The British novelist, polemicist, and activist Storm Jameson (1891-1986) is a difficult author to research...
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Ritual and the Idea of Europe in Interwar Writing
Ritual and the Idea of Europe in Interwar Writing. By Patrick R. Query. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2012. 257 pp. $124.95 cloth.A particularly fruitful development in the new modernist studies at the turn of the twenty-first century was the attention given...
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The Real Modern: Literary Modernism and the Crisis of Representation in Colonial Korea
The Real Modern: Literary Modernism and the Crisis of Representation in Colonial Korea. By Christopher Hanscom. Cambridge (Massachusetts) and London: Harvard University Asia Center, 2013. 248 pp. $39.95 cloth.Christopher P. Hanscom's new book intervenes...
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Casting Doubts: Cultural Overproduction at the National Sculpture Society Exhibition, San Francisco, 1929
"the better we do things, the worse offwe are" (Chase 642)"comfort to the nth degree equals discomfort" (Littell 431)"we eat too much and a loss of appetite follows" ("Facing" 46)Dating to the American Great Depression, these quotations reflect on one...
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Militarizing the Messiah: Britain's Wartime Rebranding in the Man Born to Be King
Two shocks broke on us this past week: Pearl Harbour and The Man Born to be King.- Frederick Ogilvie, Director-General of the BBC1On 10 December 1941, only a few days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Dorothy L. Sayers, best known for her Lord...
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Modernist Aphasia: A Scientific Basis for Neologism in Huxley's Early Fiction
I. A Mandate for InventionIn his essay Literature and Science (1963), Aldous Huxley issues the modern writer a challenging task: "To speak about the ineffable, to communicate in words what words were never intended to convey." Because the existing lexicon...
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The Boxer's Pain, the Bull's Prose: Race, American Boxing, and Hemingway's Ring Aesthetics
Just as in the ceremony the magician first of all marked out the limits of the area where the sacred powers were to come into play, so every work of art describes its own circumference which closes it offfrom actuality.-Adorno and Horkheimer (19)For...
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Vol. 10, 2014

"A Flora Specific to Modern Wars": The Rhizomatic Feminine Rhetoric of Flowers
In the immediate aftermath of the First World War, the poppies from John McCrae's "In Flanders Fields" (1915) become perhaps the most visible commemorative symbol of wartime sacrifice.1 Yet little attention has been paid to the role of gender in the...
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Anti-Nazi Modernism: The Challenges of Resistance in 1930s Fiction
Anti-Nazi Modernism: The Challenges of Resistance in 1930s Fiction. By Mia Spiro. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, 2013. 320 pp. $45.00 paper.Anti-Nazi Modernism is a welcome addition to the body of critical works that elucidate the traffic...
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Hollywood and Hitler, 1933-1939/the Collaboration: Hollywood's Pact with Hitler
Hollywood and Hitler, 1933-1939. By Thomas Doherty. New York: Columbia University Press, 2013. $35.00 cloth.The Collaboration: Hollywood's Pact with Hitler. By Ben Urwand. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2013. $26.95 cloth.Ben Urwand recounts that...
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Modernism and the New Spain: Britain, Cosmopolitan Europe, and Literary History
Modernism and the New Spain: Britain, Cosmopolitan Europe, and Literary History. By Gayle Rogers. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. 304 pp. $65.00 cloth.In Modernism and the New Spain, a sense of failure creates perhaps the most inescapable and...
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Orwell Today
Orwell Today. Edited by Richard L. Keeble. Bury St Edmunds: Abramis Academic, 2012. 169 pp. $24.00 paper.The title of this new essay collection, Orwell Today, evokes the urgent call of the newspaper report. The collection's appearance suggests the continued...
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Sonic Modernity: Representing Sound in Literature, Culture and the Arts
Sonic Modernity: Representing Sound in Literature, Culture and the Arts. By Sam Halliday. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2013. 206 pp. $120.00 cloth.In taking on the topic of sound for Edinburgh University Press's "Critical Studies in Modernist...
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The Love-Charm of Bombs: Restless Lives in the Second World War
The Love-Charm of Bombs: Restless Lives in the Second World War. By Lara Feigel. London: Bloomsbury, 2013. 519 pp. $24.99 paper.Lara Feigel's exhaustively researched The Love-Charm of Bombs: Restless Lives in the Second World War aims to illuminate the...
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Guest Editor's Column: Reimagining the Great War at 100 Years
Close to a million poppies-888,246 to be exact, one for each British or colonial military fatality in the First World War-appeared gradually in the moat of the Tower of London between July and 11 November 2014, when they abruptly vanished. This vast...
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The New Death: American Modernism and World War I
The New Death: American Modernism and World War I. By Pearl James. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2013. xii + 259 pp. $29.50 paper.In The New Death: American Modernism and World War I, Pearl James aims to reorient critical debates surrounding...
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"Like a Beautiful Voice Singing in a Darkened Room": Mysticism and Modernity in Rebecca West's the Return of the Soldier
Mystical language and spiritualist imagery permeate The Return of the Soldier (1918). Throughout her first novel, Rebecca West uses the language of crystal balls, magic circles, séances and spirits to describe the mental state of the amnesiac soldier...
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Editor's Acknowledgements
This special topics issue of The Space Between, titled "The Great War: Centenary Perspectives," is indebted to the devoted labors of Mark Larabee, Guest Editor, U. S. Naval Academy Professor, and expert on World War I literature. I am indebted to him...
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Proto-Cyborgs in Wartime: The Tank, the Drill, and the Motor-Chair
IntroductionIn this essay I bring together interrelated stories about wartime fusions of humans and machines to explore overlaps and cultural continuities and to argue that these cyborgic entities harbor masculine fantasies of self-reproduction. The...
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Reading the War's Colonialism: E. M. Forster and Mohammed El Adl
E. M. Forster does not belong within the canon of British First World War writers, nor did he have any desire to be there.1 Yet Forster spent most of the war in Egypt, working as a Red Cross researcher whose job it was to tour the hospitals of Alexandria...
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The Space Afterwards: 2014 and a Century of British Remembrance
Dan TodmanQueen Mary, University of LondonAugust 2014 saw two important centenary anniversaries for the United Kingdom. One was of its entry into the First World War. The other was of the remembrance of that conflict: for even as it was being fought,...
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Vol. 9, No. 1, 2013

Reading Sideways: Middlebrow into Modernism
It is an old story that modernism and the middlebrow are incompatible - the odd couple of literary history. In recent years, with the organization of the Middlebrow Network and conferences, journal articles, and a book series devoted to the subject,...
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Containing the Monster: The Golem in Expressionist Film and Theater
The Jewish legend of the Golem - a mythic being created by rabbis and mys- tics versed in Kabbalah and the secrets of creation - has long held an intense fascination for writers and artists in Western culture. Jewish parables relat- ing to the Golem...
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Modernist Yiddish Aesthetics, I. L. Peretz's Middlebrow Yiddish Poetics,and the Place of Yehoash in Modernist and Middlebrow Literary History
Yehoash (the pen name for Solomon Bloomgarden, 1870-1927) was a revered Yiddish poet during the interwar period, the Holocaust, and the immediate aftermath of the Holocaust.1 This essay establishes a critical methodology for recovering the work of this...
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"Sideways" Feminism: Rebecca West and the Saturday Evening Post, 1928
Military leaders and progressives move forwards; cowards and conservatives move backwards. Who or what moves sideways? Only sinister creatures- snakes and spiders, things that slither or creep-and, according to Rebecca West, some women. Her 1928 short...
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"Shrill Small Voices . . . Drowned out by the General Trumpetings of Praise": The Reception of Noël Coward's Cavalcade
When Virginia Woolf first met Noël Coward at one of Sybil Colefax's famous social gatherings in 1928, she was thoroughly charmed: she praised him as "a miracle, a prodigy" and, after seeing his hit revue, This Year of Grace, wrote a letter enthusiastically...
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Defining Detective Fiction in Interwar Britain
In an autobiographical anecdote, the British novelist Jeanette Winterson describes how she was awakened to literature after being sent to the public library to collect some books for her adoptive mother, who, apart from religious tracts, read only detective...
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Baziotes, Surrealism, and Boxing: "Life in a Squared Ring"
The boxer, as a cultural icon who stands at the center of debates on class, race, politics and sexuality, has held a seemingly endless fascination for artists and writers from ancient times to the present. Our story here dates to the early forties when...
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Middlebrow, Modernism
Middlebrow, Modernism Middlebrow Literary Cultures: The Battle of the Brows, 1920-1960. Edited by Erica Brown and Mary Grover. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. xii + 244 pp. $90.00 cloth.The profession of literary scholarship and teaching...
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Sophistication: A Literary and Cultural History
Sophistication: A Literary and Cultural History. By Faye Hammill. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2010. 232 pp. $39.95 cloth.Recent studies of the middlebrow attest to the modernist/middlebrow distinction as arbitrary and largely grounded in the...
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Middlebrow Literature and the Making of German-Jewish Identity
Middlebrow Literature and the Making of German-Jewish Identity. By Jonathan M. Hess. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010. 280 pp. 5 ills. $57.50 cloth.In the course of the nineteenth century, the opportunities afforded by emancipation and modernization...
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Modernist Commitments: Ethics, Politics, and Transnational Modernism
Modernist Commitments: Ethics, Politics, and Transnational Modernism. By Jessica Berman. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011. vii + 372 pp. $29.50 paper.In this rigorous and theoretically nuanced study, Berman argues persuasively that a "rapprochement"...
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The Edinburgh Companion to Twentieth-Century British and American War Literature
The Edinburgh Companion to Twentieth-Century British and American War Literature. Edited by Adam Piette and Mark Rawlinson. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press (distributed by Oxford UP USA), 2012. 590 pp. £150.00 cloth.Critics of the literature and...
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British Cinema and Middlebrow Culture in the Interwar Years
British Cinema and Middlebrow Culture in the Interwar Years. By Lawrence Napper. Exeter: University of Exeter Press, 2009. 250 pp. $85.00 cloth.As snapshots of Britain's twentieth-century cultural history go, the image of the interwar petit-bourgeois...
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Leslie Howard: The Lost Actor
Leslie Howard: The Lost Actor. By Estel Eforgan. London and Portland, OR: Vallentine Mitchell and Co., Ltd., 2010. vii + 269 pp. $74.95 cloth. x + 288 pp. $29.95 paper.In this carefully researched biography, Estel Eforgan reveals the many ironies in...
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Machine Art, 1934
Machine Art, 1934. By Jennifer Jane Marshall. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. xxiii + 212 pp.; 61 illustrations, notes, index. $45.00 cloth.In March of 1934, New York's Museum of Modern Art (MOMA) presented the exhibition Machine Art. The...
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Vol. 8, No. 1, 2012

Close Up & Wars They Saw: From Visual Erotics to a Transferential Politics of Film
"And for more than ten years, the consciousness of the world has concen- trated on events which have made the ordinary movement of life seem to be the movement of people in the intervals of a storm."-Wallace Stevens, "The Noble Rider and The Sound of...
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Aestheticizing Politics and Politicizing Art: The "Magic Apparatus" of Cinema in Vernon Lee's Satan the Waster
Vernon Lee begins her unpublished manuscript Myself (1917), "[H]ow have I myself come to think what I think about the war? And why in this respect do I skew aside from other folk?" (1) While such an opening question might be a doorway into the newly...
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Getting the Frame into the Picture: Wells, West, and the Mid-War Novel
Through/Behind the WindowIt's one of the most iconic images of the Great War: two women support each other as they stare out a window, a child beside them, clinging. Outside, rolling hills, lushly green, and the end of a uniformed troop of soldiers,...
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Pledging Peace in Aldous Huxley's Eyeless in Gaza
Nineteen thirty-six was a pivotal year for Aldous Huxley. Much of his en- ergy prior to this year was spent writing the satirical novels upon which his reputation still rests, including Crome Yellow (1921), Point Counter Point (1928), and BraveNew World...
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Max Ernst's Post-World War I Studies in Hysteria
In 1920 and 1921, the Cologne Dadaist Max Ernst produced a series of collages remarkable for their technical innovation and visual strangeness. Ernst's unconventional artistic practices situate the collages firmly within the iconoclastic aims of the...
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John Sommerfield and Mass-Observation
When the name of John Sommerfield (1908-1991) appears in a work of literary criticism it is usually either in connection with a specific reference to May Day, his experimental proletarian novel of 1936, or as part of a list containing some or all of...
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Vol. 7, No. 1, 2011

Artists in Hollywood: Thomas Hart Benton and Nathanael West Picture America's Dream Dump
In the late 1930s two American artists, one a popular painter and the other a struggling novelist, depicted Hollywood in different yet related projects. Thomas Hart Benton's mural-sized painting Hollywood (1937-38) was intended, the artist remarked,...
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"That Abused Word: Genre": The 1930s Genre Painting Revival
By the spring of 1935 the New York art scene was in the midst of a full-scale genre painting revival.In February, art critic Helen Appleton Read explained that the genre tradition had dropped out of the national consciousness because "homely anecdotes...
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Thomas Hart Benton: Painting the Song
Alternately praised as "An American Original" and lampooned as an arbiter of kitsch, the artist Thomas Hart Benton (1889-1975) has been the subject of myriad monographs and journal articles, remaining almost as controversial today as he was in his own...
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David Hare, Surrealism, and the Comics
The history of the comic book in the United States has been closely allied with mass culture debates ranging from Clement Greenberg's 1939 essay "Avant-Garde and Kitsch" to Fredric Wertham's attack on the comic book industry in his now infamous 1954...
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A Fruitful Symbiosis: Sculptors and Publishers in Britain between the Wars
Art books have not so far received a great deal of attention from cultural commentators, yet they exemplify what is arguably a peculiarly twentiethcentury phenomenon. Their rise, and some would argue "fall" (as monographs on painting and sculpture morph...
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Vol. 6, No. 1, 2010

Editor's Column
This year marks the tenth anniversary of the enterprise that began as Precursors and Aftermaths: Literature in English, 1914-1945 and now exists as The Space Between: Literature and Culture, 1914-1945. Back in 2000, when the first issue of Precursors...
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Performing in the Holocaust: From Camp Songs to the Song Plays of Germaine Tillion and Charlotte Salomon1
In the few studies devoted to musical and theatrical works of the Holocaust, greater attention goes to those created and performed by professional and semi-professional artists interned in the camps and ghettos than to the often anonymous and clandestine...
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Phyllis Bottome's the Mortal Storm: Film and Controversy
The British novelist Phyllis Bottome startled her dinner companions one evening in 1936 with the query "...has England gone Nazi in its sleep?" Two years later almost no publisher in Britain wanted to publish her anti-Nazi novel, The Mortal Storm. Only...
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Wampum in Ford Madox Ford's the Good Soldier: A Native American and Modernist Artifact of Place
Of all the items John Dowell could choose as a keepsake to take with him to Europe in Ford Madox Ford's novel The Good Soldier (1915), surely one of the oddest would be his wampum beads. Nevertheless, critics have left unexamined the significance of...
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Jordan Baker, Gender Dissent, and Homosexual Passing in the Great Gatsby
Jordan Baker instinctively avoided clever shrewd men . . . because she felt safer on a plane where any divergence from a code would be thought impossible. She was incurably dishonest. She wasn't able to endure being at a disadvantage, and given this...
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Gender, Spectacle, and Machinery: Prix De Beauté (1930)
Typewriters, telephones, Dictaphones, adding machines, duplicators, loose-leaf ledgers, card indexes, vertical filing systems-all interlinked and concentrated in that new kind of building, after 1890 increasingly called the "skyscraper." These devices...
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Outsiders' Modernism or outside Modernism
Glamour in Six Dimensions: Modernism and the Radiance of Form. By Judith Brown. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2009. 216 pp. $39.95 cloth.Consuming Traditions: Modernity, Modernism, and the Commodified Authentic. By Elizabeth Outka. New York: Oxford...
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The Postman's Daily Round: English Journeys in 1930s Documentary Film
Developments in transportation and communication challenged social and geographic boundaries in interwar Britain. Divisions between town and country, north and south were blurred by, among other developments, the construction of new roads, the extension...
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Culture in Camouflage: War, Empire, and Modern British Literature
Culture in Camouflage: War, Empire, and Modern British Literature. By Patrick Deer. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. x + 329 pp. $125.00 cloth.In 2004, visitors to the Merseyside Maritime Museum in Liverpool could have explored the permanent exhibition...
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The Ordeal of Peace: Demobilization and the Urban Experience in Britain and Germany, 1917-1921
The Ordeal of Peace: Demobilization and the Urban Experience in Britain and Germany, 1917-1921. By Adam R. Seipp. Farnham, Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009. 306 pp. $114.95 cloth.By choice they made themselves immuneTo pity and whatever mourns...
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Citizen, Invert, Queer: Lesbianism and War in Early Tweentieth-Century Britain
Citizen, Invert, Queer: Lesbianism and War in Early Twentieth- Century Britain. By Deborah Cohler. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press, 2010. xxii + 296 pp. $75.00 cloth, $25.00 paper.This book is profoundly unsettling. At its best,...
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Improper Modernism: Djuna Barnes's Bewildering Corpus/Modernist Articulations: A Cultural Study of Djuna Barnes, Mina Loy, and Gertrude Stein/Djuna Barnes' Consuming Fictions
Improper Modernism: Djuna Barnes's Bewildering Corpus. By Daniela Caselli. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009. x + 290 pp. $114.95 cloth.Modernist Articulations: A Cultural Study of Djuna Barnes, Mina Loy, and Gertrude Stein. By Alex Goody. New York: Palgrave...
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Thomas Burke's Dark Chinoiserie: Limehouse Nights and the Queer Spell of Chinatown
Thomas Burke's Dark Chinoiserie: Limehouse Nights and the Queer Spell of Chinatown. By Anne Veronica Witchard. Farnham, Surrey, and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009. x + 292 pp. $99.95 cloth.Thomas Burke's Dark Chinoiserie: Limehouse Nights and the Queer...
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English Modernism, National Identity, and the Germans, 1890-1950
English Modernism, National Identity, and the Germans, 1890-1950. By Petra Rau. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2009. 243 pp. $99.95 cloth.The number of works that examine literary and cultural interactions between Germany and Britain has burgeoned since Rosemary...
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Anglo-Jewish Women Writing the Holocaust: Displaced Witnesses
Anglo-Jewish Women Writing the Holocaust: Displaced Witnesses. By Phyllis Lassner. Houndmills and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. 256 pp. $75.00 cloth.Modernism, Feminism, and Jewishness. By Maren Tova Linett. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University...
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Red, Black, and Jew: New Frontiers in Hebrew Literature
Red, Black, and Jew: New Frontiers in Hebrew Literature. By Stephen Katz. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2009. 351 pp. $60.00 cloth.Between 1910 and the late 1950s, a group of "Hebraist" Jewish writers in the United States, most of whom had trained...
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Listening for Henry Crowder: A Monograph on His Almost Lost Music, with CD Featuring a Recording by Henry Crowder of a Blues by Nancy Cunard and a New Recording of His Setting to a Poem by Samuel Beckett Sung by Allan Harris
Listening For Henry Crowder: A Monograph on His Almost Lost Music, with CD featuring a recording by Henry Crowder of a blues by Nancy Cunard and a new recording of his setting to a poem by Samuel Beckett sung by Allan Harris. By Anthony Barnett. Lewes,...
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Mrs. Woolf and the Servants
Mrs. Woolf and the Servants. By Alison Light. 2007. New York: Bloomsbury, 2009. 400 pp. $30.00 cloth; $20.00 paper.While we often associate women working in shops, factories, and offices with modernity, Alison Light's book Mrs. Woolf and the Servants...
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Fascism and Anti-Fascism in Twentieth-Century British Fiction
Fascism and Anti-Fascism in Twentieth-Century British Fiction. By Judy Suh. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. 311 pp. $47.50 cloth.The Ordeal of Warwick Deeping: Middlebrow Authorship and Cultural Embarrassment. By Mary Grover. Madison: Fairleigh Dickinson...
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Transatlantic Print Culture, 1880-1940: Emerging Media, Emerging Modernisms
Transatlantic Print Culture, 1880-1940: Emerging Media, Emerging Modernisms. Edited by Ann Ardis and Patrick Collier. London and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. xi + 259 pp. $80.00 cloth.Print for Victory: Book Publishing in England 1939-1945. By...
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