CSLA Journal

Articles

Vol. 41, No. 2, Winter

We Are International
Wherever you work in the library, you are a part of the international scene. You represent your culture(s) and interact with people of different backgrounds and experiences. You can enrich the international scene and gain from deeper exposure to librarians...
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Do Libraries and Teacher Librarans Have the Solution to the Long-Term English Language Learner Problem?
Long-Term ELLs are students who are English Learners in school who have remained classified as English Learners for a long time - too long - according to certain standards. In general, this means six years or more.There is widespread agreement that Long-Term...
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President's Message
School librarians from 30 countries gathered at California State University, Long Beach to meet, collaborate, learn, and sleep in REAL college dormitories. Some came to present research they had done concerning school libraries. The diversity of school...
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The Volunteer Side of the IASL 2017 Conference
How does a successful conference get accomplished? Preplanning, preplanning, more preplanning, and lots of help! A librarian conference should go smoothly right? After all, we are librarians - the original search engines, and we definitely give those...
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Learning across Borders - IASL2017 and Beyond
An unconference worldwide. An opportunity to impact school library practice through research, to influence future research through current practice. A family reunion. All in one place at one time at ThSL 2017!The 46th Annual Conference and 21st Research...
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The Research Side of IASL
Twenty years ago, I attended my first International Association of School Librarianship (IASL) conference in Vancouver, Canada. I was interested in research about school librarianship and the conference did not disappoint. Luckily, I still have the conference...
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An International Experience . . . Right Here in Long Beach, California
In August 2017 I attended the International Association of School Librarianship (JASL) Annual Conference, held at California State University, Long Beach, coordinated by Dr. Lesley Farmer. As my friends well know, I am quite the "conference junkie";...
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Towards Advancement and Accomplishment: My First IASL Conference at CSULB
Joining in a school librarianship focused conference such as the International Association of School Librarianship (IASL) was a unique and brand new experience for me as an industry teacher librarian practitioner (TL) and researcher. It was a conference...
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Vol. 41, No. 1, Summer

Unpacking Perspective with Source Literacy
This year, our teacher librarians challenged us to stop using the term "bias" and start thinking in terms of "perspective," instead. Why did they do this? Because the word bias has such a strong connotation to student readers that it changes the way...
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School Libraries as Activist Spaces: Moving Social Justice to the Center of Our Practice
School libraries are no longer in a position to maintain any semblance of neutrality, on or off campus. Many suggest that libraries were never really neutral in the first place. We have always had a dogged interest in fairness and facts. Our existence...
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Civics in the Library: Everyday Democracy
Walk around any town or city today, and you can see the fruits of democracy:* Civic buildings where decisions are made and discussions are held on the future of the surrounding areas;* social arenas where people can get together to celebrate their shared...
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Civic Education and Democratic Citizenship
In 2014 schools in Ferguson, MO closed for the day. The public library however remained open to provide services for the community, reeling from the death of Michael Brown and ensuing protests. Libraries, as the Ferguson Public Library demonstrated,...
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Thoughts about Civic Education, Democratic Citizenship, and School Libraries
In California, teacher librarians have struggled to maintain their positions. Districts will admit that credentialed teacher librarians are vital to education but, have had a hard time "finding" the funds to pay for this person and the clerical staff...
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Media Literacy: Teaching the Teachers
In November 2016 a Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) report alerted the world to the fact that students are really bad at distinguishing fake information from real. Librarians everywhere put on their shocked faces. As a profession we have been...
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Vol. 40, No. 2, 2017

The Philosophy of Makerspaces
Approach to LearningEducational makerspaces have the potential to revolutionize the way we approach teaching and learning. The Maker Movement is about moving from consumption to creation and turning knowledge into action. In pedagogical terms, it is...
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Students as Makers
Welcome to the Winter Issue of the CSLA Journal. The theme of this issue is Students as Makers. Makerspaces are receiving a great deal of attention and school libraries have embraced the movement and the principles of inquiry and student driven construction...
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Makerspace Next
By now, most people have heard of makerspaces. Some of us have already established a space in operation that is complete with designated staff and emerging technologies like 3D printers, LASER engravers, and Computer Numeric Control (CNC) machines. The...
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Making Opportunities in the Library
What I like best is that any makerspace is what you make it.When I heard about maker programs at a workshop at the San Francisco Exploratorium (2016) around 2005, the focus seemed very technical, mechanical, and usually a solitary activity. The first...
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Students as Social Media Content Creators
Students are already creating social media content after school and on weekends. Why not capture that enthusiasm in the school setting? There is great value in students becoming social media content creators and curators in their academic lives. Classroom...
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Students Are Makers! Building Information Literacy Skills through Makerspace Programs
We all thrive on the experience of making something, whether it be a simple two-minute sketch or a complex, multi-step project requiring hours, days, or even more to design and execute. Makerspaces provide our students with opportunities to be not just...
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Virtual Makerspaces: Bringing the Maker Movement to Any School Library
Have you been keeping an eye on the maker movement, but feel unsure about where to start? Are you still looking around your building trying to figure out what you can rearrange to create room for maker activities? Do you wish you could buy maker materials...
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Harvest the Possibilities: Conference 2017
I have been thinking about our CSLA Conference February 1-5, 2017 in Sonoma. As conference coordinator it's my job to make sure we attract as many library media educators as possible. Coming to conference can be a struggle, especially if it requires...
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Vol. 40, No. 1, Summer

Building Partnerships for Advocacy: Resources
The definition of advocacy, as developed by the American Association of School Librarians (AASL) Advocacy Committee, is "an ongoing process of building partnerships so that others will act for and with you, turning passive support into educated action...
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Advocating for School Library Staffing and Programming
The theme of this issue of the CSLA Journal is "Making Your Case," and this has never before had such priority for library staffs-and students-in California. Renée Ousley-Swank, in her article describing the history of California school library funding,...
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Wicked Questions: A Conversation Exploring Our Challenges
Wicked questions are those that do not have easy answers; the solutions are contextual and complex and ever changing. The intent of engaging in wicked questions in school libraries is not to deliver a prescriptive answer; there is no single solution....
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Milly Lee: In Memorium
Mildred (Milly) Lee was a widely-recognized children's author, school and county office of education librarian, long time member of the California School Library Association (CSLA), California Reading Association (CRA), American Library Association (ALA),...
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Magical World of Readers and Writers
One of the perks of being a children's book author is meeting my young fans. I did an author visit earlier this month and met a darling first grader. This is a transcription of our conversation - I have changed his name to protect the innocent:Me: Hello,...
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Ready to Get Students College/Career Ready? What's the Teacher Librarian's Role?
Schools have a mission to prepare students for college/career readiness. That means graduates will be able to enter post-secondary venues ready to take on those new challenges with the learning tools and habits they gained in k-12. Increasingly, high...
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Teacher Librarians and the Advocacy Road: Working with Local Unions and Task Forces
My journey as a teacher librarian (TL) began in 2008 when my professional duties were providing library services full-time at my intermediate school. The start of the next school year brought changes that resulted in library services being reduced to...
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And the Winner Is. Recognition (and Funds) for Your School Library Program
CSLA Members do amazing work and CSLA wants to showcase the great things that are happening in school libraries in California. This is an opportunity to celebrate the work of students and colleagues, as well as advocate for your school library program.Think...
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Vista Unified School District Teacher Librarians Advocate for All School Libraries
Much has happened for the Teacher Librarians (TLs) of the Vista Unified School District in the year since they presented at the 2015 California School Library Association (CSLA) annual conference. Since then, they have experienced the school library...
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Content Marketing Your Library
For years I have attended conferences and listened to teacher librarians speak about the high quality services they provide. Often these services are themed around literacy, research, digital citizenship and technology, all essential skills for the 21st...
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Better Together! Partnering for Success
The CSLA Conference Committee members made partnerships the focus of the 2016 conference, and began their planning by setting goals. Their first goal was to determine the structure and purposes of the conference partnerships:* Addressing common educational...
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Understanding School Library Funding: A Brief History
The February 2016 article in the Cabinet Report, School Budgets Long Recovered, Not Teacher-Librarians (Beltran, 2016), coupled with the publication of The 100 Year History of the California School Library Association (Jeffus & Mcginnis, 2016) make...
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Vol. 39, No. 2, Winter

School Libraries Open the Doorways to Diversity
The 2016 CSLA Annual Conference and this issue of the CSLA Journal celebrate the ways that our school libraries "Open the Doorways to Diversity": the myriad ideas, experiences, and futures to which we connect learners and educators.Doorways to IdeasThrough...
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Diversity and Change
In our constant efforts to improve the Journal and make it more relevant to CSLA members and other subscribers, we made the decision to change the publication date to later in winter. We wanted closer coordination with the conference dates, allowing...
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CSLA 2016 Conference Highlights
"Doorways to Diversity" is the theme that permeates the 2016 CSLA annual conference at the beautiful Bahia Resort in San Diego. We embrace diversity with the hope that it will lead to acceptance and empathy, and ultimately equality for all. Our illustrious...
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Paraprofessional Leadership on the CSLA Board
It has been a long time coming, but I'm grateful and humbled by the opportunity to serve and represent a unique and talented group of individuals who play a vital role in the success of any library program: the paraprofessional who works countless hours,...
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From "See Spot Run" to Reports from the Rez
As a child, nobody read to me.I didn't sit on anyone's knee in an overstuffed chair with a floor lamp illuminating pages of a book. My mother didn't read to me. She didn't read books; I never knew her to finish one.My father might have read to me, had...
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Instructional Media Resource Assistant: How the San Diego County Office of Education Has Empowered School Library Staff through Online Professional Development
In the spring of 2012, San ysidro School District, one of the local school districts in San Diego County, asked the San Diego County Office of Education if it could provide the district's library media techs with professional development. Our office,...
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#Blacklivesmatter: The Journey of a Grassroots Libguide
In December 2014, a grassroots organization of educators called teachers 4 Social Justice (t4SJ) put together a panel of speakers for an informative evening in San Francisco. The event was planned to bring educators together to share stories and heal....
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Thinking Globally Locally
We live in a time of dramatic change. Not only are California students living in a global society, butthousands of students are immigrating to Californiaand entering its schools and libraries. Furthermore, todays libraries enable students to gather information...
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Vol. 39, No. 1, Spring

A Place by Any Other Name Would Smell as Sweet
The year 2015 will be remembered not only as the year that CSLA celebrated its centennial, but also as a year of positive changes in school libraries across the state.Teacher librarians are being hired in schools where there were none, or where they...
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CSLA Centennial: Looking Back, Forward, and Beyond
CSLA is celebrating 100 years of providing support for schools through an ever-changing series of resources and curricular innovations. As we learned at the Centennial Gala at the conference in February, some amazing people formed this organization,...
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What I Have Learned about Teacher Librarians
What I have learned as State Librarian and in my online Masters in Library and Information Science courses during the last year is just enough to make me dangerous.It seems to me if the State Librarian is going to be an advocate for librarians and libraries,...
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Some of My Most Admired Warriors for Education Are Disguised as School Librarians: What Have We Learned in 100 Years of CSLA?
My thanks to all of the great librarians who work in schools across California. You have inspired me my whole life. I think it is propitious that your organization was founded in California at the time of 1915 Panama Pacific World's Fair and Exposition....
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Children's Literature in California. A Brief History through Newspaper Reporting
The multifaceted history of childrens literature has been analyzed and charted since its early championship at the turn of the last century, to its broad acceptance not only as a discipline of study but also as a publishing powerhouse (Taxel, 2002; Lerer,...
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The California Landscape Is Alive with Stories
The California landscape is alive with stories. The seeds of these stories-in the words of FilipinoAmerican poet A1 Robles-were planted long agoCalifornia Literature, the Loss of StoriesI recently participated in a panel discussion of children's and...
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Rising from the Ashes: The Rebirth of the School Library after Years of Cutbacks
Ar this year's California School Library Association conference, the four Teacher Librarians (Denise Robertson, Ranae Mathias, Jennifer Stone, and Nancy Tubbs) of the Vista Unified School District (VUSD) made their first foray into the world of conference...
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1:web Transition: One School's Experience
In 2013, Merced Union High School District (MUHSD) opened its sixth comprehensive high school, El Capitan High, in Merced, CA. I left Livingston High School (LHS) after 16 years there as the teacher librarian. LHS was a wonderful place to work and a...
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The Road to CSLA 2115: Leadership, Advocacy, Action
School libraries had just begun development in the U.S. in 1915 when Ella Morgan met with eight school librarians in Oakland to draft a constitution and form the organization that is now the California School Library Association. That was 100 years ago,...
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Vol. 38, No. 2, Fall

Join Us for a Gala Centennial Celebration
Margaret from San Francisco, Ruth and Helen from San Jose, and Florence and Ethel from Los Angeles arrived at the conference filled with excitement. Although it had taken hours to get to Fresno by train, they all realized that this first California school...
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Celebrating Our History: A Tale Well-Told
This issue of the Journal has been a delight to compile and edit! We have tried to collect the stories, told by the people who lived them, of major events in CSLA history. The story begins in 1915 when a small group of California school librarians formed...
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Someone in a Tree
BoyAnd there's someone in a tree -Old Man- Or the day is incomplete.BothWithout someone in a tree,Nothing happened here.As we build to the celebration of the Centennial of the California School Library Association, we school librarians, current, retired,...
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You're Invited to a Party!
ave you ever looked closely at the CSLA logo and wondered how our association could have been estât dished in 1915? If you remember it as CMLEA, the California Media and Library Educators Association, it is even more curious that our history reaches...
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The Accidental Nonfictionist
I have a confession to make: I didn't start my writing career with a longing to write nonfiction. No, I began by writing picture books and middle-grade novels, my first loves. I also began by collecting two-and-one-half Xerox boxes of rejections-some...
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Celebrating 500 Years of Family History
Life is full of surprises. After my father died, my mother let me go through an old trunk he kept. In the trunk was a picture of what appeared to be an Indian woman. I asked my mother who she was. "Your fathers aunt" she said. "But she is so Indian looking,"...
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Memories of CSLA
When CSLA President Liz Dodds posted a request for memories of the organization, I was reminded of many wonderful opportunities CSLA has provided me For me, almost 25 years of participating actively in this great organization has yielded immeasurable...
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In Memoriam: Earlene Shirley Vandercook Billing January 7, 1936-September 20, 2014
Earlene Billing, a graduate of the San Jose State University library program, served as President of the California Association of School Librarians (CASL) from 1974-75. It was during her presidency that negotiations began that would merge CASL with...
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Courage, Commitment, and Hangin' In
CSLA is celebrating its Centennial, and it seems appropriate to revisit the history of the Leadership for Diversity Committee. Visual images - faces, voices, meeting tables - come in bits and pieces, a kaleidoscope of the past. The most vivid image in...
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CALIBK12, the Early Days of the Official CSLA Listserv
Twenty-one years ago this September, the CALIBK12 baby was born into a fine, library-loving family. Incubated at San Jose State University by its parents, the School of Library and Information Science, the CALIBK12 birth announcement was emailed out...
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Political Action for California School Libraries: A History of Our Successes
"School libraries are in trouble in California. Why doesn't CMLEA [now CSLA] do something about it?" These were my words at an informal lunch with Edna Sewill, a CMLEA/CSLA leader, during the 1981 American Library Association (ALA) conference in San...
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Twenty Years Ago: Celebrating the Creation of the California School Library Consultant Position
The job announcement was distributed at the May 14, 1994, then-CMLEA State Board meeting and read like a page out of Every Librarian 's Dream Diary: "The School Library Consultant will be 100 percent devoted to the integration of school library resources...
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Standing on the Shoulders of Giants
As the California School Library Association (CSLA) celebrates its Centennial Anniversary and I celebrate my first anniversary as the School Library Technology Consultant at the California Department of Education (CDE), this is the perfect opportunity...
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On Creating the 2004 CSLA Publication: Standards and Guidelines for Strong School Libraries
Sometimes the stars just seem to align around an idea or project. This is what happened in the intense-sometimes joyful, sometimes tortuous-journey toward developing the Standards and Guidelines for Strong School Libraries document.School Library Funding...
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Where Do Libraries Fit?
Common Core is here, but where do teacher librarians and library resources fit in? The easy answer is that teacher librarians can become mentors of reading and writing strategies for content area teachers by integrating those strategies along with information...
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Vol. 38, No. 1, Spring

Collaboration Is Key to Building Bridges
Long the magic word in school librarianship, collaboration is still the keystone to creating bridges between students, faculty, and resources, both within and outside the school walls. The theme of this issue of the CSLA Journal, "School Libraries Bridge...
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School Libraries Bridge to the World
As we move into the era of the Common Core, the theme of this issue of the Journal, "School Libraries Bridge to the World," is more appropriate than ever. So much of the world is available via technology, digital resources, and yes, print materials,...
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Libraries Bridge the World
Growing up during Chinas Cultural Revolution, my happiest moments were when I came upon a forbidden book. After passing through many eager hands, many had missing pages. I thought it was normal! For most of my childhood, the only complete books I read...
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Why Are Libraries Critical for Common Core Success? A View from Three Thousand Common Core Classrooms
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) are widely misunderstood. As co-author of the National Implementation Pathway for CCSS, my team and I never imagined that the central idea of the standards would be so hard to communicate: The Common Core Standards...
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The Common Core and College Readiness: Part 2, Writing: How Well Do the Standards Align with Community College Expectations?
Since moving to a community college after fourteen years as a teacher librarian, I have observed firsthand the disconnect between entering students' perceptions of their own skills and their instructors' expectations. A common criticism of the No Child...
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Emailing from a Loom
1 1 our years ago, Theo was working in the office, home to two of the five computers on our school rH campus. At work on his 8th-grade, year-long Independent Project (IP), he emailed his father with a -1- request. Alarmed, his father replied asking,...
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Articulating Information Literacy: A Growing Conversation
College readiness has become a hot buzz word in education circles as post-secondary institutions decry students' inability to read, analyze, and communicate critically. Colleges and universities even indicate that students have not learned how to work...
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Mentoring Online Courses in the School Library: The History of Online Learning at Hamilton High School
For twelve years I have been mentoring online Advanced Placement courses in the Hamilton High School Library. The purpose has been to promote equal access to AP courses for students irrespective of their economic situation or academic preparation. The...
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Friends of the Oakland Public School Libraries: Building Bridges to the Local Community
Building bridges is not easy but it has to be done if we are ever to have school library programs for every child in California. Even though we know that libraries are often not an easy sell to administrators and school boards, most of us struggle to...
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iKeepSafe and CSLA: Supporting Internet Safety
This is so important, the idea of helping kids become lifelong learners with the skill set of giving them information in digital literacy education. All of our kids need that, most desperately now, more than ever." That was what I told the Orange County...
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Vol. 37, No. 2, Fall

Journey to eXpertise: State Conference - February 2014
As we look forward to the next CSLA state conference in San Diego, we are focusing on the conference theme of "Journey to eXpertise." I can't think of a better theme for the conference or this issue. With all the different hats that teacher librarians...
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The Journey to eXpertise Takes Many Roads
This year's CSLA State Conference theme is appropriately "Journey to eXpertise" and this issue of the Journal provides information to help make that journey more successful. For starters, the always-delightful Michael Cart shares insights on his own...
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Oz and Expertise
Say the word "journey" and my mind, childrens book lover that I am, immediately goes to Dorothy's trek to the Emerald City. But, of course, in the context of the forthcoming CSLA conference the destination of choice isn't OZ; it's Expertise. Which is,...
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Common Fears about the Common Core
In 2010, the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) Initiative published mathematics and English language arts standards for use in K-12 schools. Standardized testing correlated to the CCSS will be available by the 2014-2015 school year. The initiatives...
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The Common Core and College Readiness: How Well Do the Standards Align with Community College Expectations? Part 1, Reading
A key construct underpinning the creation of the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) is college and career readiness. Developers used research from ACT, assessed the demands of lower division college texts, and gathered information from instructors of...
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LIS Education, a "Journey to Expertise"
It is difficult to write about the role of Library and Information Science (LIS) education without beingself serving and/or disingenuous. Expertise is a lifelong journey developed through reflective practice. It requires mindfulness, a commitment to...
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Special Class Authorization: Reports from Participants
In 2011, the California Commission on Teacher Credentialing (CTC) approved nine new Program Standards associated with the Teacher Librarian Services Credential. During the process of creating the nine new standards, the CTC panel decided this would be...
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I Got It! Colombian Children "Journey to eXpertise" through Predictable Books
During the read-aloud of Little Robins Christmas (Fearnley, 2002) with kindergartners, a girl exclaimed, "I got it! The days until Christmas day are the same number of vests still left." The same thing happened months later with even younger students...
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A Library on the Wild Side: Diversity of Information Seeking in One of San Diego's Hidden Library Gems
Those of us in the information profession know a secret: libraries are everywhere! Aside from the obvious places-public facilities and schools-libraries are tucked away in corporations, hospitals, museums, and beyond. Here in San Diego, one of the city's...
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e^Ch: San Diegos New Charter School in San Diegos New Public Library
Library media teachers and school library staff frequently think of the library as the center of the school, and often that is where it is located, convenient to all. But what if the school was in the center of the library? What if it was located within...
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CSLA Statement on US Department of Education Strategic Plan
Every four years, the Department of Education reviews their strategic plan for achieving their mission, revisiting their goals and describing how they will meet them. At this time they invite input from the general public. The current Strategic Plan...
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2014 STATE CONFERENCE: Journey to eXpertise
FEBRUARY 6-9, 2014THURSDAY - SUNDAYBAHIA RESORT HOTEL998 WEST MISSION BAY DRIVESAN DIEGO CA 92109It is not too early to make your room reservationshttp://shop.evanshotels.com/bahia groups/1715.htmleXpertise HighlightsOpening Keynote SpeakerKEVIN BAIRDChairman...
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Sustaining Members
ABDOPaul Skaj, Director of Sales8000 W. 78th Street, Suite 310Edina, MN 55439(952) 698-2403Follett School SolutionsTimothy Edmonds, Regional Sales Director1340 Ridgeview DriveMcHenry, IL 60050-7047(888)511-5114Milligan News150 N. Autumn StreetSan Jose,...
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Vol. 37, No. 1, Spring

Moving Ahead: The New Information Age
As CSLA President, I am delighted to be writing this column for an issue on the theme of evaluating digital resources.Please don't get me wrong ... I am a true book lover and I enjoy every aspect of printed books, from flipping through the pages, inhaling...
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So Little Time, So Many Tools
Teacher librarians truly are on the cutting edge-some say bleeding edge- as the education community continues to change in response to budget issues, changing standards, increased testing, and continually evolving digital tools and resources. Digital...
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A Conundrum
Recently a student came to see me with a conundrum. She wanted to create an online presence, but didn't know how to start. She loves to talk about celebrities and teen culture and thought that doing "something" online would be fun. She already had a...
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Sharing E-Resources: A View from the District Level
Working in the central office at Los Angeles Unified School District (LAUSD) offers a unique perspective on sharing e-resources. The e-resources provided by Integrated Library & Textbook Support Services (ILTSS) are shared with all students and staff....
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Museum and Library Curation: What's the Difference
Curation has become a hot topic in recent years. People "curate" Pinterest images, and students curate rather than conduct research. Sounds cool, doesn't it? But do these activities really constitute curation?The origin of the word curation, according...
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California State Library: Reaching out to Schools through LSTA
Although the California State Library was established in 1850 to primarily serve the legislature and governor, the world has changed, as has the Library, adding materials and programming to meet the evolving needs of its constituents statewide. These...
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Deconstructing Digital Natives: An Argument for Abandoning the Metaphor
When the term digital native first emerged it seemed a useful metaphor (Prensky, 2001). After all, the youth we saw everyday seemed to be eternally connected. They sent thousands of text messages, navigated browsers with ease, they were googling and...
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Book Apps as a New Interactive Learning Experience: Evaluating and Reviewing This New Media
Perhaps it is my perspective as a childrens librarian that draws me to the story aspect of book apps more than the interactive features, but I firmly believe that it is this sense of story, along with the interactive features, that draws children back...
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K-12 LibGuides: A Flexible Platform for Integrating Info Lit and Promoting Your Library
Teachers are considered to be among the most resourceful of professionals, and teaching librarians are the trailblazers. No surprise, then, that teacher librarians have enthusiastically adopted LibGuides, a software tool designed originally for the academic...
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