World of Work

Articles

January 2017

Migration Should Be a Choice
Sharmila's storyNearly one out of every four Nepalese households has a family member working abroad, sending home almost the equivalent of one-third of Nepal's gross domestic product. The ILO supports the country in promoting fair migration channels...
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ENDING Violence at the Workplace
Violence in the workplace is a violation of fundamental human rights, and a common occurrence in the garment industry. In high-pressure environments, workers can be subjected to bullying, verbal and physical abuse, as a means to intimidate or, perversely,...
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GLOBALLY Most Women Prefer to Be Working and the Majority of Men Agree
The report on global attitudes and perceptions of women and men regarding women and work captures a first-hand account based on the 2016 Gallup World Poll. The poll was conducted in 142 countries and territories and surveyed almost 149,000 adults.The...
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How the ILO Keeps a Benchmark for Social Justice Up-to-Date
WoW: Why do we propose to abrogate or withdraw a number of ILO conventions this year?The abrogation of outdated conventions is just one part of a comprehensive initiative to build a clear, robust and up-to-date body of international labour standards,...
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Labour Migration in Latin America and the Caribbean
1. What are the most dynamic migration corridors in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)?The United States continues to play an important role as the main country of destination for Latin American and Caribbean migrant workers (in 2015, 51 per cent...
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Welcome
In today's globalized world, labour migration is a rising policy priority. Economic hardship and geopolitical crises leading to the lack of decent work are resulting in growing and diverse migratory movements.What's more, the governance of labour migration...
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BUILDING PEACE through Economic Development in the Southern Philippines
DAVAO ORIENTAL, PHILIPPINES - The southern Philippines looks back at a long history of insurgency and conflict. Decades of armed struggle have taken their toll on people's lives and livelihoods, fuelling poverty in conflict-affected areas in Mindanao.Elmer...
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An Alternative to Migration: Building Roads and Bridges
The 7.8-magnitude earthquake which struck Nepal on 25 April 2015, killed nearly 9,000 people, destroyed part of the country's infrastructure and leftmillions homeless. With financial support from the World Bank, the ILO assisted the Government of Nepal...
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Switching to the GREEN ECONOMY Boosts Local Jobs in Brazil
Extending from the south of the Amazon rainforest, the Pantanal is the world's largest tropical wetland. It stretches across two Brazilian states and parts of neighbouring Bolivia and Paraguay. A myriad of waterways swells and recedes with the seasons,...
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Building Back Better
The agenda of the 106th session of the International Labour Conference includes the revision of an ILO Recommendation: The Employment (Transition from War to Peace) Recommendation (No. 71) that was adopted in 1944. The revision reflects the growing international...
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January 2016

Welcome!
The ILO has made the End to Poverty one of its seven Centenary Initiatives to mark its 100th Anniversary in 2019. The work through this initiative will also shape the Organization's efforts to help achieving the ambitious goals of the United Nations'...
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BREAKING the Cycle of Poverty in Tunisia
TUNIS, February 2016 - The sun lights up the pretty facades of Avenue Habib Bourghiba, centre of the capital. In the midst of this decidedly mild winter, in contrast with the harsh economic, social and security climate of the country, walkers gather...
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Kesra: Water and Figs to Escape Poverty
Kesra is a small town of 2,500 inhabitants - the highest in Tunisia - perched on top of a mountain in the Tunisian "bordure," at 1200 meters altitude. This town in the Siliana governorate, 160 km from Tunis, brings together all the characteristics of...
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When the Nobel Crowns Social Dialogue
By awarding the Nobel Peace Prize to the national dialogue Quartet in 2015, the Nobel Academy wanted to reward its contribution to the preservation of the democratic gains of the Tunisian revolution.Among the four crowned organizations are the Tunisian...
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Working out of Poverty in Timor-Leste
Timor-Leste's long journey to independence eroded large segments of the economy and infrastructure. Despite recent and rapid oil-fuelled growth, poverty has remained acute with half the population living on less than a dollar a day.Most of the poor are...
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DECENT WORK in Global Supply Chains
In many countries, particularly developing countries, GSCs have rapidly created employment and opportunities for economic and social development. However, not all governments have been able to cope with the rapid transformation brought by this exposure...
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Better WORK Better BUSINESS Better LIVES
Since 2007, Pham Thi Thanh has watched in awe as the Poong In garment factory where she works in Vietnam doubled, tripled, then exploded in size from 200 workers in 2007 to more than 3,000 workers today.She watched as salaries increased, accidents declined...
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From Refugee in Kenya to Business Owner in Somalia
The agenda of the 105th session of the International Labour Conference also includes the revision of an ILO Recommendation: The Employment (Transition from War to Peace) Recommendation (No. 71) was adopted in 1944.The revision reflects the growing international...
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ILO Special Tripartite Committee Recommends Action on Shipboard Bullying and Harassment
In 1999, UK seafarer's union Numast (now Nautilus) conducted a survey of female seafarers on the issue of bullying and harassment aboard ship. The study, "Fair play: Numast report on equal opportunities and survey of women members" revealed an alarming...
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Mauritania Intensifies the Fight against Forced Labour
By the latest ILO estimate, almost 21 million people worldwide are victims of forced labour. In order to intensify the fight against modern forms of slavery, the 2014 International Labour Conference adopted a protocol and a recommendation to supplement...
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January 2013

A Conversation with Guy Ryder
Guy Ryder turns up for breakfast on the last day of his visit to Tokyo wearing an open-necked shirt ("I haven't started working yet") and in the mood for scrambled eggs, bacon and toast. It's been an intensive week of meetings, field visits and social...
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Fixing the Future of Malawi's Child Workers
There are some 215 million child labourers in the world and about a quarter of them live in sub-Saharan Africa. Most African countries have ratified the relevant ILO Conventions dealing with the elimination of child labour, but the problem prevails....
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Turning "Wasted Lives" into Green and Decent Ones
In a world faced with growing amounts of waste, more and better recycling is crucial to reduce pressure on natural resources, the environment and public health. It also means that millions of new jobs are and will continue to be created. Making sure...
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A Chequered Journey
The relationship between Myanmar (also known as Burma) and the ILO has been unique in the organization's 95-year history. One of the world's most isolated countries, ruled until not long ago by a repressive military regime shunned by most of the international...
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The State of Rights
"There's progress but there's still oppression: there have been changes at the central level but not at the grassroots level."When you first meet the petite, pretty and poised lady, wearing the traditional tamein (Burmese ladies' dress) and with cheeks...
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Youth, Reclaimed
The nineteen young men have been sitting patiently for over an hour. Some doze off in the afternoon heat, some play with their mobile phones and others fiddle with their hair, dyed in blond colours or spiked with gel. All are dressed in jeans, trousers...
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On the Front Line
Daw Soe Soe Hla is an ILO case worker, working on the cases of child soldiers. We catch, through a closed glass door, a glimpse of an interview she is conducting. She is listening intently and is busy taking notes. But every now and then she looks up...
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Getting Down to Business
Workers and employers get organizedIn 2007, five young men held a meeting on May Day in Yangon. They were arrested and sentenced to between 25 and 27 years in prison. They were released as a result of the changes being introduced in the country and,...
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What's Next
As this special report has shown, progress in Myanmar in recent years and especially since the elections has been enormous and has surprised everyone, from the international community to the regime's hardened critics. And yet, perhaps reflecting the...
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A Marriage of CONVENIENCE
Social dialogue has been ingrained in Sweden's labour market system for the last forty-five years and has resulted in the management of conflict and fewer labour disputes than in other countries. Rosalind Yarde discovers that avoiding confrontation is...
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Responding to the DEMOGRAPHIC Challenge
As populations age around the world, governments and employers' and workers' organizations are looking to ways to meet the challenge posed by fast-changing demographics. In advanced economies, striking a balance between ensuring employment for workers...
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Media Shelf
World Report on Child Labour: Economic vulnerability, social protection and the fight against child labourILO, Geneva, 2013Also available in French and SpanishHow can we reduce child labour in the less favourable circumstances of a global economic slowdown?...
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No. 74, May

Furthering Social Justice
May 7 of this year marks the 80th anniversary of Albert Thomas's death in 1932. After a devastating world war, the ILO's first Director (1919-32) argued that "economic and social questions are indissolubly linked and economic reconstruction can only...
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The Youth Emloyment Crisis: Pathways to a Better Future
Youth have been very present in protests across the globe in more than 82 countries and 1,000 cities, events which have accelerated since the "Arab Spring".Many are pessimistic, feeling powerless to change their situation. They ask: "What am I going...
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Giving Youth a Better Start
Arab youth aspiring to social jUstice and decent workIn 2011, youth unemployment rates in the Arab region have reached a worrying average of more than 27.3 per cent. For young women, the average unemployment rate is even worse - 41.1 per cent - besides...
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A Nascent Youth Employment Movement in Kenya
In sub-Saharan Africa millions of young workers are engaged in survival activities, mostly in the informal economy. Journalist Anne Holmes reports from Africa's second largest slum in Kenya, where cooperatives and green jobs help address the youth employment...
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Giving Young People the Right Skills for Today's Jobs
At a time when youth unemployment has reached alarming levels, governments are urgently seeking ways to tackle the crisis and defuse the potential time bomb of an increasingly disheartened and angry generation. Journalist Patrick Moser reports.Providing...
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Listen to Young People in Latin America
"Social and economic progress is unsustainable unless the policy challenge of creating better opportunities for young people is addressed," ILO Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean, Elizabeth Tinoco, told participants at an International...
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Giving Indonesia's New Generation the Skills and Self-Confidence to Find Decent Work
Indonesia's new generation of young people are creative, connected, concerned and keen to succeed. But today, far too many can't find decent jobs. More than 6 out of 10 young workers are trapped in low-skill, low-productivity occupations in the informal...
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Women: An Unmined Resource
Until a few decades ago, most countries banned women from working in mines. But over time, women have made their way into this male-dominated territory, proving they have what it takes to succeed. Patrick Moser, a Geneva-based journalist, reports.When...
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Decent Work and Education: A Win-Win Combination
In 2003, Argentina became one the first countries to incorporate the concept of decent work into its national development agenda. Since then, a number of government programmes have put into practice different aspects of the Decent Work Agenda. In 2004,...
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The Bitter Tobacco Plant Gives Way to the Freshness of Oregano
Promoting oregano cultivation is part of a comprehensive support package launched by the ILO in 2008 to assist socio-economic recovery in war-torn southern Lebanon. Farah Dakhlallah, ILO Regional Outreach and Advocacy Officer in Beirut, reports.Not so...
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Kenyan Cooperative Sells Microinsurance over the Phone
The decision by the United Nations to declare 2012 as the International Year of Cooperatives is bringing new attention to a long-established, but sometimes overlooked, form of business organization. The ILO views cooperatives as important in improving...
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Global Employment Trends 2012
World faces a 600-million jobs challengeThe world faces the "urgent challenge" of creating 600 million productive jobs over the next decade in order to generate sustainable growth and maintain social cohesion, according to the annual report on global...
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Somavia Puts the Accent on Youth Employment
At the recent World Economic Forum in Davos ILO Director-General Juan Somavia called for a new policy paradigm to promote inclusive job-rich growth for the almost 75 million unemployed youth aged 15-24 worldwide.Speaking at the panel on "Averting a lost...
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15th Asia and the Pacific Regional Meeting
Recommendations to counter employment consequences of global economic turmoilLast December, representatives of governments, workers and employers from Asian, Pacific and Arab states concluded a four-day meeting in Kyoto, Japan, at which they discussed...
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